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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Investigation on Economical Feasibility for Energy Business of Waste Water Sludge Discharged in 'A' Industrial Complex
Byun, Jung-Joo ; Lee, Kang-Soo ; Phae, Chae-Gun ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 61~74
Industrial complexes in Korea have been vigorously established by economic development plan and development policy of industry in 1960s. Recently, Korean government has promoted Eco Industrial Park (EIP) project to recycle by-products and wastes in industrial park In this study, we analyzed the physical and chemical properties for the sludges discharged from A industrial complex. And we investigated the economic feasibility and environmental impact of sludge to energy facilities. The analysis results indicated that the petrochemical industry were 92% in sludge production, the highest treatment amount was landfill, followed by incineration and recycling and then ocean disposal. Wastewater sludge and process sludge samples are collected and analyzed to use as basic data on economic feasibility and environmental impact. Weighted average heating value of sludge samples was 3,891kcal/kg. Based on this data, installation and operation costs, operation returns of operating the drying facility are estimated, compared with cogeneration facility. And this study examines how the payback period of each simulation(total 8 case) with the important parameter changes. As a result, it was found that what needs the shortest payback period is 3years with connection of drying facility and cogeneration facility based on the government's financial subsidy system.
Development of New Mushroom Substrate of Pleurotus Ostreatus Using Foodwaste and Wormcast
Park, Jang-Woo ; Park, Ki-Byung ; Lee, Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 75~85
This study was investigated to develop an alternative medium for the cultivation of oyster mushrooms. The cultivation characteristics for major cultivated varieties of oyster mushrooms were campared with the food waste medium. In addition, water control & a gap formation of food waste is being pointed out as a problem of the medium material. Therefore, certain amounts of earthworm casting were supplied to the food waste medium to overcome the water and compaction phenomenon. This study investigated the use of the total 6 cultivars of oyster mushrooms, the Suhan(PL.1), Chiak No. 5(PL.2), Chiak No. 7(PL.3), Samgu No. 5(PL.4), Samgu No. 8(PL.5), Jangan No. 5(PL.6). In terms of medium, the optimum growth of the mycelium of the oyster mushroom was observed in the beet pulp medium but in food waste, the mycelium's growth was observed as insufficient in the bulk of cultivars. The Jangan No. 5(PL.6) was superior to other cultivars relative to the mycelium's growth. The optimum concentration of earthworm casting added the foodwaste medium was 30%. When Jangan No. 5(PL.6) was incubated in the foodwaste meidum containing 30% earthworm casting, the early days to germination were long, almost double the amount of time than that of the beet pulp medium. However, it was found that the fruit body size was larger than that of the beet pulp by up to 20.5%, and the length of the fruit body was up to 6.2% longer than that of the beet plup. The total yields increased by 60.5%. The analysis results of the oyster mushroom's nutritional contents cultured using the food waste medium, shows that the protein, vitamin A and vitamin E increased 70.6%, 2.4%, 0.8% respectively, the fat decreased by 12.6% and the oleic acid increased in a very small amount compared to that of the beet pulp medium.
Characteristics of Microbial Community and Bio-hydrogen Production from Food Waste
Choi, Moon-Su ; Lee, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 86~96
Hydrogen gas production of anaerobic fermentative process from food waste as a substrate was 3.47 mg
COD. The hydrogen production was little less than the synthetic wastewater with sucrose as a substrate (7.56 mg
COD). The B/A ratios of the synthetic wastewater and food waste were 3.73 or 8.01 respectively. Butyric acid was more produced when hydrogen production was higher. Microbial community in the samples was analyzed as Escherichia sp., Klebsiella sp., Clostridium sp., Bacterium sp., and Enterobacter sp. Clostridium sp. was detected both samples but Klebsiella sp. was more active with fermentation process of the food waste. Taxonomic description shows that 60% of the microorganism was
and Firmicute and Bacteria was 20% respectively.
A Study on Investigate the Suitability of
Applications of Food Waste Water Instead of Urea in the Incineration of Municipal Solid Waste
Go, Sung Gyoo ; Cho, Yong Kun ; Lee, Young Shin ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 97~105
This study examined for possibility of the food wastewater incineration treatment method as one of overland treatment method by incineration through liquefied spray of food wastewater when incinerating domestic wastes under operation and for the relationship, etc of air discharge material discharged in incineration, and the results of study are as follow: The food wastewater as one of overland treatment method was analysed 94-96% of moisture contents. Temperature of incinerator outduct during mixed incineration of food wastewater with MSW was average
and incineration of only MSW was
. Temperature of the mixed incineration of food wastewater was dropped about
by incineration of only MSW. Concentration of nitrogen oxides(NOx) among air discharge gases was studied by 50ppm, 46ppm when inputting
into the incinerator as the quantity of food wastewater. In the mixed incineration of food wastewater, generation speed of scales in the inside of a tubular exhaust gas boiler became rapid and the scale generation quantity became large but the exhaust gas boiler normally operated since scales were removed in cleaning of the tube with a compressive air cleaning facility and there was no opening clogging phenomena in a filter cloth of the filtering dust collector. The overland treatment method, not ocean dumping of food wastewater can be proposed as a technology since mixed incineration of food wastewater with MSW in the existing domestic waste incineration plant is possible, and operation costs of the incineration facility were reduced since use of chemicals such as ammonia and urinary hydrogen ion excretion, etc used in incineration facilities for removing nitrogen oxides(NOx).
Analysis of Drying Efficiency for Circulating and Falling Movements on Indirected Drying Process of Food Waste
Kim, Byung Tae ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 106~117
Indirected heating dryer is used as one of the food waste treatment technologies for the production of the drier material supplied to the recycling facilities or end user. This study investigated the effect on drying efficiency for the operation of rotating screw with the circulating and falling movements on indirected drying process of food waste. The screw operating condition showed higher drying efficiency despite of the shorter drying time compared to the screw non-operating condition. The moisture content decreased to 14.4% from the initial moisture content of 77.1% after drying 5 hours in the screw operating condition. On the other hand, in the screw non-operating condition, the moisture content decreased slightly to 35.6% after drying 16 hours. During the drying process, variations of the water evaporation rate and particle size showed different tendencies depending on the moisture content regions. In the higher moisture content region above the glue zone(moisture content of about 50%-60%), the particle size increased and the water evaporation rate reached the highest peak. In the range of glue zone, the particle size maximized while the water evaporation rate decreased sharply. In the lower moisture content region below the glue zone, the water evaporation rate and particle size both decreased at the same time. The particle size distribution was widely ranged from 25.0mm to 0.25mm in the screw operating condition while it was narrowly distributed in the screw non-operating condition from 25.0mm to 3.56mm, especially highly concentrated to 25.0mm. It was regarded that the hygroscopic, capillary and gravitational water evaporated more easily from the intra-particle during the circulating and falling movement caused by the rotating of the screw and the difference of the cohesional force of water within intra-particle depending on the moisture content regions. Comparing the effect of the circulating and falling movement on drying efficiency, the water evaporation rates per time and per weight of dry solid in the screw operating condition were higher about 364% and 356%, respectively, than those of the screw non-operating condition.
Effect of Ozone Application on Sulfur Compounds and Ammonia Exhausted from Aerobic Fertilization System of Livestock Manure
Jeong, Kwang Hwa ; Whang, Ok Hwa ; Khan, Modabber Ahmed ; Lee, Dong Hyun ; Choi, Dong Yoon ; Yu, Yong Hee ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 118~126
In this study, two types of ozone generating experimental instrument were installed in commercial livestock manure fertilization facility, which can treat hundred tons of pig manure in a day. Gas samples to be treated were collected from the upper part of the liquid fertilization system and composting system of the commercial livestock manure fertilization facility. The gas sample was flowed to oxidation reactor through pipe line by suction blower, therefore, contacted with ozone. Ammonia and sulfur compounds of gas samples collected from the inlet and outlet point of the experimental instrument were analyzed. The oxidation effect by the contact with ozone was higher in sulfur compounds than ammonia. Ammonia content was reduced about 10% by ozone contact. Sulfur compounds, on the other hand, reduced significantly while treated with ozone. In case of gas sample collected from liquid fertilization system, the concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (
), methyl mercaptan (MM), dimethyl sulfide (DMS), and dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) of inlet gas were 50.091, 4.9089, 27.8109 and 0.4683 ppvs, respectively. After oxidized by ozone, the concentrations of sulfur compounds were 1.2317, 0.3839, 14.7279 and 0.3145 ppvs, respectively. Another sample collected from aerobic composting system was oxidized in the same conditions. The concentrations of
, MM, DMS and DMDS of the sample collected from inlet point of the reactor were 40.6682, 1.3675, 24.2458 and 0.8289 ppvs, respectively. After oxidized, the concentrations of
, MM, DMS, and DMDS were reduced to 3.013, ND, 8.8998 and 0.3651 ppvs, respectively. By application of another type of ozone, the concentrations of
, MM, DMS and DMDS of inlet gas were reduced from 43.397, 1.4559, 3.6021 and 0.4061 to ND, ND, ND, and 0.21ppvs, respectively.
Five Indices of SSaM-GG(=Smart, Shared, and Mutual- Green Growth) for Sustainable Development
Koo, Ja-Kong ; Park, Sang Ryul ; Lee, Seul Ki ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 4, 2012, Pages 127~133
The 'SSaM-GG'(=Smart, Shared, and Mutual- Green Growth) as the five bottom lines for sustainable development is developed and suggested. Because the name of Green Growth alone is not sufficient for clear conceptualization, implementation. and etc. For the global harmonized usage & application, the Eastern-Western conceptual fusion has been performed, and verified for more than 12 years on the worldwide successes and failures.