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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Influence of Continuous Application of Gypsum, Popped Rice Hulsl and Zeolite on Soil Aggregation of Reclaimed Silt Loam Soils
Baek, Seung-Hwa ; Kim, Jae-Yeong ; Kim, Seong-Jo ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 41~50
We investigated influence of continuous application of gypsum(G:
), popped rice hulls(H) and zeolite(Z) on soil aggregation of reclaimed silt loam soils. The application rates amended to silt loam from reclaimed soils at Saemangeum of Mangyeong were varied as follows; 1550(G1), 3100(G2), 6200 (G3) gypsum kg/10a, 1000(H1), 2000(H2), 3000(H3) popped rice hulls kg/10a, and 200(HZ1), 400(HZ2), 800(HZ3) zeolite kg/10a added to 1500 popped rice hulls kg/10a, respectively. In addition, the bermuda grass was growing, and the soil aggregates were analyzed for 60, 90 and 120 days after treatments(DAT). At 60 DAT, the effect of treatment was in order of G>H
, and the 1550kg/10a(G1) was the highest as 52.48%. At 90 DAT, the effect of treatment was also in order of G>H>HZ. Those was 3.78-3.12, 2.03-3.03 and 1.79-2.57 times in compared with the control, respectively. At 120 DAT, the effect of treatment was similar continued in order of G>H>HZ. Those was 3.00-2.20, 1.06-1.64 and 0.92-1.23 times in compared with the control, respectively. In conclusion, we found that the continuous application for two year of gypsum, popped rice hulls and zeolite was excellent above the 1 year, and the effect of the treatment for soil amendments of reclaimed silt loam soil was excellent in order of G>H>HZ.
A study on the possibility that livestock waste to RDF
Kim, Seong-Jung ; Lee, Je-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 51~55
This research conducted component analysis of pellet fuel using livestock waste and agricultural by-product and combustion characteristics. As the result of analyzing the characteristics of solid fuel using livestock waste, three components, element analysis, and heating value were suitable for the standard of solid fuel. In addition, content of ash consisted of high concentration of K, P, Na indicating the possibile usage as a soil conditioner. However, it was not suitable for solid fuel using only livestock waste due to the relatively low heating value. To improve the heating value and early ignition, we mixed agricultural by-products (i.e., chaff and sawdust) into livestock waste. The mixed material showed significant increase of combustibles and heating value with decrease of moisture content compared to the livestock waste only.
The Mobile Composting Device Development of Organic Wastes
Shin, Hyun-Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 56~62
Organic wastes are not disposing object but renewable resources. One of those ways of rendering to resources, composting is environmentally friendly way as to aspect of recycling of resources. Regardless of ways, composting goes through the main processes which are fermentation process and curing process. In the study, mobile composting device was developed with the experiments which were performed to solve the problems of fermentation and curing process. Since reaction vessel is rotated, it does not cease in the middle of agitation because of foreign. In addition, it mixed as well. With maintaining uniform temperature of reaction vessel by controlling amount of air, fermentation and curing are easy to use. Its economic feasibility is better than the existing fermentation equipments. Furthermore, it benefits to reduce the personnel and materiel maintenance cost, and mass produce composting product which use organic waste. Especially, although it needs less space, it has effect to provide transferable composting device with available area to increase by contacting organic waste to air.
Pig slurry treatment by the pilot scale hybrid multi-stage unit system (HMUS) followed by sequencing batch reactor (SBR)
Lee, Young-Shin ; Han, Gee-Bong ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 63~70
Experiments in a pilot-scale hybrid multi-stage unit system (HMUS) combination of ATAD and EGSB followed by SBR process for pig slurry treatment were conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of using autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD) and expended granular sludge bed (EGSB) followed by sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system. Contaminants in pig slurry with high organic matter, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) content were completely removed in the combined process. The highest removal rate for CODcr among contaminants in the feed pig slurry was attained by about 43.3% in ATAD unit process. Also TS removal rate of 96.5% was attained and the highest in the next coagulation unit process. The highest removal rate of CODcr under operating parameter conditions of OLR(organic loading rate), 3-6Kg
and line velocity, 1.5-4m/h was earned at 3days of HRT. The disinfection of pathogens was effective at 50,000mg/L of TS in ATAD unit process. Biogas production per organic removal was
) in EGSB unit process. The average removal rates of CODcr 71.7%, TS 64.1%, TN 45.9%, and TP 50.4% were earned in the intermittent aeration SBR unit process.
Phosphorus removal from dewatering centrate in wastewater treatment by struvite formation
Kim, Sang-Hyoun ; Park, Jong-Hun ; Ju, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 71~78
This study examined the feasibility of phosphorus removal from dewatering centrate/filtrate in wastewater treatment by struvite formation. Since dewatering centrate/filtrate obtained after anaerobic digestion contains a high content of ammonia, magesium addition and pH adjustment could remove phosphorous. The optimum magnesium dose, reaction time, settling time, and pH value was found at 2 mol Mg/mol
, 10 min, 120 min, and 8.5, respectively. A bench-scale continuous operation at the optimum condition showed 80% of total phosphorus removal and 82% of phosphate removal in dewatering centrate. The elemental composition and crystal structure of the chemical precipitate was similar to the reported values of struvite.
Effects of pig manure composts with different composting periods on feeding rate, biomass and cocoon production of earthworm(Eisenia fetida)
Bae, Yoon-Hwan ; Park, Kwang-Il ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 79~87
Effects of pig manure with various composting periods(0, 15, 30, 50, 80 days) on feeding rate, biomass, cocoon production of earthworm(Eisenia fetida) population and physicochemical property of vermicast produced from pig manure were investigated. The feeding rate of earthworm was increased with longer composting period of pig manure. But the biomass production of earthworm population was highest upon the pig manure composted for 30 days. Upon the pig manure composted for 80 days, the biomass was severely reduced. Cocoon production was decreased with longer composting period and especially lower on the pig manure composted for 80 days. Values of pH, EC, C/N ratio of vermicasts produced from pig manure composts were lower than those of pig manures. And the organic material contents of vermicasts were uniformly reduced irrespective of composting duration of pig manure, whose values were 35.9-39.8%. From these results, the optimum composting period of pig manure for vermicomposting could be 15-30 days. And the application of vermicomposting upon the composted pig manure could be an efficient way for the treatment of pig feces, which can stabilize and recycle the organic wastes more rapidly than the conventional composting method.
Statistical Evaluation of Sigmoidal and First-Order Kinetic Equations for Simulating Methane Production from Solid Wastes
Lee, Nam-Hoon ; Park, Jin-Kyu ; Jeong, Sae-Rom ; Kang, Jeong-Hee ; Kim, Kyung ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 2, 2013, Pages 88~96
The objective of this research was to evaluate the suitability of sigmoidal and firstorder kinetic equations for simulating the methane production from solid wastes. The sigmoidal kinetic equations used were modified Gompertz and Logistic equations. Statistical criteria used to evaluate equation performance were analysis of goodness-of-fit (Residual sum of squares, Root mean squared error and Akaike's Information Criterion). Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC) was employed to compare goodness-of-fit of equations with same and different numbers of parameters. RSS and RMSE were decreased for first-order kinetic equation with lag-phase time, compared to the first-order kinetic equation without lag-phase time. However, first-order kinetic equations had relatively higher AIC than the sigmoidal kinetic equations. It seemed that the sigmoidal kinetic equations had better goodness-of-fit than the first-order kinetic equations in order to simulate the methane production.