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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Effects of diverse Pre-treatment methods on the sludge digestion and methane production in combined mesophilic anaerobic and thermophilic aerobic sludge digestion process
Ha, Jeong Hyub ; Park, Jong Moon ; Park, Sang Kyu ; Cho, Hyun Uk ; Jang, Hyun Min ; Choi, Suk Soon ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 43~52
In this study, various influent sludge pre-treatment methods were adopted to investigate their effects on the sludge digestion and methane production in combined mesophilic anaerobic and thermophilic aerobic sludge digestion process. A lab-scale sewage sludge digestion process was operated during 4 phases using different feed sludge pre-treatment strategies. In phase 1, feed sludge was supplied without any pre-treatment. In contrast, in phases 2, 3 and 4, thermal, thermal-alkaline and long time alkaline treatment (7 days) were applied to influent sludge, respectively. With sludge pre-treatment, TCOD removal was drastically increased from 44% to 76% from phases 1 to 4, respectively. Also, pre-treatment of feed sludge significantly improved the methane production rate of MAD, showing an increment from 101 to 165-256mL/L/day. Meanwhile, TCOD removal and methane production at phase 4 were not increased, compared to those at phase 3. Based on the experimental results, it was concluded that pre-treatment of feed sludge significantly increases the efficiency of sludge digestion and thermal-alkaline method was the most effective method among the pre-treatment methods examined.
Review for Remediation Techniques of Contaminated Soil with Heavy Metals
Jeon, Choong ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 53~63
It is well known that problem for contaminated soil with heavy metals is mainly produced from agricultural land around abandoned metal mine and the cost to solve them is much higher than those of water and air pollution in addition, it takes much more time to clarify the contaminated soil. Until now, economical and practical many techniques to remediate contaminated soils with heavy metals have been developed and proposed. Therefore, in this study, characteristic, merit and weakness for various techniques which are developing and commercializing recently in domestic/foreign country will be reviewed.
Evaluation of Environmental Impact with Application of the Life Cycle Assessment Method to Swine Waste Treatment Systems
Shin, Joungdu ; Lee, Sun-Ill ; Park, Wu-Kyun ; Hong, Seung-Gil ; Choi, Yong-Su ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 64~73
The application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology to analyze the environmental impact to different swine waste treatment systems was investigated. The first part of LCA is to organize an inventory of parameters and emissions released due to the system under investigation. In the following step of the Life Cycle Impact Assessment, the inventory data were analyzed and aggregated in order to finally get one index representing the total environmental burden. For the Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) the Eco-indicator 95 method has been chosen because this is well documented and regularly applied impact method. Two different swine waste treatment systems such as aerobic and anaerobic digestion systems were chosen as an example for the life cycle impact analysis. For establishing the parameters to be assessed the agricultural environmental effects to above swine waste treatment systems, it has been observed that there was high at T-P emission in anaerobic digestion system and
emission in aerobic digestion system. For Eco-indicator values per environmental effect for swine waste treatment systems related to one tonne of swine waste, it was shown that there was a negative index for global warm potential and soil acidification in aerobic digestion system, but relatively high positive index for eutrophication in anaerobic digestion system.
The Study of the Separation Efficiency of Wind Power Selector Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Lee, Keon Joo ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 74~81
In this study, the separation efficiency of wind power selector (the direction of the air flow of the air to perform gravity separation method) of municipal solid waste which was landfilled was investigated to reduce amount of waste that is designed to increase the recycling rate of wastes for the ANSYS CFX Program's numerical methods with wind through the separator. When a suction device designed to suction 1000mL of a plastic bag, the separation efficiency was 100% and when the wind speed was 0.9 m /sec or more and when the wind speed was 1.6 m / sec or more, the efficiency of plastic bottles in a mixture of 500mL and 1500mL plastic bottle waste was 100% and the aluminum screening efficiency of 250mL aluminum can was 100 % when the wind speed was 2.3 m / sec. In the last, 5mm thick compressed aluminum can efficiency was 90 % when the wind speed was 2.4 m / sec.
Evaluation of Biological Organic and Nutrient Removal Performance in Intermittent MBR Systems by Computer Simulation
Yoo, Hosik ; Rhee, Seung-Whee ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 82~92
The Intermittent Aeration MBR systems have the advantage of controlling reaction time by changing aeration period and are one of economic BNR systems since these processes do not require MLSS recirculation that demands capital and operation costs. In this study, two intermittent aeration MBR systems were studied by computer simulation: an intermittent aeration MBR system that had both 1hr/1hr and 4hr/4hr aeration/unaeration periods at intermittent reactor and NEW INTERMITTENT-process that was an energy saving process and certified as a new process by Korean government. Since DO concentration reached only at 0.23mg/L at intermittent reactor when it was aerated, the Intermittent aeration MBR system having 1hr/1hr aeration/unaeration period showed simultaneous nitrification/denitrification and had the highest nitrogen and phosphorus removal efficiencies that were 57% and 55%, respectively. Since this study was based on the constant influent flow and characteristics, more studies are needed to define the operational characteristics of intermittent aeration MBR systems under dynamic influent conditions.
Correlation between Paldang Reservoir Discharge and Causes of Algal Blooming
Yoo, Hosik ; Lee, Byonghi ; Rhee, Seung-Whee ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 93~98
Main causes of algal bloom was studied in Paldang reservoir. Statistical approach was tried using meteorological and water quality data. Algae alert system showed that more than ten days were counted in a year, once it happened in Paldang reservoir. Alert dates increased in recent 5 years. Correlation coefficients between chlorophyll-a and other indexes did not showed strong relations resulting in coefficients less than 0.4. Among them, sunshine duration, BOD, and flow rate were appeared relatively main causes of algal blooming. Sunshine duration and BOD showed positive relation while flow rate did negative one, which is resonable for photosynthetic microorganisms. Water temperature and total phosphorus, which were presumed probable main causes before study, resulted in low correlation coefficients. Correlation coefficients between discharge flow and rainfall, water temperature showed positive relation due to seasonal effect.
A study on the estimation of TMDL run-off pathway coefficients for livestock resources
Han, Gee-Bong ; Lee, Young-Sin ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 3, 2013, Pages 99~107
In this study, field scale test was conducted to estimate the TMDL coefficients (runoff and leachate:(
)) for the livestock resources applying to agricultural crop land as fertilizer, and the results were obtained as follows. Each waste reduction coefficient(
) was shown to be in the range of 0.94~0.75 for public waste treatment plants and 0.99~0.83 for private waste treatment in the analysis of BOD, COD, SS, T-N, T-P, TOC. Thus private plants showed higher rate. Waste treatment discharge into the land coefficient (
) was also shown to be in the range of 0.4.~0.24 for public plants and 0.75~0.16 for private plants, so it is much lower than other coefficients. However SS and T-P were shown to be much higher for land discharge in private plants than in public plants. Treatment coefficient in the public plants (
) appeared to be average 0.75 for T-P but over 90% treatment efficiency and also large deviation were observed due to 0.2 of some other treatment plants.