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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Improvement of Marine Pollution and Marine Litter Managements in Korea
Park, Kwang-Ha ; Kwon, Young-Du ; Kim, Jong-Sung ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 33~43
That occur in the ocean and the efficient management of marine litter on marine pollution oil spill response one step further strategies are needed. Marine pollution accidents occurred in 2011, a total of 287 and was found in runoff 369 kL, respectively compared to the previous year decreased by 13% and 39%. Average amount of marine materials during 5-years represent the oil flow of 310.5 kL (heavy fuel oil of 106.0 kL, diesel of 178.9 kL, oily bilge water of 22.3 kL, other oil of 7.7 kL) and the waste of 62.3 tons, the hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) was 510.6 kL. Marine emissions in 2011 by type of waste that a total amount of dumping 3,972
, and livestock manure 795
(20%), waste water 1,431
(36%), sewage sludge 887
(22%), wastewater sludge, 813
(21%), manure 5
(0.1%), other 41
(0.9%), respectively. The concept of marine waste and needs to be more clearly defined. Integrated management of hazardous chemicals according to the incident management system should be established. To remove of coastal pollution, response officer needs korean coast response system. Like the marine pollution response, coastal pollution response systems also require step response.
Optimal Operation of Medium Sized Incinerator to Minimize PCDD/Fs Emission
Yoo, Dong-Joon ; Koo, Ja-Kong ; Jeong, Seung-Ik ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 44~49
An establishment of dioxin-reduction operating skill for medium sized incineration facility is urgently needed in Korea with nearly 90% of medium sized incineration. Using lattice stoker incineration processing the capacity of 20 tons industrial general waste per day, similar properties of the household waste, dioxin-reduction is derived in optimum operating condition and parameters. As a result, CO haunting which is the minimization of frequency is found as the major parameter to minimize dioxin.
Preliminary Evaluation of Leachate Recirculation Anaerobic Digestion System to treat Source Separated Food Waste
Lee, Byonghi ; Lee, Jeseung ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 50~61
In order to generate a renewable energy-Methane, anaerobic systems fed with source separated food waste from university cafeteria were studied. At first, four reactors were evaluated with same feed components; content non-mixing anaerobic reactor without leachate withdrawal/recirculation, content mixing anaerobic reactor without leachate withdrawal/recirculation, content non-mixing anaerobic reactor with leachate withdrawal/recirculation and content mixing anaerobic reactor with leachate withdrawal/recirculation. From the first study, content non-mixing anaerobic reactor with leachate withdrawal/recirculation showed the highest gas production. From further study with this system, it was observed that leachate permeation rate within anaerobic reactor was very important factor for gas generation. The higher permeation rate, the more gas production was observed. It is assumed that 1kg of gas collector weight and C/N ration above 10 in food waste may cause gas consumption in the anaerobic reactor. The gas consumption was estimated by negative pressure build-up at gas collector. The negative pressure build-up must be explained to produce Methane from Food Waste.
Effect of Pre-Treatment of Pig Slurry for Methane Production in Anaerobic Digestion Process
Kwang, Hwa-Jeong ; Ryu, Seung-Hyun ; Namkung, Kyu-Cheol ; Khan, Modabber Ahmed ; Han, Duk-Woo ; Kwag, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 62~71
This study was carried out to develope a pre-treatment technology for anaerobic digestion. Breaking down large particles into smaller particles enhances the performance of anaerobic digestion by increasing the hydrolysis of particles. A degree of hydrolysis is the most important factor determining the overall efficiency of methane production. Three types of pre-treatment devices (blade-type crusher, ozonization system, cavitation system) were set up and operated to crush solids in pig slurry in order to enhance biodegradability. The effect of pre-treatment on decreasing granular size within pig slurry by three experimental devices were compared. The highest performance of granulization of pig slurry was attained in a combination of blade-type crusher and ozonization system. In batch experiment, there was an improvement of the methane potential by combined pretreatment with crusher and cavitation. In case of pre-treated slurry, biogas and methane production were 325.9 L and 59.7% respectively, while, in untreated slurry, the production were lower; 298.8 L and 55.7%, respectively. These results indicate that higher anaerobic digestion efficiency of pig slurry can be obtained through the pre-treatment.
A Study on the Filtration of Swine Anaerobic Digestate Using Multi-Layered Compost Beds
Han, Deug-Woo ; Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Jung-Gon ; Yang, Seung-Hak ; Bae, Jin-Woo ; Kwag, Jung-Hoon ; Choi, Dong-Yoon ; Jeong, Kwang-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 72~81
The objective of this study was to verify whether SCB(Slurry Composting & Bio-filtration) system can be applied for the treatment of anaerobic digestion(AD) wastewater and also, to identify the most effective set among three filtration compost beds tested. Results can be summarized as these; (a) When AD wastewater was sprayed on the top of beds which were mainly composed of sawdust and/or other media and, subsequently, filtrates collected and analyzed, there were large drop in the values of Electric Conductivity(EC), Total Suspended Solid(TSS), Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD), and Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD). In contrast, Total Nitrgen(T-N) and Total Phosphorus(T-P) were progressively elevated. We consider these changes as positive if the filtrate are to be utilized as liquid fertilizer. (b) When three sets of filtration beds (T1, T2, T3) were compared for their effectiveness, no significant difference was found among them. These indicate that expensive sawdust can be replaced in part with cheaper media such as woodchip, rice husks, or others. (c) At early stage of operation (within 20 days), BOD in filtrates were maintained at high level probably due to the lack of microbial activity. During the same stage, T-N, T-P was at low level but, were elevated to higher levels thereafter. These data, when combined, indicate that the filtration system needs at least a couple of weeks for the optimized microbial functioning. (d) The temperatures of the experimental beds were progressively dropped as the experiment continued through the fall season, although filtration effectiveness was not noticeably influenced.
Desorption and Regeneration Characteristics for Previously Adsorbed Silver Ions onto Crab Shells Using Nitric Acid
Jeon, Choong ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 82~87
A study on desorption and regeneration characteristics for silver ions adsorbed onto crab shells was carried out by means of Nitric acid soultion which was selected as the best desorbing agent. Desorption efficiency for silver ions was the highest as about 96% at the 1.0M of Nitric acid concentration. Also, silver ions was almost desorbed below 1.0 of S/L(mg/mL) ratio which is defined as the ratio of adding amount of adsorbent and volume of desorbing agent and most of desorption process was completed within 60min. And removal efficiency of reused crab shells for silver ions was maintained as about 92% until the 2nd cycle.
Environmental impact evaluation and improvement measure of incineration plant by life cycle assessment
Kim, Hyeong-Woo ; Kim, Kyeong-Ho ; Park, Hung-Suck ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 21, issue 4, 2013, Pages 88~100
This study evaluated the direct and indirect environmental impacts of various unit operations of a industrial waste incineration plant by using the life cycle assessment tool and reviewed the improvement plan. During the incineration process, the direct environmental impact was decreased with decrease in emission of various air pollutants by incorporating an air pollution prevention facilities. However, an increase in indirect environmental impacts was observed as a consequence of resources and energy of consumption at the various operational facilities. Consequently, quantitative direct and indirect impact were 89.1%, 10.9%, respectively. The environmental impact analysis of system revealed the highest impact of incineration followed by the impacts of other unit processes such as semidry reactor, and bag-filter. The various air pollutants and ashes generated during the incineration process caused the most significant environmental impact. Among the various categories of environmental impact, global warming accounted the highest impact(more than 85%) followed by eutrophication, and abiotic depletion. As a result of the avoided impact by the utilization of heat generated during the waste incineration process, using an incineration heat for steam and electricity obtained the impact reduction of 45.5%, 19.8%. So, during siting of new incineration plant, the utilization of steam generated from the waste combustion is highly considered to reduce the environmental impact.