Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of East-West Nursing Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Dec 2004
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Aug 2004
Selecting the target year
Summary and Conclusion Title :Oriental Nursing Management System
Moon, Heui-Ja ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 11~26
The purpose of this study is to investigate the present conditions of nursing investment contents, its conversion process, and output in Oriental University Medical Center, Korea to get good qualified Oriental nursing result which is the ultimate purpose of the Oriental nursing management, and to develope a matrix of Oriental nursing management system on the basis of that project. The subjects for nursing investment and output contents were eighteen nursing directors in eleven Oriental University Medical Center and two hundred thirty-nine nurses with three years and over experience in Oriental medical center. The subjects for Oriental nursing organization, human affair management, and control function were nineteen Oriental medical center in Oriental University Medical Center, Korea. Data were collected from November, 2002 to February, 2003 with questionnaire. Data analysis was done by SPSS PC+ 12 program. Frequency, percentage, and minimum/maximum values were used for investment contents, and frequency and percentage were used for conversion process and output contents. 1. The input factors of oriental nursing management system The objective's western hospital career was over five years of one hundred and seventy-five(73.2%) persons. Nursing in-service education was performed in fourteen hospitals(77.8%). Two hundreds(83.7%) were pro to oriental nurse system. Only four hospitals(22.2%) had independent budget in nursing division. Nursing staff allocation to the bed was from 2.8:1 to 9.06:1 respectively, with a big gap of the rate following the hospitals. 2. The conversion factors of oriental nursing system 1) Oriental nursing system Oriental hospital nursing system was organized independently in ten hospitals among eighteen hospitals. The recruitment of nurses which was a vital role of the nursing division of the hospital was mostly(79%) opened. The education to develope nursing personnels was through in-service one in 97.4%. Education for oriental nursing and management was performed in 42.1%(eight hospitals) and that for reserves was done in 36.8%(seven hospitals). Administration for nursing education by nursing division was 68.5%(thirteen hospitals). The post education evaluation was performed by report submission in 36.8%(seven hospitals), by written examination in 26.3%, by questionnaires in 21.1%, and by lecture presentation in 15.8% subsequently. The directorial meeting for the nursing directors was attended by 84.2%(sixteen hospitals), and the meeting type was the medical executive and support division executive meeting in 55.6%(ten hospitals) and the personnel management in 39.6%(seven hospitals). 2) The actual conditions of oriental nursing personnel management The reason of working in oriental hospital was by voluntary in 67.1%(a hundred and sixty persons), by nursing department order in 28.0%(sixty-seven persons), and by others in 5.0%(twelve persons) respectively. The shift form was a three-shifts one in 94.7%(eighteen hospitals), a two-shift one in only one hospital. Duty assignment was functional in 52.6%(ten hospitals), team and functional in 26.3%(five hospitals) and no team alone. Promotion manual was present at 68.4%(thirteen hospitals) and the competency essentials comprised of performance evaluation in 79%, interview, written examination, training result, study result subsequently. No labor union existed in 79%(fifteen hospitals) 3) Oriental nursing preceptor system There were five oriental hospitals(27.7%) administering the preceptor utilization model, which showed lower rate than the twenty-two medical university hospitals in Seoul in which fifteen hospitals (72.7%) were having the system. To the question of necessity of oriental nurse system asked to the objectives of two hundred and thirty-nine with more than three year-experience in oriental hospital, two hundred persons(83.7%) answered positively. 4) The control of oriental nursing The evaluation results from the target hospitals were mostly not opened in 89.4% of oriental hospitals. Thirteen hospitals(68.3%) had evaluation system of direct managers and the next were three hospitals(15.8%) of direct managers and selves. There was one hospital(5.3% each) where fellows and superiors, fellows, and inferiors' evaluation was performed and no hospital where superiors, fellows, inferiors and selves, and superiors, fellows and selves' evaluation was performed. The QI activity of nursing was 42.1%(eight hospitals) for nursing service evaluation, 36.8% for survey of ECSI, 26.3% for survey of ICSI, 15.8% for medical visit rate, 10% for hospital standardization inspection in sequence. 3. The output factors of oriental nursing management system The job satisfaction appeared good in general, indicating very good in thirty-seven persons (15.7%), good in one hundred and fourteen persons (48.3%) and fair in eighty-five persons(36.0%).
A Study of a Relapse Prevention Program for Alcoholics focused on Action Methods
No, In-Suk ; Kim, Seong-Jae ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 27~40
Relapse is one of the most series problems in alcoholics treatment. Previous studies have shown that significant proportions of treated alcoholics show an early relapse and go through a chronic phase. It is necessity to find more effective relapse prevention program. The Purpose of this study was to develop a relapse prevention program that emphasis on group activities using various action methods. Previous studies revealed that there was no effective therapeutic strategy to prevent relapse and proposed that action methods were more practical ways to be able ti cope with high-risk situation than verbal methods such as discussions and lectures. The special attempt of this program was the application of various actions methods and the integration of many psychosocial therapeutic strategies as compared with many relapse prevention programs. The theoretical framework of this relapse prevention program was based on mainly the Marlatt's Relapse Prevention model and Prochescha and DiClemente's Transtheoretical model. This Program consists of eight structure sessions. Every session has three phase: Warm-up phase, action phase, and sharing phase as sociodrama structure. Sociodrama is based on many of the principles of adult learning. And sociodrama looks at how groups work through an understanding of systems and role theory. Therefore, in working with a group a therapist might explore with them the roles that people play, roles that are missing at present such a visionary and how people can develop new roles or new ways of playing existing roles. The researchers explained the purpose of this study to all participants after their agreement to participate. Voluntary informed consent was obtained from all participants. Every session allows participants to recognize personal specific high-risk situation and to examine possible coping behaviors creatively. Multiple solutions can be proposed, tested and evaluated dramatically, giving new insights or breakthroughs in thinking. This is vital for the initiation of change, and if appropriate, expanding new role development. The first two sessions aim at understanding of relapse process and recognize of high-risk situations focused on orientation about action methods. The next four sessions deal with high-risk situations. The last two sessions give participants opportunities to venture new life-styles. The methods and approaches used in this program utilized as a tool to explore and practice possible coping strategies. and this program can contribute to prevent relapse episode if tune with the particular high-risk situation by using active practices in safe environment.
Comparison of the Effects of Danjeon Breathing and Walking to Blood Lipids, Physical Symptoms and Hemoglobin in Middle Aged Women
Hyun, Kyung-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~52
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to compare the effects of Danjeon Breathing exercise and walking exercise on blood lipids, physical symptoms and hemoglobin of middle-aged women to determine which of these two exercises was more beneficial. Methods: The Danjeon breathing exercise group(20) took health management counseling and performed an eighty-minute Danjeon breathing exercise three times a week for 12 weeks while the walking exercise group(25) took health management counseling and performed a walking exercise seven hours per week for 12 weeks. The control group(20) received only health management counseling. The groups were homogeneous on age, religion, marital status, education, profession, monthly income per household, menopause, smoking, drinking, fat intake and cholesterol intake. Likewise, the groups were homogeneous on total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol,atherogenic index, hemoglobin and physical symptoms. The collected data were analyzed by using the SPSS PC program and
-test, ANOVA, repeated measures of ANOVA and LSD. Results: 1. Total cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were lower than that of the control group. 2. HDL- cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 3. Atherogenic index of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than that of the control group, but atherogenic index of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. 4. Hemoglobin of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 5. Physical symptom score of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than those of the walking exercise group and the control group, but Physical symptom score of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. Conclusion: Danjeon breathing exercise and walking exercise are effective for decreasing total cholesterol of middle-aged women. Danjeon breathing exercise is more effective for decreasing atherogenic index and physical symptoms of middle-aged women than walking exercise.
The Effects of the Short Term Education and Reinforcement Program to Health Promotion in Women in Mid-life
Kim, Won-Ock ; Won, Jeong-Sook ; Hyun, Kyung-Sun ; Han, Sang-Sook ; Kim, Kwuy-Bun ; Park, Young-Mi ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 53~60
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the short term education and reinforcement program to health promotion in women in mid-life. This study has been done between February and April, 2004 and the subjects of the study were 26 women in mid-life. The treatment intervention was applied during total 8 weeks as 5 days for the short term education and 7 weeks for reinforcement with 1 time per a week. The short term education included health education for menopause, effect of exercise, healthy diet, management of stress and management of chronic illness and stretching exercise and recreation. The collected data were processed using the SPSS Win(12.0) program and analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. The result of this study are as follows : 1. The short term education and reinforcement program significantly effected on the total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride. 2. The short term education and reinforcement program significantly effected on the anxiety, but not depression. 3. The short term education and reinforcement program non significantly effected on the sleep disturbance and self-efficacy of exercise. 4. The short term education and reinforcement program significantly effected on the practice of healthy life. In conclusion, the short term education and reinforcement program effected on the physical health index, anxiety and practice of healthy life.
Effect of the Hand Massage on the Hand Edema, ADL, and Depression in the Hemiplegic Patients
Kang, Ji-Soon ; Kang, Hyun Suk ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~67
Purpose; This study is to identify effects of the hand massage on the hand edema, ADL and depression of hemiplegic patients. Method; This study used a non-equivalent control group and non-synchronized design, the subjects of the study are 56 hemiplegic patients(28 for the exp. group and 28 for the cont. group), hospitalized in K oriental medical center. The experimental group has had the hand massage for 10 minutes a day for 2 weeks. Before and After the treatment, hand edema, ADL and depression of these two groups were examined. The SPSS 11.0 program package Collected data analyzed with
-test, Fisher's Exact test, t-test. Results; 1. The score of ADL was significantly higher in the experimental group who had hand massage than in the control group. 2. The degree of hand edema and depression in the experimental group is reduced. But, it is not statistically significant. Conclusion; The hand massage is available for improving ADL but much effective for hand edema, and depression. Therefore, through the repeated study, we could confirm that its application is meaningful.
Changes of Nurse's Image Perceived by Nursing Student as every Clinical Experience
Kim, Won-Ock ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 68~74
Purpose: This study aims to identify changing image of nurse before and after the first clinical experience, and before graduate. Method: The subjects were 69 nursing students. All of them had their first clinical experience for 1 week during sophomore year. The Nurse's Image was measured before and after the 1st clinical experience, and before graduation. Collected data were analyzed by using repeated measure ANOVA and pair wise comparison method. Results: 1. The mean score for the Nurse's Image overall held by after 1st clinical experience(
) was more positive than those held by before graduation(
) and before 1st clinical experience(
). 2. For the four subscales (F=25.673 p= .000), the mean score of traditional(F=10.394 P= .000), Social(F=11.673 P= .000), Professional(F=17.341 P= .000) and personal Image(F=19.463 P= .000) were more positive than before graduation and before 1st clinical experience. Conclusion: Summarizing, after the nursing students had their 1st clinical training, the nurse's image perceived by them was positively improved compared to before the training. However, by the time of graduation the improved nurse's image was declined back. Therefore it is necessary to develop proper out-to field training program that will help to maintain and furthermore improve nurse's image.
The Effects of Stretching and Recreation Exercise Included Health Education on Physical Flexibility and Health Behavior Compliance of Elderly Women
Won, Jeong-Sook ; Hyun, Kyung-Sun ; Han, Sang-Sook ; Kim, Won-Ock ; Kim, Kwuy-Bun ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~85
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the stretching and recreation exercise including health education on physical flexibility and health behavior compliance of women in elderly. Subjects included 28 women elderly who were residents of H Dong, Dondae moon-Gu, Seoul. The treatment intervention was applied during total 8 weeks as 5 times/week for stretching exercise with 2 times/weeks for health education. Data collection were from February to April, 2004. SPSS Window program was used by aims of this study for data analysis. The results were as following: 1. 75 old age above (39.3%) was the most of age in subjects. None education (42.9%) was the most of subjects in this study. Perceived health state was the most as 71.4% in moderate and good health state. 2. Physical flexibility of both shoulder(right z=-4.301, p=,000)(left z=-4.306), both arm(right z=-3.623, p=.0001)(left z=4.111, p=.0001), heel on both ankle(right z=-3.472, p=.0001) (left z=956, p=.0001), both before food(right z=-4.205, p=.0001)left(z=4.191, p=.0001) and both knee(right z=-4.118, p=.0001)(left z=4.082, p=.0001) was increased after 8 weeks more than before stretching and recreation exercise including health education were done. 3. Health behavior compliance(z=-4.073, p=.0001) was significantly on the effect. Therefore, it is confirmed that stretching exercise included health education is an effective nursing intervention for physical, mental, and psychological health management in elderly. Accordingly, authors are proposing that variously effective health management exercise programs must be developed for elderly, at the same time, the application and following up on the programs will be more important in the future.
Relationships among Study on Family Functioning, Communication and Spiritual Wellbeing, in Adult Women
Won, Jeong-Sook ; Jang, Mi-Hee ; Lee, Myung-Hee ; Park, Young-Mi ; Shin, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 86~94
This study has verified Family Functioning, Communication and Spiritual Wellbeing, to increase the family functioning in Adult Women. 236 adult women were chosen as the samples for the study, they are now currently registered in the church adult women in Seoul. The instruments used for this study were the Family functioning scale by Olson, the communication scale by David H. Olson and Howard L. Barnes and spiritual wellbing Scale by Palautzian and Ellison Folkman. Data collection were form March to April, 2003. To get the descriptive statistics, SPSS Program, Pearson Correlation Coefficients and stepwise multiple regression were used for analyzing data. The results were as following: 1. Represents the degree of family functioning, communication and spiritual wellbeing, on subjects. Means scores of this study are following: spiritual wellbeing 67.92, lower level of cohesive(5.19) and adaptive(3.93), communication 58.14, lower level of open(5.15) and closed(4.71) and family functioning 95.58, lower level of religious(7.70) and existential(7.63). All each lower level of family functioning, communication and spiritual wellbeing, on subjects were derived significantly different(p.05). There were significant correlation among the variables of subjects. The cohesive family functioning score was significant related to the adapted(r=.588). Especially, the closed communication score showed inverse correlations open family functioning(r=-.424) and open communication score(r=-.680). The existential spiritual wellbeing score also was significant related to the cohesive(p<.001) and adaptive(p<.05) family functioning, open communication(p<.05). Especially, the closed communication score showed inverse correlations existential spiritual wellbeing (r=-.202). The existential spiritual wellbeing score also was significant related to the religious(r=.815, p<.001). These results will not only emphasis the need of family functioning to elevate and decrease the Closed family communication but suggest the important points of gathering various data and analysis about economic, education and marital status. Finally, related to mental health nursing, a community can get the utmost out of these results to keep offering education and practice of family mental health for adult women.
A Study on Self Care and the Problems in Patient with Ostomy
Go, Yun-Hee ; Choi, Mi-La ; Lee, Mung-Sun ; Han, Seung-Min ; Han, Geum-Yung ; Ym, Eun-Sun ; An, Hae-Jein ; Kim, Kwuy-Bun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 95~105
This study was conducted to confirm the degree of self care and problems in patients with ostomy. The subjects were 80 patients with ostomy who were visiting to OPD in K University Medical Center and were members in the Ostomy Association of Korea. Data were collected from August, 2004 to September. The research tools were a self care measure for ostomy patient developed by Park (1996) and a problem measure for ostomy patient developed by Lee (1996). Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation. The results were as following: 1. Male (65.8%) and female (34.2%) had the ostomy in the most. Age was the most 61 years old and over. 68.5% of the subjects had managed the ostomy by themselves. 2. The mean score of self care in ostomy was 3.57 score. Hygiene of skin care around ostomy in the behavior of self care was the highest as mean 4.47 score. 3. The problems were as following: 1) expense 2) a decline on Activity of Daily Living 3) discomfort in travel 4) worry about ostomy 5) trouble of workplace 4. In the relationship between self care and religion there was significant difference in religion(t= 2.727, P=.008). 5. The relationship between self care and problem with ostomy was found to have statistically significant negative correlation(r= -.237, P=.041).
A Study of the Quality of Life and Related Factors of Cerebral Infarction Patients' Guardians
Han, Sang-Sook ; Kim, Gyung-Soon ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 106~116
This study is about the quality of life of cerebral infarction patients' guardians. The subject of this study was a group of 159 guardians of patients diagnosed of cerebral infarction and being hospitalised in a general hospital located in Seoul. The measurement tool consisted of quality of life of cerebral infarction patients' guardian, self-esteem, burden of responsibility, family unity, health status of the guardian. The collected data have been processed using SPSS/PC 12.0 programme: The results of this study are as follows: 1. The point for quality of life of cerebral infarction patients' guardians was 3.08(five-point scale), and for the related factors, the points for self-esteem was 3.67, burden of responsibility was 3.26, family unity was 4.13, health status was 6.10(ten-point scale). 2. There was a significant difference in the quality of life according to Self-esteem, Burden of responsibility, Family unity and general characteristics. 3. In the quality of life of cerebral infarction patients' guardians, a positive correlation was noted in some factors according to the characteristics of the guardians such as health status, self-esteem, family unity, monthly income, and time spent for caring the patient. Whilst a negative correlation was noted in the others such as burden of responsibility and age of the guardian. By confirming the results above, it is concluded that we must understand the major factors which are related to quality of life, find the causes that deteriorate the quality of life, and apply proper nursing intervention to improve the quality of life of cerebral infarction patients' guardians.
A Survey on Recognition, Attitude and Demand toward Natural Family Planning Method in Female Adult
Park, Shin-Ae ; Wang, Myoung-Ja ; Cha, Nam-Hyun ; Choi, Hee-Chung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 117~125
Purpose: This study was attempted to investigate the demand, the recognition, and the attitude of general people on Natural Family Planning Method(NFP), and to provide basic data for a development of a program to establish a healthy sexual life. Method: This is a descriptive correlative study, collecting data by questionnaires. The subjects were 130 people of three urban areas from March 1 to April 15, 2004. The measurement tool used was about demand, recognition, and attitude to the natural birth control method. The data analysis was done by number, percent and T-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, using SPSS program. Results: The recognition, attitude, and demand to natural birth control method was 3.01, 2.84 and 2.73 respectively. The higher recognition of correlation for natural family planning, the higher attitude(r=.864, p=.000) and demand(r= .525, p=.000) of correlation for natural family planning. It was confirmed that the study subjects almost produced self esteem and confidence recognizing at the idea of life and self value, and positively thought of need, recognition, and attitude of natural family planning method which could keep their own health management. Conclusion: As the result above, we suggest that an educational program should be developed, diffused and supported, and culturally formed by nation and social group to insist the benefit of conjugal relations in natural family planning as well as to support the knowledge deficit.
A Study of Educational Situation, Operation, and Cognition of Oriental Nursing
Wang, Myoung-Ja ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Kim, Yoon-Hee ; Paik, Seung-Nam ; Cha, Nam-Hyun ; Kim, Jeong-Ah ; Park, Jee-Won ; Ahn, Ok-Hee ; Choi, Hee-Chung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 10, issue 1, 2004, Pages 126~135
Purpose: This study is a descriptive investigation study to identify oriental nursing curricular data, situation, and cognition which are ongoing in our country's educational institutions. Method: Data were collected from a hundred and seventeen nursing institutions(sixty four of three-year course and fifty three of four-year course) after distributing fourteen questionnaires by mail and collecting them by phone and internet browsing from Mar. 2. 2003 to Nov. 11. 2003 to identify oriental nursing educational situation. Results: 1) Oriental related subjects included mostly oriental nursing, introduction of oriental nursing, and introduction of oriental medicine. The credits were mostly two credits for four-year course, however, there were similar number of three-year courses of schools opening with one credit(53.5%) and two credits(46.5%). 2) The educational purpose of oriental subject was for reasons of citizen's increasing concern to the oriental medicine, need of integration of east-west medicine, and method of own traditional treatment. 4) In the prospect of oriental nursing, opinion of needs of continuous education to develop the theory and practice was the most, and there was opinion of progress of oriental nursing in accordance with oriental medicine, while there was one of no need of education also. Conclusion: Accordingly, we suggest a development of a program for developmental oriental nursing education and practice such as professional oriental nursing course for nursing leaders and nurses. and need for aggressive studies on oriental nursing for paradigm shift. In addition, it is prospective that the development of oriental nursing theory and practice could be recognized as an internationally competitive one of our own nursing knowledge system in world nursing market.