Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of East-West Nursing Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2007
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Moxibustion on Cornell Medical Index in the Elderly
Yu, Gyuong-Won ; Min, Soon ; Park, Jae-Kyoung ; Kim, Jung-Hyo ; Kang, Gyung-Goo ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 79~91
Purpose: To improve health care of the elderly, we have used Moxibustion to examine the effectiveness of this product from 1st Feb. 2007 to 31 st May for 78 people who are older than 65 years old twice a week. Method: The tool of research was modified Cornell Medical Index(CMI) which Nam Ho Chang(1965) modified for the Korean and CMI which consists of 26 questions. Data were analyzed in frequency, paired t-test by SPSS. Result: Hypothesis: 'It was supported that CMI increases for those who have treated Moxinustion'. There were significant differences between before and after using Moxibustion when the symptom is one of those which are sore throat, tonsillar, edema, tightness of nose, common cold, cough, tightness of chest, palpitation, dyspnea, edema of leg, difficulty of urination, anorexia, heavy on stomach, nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, fullness of abdomen, stomachache, diarrhea, constipation, incontinency of stool, arthralgia, shoulder or backache, lumbago, headache, burning or chillness, vertigo and dizziness. Conclusion: As a result, Moxibustion is effective for such symptoms so that it is considered to be using in everyday life this product for better health care.
Relationship among Satisfaction Level with PBL-Based Clinical Practice Education, Autonomy and Achievement Motivation - the Maternal-Child Clinical Practice -
Baek, Kyoung-Seon ; Song, Ae-Ri ; Kim, Yeong-Hie ; Kim, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 92~106
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine nursing students' satisfaction level with PBL-based clinical practice, their autonomy, achievement motivation and what affected them in those regards in an attempt to lay the groundwork for providing more systematic and efficient clinical practice, Method: The subjects III this study were 138 nursing sophomores at J college who participated in PBL-based clinical practice, Results: They got a mean of 3.34, 3.83 and 3.83 in satisfaction level with the clinical practice, autonomy and achievement motivation respectively. In regard to the relationship of the satisfaction level to general characteristics including motivation of choosing the major and time for undergoing the clinical practice, the students who decided to major in nursing at their own option(3.61) were most contented with practice teaching(F=6.356, p<.01), and those who underwent the clinical practice after taking lessons(3.82) were most pleased with the content of the clinical practice (t=2.129, p<.05). Concerning connections between autonomy and general characteristics involving age, satisfaction with the major and time for the clinical practice, the students who were at the age of 22(3.92) valued themselves the most(F=3.003, P<.05). And those who found their major satisfactory (4.28) and undergo the clinical practice after taking lessons(4.37) respected others the most(F=3.133, p<.01). As to relations between achievement motivation and general characteristics, the students who were contented with their major(4.00) excelled the others who weren't in that aspect(F=6.038, p<.01). The satisfaction level with the clinical practice was positively correlated to autonomy (r=.328, p<.01) and achievement motivation(r=.476, p<.01). Conclusions: The findings illustrated that the nursing students expressed the satisfaction with the PBL-based clinical practice education. The older students who were 22 years old were more autonomous, and those who took part in the clinical practice after receiving theoretical instruction were more autonomous and more pleased with the practice. The students who found their major more satisfactory surpassed the others in autonomy and achievement motivation. There was positive correlation among the clinical-practice satisfaction level, autonomy and achievement motivation. There are some suggestions: Intensive research efforts should be directed into getting a profound grasp of PBL-based clinical practice education geared toward nursing students. The development of modules for PBL-based nursing clinical practice education was required. How to provide PBL-based theoretical education to nursing students should be studied.
Study of Contact with Pornographs and Feeling of Sexual Conflict in Upper Grade Elementary School Boys and Girls
Cha, Nam-Hyun ; Wang, Myoung-Ja ; Yu, Kyung-Hui ; Kim, Jeong-Ah ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 107~117
Purpose: This study was to examine the possibility of the contact with pornographs of elementary school boys and girls and to confirm responses after that, and to compare the feeling of sexual conflict between the boys and girls. Methods: The subjects were 952 5th and 6th graders of elementary school in four city areas(456 boys, 496 girls). Data collection was via questionnaires Results: Except several pupils(34.4% of boys, 27.4% of girls), most of subjects of the study had no contact with pornographs. The response after the contact with pornographs was feeling of shame the most, which was a negative reaction. The sexual conflict appeared more in pupils who had contact with pornographs than in those who had not boys(t=3.84, p<.000), girls(t=3.96, p<.000), which showed a significant difference. However, the conflict between boys and girls was not significant statistically. Conclusion: We would like to suggest that a sound control system must be prepared and a development of programs related to sexual education and promotion of ability fighting against them that can release their impulse of sex.
The Study of the Effectiveness of Sex Educational Programs in the Middle School Students
Im, Ji-Hyun ; Lee, Hyang-Yeon ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 118~129
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how effective the existing sex education programs and letter to parents from school were for their know ledge and attitudes towards sex of the middle school students. Methods: Subjects were selected from first grade students in a middle school from May 30 through July 19, 2005. The subjects were divided into three groups of 70 students each, two experiment groups and one control group. The study was conducted by nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The information letter from school to parents was made into four editions on double-sided A4 size paper and was handed out to students during weekly meeting. Both the students and their parents were required to read it and the parents were told to sign the papers. The sex education program applied in this study was recomposed based on the programs which were previously made by Sun Hee Park(2004) and Eun Ja Jung(2000). Content provided in the sex education program is identical to the one's in the information letter to parents. Experimental group 1 was required to read the four information letters to parents for two weeks, together with their parents. Group 2 experienced the sex education program four times in two weeks of time. The above two experimental groups and the control group were assessed on their knowledge and attitude towards sex twice, before and after the experiment. Results: There were significant differences in sexual knowledge about sex between the three subject groups and such data supports the first hypothesis. There was significant difference in attitude towards sex between the three subject groups and such data support the second hypothesis. Conclusion: According to the experiment results, both the information letter to parents and programs about sex education were effective for the middle school students. Yet, teaching students with the program format was more successful than handout formats. However, using information letters to parents to educate students does not waste any school hours, so if school nurses can provide the students more papers, the educational effect will be greater.
Safety Perception and Behaviors of Mothers with School Age Children
Shin, Hyun-Sook ; Yoo, Il-Young ; Park, Ha-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 130~137
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the safety perception and behaviors of mothers with school age children. Method: The subjects were 265 mothers of third graders in one elementary school located in metropolitan Seoul area. Framingham safety survey were used to guide the development of a self administered questionnaire for mothers. The questionnaire were sent home at school and the children returned them to their class teachers. Results: Among 265 mothers, 62 mothers (23.4%) had experience of visiting hospitals because of accidents and 201 mothers (75.8%) had no opportunities on safety education. Mothers with education higher than high school graduation showed more safety behaviors. Also, mothers having the experience of safety education showed higher scores on safety behaviors and mothers with the experience of hospital visits related to accidents showed low scores on safety behaviors. In the practice of safety behaviors, it showed high score to the traffic safety, followed by the home safety, child supervision, the safety from fire and explosion, the safety from electric devices, the safety from burn, and the safety from medicines. Conclusion: Mothers' overall practice on safety were poor. Based on these results, it is necessary to provide more safety education for mothers with school age children.
Relationships among Activity of Daily Living, Depression, and Quality of Life(QOL) in Patients with Stroke
Kim, Won-Ock ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Wang, Myoung-Ja ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Choi, Jin-Yi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 138~146
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among stroke patients' activities of daily living(ADL), depression, and quality of life(QOL). Methods: Data were collected by questionnaires from 251 stroke patients at 5 hospitals and 2 public health centers in Seoul and Kyonggi-Do. The following Questionnaires were utilized for this study: Functional independence measure(FIM) from Grange, Hamilton, and Sherwin(1986), the Korean CES-D scale from Randloff(1977), and quality of life scale from Bang, Hwal-Lan(1991). Results: Data were analyzed using the pearson correlation, t-test, and ANOVA with SPSS/WIN 12.0. The results of this study were as follow; The subjects consisted of 110 fern ales and 141 m ales. The mean score of activity of daily living was 87.2(range 18-126). Age, family history, comorbidity, paralysis site, and duration after diagnosis were significantly associated with activity of daily living. The mean score of depression was 23.8(range 11-44). Age, gender, education, and job were significantly associated with depression. The mean score of quality of life scale was 3.0(range 1-5). Gender, religion, education, job, economic status, and duration after diagnosis were significantly associated with quality of life. Relationships among activity daily living, depression, and quality of life scale: The activity of daily living had a negative relationship with depression score. The activity of daily living had a positive relationship with QOL score. The depression had a negative relationship with QOL score. Conclusion: Based on these results, it is necessary to run rehabilitation programs to improve stroke patients' ADL, depression. Also, it research for of identifying stroke patients' quality of life according to rehabilitation program.
The Effect of Abdominal Meridian Massage in the Patients with Stroke
Han, Sang-Sook ; Yang, Yoon-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 147~159
Purpose: This study was to examine the effects of the meridian massage on constipation and stress in the patients with stroke. Methods: The subjects of this study were 31 patients with stroke who were hospitalized at the K oriental medical center. They were determined by Rome II criteria and the Constipation Assessment Scale (CAS). The experimental group were treated meditation massage for 10minutes daily for 2 weeks. To evaluate the effect of meridian massage, the degree of constipation was measured using the frequency of defecation per week and the scores of CAS, and the degree of stress was measured using the Stress Scale. The collected data were analyzed by with the SPSS 12.0 for windows program. Results: The experimental group had significantly more increase of defecation frequency than the control group. The experimental group had significantly more decrease of CAS score than the control group. 3) In the score of stress, there was no significant difference between the experimental and the control group. Conclusion: The result of this study shows that meridian massage is an effective nursing intervention for the management of constipation of patients with stroke.
An Ethnographic Study on Middle aged Women's Hwa-Byung with Upper Limb Arthropathy
Kim, Mee-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 160~169
Background: Hwa-Byung is known as a specific Korean cultural syndrome which corresponds to DSM-IV(MMPI). Some Korean women who have experienced heart aching anger(Hwa-Byung) complain physical pains as well as psychological problems. As for these physical pains, upper limb arthropathy(e.g. golf elbow pains, tennis elbow pains, or shoulder-joint pains) have not been paid attentions. In spite of not having done her excessive physical endeavor or exercise, some Korean middle aged women complain those arthropathy pains. And they go round orthopedics, pain clinics, and oriental medicine clinics. Purpose: This study was practiced in Severance Oriental Medicine Clinic. The oriental medicine doctor had a question about the major origin of upper limb pains which were not caused by excessive physical endeavor. To answer the question, this study has been practiced. In the process of interview with some those women, the major cause of those syndromes has been revealed as Hwa-Byung. The purpose of this study is to discover the meanings of the women's life who have been experienced Hwa-Byung with upper limb arthropathy. Results: These upper limb arthropathy can be explained by meridian theory. Shoulder-joint pain and golf elbow with Hwabyung can be explained by Heart meridian of hand-shoyin and the points of these pains are in the flow of this meridian. Tennis elbow with Hwabyung can be explained by Small intestine meridian of hand-taiyang and this point is in the flow of this meridian. The results of interview with 9 middle aged women was analyzed and interpreted according to Spradley's method of ethnography. The analysis revealed three core cultural themes : 1) There are certainly external cause to provoke Hwa-Byung. A patricentric family system, husband's playing around with another woman, cruel treatment by husband's family, or financial failure may be present anteriorly. 2) The chief existing condition is the discord between husband and wife. The stoppage of mutual communication, lacking in understanding, unfeeling, heartless, or unsympathetic is an major phenomenon of married life. So the important factor is not the sexual relations or problems but the discords of communication. 3) The feeling of anger, the sense of nihility, the desire to escape, and the effort to forgiveness coexist together. At a glance, they seemed to be a process. For example, anger seemed to present at first, then nihility seemed at second, then escape seemed at third, and then forgiveness seemed at last. But at point of visiting clinic to be treated, they are mixed up together as if in a jumble.
The Effects of the Danjeon Breathing Exercise Program on Physical Fitness, Levels of Serum Lipid and Physical Symptom of People Using Public Health Center at Yangju City
Hyun, Kyung-Sun ; Won, Jeong-Sook ; Won, Kyung-Ai ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 170~178
Purpose: This study was to examine the effects of the Danjeon Breathing Exercise Program on physical fitness, levels of serum lipid and physical symptom of people using public health center at Yangju city. Method: One group pretest-posttest design was utilized for this study. This study has been done from July 6 to September 28, 2005 and the subjects of the study were 28 persons. Danjeon breathing exercise was carried out for 60 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 12 weeks. Physical fitness was measured using the Health Management System developed by the Korea Physical Science Institution. Serum lipid level was measured in public health center at Yangju city. Questions of physical symptom (35 items) were chosen from Cornell Medical Index. The collected data were processed by using the SPSS PC program and analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Result: 1. The scores of back strength, flexibility and balance of post-test were more increased after Danjeon breathing exercise than those of pre-test. But the score of muscular endurance of post-test was not significantly increased. 2. The degrees of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride of post-test were more decreased after Danjeon breathing exercise than those of pre-test. But the degree of HDL-cholesterol of post-test was not significantly increased in statistics. 3. The score of physical symptoms of post-test was not significantly decreased in statistics after Danjeon breathing exercise than that of pre-test. Conclusion: It is concluded that the Danjeon Breathing Exercise Program could increase the physical fitness and decrease levels of serum lipid. So Danjeon breathing exercise could be utilized to promote physical fittness and to decrease level of serun lipids.
Comparison of Critical Thinking and Professionalism between Korean and Chinese Nursing Students
Lee, H.Y. ; Kim, Y.H. ; Kang, H.S. ; Lee, J. ; Fan, X. ; Ling, M. ; Yuan, Q. ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 179~186
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the differences in critical thinking and professionalism between Korean and Chinese nursing students. Critical thinking and professionalism were a part of five domains to evaluate nursing education: critical thinking, professionalism, leadership, communication, and nursing practice from the Korean Accreditation Board of Nursing. Methods: Data were collected from 207 college nursing students: 104 students from the 4-year degree program in Korea and 103 from the 5-year degree program in China from September 2006 to September 2007. The instruments for Chinese students were translated in Chinese and re-translated to check accuracy. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS/PC+ Win 12.0 Version. The
-test to compare general characteristics and the t-test to examine the differences of the study variables were conducted. Results: Korean nursing students reported significantly higher scores of critical thinking than did Chinese students while Chinese students reported significantly higher scores of professionalism. Students took previous courses associated with critical thinking reported significantly higher scores than did those without previous courses taken. There was no significant difference in scores of professionalism whether students had previous experience of related courses or not. Rather than, students with clinical practice reported higher scores of professionalism than did those without clinical practice. Conclusion: Levels of critical thinking were influenced by course focusing on critical thinking while professionalism was improved by combination of associated courses and clinical practice. For follow-up study, there is needed to examine nursing curriculum between Korea and China.
The Relations among Health Status, Depression, and Quality of Life in the Elderly
Kim, Kwuy-Bun ; Lim, Mi-Suk ; Sok, So-Hyune ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 187~196
Purpose: This is a descriptive research to examine the level of health status, depression, and quality of life in the elderly, the relations among the factors. Methods: Subjects were 441 elders in Seoul and Gyung-gi province. Data were collected from July 10, 2006 to October 30, 2006. Measures were CMI, GDS, and SF-36. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, T-test, and ANOVA. Results: (1) The health status was the average of 1.75, which indicates being good. Depression was the average of 2.85, which indicate being high, and the quality of life was the average of 2.72, which indicate being moderately. (2) The relations indicate that the better status of health is related with the lower depression, and the better status of health is related with the higher quality of life, and the higher depression is related with the lower quality of life. (3) The health status, depression, and quality of life all showed significant differences according to age, education, past occupation, current occupation, dwelling pattern, monthly pocket money, living expense. Conclusion: for nursing intervention strategies, it are requested the special attention of the current occupation level and interpersonal relation ship in older people.
Development of Nursing Costs by Nursing Activities in Clinical Nurse Specialist
Kim, Yoon-Hee ; Lee, Hyang-Yeon ; Han, Sang-Sook ; Shin, Hye-Sook ; Lee, Myung-Hee ; Kim, Sook-Neoung ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Hye-Sook ; Choi, Hyes-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 13, issue 2, 2007, Pages 197~207
Purpose: This study was carried out to deveop nursing costs and to substantiate the application of appropriate activity-based nursing costs for the current clinical nurse specialists. Method: The study sample was a group of 8 home health care team of the tirtiary Hospital in Korea. The data was collected from September 2003 through December 2004. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS PC 11.0 program and calculated mean and the standard deviation. In Lee(2003)'s nursing activity analysis, nursing activities were classified into two major classification, 19 domains and 70 activities. Each activities was calculated using its work validity, physical effort, psychological effort, stress as a intensity, and the necessary time. The simple work costs was calculated the work wage per minute and the necessary time. The work load intensity was calculated using the work wage per minute and the necessary time work load intensity/100. Results: In this study, the work wage was 283 won per minute. The work validity ranged from 2.71-4.00. The highest simple work cost/work load intensity cost was 12,735won/47,374won for research activity, 10,700won/27,499won for bedsore care, and 9,727won/35,114won for deathbed care. The lowest simple work cost/work load intensity cost was 2,123won/2,038won for intramuscular injection, 2,210won/2,166won for hypodermic injection, and 2,210won/1,547won for a application of medicine(or ointment or cream). Conclusions: It revealed that the nursing cost should be considered validity, physical effort, psychological effort, stress as a intensity, and necessary time. Therefore, It is necessary to calculate nursing cost systematically based on activities.