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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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Applied Effects of Auricular Acupuncture Therapy on Insomnia of Taeumin in Elderly Women
Sok, So-Hyune R. ; Kim, Kwuy Bun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~7
Purpose: Examination of the effects of auricular acupressure therapy on insomnia of Taeumin in elderly women. Methods: Fifty-six women over 65 yr-of-age (experimental group n=28, control group n=28) residing in Seoul or Gyung-gi province participated in the study, which used an unequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data collected from May, 2007 to May, 2008 was analyzed by SPSS Ver. 16. Results: Auricular acupressure was associated with better sleep state and self-reported satisfaction of sleep as compared with the control group. Conclusions: Aricular acupressure therapy can be beneficial in relief of insomnia in elderly women.
QOL-BREF and Yangsaeng in Korean Adult
Kim, Ae-Jung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 8~15
Purpose: Yangsaeng is a traditional health care regimen that incorporates specific principles and methods to promote health and prevent illness, with the aim of improving the health and longevity of life. The present study assessed Yangsaeng and quality of life (QOL-BREF) in Korea. Methods: Data from 346 adults and elderly Koreans was collected by using a self-reported questionnaire. Analysis of the data included descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA and Cronbach's
. Results: Statistically significant differences in QOL-BREF were evident according to the age, job, religion, education level, economic status and positive thinking. Statistically significant differences were evident in Yangsaeng according to religion, education, economic status and positive thinking. Total QOL-BREF positively related to total Yangsaeng. Morality Yangsaeng, exercise Yangsaeng and sleep Yangsaeng were positively related to all QOL-BREF sub-domains. Conclusions: The Yangsaeng oriental health care regimen can improve QOL, and should be recommended as a means of health promotion and QOL in the Korean culture.
Effects of Moxibustion and Theraband Exercise on Physical and Psychological Variables of the Aged with Degenerative Osteoarthritis
Han, Sang-Sook ; Kim, Won-Oak ; Kim, Yeon-Jung ; Back, Yong-Hyun ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 16~23
Purpose: To examine the effects of a nursing intervention including moxibustion and theraband exercise on pain, fatigue, flexibility, and depression in aged patients with degenerative osteoarthritis. Methods: This study had a one group pretestposttest design. Thirty people over 60 yr-of-age with degenerative osteoarthritis were recruited from a community health center from November 1, 2005 to June 14, 2006. The 6 week treatment intervention included twice weekly 60 min sessions of of theraband exercise (30 min) and moxibution (30 min). Data was analyzed by SPSS Ver. 12.0. Results: Intervention was associated with significant decreases in pain (t=8.28, p<.001) and fatigue (t=5.19, p<.001), and significant increases in knee flexibility (t=-3.54, p=.001), dorsal flexibility (t=-9.05, p<.001), and plantar flexibility (t=-4.09, p<.001). Depression was significantly decreased after intervention (t=-4.09, p<.001). Conclusions: Moxibustion and theraband exercise should be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for the aged with degenerative oateoarthritis.
Relationships of Self-esteem, Family Function, and Self-efficacy in Jilin Chinese- Korean Nursing Students
Cho, Kyoul-Ja ; Park, Soon-Bok ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 24~31
Purpose: To survey and examine the relationships of self-esteem, family function, and self-efficacy in Chinese-Korean university students, and to provide supplemental data useful in counseling of university students during their adjustment to university life. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire with cross-sectional design was used. Participants were 103 Chinese undergraduate students in one university in Jilin, China. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA with Duncan's test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: Mean scores were 3.40 for self-esteem, 2.32 for family function, and 2.93 for self-efficacy. The score for self-esteem differed significantly according to gender, body mass index (BMI), family number, education level of mother, and course of study. The mean score for family function differed significantly according to nursing satisfaction. The mean score for self-efficacy differed significantly according to BMI and nursing satisfaction. Positive correlations were evident between self-esteem and self-efficacy. Conclusions: To promote self-esteem and self-efficacy, development of nursing interventions to support family function is prudent.
Effects of Job Participation on Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly
Min, Soon ; Ju, Ree-Aie ; Jung, Hyon-Pil ; Jung, Young-Ju ; Kim, Mi-Ran ; Kim, Yun-Gyung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 32~38
Purpose: The effects of job participation on self-esteem and life satisfaction were investigated. Methods: Seventy residents of D welfare center located in G city who were >60 yr-of-age were selected for the study. The SERS research tool (Nugent and Thomas, 1993; modified by Koh, 2002) was used to assess self-esteem before and after a job participation program. The Cronbach's
value-based reliability of this tool was 0.923 and 0.920 before and after the job participation program, respectively. Cronbach's
value-based life satisfaction as measured according to Choi (1986) was 0.932 and 0.933 before and after the job participation program, respectively. Results: The hypothesis that job participation program increases self esteem was supported by the results. The mean self esteem of subjects before and after the job program, 3.31 and 3.48, respectively, represented a significant increase. The hypothesis that the job participation program increases life satisfaction was supported by the results. The mean life satisfaction index of subjects before and after the program, 3.04 and 3.24, respectively, represents a significant increase. Conclusions: Increased job opportunities and income guarantee for adults, particularly the elderly, can increase self-esteem, life satisfaction, and emotional stability.
An Effect the Social Support on the Self-esteem and Life Satisfaction in Elderly
Jang, Sook-Hee ; Kim, Chang-Sook ; Kim, Mi-Ran ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 39~46
Purpose: The study was undertaken from June 1 to July 15, 2008 to assess the effect of social support on self-esteem and life satisfaction in elderly volunteers. Methods: Social support, self-esteem, and life satisfaction were determined using previously established and accepted methods. Data analyses included frequency, ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and simple regression. Results: Subjects' social support, self-esteem, and life satisfaction were closely related. The relationships of social support/self-esteem, social support/life satisfaction, and self-esteem/life satisfaction were significant. Social support accounted for 15% of self-esteem and 12% of life satisfaction. Conclusions: Social support is a very important factor influencing self-esteem and life satisfaction of the elderly. Social support, which sustains the mental health of the elderly, represents one of the best strategic nursing interventions.
Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Risk Factors Among the Clients of a Comprehensive Medical Examination Center
Seo, Jung-A ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 47~53
Purpose: Metabolic syndrome (also known as insulin resistance syndrome) represents a constellation of hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance, and obesity. Presently, the influence of various factors on metabolic syndrome was assessed in patients of a university hospital comprehensive medical examination center. Methods: Age, sex, blood pressure, height, weight, triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and glucose levels were measured in 67 people (37 males and 30 females). These factors were correlated with tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and exercise habits. Metabolic syndrome and abdominal obesity were assessed according to NCEP-ATP III criteria and the Asia-Pacific guidelines (male obesity defined as a waist circumference exceeding 90 cm), respectively. Data was analyzed using t-test, 2-test, and logistic regression. Results: Respective percentages were: tobacco use (14.9% of the 67 people), no tobacco use (85.1%), alcohol consumption (62.7%), no alcohol consumption (37.3%), regular exercise (25.4%), no regular exercise (74.6%). Logistic regression analysis revealed a gender-related odds ratio of 2.3 for metabolic syndrome and no exercise. Conclusions: Weight reduction and physical exercise may decrease the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Early identification of metabolic syndrome and risk factor modification is prudent in cases of obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension.
Self-esteem According to Differences between Real and Ideal Body Mass Index in Female College Students
Kim, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 54~59
Purpose: To investigate self-esteem according to differences between real and ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) in female college students. Methods: Subjects were 587 female students in Korea. Data was collected by using a developed questionnaire through pretesting. Results: Actual number (46.7%) and actual number (5.1%) of participants were defined as being underweight and overweight, respectively. Nearly all participants expression high dissatisfaction with their body shape. Averages of 1.02, 2.97, 7.81 were revealed for underweight, normal weight and overweight group differences between real and ideal BMI. Those who were defined as overweight exhibited significantly self-esteem than those who were defined as underweight. Conclusions: The belief that body shape is heavier than actually the case may be prevalent among female college students in Korea. This difference between the real and ideal BMI negatively influences self-esteem. Programs aimed at improving body image awareness an self-esteem among female college students are needed.
The Effect of Small Group Based Communication Training Program on the Competency of Communication and the Human Relationship in Nursing College Students
Won, Jeong-Sook ; Shin, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 60~66
Background: Communication training in nursing college students is an integral part of the development of their competency in dealing with patients. However, the traditional lecture style of training delivery may not be desirably effective. Purpose: This study investigated the effects of a communication training program utilizing a small group dynamic on the communication competency and human relationships in nursing college students. Methods: One hundred twenty six freshmen in a university in Seoul participated in this study. The instruments of communication competency (Primary Communication Inventory) and human relationships (Relationship Change Scale) were used at the beginning and conclusion of the training period. Eighty-three students from two nursing classes were assigned to the experimental groups and 43 students from other classes were assigned to the control groups. Each of the 11 small groups was composed of 7 or 8 students. The weekly program that ran during the 2007 fall semester from October 1st to December 11th consisted of effective communication strategies including therapeutic communication skills, Johari's window, empathy, active listening, and transactional analysis. Results: The experimental group of students reported significantly greater improvement in communication competencies, specific nonverbal competencies, and human relationships compared with the control group. Specifically, the experimental students demonstrated greater improvement in nonverbal communication competencies and satisfaction, communication, and awareness of human relationships. Conclusions: Small group based communication training can be an effective alternative method of communication education for college nursing students.
Effect of Kynesio-Taping Therapy on Pain Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Lee, Ji-A ; Park, Dal-A ; Ji, Eun-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 67~73
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Kynesio-taping therapy (KTT) on chronic joint pain among community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A pre-experimental design was used. KTT was employed on 23 consenting community older adults visiting a community center. KTT was applied on the painful joint for 3-4 days. Pain was evaluated using the visual analogue scale. Results: Frequent locations of pain were waist (43.8%), knee (28.1%), shoulder (12.4%), and head (9.4%). Time of severe pain during the day was mid-day (47.8%), early morning (21.7%), and evening (13.0%). Pain relief management included hospital visitation (65.2%), medication (17.4%), and application of a poultice (13.0%). Pain scores were significantly decreased after KTT compared to pretest scores acquired prior to taping (p<.001). Conclusions: KTT is a cost-effective, easy-to-use, and effective form of pain relief in older adults with chronic joint pain. Clinical practitioners can consider KTT as a complementary method of chronic pain control in older adults.
Screening of Inhibitory Effects of an Oriental Herb on Melanogenesis
Kang, Kyoung-Ah ; Han, Sang-Sook ; Lee, Mu-Hyoung ; Kim, Youn-Jung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 74~80
Purpose: To screen candidate oriental herb material for antimelanogenics. Methods: Oriental herbs (n=100) were screened for mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory activity in vitro using the HM3KO human melanin cell line cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum. Cytotoxicity was assessed by a cell viability assay involving 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), Trypan Blue exclusion, and cell enumeration. Results: Tyrosinase inhibitory effects on 100 oriental herbs was evident. Of these, 11 herbs inhibited tyrosinase activity by 40% without being cytotoxic to HM3KO cells. Three herb varieties significantly decreased melanin synthesis in HM3KO cells. Conclusions: Oriental herb can have antimelanogenic effects indicating their potential for functional therapeutic use in dermatological whitening.
Trend Analysis of Articles Published in the Journal of East-West Nursing Research: 1997-2008
Shin, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Won-Ock ; Park, Sun-Hee ; Shin, Hye-Sook ; Lee, Ji-A ; Hwang, Jee-In ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~86
Purpose: To analyze characteristics and trend of articles published in Journal of East-West Nursing Research. Methods: The 133 articles published from 1997-2008 were reviewed using a structured form. The form included items on the topics, subjects, study designs, sample size calculation, ethical consideration, and research funds. Data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Results: Oriental studies accounted for 42.9% of the 133 articles. The subjects were general population (32.3%), chronically-ill patients (17.3%), and nurses (12%). The most common design was survey (57.2%). Of the 32 experimental studies, 65.6% were associated with oriental nursing intervention. Many studies (66.2%) collected data using questionnaire. However, only two articles reported sample size calculation and 15.8% were performed after receiving written consent from the study participants. About 7% were studies were conducted with acquired research funds. Conclusions: Journal of East-West Nursing Research has appropriately published the studies about both oriental and Western nursing. However, application of scientific and rigorous research methodologies needs to be emphasized.