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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
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Hospital Services Utilization in Type-I Medicaid Elderly Beneficiaries
Lim, Seung-Joo ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 63~70
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hospital service utilization by the types of hospitals in Type I Medicaid claims frequently cited by elderly beneficiaries. Methods: Three frequently claimed inpatient diseases were selected: cerebral infarction, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Relevant data were collected for the year 2008 from the computer database of the National Health Insurance Corporation. The data was analyzed using SPSS by descriptive statistics, ANOVA and coefficient of variation. Results: The coefficient of variance of hospitalization per episode was higher than daily hospital expenditure among hospitals for all three diseases. The coefficient of variance of hospitalization per episode was highest for cerebral infarction. The coefficient of variation of hospital expenditure per hospital day was highest for hypertension. Conclusions: Evaluating of the volume and pattern of hospital service utilization and the appropriateness for hospital admission for Type-I Medicaid elderly beneficiaries is important for Medicaid-based case management.
Analysis of Factors Affecting the Health Behavior of Taxi-drivers
Ko, Ja-Kyung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~81
Purpose: This study was conducted to find out interrelation of health behavior and related variables to provide basic data for an effective health promotion for the taxi-divers. Methods: 293 male taxi-drivers from 2 cities in Korea participated in this study. The data were collected using questionnaires from April 17th to Jun 3rd, 2006, and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. Results: There were statistically significant differences according to monthly income, past illness or surgery, current disease or medication, frequency of fright on daily driving (FFDD), driving fatigue, working style, social support in health status; current disease or medication, FFDD, driving fatigue, duty shift, social support in health perception; body mass index (BMI), FFDD, driving fatigue, intention of changing job, social support in health behavior. Social support, health status, health perception, and health behavior were significantly correlated with one another. The multiple regression analysis showed that health perception (17.8%), BMI (6.8%), intention of changing job (5.7%), and driving fatigue (4.2%) explained the 34.5% variance of health behavior. And the 22.6% of variance of health perception was explained by social support (12.2%), health status (6.9%), and duty shift (3.2%). Conclusions: To promote the taxi-drivers' health, nursing intervention strategies unique for them should consider health behavior and affecting factors.
Preoperative Anxiety and Postoperative Pain Related to Donation Spontaneity in Living Donors Undergoing Liver Transplantation
Bea, Seng-Sim ; Lee, Hyang-Yeon ; Lee, Kook-Hyun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 82~90
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain among volunteer and non-volunteer donors in living liver transplantation. Methods: The 32 volunteer and 32 non-volunteer donors were recruited from a university hospital after obtaining research approval. The data were analyzed by
, t, ANOVA tests and Pearson's correlation coefficients using SPSS 12.0 program. Results: There were no significant differences in pre-operative anxiety between the two groups. However, the non-volunteer donors had significantly more severe pain for 3 post-operative days, measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and non-verbal pain behavior scale (non-VPBS), compared to that of the volunteer donors. There was a significant correlation between preoperative state anxiety and postoperative non-VPBS score. Conclusions: These results showed that liver donors who belonged to the non-volunteer group needed much more active postoperative pain management and psychological support than the volunteer group.
A Study of Nurses' Job Satisfaction
Lee, Hyang-Nyeon ; Lee, So-Young ; Lee, Mi-Aie ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 91~101
Purpose: This study was performed to measure nurses' perception of job stress and job satisfaction, and to clarify the factors influential to their job satisfaction. Methods: Participants were 169 nurses working at a general hospital. Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS/PC WIN 15.0. Results: Subjects perceived that job stress was higher than 'middle (3)', job satisfaction was lower than 'middle (3)', and job-related stress detrimental to job satisfaction. Influential factors for job satisfaction in a 2008 survey were duty-related stress, working conditions, and knowledge/skill-related stress. Duty-related stress and working conditions were cited as influential in a 2009 survey. The explained power for job satisfaction job was 32.5% in 2008 and 21.1% in 2009. Conclusions: Higher job-related stress detracts from job satisfaction. Hospital/nursing managers need to develop strategies that could improve the personal relationship between nurses and doctors, and provide administrative support to nurses. Provision of a financial personnel management plan could alleviate future nursing shortage triggered by job dissatisfaction.
In-home Use of Complementary Alternative Medicine by Stroke Patients
Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Won-Ock ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Wang, Myung-Ja ; Hyun, Kyung-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 102~109
Purpose: The study was conducted to ascertain the use of the complementary alternative medicine (CAM) in stroke patients, in order to provide the appropriate CAM information to patients recovering from stoke. Methods: Subjects were 201 stroke patients who were randomly selected from a health care center and a welfare center. Data from a self-administered questionnaire collected from February to April 2009 was analyzed using SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: Subjects averaged 67.4-yr-of-age. Of the 201 subjects, 69.2% had used CAM. CAM use was statistically significant in diagnosis, duration of post stroke, paralysis, and education about CAM. CAM was used in the mid-portion of treatment by 47.3% of the subjects, and 41.7% used it for more than a year. Of those using CAM, 52.7% of the subjects responded that their reason was the belief in the treatment's beneficial effects. Of the subjects 89.2% reported most frequent use of oriental medicine. Conclusions: The majority of stroke patients surveyed frequently and continuously used CAM in their mid-period of treatment expecting positive effects.
Effects of Meridian Massage on Facial Paralysis, Pain, and Anxiety in Bell's Palsy Patients
Lee, Jeong-Soon ; Seo, Nam-Sook ; Han, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 110~118
Purpose: This study identifies the effects of meridian massage on relieving facial paralysis, pain, and anxiety in Bell's palsy patients. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pre-test/post-test design was used for the study. The subjects were 51 Bell's palsy patients (experimental group=26, control group=25) of D University's oriental medicine hospital. The experimental group received a meridian massage for 20 min three times a week for two weeks. The data were analyzed with the following methods by using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program:
-test, Fisher's exact test, and t-test. Results: The facial paralysis scores of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group. The pain and anxiety scores of the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group. Conclusions: The results suggest that meridian massage (applied by nurses) has beneficial effects on facial paralysis, pain, and anxiety in patients suffering from Bell's palsy. Thus, meridian massage is recommended as an alternative nursing intervention program for patients with Bell's palsy.
Role of Self-Efficacy in the Relationship Between the Happiness and Loneliness of Hospice Volunteers
Jang, Sook-Hee ; Park, Jae-Kyoung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 119~126
Purpose: This study investigates the controlling effect of self-efficacy in the relationship between the happiness and loneliness of hospice volunteers. Methods: The subjects of this study were 120 hospice volunteers in G City. This study uses the happiness scale that Lee and Yu developed, the loneliness scale that Russell revised and Park translated, and Bandura's self-efficacy scale. The collected data were analyzed with frequency, ANOVA, and hierarchal regression by using SPSS 12.0. Results: The happiness scale of the subjects, based on general traits, was significant in occupation and image. The loneliness scale was significant in monthly income. The self-efficacy of the subjects was significant in monthly income, occupation, and hobby. The happiness of the volunteers affected loneliness. With respect to the relationship between the happiness and loneliness of the volunteers, self-efficacy did not have controlling influences. Conclusions: The results suggest that happiness can affect loneliness without the controlling influence of self-efficacy. As such, it would be beneficial to develop programs that can improve the happiness of hospice volunteers.
Relationship Between Parenting Stress, Depression, and Yangsaeng in Mothers with Cerebral Palsy Children
Moon, Jin-Ha ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 127~134
Purpose: This study examines parenting stress, depression, and Yangsaeng in mothers with cerebral palsy children, providing information that may be helpful in the development of a health intervention program that may improve the lives of the mothers. Methods: The subjects of this study were 124 mothers with cerebral palsy children; the subjects were selected by convenience sampling. The collected data were processed by using the SPSS program and analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation. Results: Parenting stress in mothers with cerebral palsy children was
, depression was
, and Yangsaeng was
There was a positive relationship between parenting stress and depression. Parenting stress and depression were negatively related with Yangsaeng. Conclusions: The results suggest that Yangsaeng as an oriental health care regimen can lower the level of parenting stress and depression. In this regard, to promote a healthier life for mothers with cerebral palsy children, it would be beneficial to develop a nursing intervention program that incorporates the use of Yangsaeng.
A Comparison of Three Constitution Types of Korean Hand Therapy (Seogeum Therapy) for Migraine Care
Kim, Young-Hae ; Lee, Nae-Young ; Kang, Youn-Whang ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 135~140
Purpose: This study examines the relationship between the occurrence of migraine headaches and three constitution types of Korean Hand Therapy (Seogeum Therapy). Methods: A total of 684 subjects comprised the study data: 500 healthy individuals and 184 migraine sufferers. The data were analyzed according to three constitution types of Seogeum Therapy. The subjects were classified according to their constitution types and body sides. Results: There were significant differences between the three types. Among the healthy group, the Yang Type and Shin Type Constitutions were more predominant than the Eum Type; the Yang and Shin Types were also more predominant than Eum Type with respect to both sides of the body. Among the migraine sufferers, the Eum Type Constitution was more predominant than the Eum Type; the Eum Type was also more predominant than the other types with respect to both sides of the body. Conclusions: These results suggest that the Eum Type Constitution might be associated with migraine headaches.
Smoking Cessation Clinics: Expectancy and Cognition
Min, Soon ; Kim, Hye-Sook ; Kim, Kyoung-Mi ; Ha, Yun-Ju ; Kim, Eun-A ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 141~149
Purpose: This study investigates the level of expectancy, cognition, and work condition among smokers with respect to the smoking cessation clinics. Methods: The study participants included over 503 smokers aged 30 yr and in five districts of G city. The researcher and assistants personally visited homes and workplaces of the participants between November 20 and November 30, 2008 for the survey. Results: The subjects learned to smoke from their friends and started smoking when they were 15 out of curiosity. They smoked more than one cigarette every day. With respect to cognition, 67.5% of the subjects had no intention to utilize smoking cessation clinics, and 71.7% were unaware of their benefits. Those with a high level of cognition regarding smoking cessation clinics were generally in their 60s, married, residents in the Southern and Western Districts, service or technical workers, and hikers. The expectancy for the clinic was high among those who were married, Catholics, and golfers. Conclusions: The results suggest that smoking cessation may be achieved by increasing the level of cognition and expectancy among smokers. In this regard, providing information and implementing positive publicity campaigns targeting families, Places of worship, and workplaces may be beneficial.
Factors Influencing Body Image Among Children with Type 1 Diabetes
Shin, Hyun-Sook ; Ji, Eun-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 150~156
Purpose: This study examines the factors influencing the body image of Korean children with type-I diabetes. Methods: The data were collected from 65 children (ages 9-15) who attended a DM management camp in 2004. Nine items from Offer's Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ-revised), which was modified and standardized to the Korean population by Hong, Kim, and Shin, were used to measure the self body image. Descriptive and correlational analyses were performed by using SPSS 13.0. Results: Although not statistically significant, children's self body image decreased as they became older. The body image and age were found to be significantly correlated. Conclusions: The results suggest the need for an effective intervention program to improve the self body image among children with type-I diabetes. In this regard, nursing intervention or educational programs may be beneficial for inducing positive self body image.
Telephone Inquiries to the Ophthalmology Nursing Unit and Nursing Interventions Through Telephone Consultations
Lee, Hyun-Jung ; Park, Hyeoun-Ae ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 15, issue 2, 2009, Pages 157~167
Purpose: This study examines the patient problems and nursing interventions during telephone consultations by nurses in an ophthalmology nursing unit. Methods: The data were collected during telephone consultations. A total of 13 nurses consulted 170 patients between September 29 and November 30, 2008 at a tertiary teaching hospital. Problems were raised by the patients and nursing interventions were provided to the patients by the nurses. The SPSS program was used to analyze the data. Results: There were 228 telephone inquiries by 170 patients. The problems were categorized into four groups based on a literature review and validated by 14 nurses: physical symptoms, medications, administrative matters, and follow-up care. Interventions provided by the nurses were categorized into six groups: instructing patients; providing information; providing background knowledge; assuring the patients; referring to the patients to other ancillary departments; and delivering doctor's orders. Conclusions: Nurse interventions for a specific patient problem varied depending on the nurse providing the consultation. The participating nurses expressed the need for a common protocol for telephone consultations. Thus, it would be beneficial to develop a guideline for telephone consultations to minimize practice variations among nurses.