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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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The Trends of Nursing Research on Aromatherapy in Korea
Lee, Hyang-Yeon ; Kim, So-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 85~95
Purpose: This study aimed to identify major trends and characteristics of studies on aromatherapy in Korea. Methods: Literature on the studies of aromatherapy in Korea was retrieved using RISS, KISS, DBpia, and Pubmed. The studies were analyzed based on publication year, study design, intervention method, and measuring variables. The level of applied intervention was assessed by target group, the types of aroma, and their effects. Results: A total of 111 studies was included in this study. Most of studies on aromatherapy were conducted using a experimental design to test the effects of aromatherapy as a nursing interventions. Conclusion: This study showed that methods of mixing oils, sites of massage, and target groups vary among studies on aromatherapy in Korea. It is suggestive that standardized methods to mix oils and to apply aroma is in need.
A Case Study on the Design and Operation of PBL by Employing Blended Learning on Instruction in a Nursing College
Choi, Eun-Young ; Lee, Woo-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 96~104
Purpose: This research is a case study on a problem-based learning (PBL) model with blended learning in a nursing college. Methods: The target students were nursing sophomores in a nursing college who agreed to participate in a blended learning course and to be subjects in this study for 15 weeks. The questionnaires developed by Baek (2003) and Lee (2007) were modified and applied to collect data. Results: The students' satisfaction with the blending learning was the highest in the item "Online community activities were helpful in enhancing knowledge." The level of satisfaction with PBL was the highest in the item "It was helpful to listen my classmates' opinions rather than thinking all by myself." Conclusion: This study is suggestive that blended learning is effective to improve learning satisfaction by reinforcing practicality of face-to-face study to online learning. Various learning methods based on students' demands and preferences should be applied in nursing education.
The Effects of a Smoking Cessations Health Camp among Adolescent Smokers
Paek, Kyung-Shin ; Kwon, Young-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 105~112
Purpose: This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of a smoking cessations health camp on levels of expiratory Carbon Monoxide concentration, self-efficacy, smoking knowledge and nicotine dependence among adolescents smokers. Methods: This research uitlized a one group pre-test post-test design. The smoking cessations health camp was developed after considering cognitive and behavioral aspects and was provided for two days and one night. The number of subjects was 31 high school students. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and paired t-test. Results: As compared to a pre-test, the average score of expiratory CO concentration and nicotine dependence were significantly lower and the average score of smoking knowledge was significantly higher in a post-test. An increase in the mean score of self-efficacy was not statistically significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that this smoking cessations health camp can provide teen smokers with the insightful antismoking information and an opportunity for anti-smoking practices. Therefore, this smoking cessations health camp can be effective and useful for adolescent smokers in other school settings.
Nursing Students' Knowledge on Children's Pain
Yi, Kyung-Min ; Koo, Hyun-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 113~121
Purpose: This study was done to investigate nursing students' knowledge on children's pain. Methods: The subjects were 389 nursing students in a university and a college. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. Results: Nursing students' knowledge on children's pain were generally low. Knowledge on analgesics was ranked the lowest. The levels of knowledge on children's pain of the students were different by gender, grade, academic achievement, the learning experience on pain, and the experience with chronic pain. Conclusion: The results of this study suggests that nursing students do not know children's pain thoroughly, and general characteristics and learning experience of the students make an effect on the knowledge. Therefore, the education programs on children's pain are needed to improve the knowledge of nursing students.
Factors Influencing Cognitive Impairment of the Elderly Residents
Kim, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 122~130
Purpose: This study was aimed at finding factors influencing cognitive impairment which is one of the typical symptoms among the demented elderly. Methods: The number of subjects was 417 elderly residents aged over 65 yr in a community. A cognitive function and a depression level were measured using the Korean Version of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) and the Korean Form of Geriatric Depression Scale (KGDS). Alcohol abuse was measured using the CAGE instrument. Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were conducted to identify factors affecting cognitive impairment. Results: The prevalence rates of cognitive impairment of the sample was 43.5%. Sex, age, educational level, perceived health and alcohol abuse were strong factors influencing cognitive impairment. However, the effects of smoking, living alone, depression, family history in dementia and stroke were not strong. Conclusion: Risk for cognitive impairment were increased by being female and older than 70 yr, having low education, perceiving health as poor, and drinking alcohol abusively. Therefore, a reinforcement system, continuous research and the development of proper programs should be preformed in order to prevent cognitive impairment.
A Study on the Relationship between Depression and Cognition in the Community Female Aged
Chu, Su-Kyung ; Choi, Hee-Jung ; Yoo, Jang-Hak ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 131~137
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression status and cognitive function in the community female aged. Methods: This was a descriptive study. Data were collected using individual-based interviews from 120 senior female residents in the Hall for the aged in the city of S. The length of time for data collection was from June 18 to 29, 2007. The tool of data collection was Korean Version of Mini-Mental State Examination (Kwon & Park, 1989), Short-form Geriatric Depression Scale (Bae, 1996). Results: Depression & cognition showed significant differences according to age, regular exercise. The depression group scored significantly lower than the normal group in total score of cognition, orientation, memory recall. Conclusion: It is necessary to prepare the composite programs, which can improve not only cognition but depression in the community female aged.\
A Comparative Study of Depression and Quality of Life in Korean Elderly Women Based on the Sasangin Constitution
Sok, So-Hyune R. ; Kim, Kwuy-Bun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 138~146
Purpose: This study was conducted to compare depression and quality of life between the Tae Yin In and So Yin In groups of the Sasangin constitution in Korean elderly women. Methods: A total of 203 (Tae Yin In=103, So Yin In=100) women aged over 65 yr, who were living in Seoul or Gyung-gi province, participated in the study. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, independent t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test using SPSS PC+16 version. Results: Individuals in the So Yin In group had significantly worse depression than those in the Tae Yin In group. Those in the Tae Yin In group tended to have a better quality of life than those in the So Yin In group, but no significant difference was observed. Furthermore, individuals in the Tae Yin In and So Yin In groups all had low quality of life scores comparing with median value. Significant differences in depression and quality of life according to age and subjective health status were observed in the Tae Yin In group. In the So Yin In group, significant differences in quality of life according to education and subjective health status were observed. Conclusion: A concrete nursing intervention based on the Sasangin constitution for elderly women should be explored to decrease depression and improve quality of life. Additionally, the general characteristics of elderly women should be considered to develop an appropriate nursing intervention.
Nursing Students' Experiences on Pediatric Nursing Simulation Practice
Shin, Hyun-Sook ; Shim, Ka-Ka ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 147~155
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the simulation experiences of nursing baccalaureate students in their pediatric rotation. Methods: Fifty-three students responded to open-ended questions after three sessions of pediatric simulation experiences. The practice reflection notes of the students were also analyzed to identify educational outcomes coming from nursing simulation experiences. Results: The open-ended questions and practice reflection notes showed that simulated pediatric practice provided a virtual experience within safe environment. It also increased learning motivation, clinical decision making, and overall self-confidence of the nursing students. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that simulation can enhance the quality of nursing education through positive clinical experiences.
A Study on Overweight and Obesity in Childhood
Yoo, Jang-Hak ; Choi, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Young-Me ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 156~163
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with childhood obesity. Methods: In this descriptive study, the number of participants was 78 4-6th grade students in a primary school, and the subjects were overweight or obese. Data were collected for 10 days from June 1 to 10 in 2009. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent-samples t-test,
-test, and multiple logistic regression. Results: Mother's occupation is a statistically significant factor in a bivariate analysis. In multiple logistic regression analysis, the statistically significant factors were mother's occupation (OR=0.17, 95% CI=0.04-0.70) and dietary attitudes (OR=0.08, 95% CI=0.01-0.66). Conclusion: For an effective obesity management program in childhood, it is necessary to consider a mother occupation and dietary attitudes.
Recovery According to Follow-up Period and Compliance in Osteoarthritic Patients after Knee Replacement Arthroplasty
Park, Su-A ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Choi, Jin-Yi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 164~171
Purpose: The aim of study was to investigate relationship between compliance and recovery of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee patients after knee arthroplasty. Methods: 193 patients living in Seoul were participated in this study. Data were collected using the Knee Society Clinical Rating System and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36(SF-36) and analyzed by ANCOVA, t-test, and repeated measure ANOVA. Results: There was a significant difference of physiological recovery based on the number of co-morbidity patients have. Physical recovery level was different according to age, religion, and the number of co-morbidity. Age and education level of patients were different in emotional recovery. The level of physiological and physical recovery were significantly different consistent with compliance. Compared to preoperative scores, physiological and physical scores showed significant improvement at six weeks, three months, and six months after surgery while emotional scores did not showed significant improvement. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that nursing interventions to increase compliance are needed for better recovery of patients after knee arthroplasty.
Health-Related Characteristics that Affect the Prevalence of Osteoporosis in Elderly Women
Yim, Eun-Sil ; Lee, Kwang-Ok ; Kim, Kyung-Ha ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 172~178
Purpose: We examined the relationship between the health-related issues of elderly women and bone density and identified specific factors that affect the prevalence of osteoporosis to provide basic data for developing a health care program on osteoporosis prevention. Methods: This study is a secondary data analysis of 118,903 66-yr-old women who received a health examination conducted by the National Health Insurance Corporation in 2008. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors affecting the prevalence of osteoporosis. Results: The prevalence of osteoporosis was 46.8%, whereas the prevalence of osteopenia was 38.4% among elderly women in this study. Statistically significant differences were observed between the osteoporosis and non-osteoporosis group in terms of smoking (p<.001), exercise (p<.001), obesity (p<.001), waist circumference (p<.001), depression (p<.001), falling experience (p<.05), and the cognitive function risk (p<.05). Based on the multiple logistic regression results, the risk for osteoporosis was high in those who were under-weight, smoked, or were depressed. In contrast, moderate or high level obesity showed a negative relationship with osteoporosis. Conclusion: The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis was 85.2%. Therefore, there is a need to develop health care programs pertaining to osteoporosis intervention and prevention for elderly women. Because smoking, non-exercise, and obesity are main osteoporosis risk factors, it is highly recommended that some sound practical life programs and psychological support programs be considered for this population.
Relations Among Professionalism, Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction among Clinical Nurses
Lee, So-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 179~189
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations among professionalism, organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and to the investigate the influencing factors of organizational commitment and job satisfaction among clinical nurses. Methods: The participants were 386 nurses sampled from Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, and the data were analyzed by applying t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SAS 8.12. Results: A positive correlation existed among professionalism, organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Major factors that influenced organizational commitment were job satisfaction, religion, educational status, and a sense of calling (one of the subcategories of professionalism), which explained 54.1%. Major factors that affected job satisfaction were organizational commitment, educational status, and the subcategories of professionalism including a sense of calling, a service to the public, self-regulation and professional autonomy, which explained 60.8%. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, the professionalism is one of the critical factors linked to organizational commitment and job satisfaction among clinical nurses. In order to promote organizational commitment and job satisfaction among nurses, an appropriate practical support system, which is applicable to diverse conditions, should be developed and applied in nursing.
The Effects of a Combination Program of Merdian Massage and Foot Reflexology on Stress and Natural Killer Cell Activity
Lee, Young-Mee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 16, issue 2, 2010, Pages 190~198
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combination program of meridian massage and foot reflexology on stress and natural killer (NK) cell activity in adults. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental research usingone-group-pretest-posttest design. The subjects of the study were 42 adults in T city. Stress level was assessed with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, and serum cortisol level. The data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 17.0 program with descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The period of this study was from January 4 to July 11 of 2008. The program was performed three days per week, two hours per session. Results: The degrees of perceived stress were significantly different while objective stress levels were partially different between pre-and post-program. The NK cell activity did not show a significant difference between before and after the program. Conclusion: This study suggests that combination of meridian massage and foot reflexology may be an optional nursing intervention to reduce subjective and objective stress in adults.