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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Dec 2011
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jun 2011
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Factors Influencing on Use of Complementary.Alternative Therapy on Chronic Patients
Park, Hyeon-Shin ; Hyun, Kyung-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~8
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify influencing factors of using numbers and period of complementary and alternative therapy (CAT) among chronic patients. Methods: The study employed a descriptive design. The participants were 221 chronic patients. Data were collected in a pharmacy near a general hospital from April to July, 2008. Results: Influencing factors on using number of CAT were age, numbers of disease, period of used CAT and monthly expenses on CAT (the ability to explain, 79.9%). Influencing factors on using period of CAT were the period of illness and using number of CAT (the ability to explain, 44.9%). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that chronic patients need counseling and guides about using CAT especially for those are older and have many kinds and longer period of diseases.
Student Nurses' Recognition and Knowledge regarding Clinical Trials after a Clinical Trial Education Program
Chu, Sang-Hui ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Park, Geu-Lee ; Kim, Doo-Ree ; An, Ji-Hyoun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 9~15
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate recognition and knowledge regarding clinical trials, in particular, after a clinical trial education program (CTEP) among student nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design of 215 student nurses at a university in Seoul was used with structured questionnaires. Results: Respondents had a high level of need for clinical trial and moderate levels in favorable image, safety, and need for education regarding clinical trial. The respondents who had participated in the CTEP felt the clinical trial more favorable and safer than those who did not. However, there were no significant differences in necessity of clinical trials and need for education regarding clinical trial between the CTEP participation and no participation groups. Respondents had a high level of knowledge about clinical trial, even though half of the respondents misunderstood that the physician can convince the subject to participate in clinical trial. There was no significant difference in knowledge level between groups. One third of the respondents had an intention to work in the area related to clinical trial because of aptitude or future prospect. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated that the CTEP might have an effect on student nurses' recognition rather than knowledge. The CTEP should be therefore developed targeting specific areas of misconceptions and recognition changes.
Anger Expression Style and Risk Factors for Stroke
Nam, Kyoung-A ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 16~23
Purpose: As anger may be strongly related to stroke, this study examined the relationship between anger expression style (anger-in, anger-out, anger-control) and risk factors for stroke to investigate the possible attribution of anger expression style to stroke incidence. Methods: The cross sectional study design was employed. The 291 participants signed consent forms and completed questionnaires including the anger expression style scales and risk factors for stroke. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test and One-way ANOVA. Results: The highest score among anger expression styles of the participants was from anger-control. Participants with higher mean value of anger-out were current non-smokers, doing regular exercise, having scores above 23 in Body Mass Index, having scores above 90 cm (male) or 80 cm (female) in abdominal circumference, and having scores below 85 mmHg in diastolic blood pressure. Participants with more than 5 risk factors to stroke had the highest score of anger-in. Conclusion: The results of this study implied anger expression style was psychological risk factor for stroke. Further studies to differentiate the anger expression style contributing to the risk of stroke are needed with a longitudinal study design.
Effects of Dan Jeon Breathing Intervention on Physical Endurance, Cognitive Function, and Depression in Middle-aged Women
Kim, Kyung-Won ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 24~30
Purpose: This study was to examine the effects of Dan Jeon Breathing on physical endurance, cognitive function, and depression in middle-aged women. Methods: This study employed a quasi-experimental with a nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. Participants were 59 middle-aged women and randomly assigned to the experimental or control group. Dan Jeon Breathing was carried out for 40 minutes per day, 3 times per week for 12 weeks between March 1 and July 31, 2010. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed ranked test for paired data. Results: After Dan Jeon Breathing intervention, the scores of physical endurance and depression of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group. However, the scores of cognitive function between two groups were not significantly different. Conclusion: The Dan Jeon Breathing can be utilized as a nursing intervention for physical endurance and depression in middle-aged women. Also, a revised model of Dan Jeon Breathing is needed to be examined for cognitive function.
Nursing Students' Subjectivity of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Park, Eun-Young ; Lee, Eun-Nam ; Kang, Ji-Yeon ; Ju, Hyeon-Ok ; Kim, Sam-Sook ; Choi, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hack-Sun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 31~39
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to grasp the subjectivity of the nursing students toward CAM and put the outcomes into use as basic facts and figures in developing and applying a curriculum associated with CAM. Methods: Q methodology was employed to explore the nursing students' subjectivity from their rank-order statements. For the Q population, individual in-depth interviews and literature research were conducted. Finally, 30 participants completed 40 Q statements. The data were analyzed using the QUANL software package. Results: The current survey that probed into the subjectivity of the nursing students relative to CAM abstracted four categories, namely, practical and convinced type, keep-under-control/wait-and-see type, merit acknowledging type and limitedly accepting type. Conclusion: It is recommended that various educational programs should be developed to shift the awareness of CAM on the part of the nursing students, based on the findings set forth in the current study.
The Effects of an Integrated Management Program on Climacteric Symptoms and Depression in Middle-aged Women
Chung, Duk-Eun ; Sung, Kyung-Mi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 40~47
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an integrated management program on climacteric symptoms and depression in middle-aged women. Methods: A nonequivalent control-group design was used. The subjects consisted of 65 middle-aged women with climacteric symptoms. The experimental group (n=33) participated in the program for six 60-min sessions. To measure the climacteric symptoms and depression level of the subjects, two self-reporting questionnaires were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 17.0 program. Results: The women in the experimental group reported the average score of 13.80 in climacteric symptoms, 14.38 in depression. The hypothesis that the climacteric symptoms of experimental group would be reduced more than that of the control group was supported (t=3.92, p<.001): physical symptoms (t=4.04, p<.001); psychological symptoms (t=1.80, p=.077); sexual symptoms (t=2.85, p=.006). The second hypothesis that the degree of depression of the experimental group who used the integrated climacteric symptoms management program would be reduced more than that of the control group was also supported (t=2.30, p=.02). Conclusion: The integrated management program for middle-aged women with climacteric symptoms was effective in reducing their climacteric symptoms and depression level.
Health Status of International Students in Korea
Lee, Nae-Young ; Han, Ji-Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 48~56
Purpose: This study explored the health-related information of international students in Korea. Methods: Data were collected from 112 international students of 4 universities in P city regarding perceived health belief, health status, health habits, health management and medical costs. Results: International students in Korea perceived that their health belief was good and most of them belonged to healthy group. Also they reported good health habits and less severe physical complaints which can be easily treated. However, the portion of underweight or obese was large and physical complaints were frequent. Conclusion: To promote health of international students, nurses in university or community should develop appropriate programs to improve health habits and to access to health care services.
Prevalence and Risk of Constipation among the Institutionalized Elderly
Park, Ae-Ja ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ; Song, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 57~65
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine actual state and risk of constipation in the institutionalized elderly. Methods: A descriptive design was used with convenience sampling of 365 institutionalized elderly. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results: 1) The constipation rate was 29.3%, the elderly had irregular bowel habit was 73.7%. 2) The 25.2% of the elderly was administrated laxatives. 3) High risk of constipation was 1.1%, moderate risk was 15.1%, and mild risk was 44.2% respectively 4) Risk of constipation showed significantly differences according to age, admission periods and daily fluid intake. 5) State of mobility, long-term care classification, gender, digestants and type of diet were explained 63% of risk of constipation. Conclusion: The institutionalized elderly showed a tendency toward high risk of constipation. So, effective management and application of nonpharmacologic therapy for constipation in the institutionalized elderly was needed.
Nursing Problems in Oriental Nursing Practice Based on Nursing Documentation
Hwang, Jee-In ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 66~70
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the types of nursing problems in oriental nursing practice. Methods: This study employed a descriptive survey design. Nursing documentation was retrospectively reviewed for patients discharged from an oriental medicine hospital during three months. Nursing diagnoses documented were mapped into the Clinical Care Classification System. Data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Results: Data were collected from 110 patients using nursing documentation. The number of nursing diagnoses documented was 204 with a mean of 1.9 per patient. The frequently occurring nursing diagnoses were 'risk for trauma' (48.0%), 'pain' (13.7%), and 'urinary elimination alteration' (7.8%). According to the Clinical Care Classification system, the safety component (51.5%) was the most common nursing problem in oriental nursing practice. Conclusion: The study finding suggested that major nursing problems in oriental nursing practice were related to patient safety. Therefore, oriental nursing education on patient safety should be emphasized to improve the quality of nursing care in oriental medicine hospitals.
Comparison of Neonatal Health Status between Smoking and Nonsmoking Women Following Cesarean Birth
Huh, Young-Mi ; Han, Sang-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 17, issue 1, 2011, Pages 71~79
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the neonatal birth weight, birth height, Apgar scores, sucking power, and digestion difficulties between smoking and non-smoking women following cesarean birth. This study analyzed the effects of smoking on the neonatal health status in pregnant women to provide fundamental data for smoking prevention education for women of childbearing ages and non-smoking practice protocols for pregnant women with smoking. Methods: A comparative survey design was used. Fifty-four newborn infants of pregnant women with smoking and seventy-four newborn infants of pregnant women with non-smoking participated in this study. The scores of neonatal birth weight, birth height, Apgar scores, sucking power, and digestion difficulties were assessed. Data were analyzed using SPSS Windows 15.0 program. Results: Smoking in pregnant women leads to the decrease of birth weight (F=4.75, p=.030) and birth height (F=14.19, p<.001), negative effects on the Apgar scores (F=36.02, p<.001) and sucking power (t=-4.26~-5.60, p<.001), and digestion difficulties (
=6.72, p=.010) of neonates. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that smoking in pregnant women leads to the decrease of fetus development. These findings would be utilized for the development of not only smoking prevention programs for women of childbearing ages but also prenatal education programs for pregnant women.