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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Nov 2013
Volume 19, Issue 1 - May 2013
Selecting the target year
Effects of the Hand Acupressure and Lumbar Strengthening Exercise on Women with Lower Back Pain
Jeon, Eun Young ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 63~70
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.63
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the hand acupressure and lumbar strengthening exercise on young adult women with back pain. Methods: The study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects consisted of 37 female young adults (19 persons in the experimental group and 18 persons in the control group). The hand acupressure and strengthening exercise for lower back were developed by the investigator and a hand acupressure expert. The experimental group was exposed to this program 5 days a week for 4 weeks. The visual analog scale, back muscle strength, flexibility, and quality of life were used as measurement instruments. The data were analyzed with frequency, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA using SPSS 18.0. Results: In this study, the hand acupressure and strengthening exercise showed siginificant effects on the back muscle strength, flexibility, and quality of life in the experimental group compared to the control group. However, back pain score was not significantly decreased after the program. Conclusion: The study suggests that this program can be applied for the women with low back pain in order to enhance the back muscle strength, flexibility, and quality of life.
The Effects of a Therapeutic Recreation Program on the Powerlessness and Life satisfaction in Chronic Mentally Disabled
Lee, Chunyee ; Byun, Eunkyung ; Yang, Migyeong ; Chang, Koungoh ; Kim, Namhee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 71~77
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.71
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a therapeutic recreation program on the powerlessness and life satisfaction of people with chronic mental disability. Methods: Nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. There were 24 people in experimental group and 21 people in control group. Therapeutic Recreation Program was carried out twice a week in a total of 8 sessions, 60 minutes for each session. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage,
-test, and independent t-test with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Life satisfaction in the experimental group compared with the control group was significantly increased after the therapeutic recreation program (t=2.48, p=.017). On the other hand, There was no difference in powerlessness of experimental group compared with control group (t=1.51, p=.138). Conclusion: Further studies were needed to be done to support the effectiveness of recreation therapy on the powerlessness and life satisfaction of people with chronic mental disability. In addition, therapeutic recreation programs to improve helplessness and life satisfaction are in need.
Subjectivity on Experience of Middle-aged Women Who Attend Self-help Group to Overcome Midlife Crisis: Q Methodology Approach
Doo, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 78~87
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.78
Purpose: This study has investigated experience of middle aged women who attended a self help group to overcome midlife crisis. Methods: To analyze types of experience that middle aged women attending the self help group went through to overcome midlife crisis, Q-methodology has been used. The 32 selected Q-samples from each of 27 subjects were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using a QUANL PC program. The 38 selected Q-samples from each of 27 subjects were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using a QUANL PC program. Results: The types of experience were classified into four categories; Type I (attempt to change), Type II (devoted to my role), Type III (tolerance and acceptance) and Type IV (role as a senior citizen). Conclusion: This study is significant in that it has attempted to analyze the approach and usefulness of a self-help group program. It is suggestive that a local society support group may be necessary to help people with midlife crisis and further studies for nursing intervention and strategic development are required.
A Study on the Nursing Student's Attitude Toward Death and Perception on Hospice Care
Lee, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 88~95
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.88
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine nursing students' attitude toward death and perception on hospice care. Methods: The survey was performed on 103 nursing students in one university in Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do. The data were collected by questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Regarding the attitude toward death, 90.3% of the students had thought about death. They worried about sense of loss and sadness due to parting with family (31.1%). About half (51.5%) of the students considered death as a final process of the life. With regard to the perception of hospice, 92.2% of the students heard about hospice through books or nursing classes (65.0%). Public institutions running by government was considered to the students as the best hospice management institution (44.7%). The students thought a ideal model of hospice setting in Korea was hospital or institution specialized with hospice care (51.5%). They considered the barriers to effective hospice care in Korea was the lack of the public consensus on the need for hospice program (35.9%). The average perceptions about the purpose of hospice care was 4.33 whereas the average of the need of hospice care was 3.85. Conclusion: The findings of the study provide the basis for expanding nursing practice and education related to hospice care.
Factors Influencing Performance Ability of CPR of Hospital Staffs
Lee, Jung Hwa ; Sung, Mi Hae ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 96~103
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.96
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing hospital staffs' performance ability of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Methods: The study was conducted with 250 hospital staffs in B hospital located in Busan. The survey data were collected from August 1 to September 15, 2012 and were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS WIN 19.0 program. Results: There were statistically significant differences in performance ability of CPR depending on occupations, CPR experience, CPR situations, identification of Automated external defibrillator (AED) location within the hospital, AED use experience, CPR training experience and AED training experience. A significant positive correlation was found between CPR knowledge and performance ability in addition to a significant positive correlation between CPR attitude and to performance ability. The significant factors influencing performance ability of CPR were CPR attitude, occupations, CPR training experience, knowledge and identification of AED location within the hospital. Those factors explained about 40.1% of the variance. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy for hospital staff to improve the levels of performance ability of CPR.
The Effect of Mindfulness Meditation Programs on Nursing College Students' Perceived Stress, Depression, and Self-efficacy
Yeom, Young-Ran ; Choi, Keum-Bong ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 104~113
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.104
Purpose: Due to the academic demands from a theory and practice-based educational program, nursing students often experience psychological burdens. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mindfulness meditation programs on nursing students' perceived stress, depression, and self-efficacy. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from two nursing colleges. The sample consisted of an intervention group (n=29) that participated in a mindfulness meditation program and a control group (n=30). The experimental group participated in the program for 120 minutes a week for a total of 8 sessions. The data were collected prior and after the intervention using self-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics,
-test, Fisher's exact probability test, and the t-test. Results: After the application of the mindfulness meditation program, the experimental group showed a significant difference in perceived stress(t=-10.33, p<.001), depression (t=-2.17, p=.035), and self-efficacy (t=2.57, p=.013) scores. However, there was no significant differrence in the control group. Conclusion: These findings provide a supportive evidence of mindfulness meditation program as a behavioral intervention to reduce stress, depression and increase self-efficacy among nursing students.
Nurses' View about Old Age by Workplace
Yang, Hee-Ah ; Lee, Kang-Yi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 114~120
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.114
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the view on old age of nurses working at general hospitals, geriatric hospitals, oriental hospitals and public health centers. Methods: Data were collected using a self-report questionnaire from 461 nurses working at 3 general hospitals, 8 geriatric hospitals, 7 oriental hospitals and 6 public health centers located in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do and Chungcheong-do from June 20 to September 6, 2012. Results: The mean score of the nurses' view about old age was 3.38 out of 5 points. The details show that the 'society character' was the highest at 4.58, followed by the 'capacity character' 3.94, the 'psychology-economical character' 3.02 and the 'physical-cognitive character' 2.71. As for workplace, oriental hospitals had the highest points on the view about old age, while geriatric hospitals had the lowest. Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the nurses' view about old age were above the moderate level. As for workplace, geriatric hospital nurses had the lowest view about old age. Therefore, it is recommended to develop an educational program that may promote the nurses' view about old age and provide the better elderly care service.
Effects on Self Efficacy in Knowledge and Attitude of Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Higher Grade of Elementary School Students
Chun, Youngmi ; Park, Sunhee ; Park, Sangyoun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 121~127
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.121
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of knowledge and attitude on self efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the fifth and the sixth grade of elementary school students. Methods: The participants were 242 elementary school students from A city. Data were collected from August 26 to August 27, 2013 using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by SPSS/WIN 19.0 using ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Factors affecting on self efficacy to CPR were attitude (
), religion (
), recognition (
) and knowledge (
). These factors explain 47.0% of the variance in self efficacy. Conclusion: The results of this study show that attitude to CPR has the strongest influence on efficacy. Based on the results of this study, we suggest that customized programs and further research by using 2010 guideline are needed to develop for elementary school students.
The Effects of Oriental Herbal Tea on the Brain Function Quotient of Elders at Health Facility
Youn, Mee Kyung ; Lee, Jung Eun ; Kim, Soo Kyung ; Lee, Se Won ; Kim, Jeong Hwa ; Woo, Kwi Ok ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 128~137
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.128
Purpose: This study was performed to identify the effects of oriental herbal tea on the brain function elders at the day care center and the nursing home. Methods: This study used a pre-post quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group. Total 38 of elderly population (20 of experimental group and 18 of control group) was recruited. 100 mL of a type of oriental herbal tea developed for purpose of this study was given to each subject 3 times a day for 30 days (from May to Jun 2013). The brain function quotient was used to measure brain function. The data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: After drinking the oriental herbal tea, more significant improvement on attention quotient (AQ), anti-stress quotient (ASQ), emotion quotient (EQ) and brain quotient (BQ) were found in the experimental group than control group. Conclusion: This study shows that oriental herbal tea can be a health promotion option in elders. Therefore the tea can be utilized as an effective intervention for the health of elders in health facilities.
Phenomenological Approach on Self-Esteem of Clinical Nurses
Kim, Mi Jeong ; Kim, Seungju ; Kim, Kwuybun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 138~149
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.138
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand experience of self-esteem by exploring and describing the clinical nurses' lived experiences. Methods: The qualitative research method of phenomenology was utilized in this study. In-depth personal interviews of 8 clinical nurses with more than three years of experience in the clinical setting were conducted using a records from October, 2012 to March, 2013. Results: Content analysis was done using the Colaizzi' phenomenological method. The results based on the data analysis, 19 descriptive statements and 7 themes were confirmed. The 7 themes were as followed; 'recognition of nurse's role', 'recognition of nursing as a profession', 'secure jobs', 'close relationship with the clients', 'sense of existence perceived by others', 'considerations between coworkers', and 'opportunity for self-improvement. Conclusion: This study may be helpful to understand the experience of self-esteem. The results can be used to develop the effective interventions for the improvement of nurse's self-esteem.
Influencing of Psychological Well-Being for the Middle Aged Adults and Elderly
Kim, Mi Jeong ; Kim, Kwuy Bun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 150~158
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.150
Purpose: To investigate the impact of psychological well-being on psycho-social in the elderly and middle aged Adults. Methods: A sample of the 209 elderly and 181 middle aged adults. Data analysis was done by pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: First, there were significant differences between the groups in gender, religion, education, marital status, occupation and family coresidence in homogeneity tests. Second, psychological well-being, hope, self-esteem, depression and life satisfaction were significantly correlated each other in the both groups. Third, there were significant differences in psychological well-being, hope, self-esteem and depression between two groups. For middle aged adults self-esteem was influencing most in psychologic well-being while hope affected most for the elderly. Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it is important to improve psychological well-being to prepare successful elderly life.
The Development and Evaluation of an Internet Social Support Program on Mothers of Congenitally Abnormal Children
Lee, Hyejin ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 159~167
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.159
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to develop and to evaluate a internet-based social support program for the mothers of congenitally abnormal children. The theoretical basis of the study is the moderating effect model of social support theory (Cobb, 1976). Methods: In first phase, an internet support program was developed according to the practical web development stages proposed by Boling and Frick (2002). In the second phase, the internet support program was provided and evaluated to 18 mothers who reared congenitally abnormal children from March to May 2008. Results: In the first stage, demands of the program were collected from interviews of eighteen mothers of congenitally abnormal children of ages one to three. At the same time, literature review and validity of the contents were also examined. In the second stage, the correspondence of the program contents to the social support needed was also examined. In the third and fourth stages, prototype of the social program was prepared in documents and that of computer program was prepared. In the final stage, an internet-based web site was constructed. The social support provided by the web site were composed of informational support, emotional support and appraisal support including bulletin board system and chatting service. After program development, pre-tests and post-test were performed to investigate the effect of the program on maternal confidence and mood. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed rank test. The analysis showed that maternal confidence of post-test was improved than that of pre-test with statistically meaningful figure (Z=-2.54, p<.05). The positive mood of post-test was also improved than that of pre-test and the result was statistically supported (Z=-2.20, p<.05). Conclusion: It is suggestive that the internet based social support programs is accessible and appropriate service to congenitally abnormal children's mother. It is necessary to develop and use the internet based social support programs in public health system.
The Experiences of Turnover Intention in Early Stage Nurses
Lee, Se Young ; Oh, Eun Jin ; Sung, Kyung Mi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 168~176
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.168
Purpose: This study was aimed to explore turnover intention of novice nurses. Methods: This study was an exploratory survey including quantitative and qualitative components. Qualitative data were obtained from an open survey question in the survey and analyzed using the method of content analysis. The data were collected from 245 nurses with less than three years experience at six general hospitals. Results: The early stage nurses scored an average of 14.5 (
) in turnover intention. Fourteen themes were identified in turnover intention experiences of early stage nurses, and each theme was divided into five categories: interpersonal relationship stress (33.7%), being regretful for choosing a nursing career (21.6), A feeling of low competency for direct nursing care (19.8), dissatisfaction with the welfare of the hospital (13.0), Increased extra-work burden (11.9). The participants requested for improvement in the following conditions to continue a nursing career descending order in priority: wage (
), work load (
), work environment (
), welfare facilities (
), the status of nurse (
), etc. Conclusion: These findings are helpful for the development of intervention strategies to decrease turnover intention of early stage nurses.
The Relationships between Stress and Health Locus of Control in Nursing College Students
Cha, Nam Hyun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 177~185
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.177
Purpose: This study was to identify the relations between stress and health locus of control in nursing college students. Methods: A total of 243 subjects aged between 17 and 27 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self reported questionnaire from March 2 to 25, 2013. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/PC Win 15.0. Results: Differences in stress and health locus of control according to general characteristics were as follows. Stress were significantly different according to gender (t=-2.51, p<.05), grade (F=5.40, p<.01), school record (F=5.72, p<.01), stress solving methods (F=2.62, p<.05). Internal health locus of control was significantly different according to gender (t=2.30, p<.05), grade (F=14.73, p<.001), religion (F=4.63, p<.01), school record (F=5.29, p<.01), economic state (F=5.50, p<.001) and smoking (F=4.17, p<.05). Chance health locus of control was significantly different according to sibling rank (F=2.86, p<.05). Except chance health locus of control, internal heath locus of control and dependence health locus of control have a negative correlation with stress. 15.6% of variance in stress was explained by dependence health locus of control, chance health locus of control, and grade. Conclusion: The findings of this study may be useful in understanding the stress expression of nursing college students and developing more specific programs on personality and self-control.
Spiritual Well-Being, Social Support, Life Satisfaction and Depression in the Community Dwelling Elderly
Kim, So Nam ; Lee, Sang Bok ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 186~194
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.186
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify correlation of spiritual well-being, social support, life satisfaction and depression in the community dwelling elderly, and to explore a possibility to apply the spiritual well-being, and social support as resources to promote welfare of the elderly. Methods: A structured questionnaire was used to obtain data from a convenience sample of 222 senior citizens, who visited social welfare centers in Gangwon-do from September to October, 2010. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results: There were significant differences in spiritual well-being based on religion, satisfaction to religion, economic status, physical health, and life satisfaction. Social support was significantly different according to economic status, physical health, life satisfaction, and social gathering. The existential well-being, family support, and special support had a significant effect on life satisfaction, and demonstrated positive correlations with the well-being of the elderly. Conclusion: Spiritual well-being and social support have significant effects on depression and life satisfaction of senior citizens. Thus spiritual well-being and social support can be considered as important factors that improve the elderly's quality of life.
Theory and Knowledge Development for the East-West Nursing
Kang, Hyun Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 19, issue 2, 2013, Pages 195~200
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2013.19.2.195
Practice evidenced by reliable knowledge is essential for professionals and practical studies. Because nursing is a human science and practical science, theory and knowledge development is an indispensable task to improve nursing. Nursing is a very special paradigm not exactly correlated to Western medicine and Oriental medicine. However, nursing was influenced by on Western medicine at the beginning, and most nursing theories were established western philosophies. Caring is the essence of nursing. To provide qualitative care which satisfies clients, it is required to respect cultures of the clients. Western and Eastern approaches of thinking are coexisting in Korea no, so the needs for developing a nursing model, East-West Nursing, which blends two approaches are increasing. In this paper, concepts of the East-West Nursing, differences between Oriental and Western medicines, and comparison of nursing metaparadigm in prospects from and Western Philosophies were briefly covered to define the East-West Nursing. Strategies and directions to develop the East-West Nursing were also discussed.