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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of East-West Nursing Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
East-west Nursing Research Institute,Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Nov 2014
Volume 20, Issue 1 - May 2014
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Effects of a Qi Massage Program on the Physio-psychological State of Industrial Employees with Hypertension
Han, Yoon Ju ; Kang, Kyung Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.73
Purpose: This research aims to identify the physio-psychological effects of applying a qi massage program as an independent complementary intervention for employees with hypertension in a workplace. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was employed using a nonequivalent control group with pre- and post-tests. The study was performed from August 18 to October 10, 2008 on hypertensive employees being treated with a qi massage program in a company. The control group was recruited first to prevent treatment diffusion. The experimental group was subsequently recruited and received individual treatment for 30 minutes. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS16.0 version.
-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, Fisher's exact test and paired t-test were implemented in order to examine the effects of individual intervention on patients who are treated with the qi massage program. Results: The experimental group showed a greater improvement in systolic blood pressure, diastolic pressure, stress, and quality of life than did the control group. Conclusion: A qi massage program may be implemented as a complementary intervention to effectively treat hypertensive persons.
Joys and sorrows of Mothers of Children with Mental Illness
Yun, Jung Sook ; Kim, Kwuy Bun ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.81
Purpose: As a cultural descriptive research, this study investigates the joys and sorrows that mothers who have been taking care of a child with mental illness in the Korean culture. Methods: The data were collected from June 2011 to July 2012 targeting a total of 11 mothers who were looking after chldren with mental illness in their own places. Recorded and transcribed data though in-depth interviews were analyzed by Spradley's classification and analysis method. Results: The joys and sorrows of the mothers focused on the cultural topic, "social sense of isolation', and the joys and sorrows were confirmed to be 'fury to reality', 'despair of illness', 'blame on family', 'remorse for the life' and 'little pleasure earned by emptying mind'. Conclusion: It is suggestive that the results of this study can be used to understand the joys and sorrows of the mothers with the mental patients; may be used to improve sociocultural understanding of the mothers; and may be applied to nursing practice.
The Psychiatric Treatment Link Characteristics of Suicide Attempters Visiting Emergency Room
Park, Han Na ; Jun, Seong-Sook ; Byun, Eun Kyung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.93
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of patients attempting suicide and to analyze treatment determination factors for patients with mental illness who go to an emergency center for treatment. Methods: Data collected from 117 suicide attempters who visited Busan Regional Emergency Medical Center were analyzed using frequency, percentage,
-test with SPSS/WIN 15.0. Results: Only 31 cases consulted with the psychiatric department; the other attempters' refused to consult (26.5%). Among the 31 attempters who consulted, 23 cases (74.2%) were suffering from depression. The most common reason (38.6%) suicidal attempters gave to refuse psychiatric treatment was "I'm not mad. I don't need the psychiatric treatment". Treatment determination factors for mental illness were religion (p<.001), past history (p=.017), financial satisfaction (p=.048), previous history of suicidal attempts (p=.006), sleep disturbance (p<.001), expression of suicide (p=.010), and type of leaving the emergency room (p=.020, p<.001). Conclusion: Results suggest that people frequently misunderstand psychiatric treatment which leads to their refusal to accept psychiatric treatment. Therefore hospitals need to develop standard guidelines and procedures for suicidal attempters with the collaboration of emergency and psychiatry departments. In addition, medical teams need to provide attempters appropriate information and encourage them to actively seek psychiatric treatment.
Characteristics of End of Life Sustaining Treatment and Attitudes towards Advance Directives among Geriatric Patients
Jung, Seungyun ; Lee, Haejung ; Lee, Sunghwa ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.103
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of life-sustaining treatment and attitudes towards advance directives among geriatric patients. Methods: The elderly participants (N=146) were recruited from a university hospital from October 30, 2012 to March 31, 2013. A questionnaire for collecting data of participants' characteristics, their experiences related to life-sustaining treatment, and attitudes towards advance directives was used. The data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 17. Results: Most participants (84.9%) were in favor of advance directives. Although most of participants wanted to receive CPR for sudden cardiac arrest (78.8%) and pain control medication (74.0%), most preferred to refuse life-sustaining treatments such as tracheostomy (96.6%) or ventilator (87.0%). Participants who had a family or acquaintances with CPR experiences (U=852.00 p=.038), had discussed with their family and acquaintances regarding end-of-life sustaining treatment (t=2.91, p=.004), or made decisions about refusing the life sustaining treatments (t=3.19, p=.002) preferred to have advance directives than those who did not. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggested the potential benefits of educational programs about advance directives for the end-of-life for geriatric patients to make decisions for life-sustaining treatments in advance.
Comparison of Lactation Problems, Knowledge, and Adaptation on Breastfeeding between Users and Non-Users of Lactation Clinic
Yun, Myoung Hee ; Shin, Hye Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 112~120
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.112
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in characteristics, lactation problems, knowledge, and adaptation of breastfeeding between users and non-users of a lactation clinic. Methods: The descriptive study design was utilized using self-report questionnaires. 446 breastfeeding mothers participated in this study. Data were collected from lactation clinics, postpartum care centers, mother's culture centers, public health centers, pediatrics and obstetrics & gynaecology outpatient clinics in Seoul, Gyeonggi province, and Chungcheongnam province from August 20 to September 30, 2011. The questionnaires to measure lactation problems, knowledge and adaptation of breastfeeding were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 18.0 for Windows. Results: There was statistically significant differences in the breast feeding problems(t=5.71, p<.001) and breastfeeding knowledge(t=2.87, p=.004) between users and non-users of a lactation clinic. Conclusion: The results of this study may provide a foundation to develop nursing intervention for mothers in breastfeeding, and an evidence to expand the role of nurses as breastfeeding specialists.
Influence of Alcohol Outcome Expectancy, Depression and Suicidal Ideation on Problem Drinking among College Students
Lee, Eun Sook ; Bong, Eun Ju ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.121
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of alcohol outcome expectancy, depression and suicidal ideation on problematic drinking among college students. Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. Participants were 205 college students from two universities in Jeollanamdo. Data were collected from March 10 to March 25 in 2014 using self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using SPSS 19.0. Results: Of the participants, 57.6% were in problem drinking group. There were significant positive correlations between alcohol outcome expectancy, depression and problematic drinking of college students. However, suicidal ideation was not correlated with problematic drinking. It was also found that alcohol outcome expectancy, low academic performance and depression influence on problem drinking of college students. These variables did not influence on suicidal ideation. Conclusion: Based on the findings, problem drinking prevention programs should be developed to decrease alcohol outcome expectancy and regulate negative emotions such as depression, in order to prevent problematic drinking among college students.
Image of Nurse Perceived by Nursing Student Before and After Their First Clinical Practice
Lee, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 129~135
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.129
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify changes in image of nurses of nursing students before and after their first clinical practice. Methods: The survey was performed to 60 nursing students in one university in Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do. All participants had their first clinical practice for 8 weeks at four general hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected by questionnaires and were analyzed with frequency, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA using SPSS 19.0. Results: After the first clinical practice, the mean score (
) of the image of nurse was slightly higher than that of the image (
) before the clinical practice. However, there was no statistical significance in the scores between before and after the clinical practice (t=-0.55, p=.589). In four subcategories, before the first clinical practice, professional image was the highest followed by traditional, personal, and social image in order but after the clinical practice, professional image was the highest followed by traditional, social, and personal image in the mean scores of the image of nurse. Conclusion: The findings of the study may be a basis for expanding nursing practice and education related to image of nurse.
Nursing Needs of the Parents of Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Park, Ji-Sun ; Bang, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 136~144
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.136
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify the perceived nursing needs and the differences by general characteristics of parents of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to provide useful evidences developing a new intervention for family-centered care in NICU. Methods: A convenience sample of 121 parents of infants in NICU was used and the participants asked to complete the Korean version of NICU Family Needs Inventory (NFNI) from April to May, 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. Results: The participants reported high average score in the perceived nursing needs. In subscales, needs for assurance rated highest score and needs for information, proximity, support, and comfort were followed. Mothers reported higher nursing needs score than fathers except the subscale of support. Conclusion: The findings suggest that nurses in NICU actively provide information about treatment, nursing, results of laboratory tests, and current status to give reassurance to parents. Not only providing informational support of parents of NICU infants, but also finding methods to contact to parents is necessary. In addition, nurses need to provide optimized intervention in current healthcare system and hospital environment.
Influences of Social Support, Self-esteem and Motivation for Rehabilitation on the Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients
Lee, Ji Ye ; Kim, Hye Sook ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 145~153
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.145
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the degree of social support, self-esteem, and motivation for rehabilitation in stroke patients and examine correlations between activities of daily living and study variables. Furthermore, this study explored factors that influence on activities of daily living. Methods: The study population was 192 stroke patients admitted in two general hospitals and two rehabilitation hospitals in M city. We collected the data using the structured questionnaires from July 11 to September 30, 2013. Results: The higher degree of social support, self-esteem, motivation for rehabilitation, the higher performance level for activities of daily living. Influencing factors of activities of daily living in the participants were motivation for rehabilitation(
=.32, p<.001) and social support(
=.31, p<.001). The model explained 45.9% of the variance. Conclusion: This study shows that intrinsic motivation of change in stroke patients themselves, a strong will to return to society and social supports are important factors on activities of daily living. Therefore, it is needed to develop a systemic nursing intervention improving activities of daily living in stroke patients through positive social support from patients' family members and health care providers.
The Effects of Team-Based Learning on Problem Solving Ability, Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Directed Learning in Undergraduate Nursing Students
Choi, Kyung Ock ; Park, Young Mi ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 154~159
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.154
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of team-based learning (TBL) program on problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition and self-directed learning in junior nursing students caring for patients with respiratory diseases. Methods: One-group pretest-posttest design was used. TBL program was carried out for 2 hours a week for 6 weeks. Data were collected by questionnaires from 167 nursing students from March 6 to June 5, 2013. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: At the completion of TBL program, significant improvement was found in problem solving ability (t=-6.04, p<.001), critical thinking disposition (t=5.02, p<.001) and self-directed learning (t=5.96, p<.001). There was a significant positive correlation among problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition and self-directed learning. Conclusion: In conclusion, TBL is a useful teaching and learning method on nursing students. We suggest that it is needed to measure the educational effects of TBL against other teaching methods in the future studies.
The Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression and Laughter Index in a Community-dwelling Aged
Kim, Jinju ; Kang, Gyun Young ; Ju, Sejin ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 160~166
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.160
Purse: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a laughter therapy on mental health promoting like depression, laughing index of elderly. Methods: The study was conducted based on the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participations included 12 older adults in the control group and 11 in the experiment group. Data was collected from October 1 to November 22, 2013. Experimental group participated in laughter therapy six times, once a week for 60 minutes of each session. Questionnaires were used to measure pretest and posttest levels of depression and laughing index. Results: At the end of six-week intervention, depression score (z=-2.95 p=.003) and laughter index score (z=-2.81 p=.005) was significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group. Futhermore, there was a significant difference in the depression scores of the experiment group at the posttest, but no signigicant difference was found between the two groups. Conclusion: The study results suggest that the laughter therapy is an effective intervention to reduce the depression but helpful to enhance the laughing index. Therefore, it is expected that laughter therapy will serve as an emotional nursing intervention for elderly patients with depression.
Trend Analysis of Articles Published in the Journal of East-West Nursing Research
Kim, Hyun Ji ; Lee, Hanna ; Oh, Hyun Su ; Yang, Yu Jeong ; Shin, Sung Hee ;
Journal of East-West Nursing Research, volume 20, issue 2, 2014, Pages 167~176
DOI : 10.14370/jewnr.2014.20.2.167
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze articles published in the Journal of East-West Nursing Research (JEWNR) to identify the current research status of East-West Nursing Research and recommend directions for future research. Methods: Using analysis criteria developed by the researchers, 104 articles published in JEWNR between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed. Results: 86.5% of the studies were quantitative, qualitative 3.85% and methodological research 9.61%. The majority of the quantitative research design was survey, 34.4% used experimental design. 62.5% of the experimental intervention was derived from Western nursing concept and 31.31% was from Eastern nursing concept. 40.6% of the research indicated that they have obtained verbal consent and 53.1% had written consent from the participants. The data collection settings were hospital (46.9%), school (26.0%) and community (25.0%). Conclusion: Both the number and quality of the published articles in the JEWNR has increased compared to the articles published between 2004 and 2008. Varied research methodologies and data analysis methods were utilized. Findings of this study indicate that strengthening peer review adhering to review guidelines will improve the quality of articles and promote the reputation of JEWNR as an international journal.