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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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Journal DOI :
KOREAN ACADEMY OF SLEEP MEDICINE
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1999
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1999
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Traumatic Brain Injury and Sleep Disorder
Kim, Young-Chul ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 97~101
Sleep disorders are relatively common occurrence after traumatic brain injury. Sleep disturbances often resulted in difficulties in sleep onset and sleep maintenance, nonrestorative after sleep, poor daytime performances and poor individual sense of wellbeing. Unfortunately, there has been minimal attention paid to this common and disabling sequela of brain injury. Better undertanding about problem, pathophysiology and treatment of sleep disorder after traumatic brain injury will improve the cognitive function, social adjustment and rehabilitation for injured patients. Also it may be helpful to reduce traumatic brain injury in patients with sleep apnea.
Sleep and Headache
Seo, Man-Wook ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 102~109
Headaches and sleep problems are common complaints in clinical practice. The relationship of sleep and headache has been extensively studied. Brain systems involved in the regualtion of sleep may also play a role in the initiation of vascular headache. Some of the physiological alterations in sleep, particularly REM sleep, are similar to those described in vascular headache. Clinical studies have documented an association between vascular headache and sleep, and headache is a common symptom of sleep disorders. Sleep and headache are known to be interrelated in several ways. It can be summarized as follows: 1) sleep-related headaches, 2) sleep phase-related headaches, 3) length of sleep(excess, lack, and disruption) and headaches, 4) headache related to sleep associated behavior, 5) sleep disorders and headaches, 6) effects of headaches on sleep, and 7) dreams and headaches. Several mechanisms can be proposed to explain the relationship between sleep and headaches.
Effect of Mandibular Repositioning Device on Airway Size and Airway Collapsibility in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome : Cine CT during Sleep
Hong, Seung-Bong ; Kyung, Seung-Hyun ; Han, Hyun-Jung ; Na, Dong-Kyu ; Son, Young-Ik ; Park, Young-Chel ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 110~115
Objectives: To investigate the effect of mandibular repasitioning device on airway sige and airway collapsibility in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS). Methods: Cine CT with polysomnographic monitoring was performed during sleep in nine(OSAS) patients before and after manibular repositioning device(MRD) application. Axial CT images were obtained in five upper airway levels(retropalatal-high, retroalatal-low, retroglossal, epiglottis, and hypopharynx levels). In each airway level, one axial CT image was obtained during sleep apnea period and 10 serial axial CT images were scanned every 1 second during normal sleep breathing. After wearing MRD, all CT images were obtained by the same method. The cross-sectional areas of airway were measured by automatic tracing method. The changes of minimum airway size and maximum airway size after MRD were evaluated. The airway collapsibility was calculaed before and after MRD. Results: During sleep apnea, the airway of retropalatal-low level was the most frequently narrowest site. During normal sleep breahing the minimum airway size was increased significantly after MRD at retropalatal-low level(p=0.011). The mean airway collapsibility was the highest at retropalatal-low level. MRD decreased the airway collapsibility significantly at retropalatal-low level(p=0.021) and epiglottis level(p=0.038). Conclusions: The enlargement of the minimum airway size and decreased airway collapsibility may be the therapeutic mechanism of MRD in obstructive sleep apnea.
The Effect of Daytime Exercise Load on Sleep Structure and the Secretion of Growth Hormone, Testosterone, Cortisol,
-endorphin during Sleep
Kim, Jin-Hang ; Hong, Seung-Bong ; Yi, Ji-Yeong ; Cho, Keun-Chong ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 116~125
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of exercise load on sleep structure and stress hormone secretion during sleep. Methods: Five male physical education students were included in this study after giving their written, informed consents in the Research Institute for Sports Science at the University of Hanyang. All subjects have performed for at least 3 years in a regular aerobic exercises such as football, basketball, and running. The subjects were divided into three groups ; NOE(non-exercise), MDE(middle duration exercise), LDE(long duration excercise). MDE group maintained a total of 120 min exercise, and LDE group maintained a total of 300 min exercise by football, basketball or badminton. All subjects were acclimatized to the experimental sleep condition by spending one night under expermental conditions, including the placement of an intravenous catheter. During the subsequent night(24:00-08:00), somnopolygraphic sleep recordings were obtained, and blood for measuring growth hormone, cortisol, testosterone, and
-endorphin was collected every 120 min throughout the night. Blood samples were obtained from prominent forearm veins of subjects. Then, the samples were immediately placed in ice and centrifuged within 10 min at 3000 rpm at
. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS/
. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA with repeated measures. Results: No significant differences among groups were observed in sleep latency, total sleep time, stage 2 sleep, and slow wave sleep. However, daytime exercise produced significant changes in stage 1 sleep, REM sleep, stage 2 sleep latency, REM sleep latency and sleep efficiency. Stage 1 sleep, stage 2 sleep latency, and REM sleep latency significantly increased in LDE compared to those of NOE and MDE groups. But the amount of REM sleep significantly decreased in LDE. Sleep efficiency of MDE was higher than those of NOE and LDE. The blood concentrations of growth hormone, testosterone, and cortisol during night sleep were significantly lower in LDE than in NOE.
-endorphin concentrations in blood during night sleep were not different among groups. Conclusion: The daytime exercise load was significantly related to sleep structure and stress hormone secretion during night sleep. Long duration exercise showed a harmful effect on sleep structure and hormone secretion. However, middle duration exercise had a beneficial effect on sleep structure and hormone secretion during sleep.
Insomnia in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure on Hemodialysis
Kim, Gyung-Ryul ; Yang, Chang-Kook ; Hahn, Hong-Moo ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 126~132
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate 1) the incidence of insomnia, 2) the clinical characteristics of the insomniacs, 3) the correlation of severity of insomnia with somatic complaints and psychological distresses, and 4) the beliefs and attitudes about sleep in patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis. Methods: The author evaluated 153 patients, receiving hemodialysis therapy at the four outpatients hemodialysis units in Pusan, Korea. The patients had completed a self-administered questionnaire package, which consisted of basic demographic findings, questions characterizing insomnia, Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), Spielburger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI), and visual analogue scales measuring quantitatively the severity of the self-perceived psychological and somatic symptoms. And several laboratory data were collected. Diagnosis of insomnia was made in the base of insomnia criteria of DSM-IV and international classification of sleep disorders. Subjects were dichotomized into those who reported any characteristics of insomnia or those who had no insomnia during the preceding two weeks. Results: Insomnia was found in 100(65.4%) of 153 patients. No statistical differences were found between the patients with and without insomnia in terms of age, gender, education, marital status, mean duration of hemodialysis and all considered laboratory findings except serum albumin. The patients with insomnia had significantly higher BDI score and predialysis systolic blood pressure, and lower serum albumin as compared to non-insomnia group. Significant differences were found between two groups in terms of self-perceived distress such as sadness, anxiety, worry, pruritus, and dysfunction of daily life. The data showed statistically significant correlation between insomnia severity and some variables such as physical dysfunction, pruritus, bone pain, sadness, anxiety, worry, dysfunction of daily life and excessive daytime sleepiness. The patients with insomnia had significantly several dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep than those without insomnia. Conclusion: These results indicate that insomnia is very common in hemodialysis patients and likely contribute to the impaired quality of life experienced by many these patients. The author suggests that physical and psychological distresses would be reduced and the quality of life could be improved if their sleep disturbances are properly ameliorated in patients on hemodialysis.
Development of the Bedside Neurocognitive Function Localization Test(BNLT) I : A Design
Lee, Young-Ho ; Jung, Hyo-Kyung ; Hoe, Si-Young ; Koh, Young-Taek ; Park, Byung-Kwan ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 133~142
Recently, with increasing the number of patients with head injury and cerebrovascular accident, there has been an increasing need for the useful assessment tools of brain dysfunction and it's localization. With the advances in the neuroscience since the mid-1970s, particularly in the areas of neuroanatomical tracing, neuroimaging, and improved behavioraltest design, it has been possible to develop a more precise understanding and localization of brain dysfunction. However, these equipments are not readily available in the private clinics and too expensive to use as a screening tool to all suspected patients with brain dysfunction. Although several screening tests such as Mini-Mental States Examination(MMSE) or Brief Cognitive Rating Scale(BCRS) are simple in use and useful for the brief assessment of brain dysfunction, these are also limited in using for localization of brain dysfunction because of their simplicity. With increasing need of the assessment tool which is able to localize the dysfunction more precisely in the clinical practice, we planned to develop the new assessment tool, the Bedside Neurocognitive Function Localization Test(BNLT) which is suitable for this purpose. The BNLT was designed to be utilized for localizing brain dysfunction effectively and readily in the clinical practice. We introduced the whole process of designing the BNLT in this manuscript.
Neuropsychological Mechanism of Perceptual Disorder
Lee, Sung-Hoon ; Park, Yun-Zo ; Kim, Dong-Wha ; Park, Hae-Jung ; Kim, Ji-Woong ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 143~148
Objectives: We studied correlations between neuropsychological tests and perceptual disorder in patients with head trauma and psychiatric patients in order to explore the functional localization of brain in perceptual disorders. Methods: Halstead Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery, Korean Wechsler Intelligent Scale, and Minnesota Multiphasic Peronality Inventory(MMPI) were administered to one hundred ninteen patients consisting of sixty nine psychiatric patients and fifty patients with brain damage. We tested the correlation between results of neuropsychological tests and peceptual disorder scale PDS) made from nine items related with perceptual disorder in MMPI. T-tests between twenty one higher scorers and seventeen lower scorers of PDS were also performed in the psychiatric group. Results: In brain damage group, significant correlations were found in tests related with function of frontal lobe such as category tests, trail making tests, tactual performance test, and fingertip number writing test, and significant correlations were also noted in the tests related with function of right hemisphere such as tactual performance test, performance, picture completion, picture arrangement and block design. Tests related with subcortical function such as digit symbol test, arithmetic and digit span were signigicantly correlated, too. In psychiatric group, there were significant differences of PDS in the tests related with function of right hemisphere such as picture completion, block design, and right laterality index, and in the tests related with function of left hemisphere such as comprehension, vocabulary, and similarities. Conclusion: Perceptual disorder seems to be related with functions of frontal lobe, right hemisphere, and subcortex in both groups. In a psychiatric group, left hemisphere may be also partially related with perceptual disorder.
Development of Computerized Neuropsychological Tests for Functional Localization of Brain
Lee, Sung-Hoon ; Ahn, Chang-Bum ; Park, Hae-Jung ;
Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology, volume 6, issue 2, 1999, Pages 149~157
A Computerzed Neuropsychological Test(CNT) system using multimedia and object oriented technologies are developed for clinical application in psychiatry. The developed system is composed of 14 neuropsychologial tests which are capable of evaluation of various cognitive functions and functional localization of brain. The system employs Microsoft Window based graphic user interface for easy operation and it has a touch screen and a mouse as input devices from the patient. Speech perception test, color word test, verbal memory test, contingent continuos performance test, and trail making test were translated into korean language, so that usefulness of tests was maximized. Through the results of utilization of this system in the cases of patients with head trauma and psychiatric desorder, this system can be proved to be useful in the evaluation of cognitive function and functional localization of brain.