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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Corrosion Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Corrosion Science Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Examination on Required Cover Depth to Prevent Reinforcement Corrosion Risk in Concrete
Yoon, In-Seok ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 157~164
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.157
In first experiment series, this paper is devoted for examining progress of reinforcement corrosion due to carbonation in concrete and to quantify uncarbonation depth to protect reinforcement from corroding. The tolerance of cover depth should be considered in order to prevent carbonation-induced corrosion. From the relationship between the weight loss of reinforcement and corrosion current density for a given time, therefore, the tolerance of cover depth to prevent carbonation-induced corrosion is computed. It is observed that corrosion occurs when the distance between carbonation front and reinforcement surface (uncarbonated depth) is smaller than 5 mm.As a secondary purpose of this study, it is investigated to examine the interaction between carbonation and chloride penetration and their effects on concrete. This was examined experimentally under various boundary conditions. For concrete under the double condition, the risk of deterioration due to carbonation was not severe. However, it was found that the carbonation of concrete could significantly accelerate chloride penetration. As a result, chloride penetration in combination with carbonation is a serious cause of deterioration of concrete.
Effect of Surface Pretreatment on the Corrosion Resistance of Epoxy-Coated Carbon Steel
Lee, DongHo ; Park, JinHwan ; Shon, MinYoung ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 165~172
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.165
The corrosion resistance of epoxy-coated carbon steel was evaluated. The carbon steel surface was subjected to different treatment methods such as steel grit blasting with different size, steel shot ball blasting and power tool treatment. To study the effect of the treatments, the topology of the treated surface was observed by optical 3D microscopy and a pull-off adhesion test was conducted. The corrosion resistance of the epoxy-coated carbon steel was further examined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) combined with hygrothermal cyclic testing. The results of EIS indicated that the epoxy-coated carbon steel treated with steel grit blasting showed an improved corrosion resistance compared to untreated epoxy-coated surfaces or surfaces subjected to shot ball blasting and power tool treatments.
Development of Wall Thinning Distinction Method using the Multi-inspecting UT Data of Carbon Steel Piping
Hwang, Kyeong Mo ; Yun, Hun ; Lee, Chan Kyoo ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 173~178
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.173
To manage the wall thinning of carbon steel piping in nuclear power plants, the utility of Korea has performed thickness inspection for some quantity of pipe components during refueling outages and determined whether repair or replacement after evaluating UT (Ultrasonic Test) data. When the existing UT data evaluation methods, such as Band, Blanket, PTP (Point to Point) Methods, are applied to a certain pipe component, unnecessary re-inspecting situations may be generated even though the component does not thinned. In those cases, economical loss caused by repeated inspection and problems of maintaining the pipe integrity followed by decreasing of newly inspected components may be generated. EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) in USA has suggested several statistical methods, TPM (Total Point Method), LSS (Least Square Slope) Method, etc. to distinguish whether multiple inspecting components have thinned or not. This paper presents the analysis results for multiple inspecting components over three times based on both NAM (Near Area of Minimum) Method developed by KEPCO-E&C and the other methods suggested by EPRI.
Development of Risk-Based Inspection(RBI) Technology for LNG Plant Based on API RP581 Code
Choi, Song-Chun ; Choi, Jae-Boong ; Hawang, In-Ju ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 179~183
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.179
As one of promising solutions to overcome high oil price and energy crisis, the construction market of high value-added LNG plants is spotlighted world widely. The purpose of this study is to introduce LNG-RBI system to develop risk assessment technology with RAM(Reliability, Availability, Maintainability) modules against overseas monopolization. After analyzing relevant specific features and their technical levels, risk assessment program, non-destructive reliability evaluation strategy and safety criteria unification class are derived as core technologies. These IT-based convergence technologies can be used for enhancement of LNG plant efficiency, in which the modular parts are related to a system with artificial optimized algorithms as well as diverse databases of facility inspection and diagnosis fields.
Evaluation of Corrosion and the Anti-Cavitation Characteristics of Cu Alloy by Water Cavitation Peening
Kim, Seong-Jong ; Han, Min-Su ; Kim, Min-Sung ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 184~190
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.184
Cu alloy is widely used for marine applications due to its excellent ductility and high resistance for corrosion as wells as cavitation. However, long term exposure of the material to marine environments may result in damages caused by cavitation and corrosion. Water cavitation peening has been introduced in order to improve resistance of Cu alloy to corrosion and cavitation. The technology induces compressive residual stress onto the surface, and thus enhances the fatigue strength and life. In this study, the characteristics of the material were investigated by using water cavitaiton peening technique, and results showed that 2 minutes of water cavitation peening indicated the considerable improvement in hardness. On the other hand, over 10 minutes of water cavitation peening accelerated damages to the surface. In the case of ALBC3, water cavitation peening in the range of 2 to 10 minutes has shown the excellent durability and corrosion resistance while minimizing surface damages.
Effects of Hafnium Addition on the Pitting Corrosion Behavior of Ti Alloys in Electrolyte Containing Chloride Ion
Kim, Sung-Hwan ; Choe, Han-Cheol ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 191~195
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.191
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of hafnium content on the corrosion behavior of Ti alloys in electrolyte containing chloride ion. For this study, Ti-Hf binary alloys contained 10 wt%, 20 wt% and 30 wt% Hf were manufactured in a vacuum arc-melting furnace and subjected to heat treatment for 12h at
in an argon atmosphere. The pitting corrosion behavior of the specimens was examined through potentiodynamic and potentiostatic tests in 0.9 wt% NaCl electrolyte at
. The corrosion morphology of Ti-xHf alloys was investigated using optical microscopy (OM) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). From the optical microstructures and XRD results, needle-like martensite (
`) phases of the Ti-xHf alloys increased with an increase of Hf addition. Corrosion current density
and current density
in passive region decreased, whereas, corrosion potential increased with Hf content. At the constant potential (
), current density decreased as time increased.
Elucidation of Intergranular Corrosion of UNS N08810 alloys
Kim, Youngsik ; Hwangbo, Deok ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 196~204
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.196
Corrosion failure of petrochemical facilities is one of the difficulties in maintenance, since operating conditions of crude oil production, storage, and refinement are very aggressive. UNS N08810, which has been used for crude oil transportation pipes and storage tanks in petrochemical industries, shows good resistance to general corrosion and localized corrosion in several environments. Among its environments, UNS N08810 showed better corrosion resistance in fuel gas containing sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid and sulfur. However, ductility and toughness at high temperature over about
were greatly reduced due to microstructural change. In general, welding process is the representative method to join the parts in industrial components. Because the alloy by welding can be sensitized and corroded, the manufacturing process should be controlled. In this work, UNS N08810 was used and heat treatment conditions including solution and stabilization treatments were controlled. Oxalic acid etch test by ASTM A262 Practice A was done to evaluate the qualitative sensitization in room temperature. Huey test by ASTM A262 Practice C was done to evaluate the intergranular corrosion rate in boiling 65%
solution. Also, the microstructure by thermal history was analyzed. Experimental alloy showed high intergranular corrosion rate and its corrosion mechanism was elucidated.
Evaluation of Cavitation Characteristics of 5083-O Al Alloy with Amplitude
Lee, Seung Jun ; Kim, Seong Jong ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 11, issue 5, 2012, Pages 205~212
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2012.11.5.205
With recent advances in engineering and technology, a damage on industrial machineries performing high-speed and high-power requirements has become a problem. There is an increasing possibility of cavitation damage, especially in pumps, propellers and high-speed vessels in a flowing liquid accordingly. There are several factors affecting cavitation damage on materials, including viscosity, pressure, temperature, amplitude applied. In this study, effects of cavity pressure in seawater on the damage for 5083-O aluminium alloy were evaluated by modulating amplitude. Trend of the damage with respect to time and amplitude was analyzed comparatively, and surface degradation of specimens was investigated by using Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM) and 3D microscope. The result reveals that the amount of the damage increased consistently with the increase in time and amplitude while the plastic deformation zone where no appreciable damage occurred was in less than 30 minutes.