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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Corrosion Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Corrosion Science Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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Investigation of the Biodegradable Mechanism of Pure Magnesium Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Technique
Kim, Woo-Cheol ; Kim, Seon-Hong ; Kim, Jung-Gu ; Kim, Young-Yul ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 43~53
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.43
In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to examine the changes in the electrochemical properties of biodegradable pure magnesium implanted into Sprague-Dawley rats for three days. The in vivo test results were compared with those of the in vitro tests carried out in Hank's, dilute saline and simulated body fluid (SBF) solutions. The in vitro corrosion rates were 20~1700 fold higher, as compared to the in vivo corrosion rates. This discrepancy is caused by biomolecule adsorption on the surface, which prevents the transport of water into the magnesium surface on in vivo testing. Among the in vitro experimental conditions, the corrosion rate in SBF solution had the least difference from the in vivo implanted specimen.
Biodegradation of Secondary Phase Particles in Magnesium Alloys: A Critical Review
Kannan, M. Bobby ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 54~57
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.54
Magnesium alloys have been extensively studied in recent years for potential biodegradable implant applications. A great deal of work has been done on the evaluation of the corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys under in vitro and in vivo conditions. However, magnesium alloys, in general, contain secondary phase particles distributed in the matrix and/or along the grain boundaries. Owing to their difference in chemistry in comparison with magnesium matrix, these particles may exhibit different corrosion behaviour. It is essential to understand the corrosion behaviour of secondary phase particles in magnesium alloys in physiological conditions for implant applications. This paper critically reviews the biodegradation behaviour of secondary phase particles in magnesium alloys.
Relationship between the Applied Torque and CCT to obtain the Same Corrosion Resistance for the Plate and Cylindrical Shape Stainless Steels
Chang, Hyun Young ; Kim, Ki Tae ; Kim, Nam In ; Kim, Young Sik ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 58~68
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.58
Many industries need the universal standard or technique to obtain the identical CCT regardless of specimen geometries. This study aimed to determine an appropriate applied torque to the cylindrical specimen defining the apparatus and the procedure to measure the temperature of initiating crevice corrosion in tubular shape products such as pipes, tubes and round rods etc; the test method also proved applicable to the plate type specimen. A series of experiments for CCT measurements with the plate type and cylindrical stainless steel specimens of various diameters with different microstructures (austenitic and duplex) and PRENs were conducted to determine the relationship among geometries on CCT. Thus, the apparatus that could measure the CCT of stainless steels with both plate and cylindrical geometries was newly designed. The use of the apparatus facilitated the same CCT value for both geometries only if the specimens were made of the same alloy. The applied torque can be calculated for various diameters of the cylindrical specimens using the following relation; Applied torque,
(D; the diameter of cylindrical specimen, mm). However, upwards of 35 mm diameter cylindrical specimens require 1.58Nm, which is the same torque for the plate type specimen; in addition, this test method cannot be used for cylindrical specimens of less than 15 mm diameter.
Corrosion Protection Performance of Polyester-Melamine Coating with Natural Wood Fiber Using EIS Analysis
Shin, PyongHwa ; Jo, DuHwan ; Shon, MinYoung ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.69
In the present study, polyester-melamine coating systems with natural wood fiber (NWF) were prepared and the effects of NWF on the corrosion protectiveness of the polyester-melamine coating were examined using EIS analysis. From the results, higher average surface roughness was observed with increase of NWF content. Water diffusivity and water uptake into the polyester-melamine coatings with NWF were much higher than that into the pure polyester-melamine coating. The decrease in the impedance modulus |Z| was associated with the localized corrosion on carbon steel, confirming that corrosion protection of the polyester-melamine coatings with NWF well agrees with its water transport behavior.
Introduction of Computer Simulation for BIW Electrocoating Process
Sohn, DaeHong ; Jung, HiZean ; Ahn, SeungHo ; Kim, ByungSu ; Kim, JungYeon ; Choi, ByungSam ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 78~83
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.78
The e-coating to inhibit induced corrosion can deposit a coating not only on the exterior surface but also on the inside of whole metallic components of body-in-white (BIW). But it is difficult to deposit paint films on the inside area because metallic components are multi layered. It may cause shortness of e-coating thickness. The only way to properly verify e-coating thickness is by performing the use of tear-down prototypes. When paint films' thickness is inadequate, a structural modification on each metallic component is needed. Verification of the thickness improvement for a structural modification requires much manual effort and leads to increasing development time. Recently, the simulation technology has been developed to predict the e-coating thickness in e-coating field. By applying the simulation to BIW, improvement in paint thickness quality and shortening of development period are expected. The paper explains a validated solution that allows simulating the effect of design changes to the e-coating thickness and current density, thereby delivering results within a time frame of a few days.
Effect of 20 % EDTA Aqueous Solution on Defective Tubes (Alloy600) in High Temperature Chemical Cleaning Environments
Kwon, Hyuk-chul ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 84~91
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.84
The transport and deposition of corrosion products in pressurized water nuclear reactor (PWR) steam generators have led to corrosion (SCC, denting etc.) problems. Lancing, mechanical cleaning and chemical cleaning have been used to reduce these problems. The methods of lancing and mechanical cleaning have limitations in removing corrosion products due to the structure of steam generator tubes. But high temperature chemical cleaning (HTCC) with EDTA is the most effective method to remove corrosion products regardless of the structure. However, EDTA in chemical cleaning aqueous solution and chemical cleaning environments affects the integrity of materials used in steam generators. The nuclear power plants have to perform the pre-test (also called as qualification test (QT)) that confirms the effect on the integrity of materials after HTCC. This is one of the series studies that assess the effect, and this study determines the effects of 20 % EDTA aqueous solution on defective tubes in high temperature chemical cleaning environments. The depth and magnitude of defects in steam generator (SG) tubes were measured by eddy current test (ECT) signals. Surface analysis and magnitude of defects were performed by using SEM/EDS. Corrosion rate was assessed by weight loss of specimens. The ECT signals (potential and depth %) of defective tubes increased marginally. But the lengths of defects, oxides on the surface and weights of specimens did not change. The average corrosion rate of standard corrosion specimens was negligible. But the surfaces on specimens showed traces of etching. The depth of etching showed a range on the nanometer. After comprehensive evaluation of all the results, it is concluded that 20 % EDTA aqueous solution in high temperature chemical cleaning environments does not have a negative effect on defective tubes.
Evaluation of Electrochemical Characteristics on Graphene Coated Austenitic and Martensitic Stainless Steels for Metallic Bipolar Plates in PEMFC Fabricated with Hydrazine Reduction Methods
Cha, Seong-Yun ; Lee, Jae-Bong ;
Corrosion Science and Technology, volume 15, issue 2, 2016, Pages 92~107
DOI : 10.14773/cst.2016.15.2.92
Graphene was coated on austenitic and martensitic stainless steels to simulate the metallic bipolar plate of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized and was reduced to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) via a hydrazine process. rGO was confirmed by FE-SEM, Raman spectroscopy and XPS. Interfacial contact resistance (ICR) between the bipolar plate and the gas diffusion layer (GDL) was measured to confirm the electrical conductivity. Both ICR and corrosion current density decreased on graphene coated stainless steels. Corrosion resistance was also improved with immersion time in cathodic environments and satisfied the criteria of the Department of Energy (DOE), USA. The total concentrations of metal ions dissolved from graphene coated stainless steels were reduced. Furthermore hydrophobicity was improved by increasing the contact angle.