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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Contents
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2016
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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An Efficient Video Retrieval Algorithm Using Key Frame Matching for Video Content Management
Kim, Sang Hyun ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.001
To manipulate large video contents, effective video indexing and retrieval are required. A large number of video indexing and retrieval algorithms have been presented for frame-wise user query or video content query whereas a relatively few video sequence matching algorithms have been proposed for video sequence query. In this paper, we propose an efficient algorithm that extracts key frames using color histograms and matches the video sequences using edge features. To effectively match video sequences with a low computational load, we make use of the key frames extracted by the cumulative measure and the distance between key frames, and compare two sets of key frames using the modified Hausdorff distance. Experimental results with real sequence show that the proposed video sequence matching algorithm using edge features yields the higher accuracy and performance than conventional methods such as histogram difference, Euclidean metric, Battachaya distance, and directed divergence methods.
Developing a Prototype of Green BIM -based Integrated Design Systems for Small Architectural Design Firms
Woo, Sae Jin ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 6~13
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.006
Since the importance of eco-friendly architecture is rapidly increasing, BIM receives significant attention as an alternative that would derive the practical results and apply the design values of eco-friendly design elements to the architectural design process. Therefore, this study establishes an Integrated Design System based on Green BIM by applying the eco-friendly design values logically and systemically. The study also proposes practical case studies to examine the possibility of application. As a result, the framework of Green based Integrated Design System(gbIDS) and a prototype of Web-based gbIDS were developed to improve the working environment of small architectural firms.
Characteristics of the Elderly that Influence the Efficient Provision of Healthcare Web Services
Jung, Eun-Young ; Kang, Hyung-Wook ; Park, Dong-Kyun ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 14~24
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.014
This study surveyed the variables associated with tailored user interfaces (UIs) to identify and apply to. healthcare web services. A total of 308 elderly people of age 50 and above), living in Incheon, South Korea, were surveyed through one-on-one interviews. The survey results of these 300 subjects were analyzed and used to demonstrate that younger subjects higher EQ-5D and TAM indices. The technology acceptance model showed the greatest effect on the perceived need for web services.
Implementation of an Agent-centric Planning of Complex Events as Objects of Pedagogical Experiences in Virtual World
Park, Jong Hee ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 25~43
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.025
An agent-centric event planning method is proposed for providing pedagogical experiences in an immersed environment. Two-level planning is required at in a macro-level (i.e., inter-event level) and an intra-event level to provide realistic experiences with the objective of learning declarative knowledge. The inter-event (horizontal) planning is based on search, while intra-event (vertical) planning is based on hierarchical decomposition. The horizontal search is dictated by several realistic types of association between events besides the conventional causality. The resulting schematic plan is further augmented by conditions associated with those agents cast into the roles of the events identified in the plan. Rather than following a main story plot, all the events potentially relevant to accomplishing an initial goal are derived in the final result of our planning. These derived events may progress concurrently or digress toward a new main goal replacing the current goal or event, and the plan could be merged or fragmented according to their respective lead agents` intentions and other conditions. The macro-level coherence across interconnected events is established via their common background world existing a priori. As the pivotal source of event concurrency and intricacy, agents are modeled to not only be autonomous but also independent, i.e., entities with their own beliefs and goals (and subsequent plans) in their respective parts of the world. Additional problems our method addresses for augmenting pedagogical experiences include casting of agents into roles based on their availability, subcontracting of subsidiary events, and failure of multi-agent event entailing fragmentation of a plan. The described planning method was demonstrated by monitoring implementation.
Detecting Driver Fatigue by Steering Wheel Grip Force
LEE, KYEHOON ; HYUN, SUNG-AE ; OAH, SHEZEEN ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 44~48
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.044
Driver fatigue is a major cause of fatal road accidents and has significant implications in road safety. In recent years, researchers have investigated steering wheel grip force as an alternative method to detect driver fatigue noninvasively and in real time. In this study, a fatigue detection system was developed by monitoring the grip force and changes in the grip force were measured while participants` engaged in an interactive simulated driving task. The study also measured the participants` subjective sleepiness to ensure the validity of measuring grip force. The results indicated that while participants engaged in a driving task, steering wheel grip force decreased and subjective sleepiness increased concurrently over time. The possible applications of the driver fatigue detection system by steering wheel grip force and future guidelines are discussed.
Hydrological Modelling of Water Level near "Hahoe Village" Based on Multi-Layer Perceptron
Oh, Sang-Hoon ; Wakuya, Hiroshi ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 49~53
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.049
"Hahoe Village" in Andong region is an UNESCO World Heritage Site. It should be protected against various disasters such as fire, flooding, earthquake, etc. Among these disasters, flooding has drastic impact on the lives and properties in a wide area. Since "Hahoe Village" is adjacent to Nakdong River, it is important to monitor the water level near the village. In this paper, we developed a hydrological modelling using multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to predict the water level of Nakdong River near "Hahoe Village". To develop the prediction model, error back-propagation (EBP) algorithm was used to train the MLP with water level data near the village and rainfall data at the upper reaches of the village. After training with data in 2012 and 2013, we verified the prediction performance of MLP with untrained data in 2014.
A Study on Integrating Digital Application into Foreign Language Education
An, Jeong-Whan ; Lee, Su-Chul ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 54~59
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.054
The purpose of this paper is to discover how the use of digital applications can affect students` attitudes toward positive classroom participation and performance in learning a foreign language. Participants of this study were 128 students who took a foreign language class at a high school in central Korea. To find out students` perceptions and attitudes toward the effect of using a digital application for their foreign language study, online questionnaire and focus-group interview were conducted. Our research findings revealed that these students could engage in active language learning and experience learning improvement while studying a foreign language with digital applications. The improvement was possible by creating more interactive activities and quizzes. In addition, the digital application provided students immediate feedback. It gave students and teachers various motivations beyond the traditional `chalk and talk` format of text-only-classes. This study provides an overview of the usefulness of digital application. In addition, it provides understanding for students` perceptions and involvement using digital application in a foreign language classroom.
Concurrency Control Method to Provide Transactional Processing for Cloud Data Management System
Choi, Dojin ; Song, Seokil ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 60~64
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.060
As new applications of cloud data management system (CDMS) such as online games, cooperation edit, social network, and so on, are increasing, transaction processing capabilities for CDMS are required. Several transaction processing methods for cloud data management system (CDMS) have been proposed. However, existing transaction processing methods have some problems. Some of them provide limited transaction processing capabilities. Some of them are hard to be integrated with existing CDMSs. In this paper, we proposed a new concurrency control method to support transaction processing capability for CDMS to solve these problems. The proposed method was designed and implemented based on Spark, an in-memory distributed processing framework. It uses RDD (Resilient Distributed Dataset) model to provide fault tolerant to data in the main memory. In our proposed method, database stored in CDMS is loaded to main memory managed by Spark. The loaded data set is then transformed to RDD. In addition, we proposed a multi-version concurrency control method through immutable characteristics of RDD. Finally, we performed experiments to show the feasibility of the proposed method.
Channel Coding-Aided Multi-Hop Transmission for Throughput Enhancement
Hwang, Inchul ; Wang, Hanho ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 65~69
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.065
Wireless communication chipsets have fixed transmission rate and communication distance. Although there are many kinds of chipsets with throughput and distance purpose, they cannot support various types of wireless applications. This paper provides theoretic research results in order to support various wireless applications requiring different throughput, delayed quality-of-service (QoS), and different communication distances by using a wireless communication chipset with fixed rate and transmission power. As a performance metric, the probability for a data frame that successfully receives at a desired receiver is adopted. Based on this probability, the average number of transmission in order to make a successful frame transmission is derived. Equations are utilized to analyze the performance of a single-hop with channel coding and a dual-hop without error correction matter transmission system. Our results revealed that single-hop transmission assisted by channel coding could extend its communication distance. However, communication range extending effect of the single-hop system was limited. Accordingly, dual-hop transmission is needed to overcome the communication distance limit of a chipset.
Power Allocation and Capacity Analysis of Secondary User in Heterogeneous Spectrum Sharing Systems
Lim, Sungmook ; Ko, Kyunbyoung ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 70~75
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2016.12.1.070
In this paper, we considered heterogeneous spectrum sharing system where the number of subcarriers of the primary user (PU) was twice as much as that of the secondary user (SU). In this case, due to non-orthogonality and inter-carrier interference (ICI) from SU to PU, it is difficult to satisfy the interference constraint of PU. In order to mitigate ICI and satisfy the interference constraint, we proposed a new transmission scheme of the SU with power allocation scheme. The proposed scheme will only generate subcarrier-by-subcarrier interference. Therefore, it can easily satisfy the interference constraint of the PR and enhance the capacity of the SU. In addition, we derived the ergodic capacity of the SU. Based on numerical results, we confirmed that the proposed schemes could guarantee SU with a reliable capacity while satisfying the interference constraint of the PU. In addition, the derived capacity well matched the numerical results.