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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Contents
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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A Statistical Perspective of Neural Networks for Imbalanced Data Problems
Oh, Sang-Hoon ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.001
It has been an interesting challenge to find a good classifier for imbalanced data, since it is pervasive but a difficult problem to solve. However, classifiers developed with the assumption of well-balanced class distributions show poor classification performance for the imbalanced data. Among many approaches to the imbalanced data problems, the algorithmic level approach is attractive because it can be applied to the other approaches such as data level or ensemble approaches. Especially, the error back-propagation algorithm using the target node method, which can change the amount of weight-updating with regards to the target node of each class, attains good performances in the imbalanced data problems. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between two optimal outputs of neural network classifier trained with the target node method. Also, the optimal relationship is compared with those of the other error function methods such as mean-squared error and the n-th order extension of cross-entropy error. The analyses are verified through simulations on a thyroid data set.
The letter recognition using BCI system
Kaplan, Alexander Ya ; Song, Young-Jun ; Kim, Nam ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 6~12
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.006
In this paper, we show how such enhancement of Farwell-Donchin BCI enables a fresh, inexperienced user to achieve quickly an accurate BCI control with a high information transfer rate. This paper presents the results of a BCI experiment where the participant, who had no previous BCI experience, obtained, in about 20 min, a highly reliable and fast control over the BCI spelling device based on the Farwell-Donchin paradigm. Offline analysis showed that the high performance of the BCI was, to a high extent, due to the use of the ERP component N1, in addition to component P300, which has been considered the only ERP component important for the prediction of user's choice in the Farwell-Donchin paradigm in many publications.
Study on Improving Oriental Medicine Statistical System for Multidimensional Statistical Data
Yea, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Chul ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Song, Mi-Young ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.013
Oriental medicine statistics are essential in research planning, research evaluation, and policy decision based on objective data. However, integrated administration of such statistics is not presently possible in the oriental medicine field, which has been slow in incorporating information communication technology. In an effort to address this problem, the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM) developed an oriental medicine statistical system in 2009, and the system has been offered in the traditional medicine information portal of OASIS. However, according to a 2010 survey targeting OASIS users, those surveys reported that needs for a system where various statistical data can be extracted via an interactive approach to multidimensional data. As a result of an analysis of the functions of the existing system, it was found that it is necessary to array and arithmetically analyze Stats Value, Drill Up & Drill Down, and Pivot. To this end, the existing DB schema should be redesigned. Based on our analysis result, we redesigned the database into a structure that is applicable to the reverse pivot algorithm. We used J2EE/JSP and a Flex framework to design and develop an oriental medicine statistical system that can provide multidimensional statistical data. Considering that the improved oriental medicine statistical system is planned to be offered by OASIS of KIOM, utilization and value of oriental medicine statistical data are expected to be enhanced.
Fast Motion Synthesis of Massive Number of Quadruped Animals
Sung, Man-Kyu ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 19~28
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.019
This paper presents a fast and practical motion synthesis algorithm for massive number of quadruped animals. The algorithm constructs so called speed maps that contain a set of same style motions but different speed from a single cyclic motion by using IK(Inverse Kinematics) solver. Then, those speed maps are connected each other to form a motion graph. At run time, given a point trajectory that obtained from user specification or simulators, the algorithm retrieves proper speed motions from the graph, and modifies and stitches them together to create a long seamless motion in real time. Since our algorithm mainly targets on the massive quadruped animal motions, the motion graph create wide variety of different size of characters for each trajectory and automatically adjusted synthesized motions without causing artifact such as foot skating. The performance of algorithm is verified through several experiments
A Research on the Characteristics of Japan's Video Games Focused on the Connection of Japan's Traditional Play Culture
Oh, Dong-Il ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.029
This research discusses the unique characteristics of Japanese video game from the cultural viewpoint of Japan's traditional play. It starts with the possibility that Japanese video game can share the characteristics of traditional Japanese play. Accordingly, this research first considers the connection between play and video game for a theoretical background, by comparing their theoretical definitions and characteristics. Particularly, it shows the research direction from the viewpoint of Ludology that approaches video game from the aspect of play. Second, the characteristics of traditional Japanese play are examined in connection with Japan's inherent animism culture. Based on such characteristics, the common characteristics and backgrounds of Japanese video game and traditional Japanese play are discussed from the 'spatial' aspect of game, from the 'identity' aspect of game characters, and from the 'motive' behind playing game.
Exhibition support contents creation at large exhibition museum
Kim, Dae-Woong ; Lee, Joong-Youp ; Hoshino, Koushi ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 38~47
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.038
The present research has created and evaluated contents capable of work appreciation visitors changing their viewpoints on their will by introducing mobile exhibition exposition devices (iPad) for large exhibition museum. Various exposition contents of usually invisible parts or those provided in accordance with user positions drew visitors' attentions and improved museum experience satisfaction. Utilization of digitalized exhibition information generated activeness in viewing and new communication between exhibition and a visitor instead of the conventional exhibition exposition.
A construction of the exhibition evaluation support system based on GUI by visitors behavior analysis
Kim, Dae-Woong ; Lee, Joong-Youp ; Kaneko, Kousuke ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 48~59
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.048
The present thesis is on a construction of the system which supports exhibition evaluation of curators, which automatically collects, keeps, and totalizes objective data on visitor behavior in museums, and which comprehensively displays the results by tables and graphs. The system is composed by access points and mobile exhibition exposition devices in the museum operating together. Obtainable visitor information include a user number, an average staying period, contents use hour, and exhibition viewing frequency. Prototype experiment at museums shows that the system is effective in efficient data collection and exhibition evaluation and is expected to become an information collecting tool for visitor research and an exhibition evaluation tool for exhibition improvement.
Language of the Gothic Woman:Jane Campion's The Piano
Choi, Eun-Jin ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 60~64
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.060
is a well-known film for a number of reasons, such as for being an Oscar winner, for having been helmed by an emerging director from New Zealand, and for having the reputation of being a feminist film. In this paper, the first scene of
was chosen to examine the heroine Ada's language in terms of the gothic genre. Ada is a dumb woman who lives in the era of man's language. She represents the women's social position in the Victorian era but has her own and unique language for communicating with the outside world. The first scene of
introduces Ada's own language, using her fingers. Her fingers speak for her all the time instead of her mouth, and there is someone who can understand what she wants to say when all others cannot. How the film depicts Ada's language and how the first scene well summarizes the film's core are examined herein.
First Aid Education for High School Students - Focusing on CPR, AED installation and application -
Choi, Sun-Ha ; Kim, Seong-Yeon ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 65~70
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.065
This research, by analyzing the current first aid education status in K district, Seoul and comparing first aid education systems in other developed countries, introduces the need of first aid/Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation(CPR) education with Automated External Defibrillator(AED) usage to high school students, who are on the verge of becoming adults. The thorough research shows that schoolsshould be appointed as mandatory facilities for AEDs by laws and execute first aid education to their students. Only through organized and consistent first aid education would the students develop into true volunteers who not only have altruistic minds, but the ability to fluently adapt to medical emergency and properly use AED. In addition, the research also outlines various laws that could be legislated such as having to master the basic degrees of first aid education before getting driver's license and graduating high school so that more people become aware of first aid.
Professional Security Management and Investigation for the New Competitive Advantage
Button, Mark ; Lee, Ju-Lak ; Kim, Hak-Kyong ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 7, issue 3, 2011, Pages 71~81
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2011.7.3.071
This paper is mainly associated with setting out an agenda for the transformation of security by creating a new framework for a security system, which can maximise its effectiveness. Noticeably, this research shows empirically that crimes are getting a major cost to organisations, which if reduced by security and investigations could reap substantial rewards to the finances of an organisation. However, the problem is that the delivery of security is frequently delegated to personnel (e.g. security guards) with limited training, inadequate education, and no real commitment to professionalism - 'sub-prime' security, finally causing security failures. Therefore, if security can be enhanced to reduce the crime cost, this will produce financial benefits to business, and consequently could produce a competitive advantage. For this, the paper basically draws upon Luke's theoretical framework for deconstructing 'power' into three dimensions. Using this three-dimensional approach, the paper further sets out a model of how security can be enhanced, utilising a new Security Risk Management (SRM) model, and how can this SRM model create competitive advantage in business. Finally, this paper ends with the six strategies needed to enhance the quality of security: refiguring as SRM, Professional Staff, Accurate Measurement, Prevention, Cultural Change, and Metrics.