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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Contents
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Instructional Planning in Online Universities in Korea: Considering Student Stressors and Demographic Variables
Kang, Sun-Woo ; Chung, Young-Sun ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.001
The present study explores how the stress of online learners is related to Korean cultural norms and social expectation and presents the criteria online education should aim at when designing instructional approaches. A sample of 176 students from a Korean online university participated in a study investigating the patterns in the academic and personal stressors they face. This study also examines stressor types in relation to sample characteristics, analyzed with a categorization method developed by extant researchers on the stress faced by U.S. college students. Unlike the findings of previous studies on college student stress, this study's results reveal that nontraditional Korean online students were faced with (1) taking on the multiple roles at work and home prescribed by cultural and social norms, and (2) challenges in regulating study habits and the learning environment as adult learners. The relevant implications for the design of online learning are discussed.
How E-learning Business for Teens Has Evolved in Korea: The Case of MegaStudy
Kim, Ji-Whan ; Kim, Seong-Cheol ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 10~15
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.010
Since MegaStudy started e-learning business for Korean high school students, the Korean e-learning industry began to expand and steadily gain attention. This paper focused on the analysis of the development of the Korean e-learning business for teens and the growth of MegaStudy. The three institutional mechanisms were used to examine the factors that aided the development of the business. The regulatory mechanism was the government policy to prevent the expansion of the offline private education sector, which greatly aided the growth of the e-learning business. The mimetic mechanism was the notion to mimic the characteristics of the Korean e-business initiatives. The normative mechanism involved the widespread social norm suggesting that every student should be given an equal opportunity of private education. This paper also examined the case of MegaStudy as a successful case of the e-learning companies. It analyzed the business model of MegaStudy, which is based on its advantage as the front-runner and its high-quality contents and services.
Security Verification of Video Telephony System Implemented on the DM6446 DaVinci Processor
Ghimire, Deepak ; Kim, Joon-Cheol ; Lee, Joon-Whoan ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 16~22
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.016
In this paper we propose a method for verifying video in a video telephony system implemented in DM6446 DaVinci Processor. Each frame is categorized either error free frame or error frame depending on the predefined criteria. Human face is chosen as a basic means for authenticating the video frame. Skin color based algorithm is implemented for detecting the face in the video frame. The video frame is classified as error free frame if there is single face object with clear view of facial features (eyes, nose, mouth etc.) and the background of the image frame is not different then the predefined background, otherwise it will be classified as error frame. We also implemented the image histogram based NCC (Normalized Cross Correlation) comparison for video verification to speed up the system. The experimental result shows that the system is able to classify frames with 90.83% of accuracy.
Unsupervised Clustering of Multivariate Time Series Microarray Experiments based on Incremental Non-Gaussian Analysis
Ng, Kam Swee ; Yang, Hyung-Jeong ; Kim, Soo-Hyung ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; Anh, Nguyen Thi Ngoc ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 23~29
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.023
Multiple expression levels of genes obtained using time series microarray experiments have been exploited effectively to enhance understanding of a wide range of biological phenomena. However, the unique nature of microarray data is usually in the form of large matrices of expression genes with high dimensions. Among the huge number of genes presented in microarrays, only a small number of genes are expected to be effective for performing a certain task. Hence, discounting the majority of unaffected genes is the crucial goal of gene selection to improve accuracy for disease diagnosis. In this paper, a non-Gaussian weight matrix obtained from an incremental model is proposed to extract useful features of multivariate time series microarrays. The proposed method can automatically identify a small number of significant features via discovering hidden variables from a huge number of features. An unsupervised hierarchical clustering representative is then taken to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The proposed method achieves promising results based on predictive accuracy of clustering compared to existing methods of analysis. Furthermore, the proposed method offers a robust approach with low memory and computation costs.
Text Location and Extraction for Business Cards Using Stroke Width Estimation
Zhang, Cheng Dong ; Lee, Guee-Sang ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 30~38
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.030
Text extraction and binarization are the important pre-processing steps for text recognition. The performance of text binarization strongly related to the accuracy of recognition stage. In our proposed method, the first stage based on line detection and shape feature analysis applied to locate the position of a business card and detect the shape from the complex environment. In the second stage, several local regions contained the possible text components are separated based on the projection histogram. In each local region, the pixels grouped into several connected components based on the connected component labeling and projection histogram. Then, classify each connect component into text region and reject the non-text region based on the feature information analysis such as size of connected component and stroke width estimation.
Character Segmentation in Chinese Handwritten Text Based on Gap and Character Construction Estimation
Zhang, Cheng Dong ; Lee, Guee-Sang ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.039
Character segmentation is a preprocessing step in many offline handwriting recognition systems. In this paper, Chinese characters are categorized into seven different structures. In each structure, the character size with the range of variations is estimated considering typical handwritten samples. The component removal and merge criteria are presented to remove punctuation symbols or to merge small components which are part of a character. Finally, the criteria for segmenting the adjacent characters concerning each other or overlapped are proposed.
Profile-based Service Continuity Framework for N-Screen Service
Chung, Young-Sik ; Paik, Eui-Hyun ; Rhee, Woo-Seop ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.047
The dynamic adaptation between various service environments using the application profiles for the service continuity is a key issue of the profile-based service continuity framework (PSCF) for N-screen service using next generation networks. PSCF offers an optimized service framework for providing continuous user services, which are multimedia video streaming, educational broadcasting, game, etc., using the various devices that are not restricted by the service environment of the user. This paper specifies the functional model of PSCF, service scenario and explains the experimental results of the service continuity for N-screen service using PSCF.
Geospatial data Acquisition Using the Google Map API
Han, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Jin-Duk ; Ahn, Hyo-Beom ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 55~60
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.055
Most Korean and overseas major portal sites include map servers to provide map services, and offer open APIs to allow their users to make use of maps or spatial information directly. At the early design stage, geographic spatial data do not tend to require high accuracy, and thus there would be no problem using data which have been obtained and then utilized through map servers provided by portal sites. This study has chosen the shortest route between starting point and destination, using GIS techniques. Moreover, for the chosen route, it also has calculated the elevation for the cross-section, using Google map and GPS measurements. This study aims to create APIs, which can extract vertical profile of routes from the Google Map server, by using JAVA, and to compare centerline profile results obtained by GPS(Global Positioning System) to explore their utilize abilities. The result demonstrated a height error of 0.5 to 1 m, compared to the GPS results, but they were mutually satisfactory. In short, the data extracted in this study are useful for centerline profile drawings in selecting routes, such as streets, Olle roads, and bike lanes.
Exploring Antecedents of Consumers' Willingness to Depend on E-Health Information
Oh, Su-Jin ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.061
Previous research on online health (e-health) information was primarily focused on consumer information search behavior and information quality. Although studies addressing online information quality have flourished, they have yet to thoroughly examine whether consumers actually use the information they search. The purspose of this study suggests a conceptual framework that examines the potential antecedents of a consumers' willingness to depend on e-health information as an indicator of the consumer's trust of the provided e-health information. The proposed antecedents include healthcare product involvement, online skill level, perceived quality, and credibility of the source. Using structural equation modeling on online survey data, seven hypotheses, which describe the relationships between the variables of the model, were tested. The results indicate that consumer willingness to depend on provided e-health information was significantly influenced by the consumers' perceived quality and credibility of specific e-health information. Consumer involvement in healthcare and their online skill-level, respectively, also positively related to perceived quality and credibility regarding e-health information.
Using Colours to alter Consumer Behaviour and Product Success
Page, Tom ; Thorsteinsson, Gisli ; Ha, Joong-Gyu ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 69~73
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.069
This paper aims to present colour theories and show how they can be used to explain consumer's preferences of some products over others. It will, furthermore, attempt to link these theories to the design industry and look at how colour associations determine product success. Due to associative learning and personal preference, the colours of objects can cause consumers to either favour or dislike products over those with identical functions and efficiency. Age and gender affect the preferred colour choices of the individual, making some products more popular to particular groups of potential consumers. Designers can utilise colour theories to ensure that they use the most appropriate colour schemes to maximise and appeal to their targeted market successfully. A survey was conducted with 100 participants. It demonstrates the associative links between colours, emotions and product categories. It can be shown that the colour of an object can contribute to its success or failure in the market based on a number of different criteria. The design must use colour confidently to evoke certain emotions or connotations and must be carried out appropriately. The designer also has to consider whom it is that be viewing it and making the decision of preference.
Analgesic Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Central Neuropathic Pain in Spinal Cord Contusive Rat Model
Kim, Kyung-Yoon ; Sim, Ki-Chol ; Kim, Hyun-Seung ; Choi, Wan-Suk ; Kim, Gi-Do ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 74~81
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.074
The aim is to investigate the analgesic effect of transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS) on central neuropathic pain(CNP) in spinal cord contusive rat model. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats(
g, male) were used. Thoracic spinal cord(T10) was contused using New York University(NYU) spinal cord impactor. The animals were randomly assigned to two groups; GroupI: Non-treatment after SCI induction(n=10), GroupII: application of tDCS(0.1 mA, 20 min/time, 2 times/day, 5 days/6week) after SCI induction(n=10). Assess the effect of tDCS using the Basso Beattie Bresnahan(BBB) locomotor rating scales, Touch
sensory evaluator(TTSE), Plantar test
after contusion at the
week and the immunohistochemistric response of c-fos in the thalamus, cerebral cortex after contusion at the
week after SCI. The scores of BBB scales were significantly different from
week. TTSE were different significantly over time, but there were no differences at each evaluation times on between-measure time effects. Plantar test were different significantly over time and there were difference at the
week after SCI on between-measure time effects. Also, immunohistochemistric response of c-fos was reduced significantly from
week after SCI in tDCS group compared with control group in thalamus and cortex. These results identified that tDCS of non-invasive therapeutic method may have beneficial analgesic effect on CNP after SCI with behavioral test and immunohistochemical test.
The Impact of Organizational Improvisation on Market Orientation
Kim, Seung-Ho ; Shim, Joon-Sup ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 82~87
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.082
Organizational improvisation, the convergence of planning and execution, has emerged as an alternative approach to the limitations in strategic planning. Organizational improvisation has a significant impact not only on organizational performance, but also on market orientation, which has emerged as a key issue in the field of technology commercialization. This study investigates both the effect of organizational improvisation on market orientation, as well as the effect of environmental turbulence and time pressure on organizational improvisation. Results show that organizational improvisation has a positive influence on market orientation, with a stronger effect on the diffusion of market information. This is greatly impacted by environmental turbulence and time pressure. As a result, promoting competencies in organizational improvisation at the corporate level is suggested as a significant means to enhance market-oriented organizational innovation.
Psychological Empowerment to the Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention of Social Worker
Kang, Jong-Soo ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 88~94
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.088
Numerous studies have linked empowerment to employee's behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of empowerment on the organizational commitment and turnover intention of social worker in private social welfare organizations. For the research, empowerment was consisted of meaning, competence, self-determination and impact. This study was analyzed 342 social workers by survey. The results of this study were summarized as follows: Social Workers had correlation to empowerment on the organizational commitment (+). Especially, meaning, self-determination and impact had a positive effect on the organizational commitment; Meaning, competence, and self-determination had a negative effect on the turnover intention. This study finally discussed theoretical implications for future study and practical implications for empowerment strategies on the results.
Senior Level Designers - Designers Shared Leadership Model in Interior Design Companies: The Consequence of an Investigation among Leading Designers in Nine Companies in Korea
Choi, Seung-Pok ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 95~99
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.095
Interior design companies in Seoul, Korea, senior level designers-designers shared leadership model has not been implemented by the design management. The whole interior design companies are worked each by a leadership team consisting of senior level designers, contractors and designers, being accountable for company, workers, and budgets. The results for workers' opinion in leadership positions were evaluated. All 154 leading workers of all professional teams were anonymously interviewed with a questionnaire containing 45 items regarding their satisfaction with this new shared leadership model. The response rate was 96.2%. After all, the leading workers were satisfied with the shared leadership model both in their own designing practice and in general. Non-design workers were comprehensively more in favor of quite a few aspects of shared leadership than senior level designers, but even the latter reported to be generally satisfied. However, both professional teams estimated leading positions to be only modestly attractive. The consequences yield some evidence that the transform from traditional leadership models to the senior level designers -designers shared leadership model may have advantages in the management of interior design companies. Furthermore, there is a need for greater clarity about precisely what we mean by shared leadership and also a deeper exploration of potential challenges arising from shared leadership models if we are to try to come to terms with their practice.
User Perceptions of Uncertainty in the Evaluation of Search Results
Kim, Yang-Woo ;
International Journal of Contents, volume 8, issue 1, 2012, Pages 100~107
DOI : 10.5392/IJoC.2012.8.1.100
While considerable research suggests that users' uncertainty gradually decreases, as they proceed through the information seeking process, others argue that it can arise at any stage of their information seeking process. Reflecting the latter view, this study examined user perceptions of uncertainty in the final stage of users' information seeking process, the stage of search results evaluation. Considering the significance of Web search engines for academic study, this study investigated the relevance decision stage of scholarly researchers in the field of science, who use Web search engines for their academic study. Based on the analysis of the users' uncertainty, this study provided implications to improve information systems and Web contents design.