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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Space Time Rake Receivers for Time Division Synchronous CDMA Base Stations
Xiao Yang ; Lee Kwang-Jae ; Lee Moon-Ho ; Cho Sam-Goo ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 83~91
In this paper, we develop space-time(ST) Rake receivers for Time Division Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access(TD-SCDMA) base stations(BS). The beamforming of BS transforms the uplink MIMO channel space into many sub-sectors' channels to be nearly orthogonal, thus, well established 1-D Rake technology can be used to TD-SCDMA base station to construct ST Rake, which simplified the system's implementation as well as enlarged users' capacity by the beamforming. The construction and capacity of MIMO sub-sectors by multi-beamforming have been presented. The proposed ST Rake algorithm include the multi-beamforming algorithm for MIMO sub-sectors and classical 1-D Rake algorithm. The calculating formulas for interference plus noise ratio(SINR) and bit error rate(BER) have been derived. Simulations verify that the proposed ST Rake receiver for BS is effective, and the BS systems can get higher system capacity and can be of better performance than presented TD-SCDMA systems.
The Tripler Differential MMIC Voltage Controlled Oscillator Using an InGaP/GaAs HBT Process for Ku-band Application
Yoo Hee-Yong ; Lee Rok-Hee ; Shrestha Bhanu ; Kennedy Gary P. ; Park Chan-Hyeong ; Kim Nam-Young ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 92~97
In this paper, a fully integrated Ku-band tripler differential MMIC voltage controlled oscillator(VCO), which consists of a differential VCO core and two triplers, is developed using high linearity InGaP/GaAs HBT technology. The VCO core generates an oscillation frequency of 3.583 GHz, an output power of 3.65 dBm, and a phase noise of -96.7 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset with a current consumption of 30 mA at a supply voltage of 2.9 V. The tripler shows excellent side band rejection of 23 dBc at 3 V and 12 mA. The tripler differential MMIC VCO produces an oscillation frequency of 10.75 GHz, an output power of -13 dBm and a phase noise of -89.35 dBc/Hz at 100 kHz offset.
A Novel Design of High Power Amplifier Employing Photonic Band Gap in Millimeter Wave Band
Seo Chul-Hun ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 98~102
In this paper, we have designed and fabricated the high power amplifier employing PBG(Photonic Band-Gap Structure) to improve the linearity of the amplifier in the millimeter wave band. The fabricated amplifier using MMIC(TGA1073G) has operated about 24 GHz band and the PBG has resulted in 35 dB suppression about 49 GHz where the second harmonic occurs due to the amplifier. As a result, the output power has been 24.43 dBm and 13.2 dBc of the IMD has been improved. Also, the PAE is obtained to 14.96 % of the amplifier employing the PBG structure in Ka band.
A Derivation of Comprehensive Protection Ratio and Its Applications for Microwave Relay System Networks
Suh Kyoung-Whoan ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 103~109
This paper suggests an efficient and comprehensive algorithm of the protection ratio derivation and illustrates some calculated results applicable to the initial planning of frequency coordination in the fixed wireless access networks. The net filter discrimination associated with Tx spectrum mask and overall Rx filter characteristic has been also examined to show the effect of the adjacent channel interference. The calculations for co-channel and adjacent channel protection ratios are performed for the current microwave frequency band of 6.7 GHz including Tx spectrum mask and Rx filter response. According to results, fade margin and co-channel protection ratio reveal 41.4 and 75.2 dB, respectively, for 64-QAM and 60 km at BER
. It is shown that the net filter discrimination with 40 MHz channel bandwidth provides 28.9 dB at the first adjacent channel, which yields 46.3 dB of adjacent channel protection ratio. In addition, the protection ratio of 38 GHz radio relay system is also reviewed for millimeter wave band applications. The proposed method gives some advantages of an easy and systematic extension for protection ratio calculation and is also applied to frequency coordination in fixed millimeter wave networks.
Design and Fabrication of Reflective Array Type Wideband SAW Dispersive Delay Line
Choi Jun-Ho ; Yang Jong-Won ; Nah Sun-Phil ; Jang Won ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 110~116
A reflective array type surface acoustic wave(SAW) dispersive delay line(DDL) with high time-bandwidth at the V/UHF-band is designed and fabricated for compressive receiver applications. This type of the SAW DDL has the properties of the relative bandwidth of 20 %, the time delay of 49.89 usec, the insertion loss of 38.5 dB and the side lobe rejection of 39 dB. In comparison with a commercial SAW DDL, the insertion loss, amplitude ripple and side lobe rejection are improved by
and 4 dB respectively. Using the fabricated SAW DDL, the prototype of the compressive receiver is developed. It is composed of RF converter, fast tunable LO, chirp LO, A/D converter, signal processing unit and control unit. This prototype system shows a fine frequency resolution of below 30 kHz with high scan rate.
Analysis on the Effects of Interference Mitigation for Ultra-wideband Coexistence with BWA
Yoon Young-Keun ; Jin Hong-Heon ; Choi Ik-Guen ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 117~122
This paper presents the impacts of Ultra-wideband(UWB) applied in the communication applications using frequency band from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz on Broadband Wireless Access(BWA) based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing(OFDM) using frequency band of 3.5 GHz. It proposes low duty cycle(LDC) for enabling UWB to mitigate strong interference to BWA. The effects of interference mitigation are evaluated and analyzed in the environment of UWB coexistence with BWA. UWB with LDC scheme will be given to bring higher transmit power level corresponding to Federal Communications Commission(FCC) provisional limit for enabling UWB operation at 3.5 GHz bands.
Reduction Characteristics of Electromagnetic Penetration through Narrow Slots in Conducting Screen by Loading Parallel Wire Arrays
Kim Ki-Chai ; Lim Sung-Min ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 123~129
This paper presents a method of reducing penetration of penetrated electromagnetic fields through a narrow slot with parallel wire arrays in a planar conducting screen of infinite extent. An integral equation for the aperture electric field on the narrow slot is derived and solved by applying Galerkin's method of moments. When a plane wave is excited to the narrow slot, the aperture electric field is easily controlled by the parallel wire arrays connected on the slot and therefore the magnitude of the penetrated electric field is effectively reduced by loading the parallel wire arrays. The numerical results show that the magnitude of the penetrated electromagnetic field can be effectively reduced by installing the parallel wire arrays on the slot. The results of the calculated penetration electric fields are in good agreement with that of the measured results.
Reduction Characteristics of Electromagnetic Penetration through Narrow Slots in Conducting Screen
Park Eun-Jung ; Kim Ki-Chai ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 130~134
This paper presents the reduction characteristics of penetrated electromagnetic fields through a narrow slot in a planar conducting screen of infinite extent. When a plane wave is excited to the narrow slot, the aperture electric field is controlled by the parallel wire or parallel plate connected on the slot. The magnitude of penetrated electromagnetic fields through a narrow slot is controlled by electric field distributions on the slot. An integral equation for the aperture electric field on narrow slots is derived and solved by applying Galerkin's method of moments. The results show that the magnitude of the penetrated electromagnetic field can be effectively reduced by installing the parallel wire or parallel plate on the slot.
Low Actuation Voltage Capacitive Shunt RF-MEMS Switch Using a Corrugated Bridge with HRS MEMS Package
Song Yo-Tak ; Lee Hai-Young ; Esashi Masayoshi ;
Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science, volume 6, issue 2, 2006, Pages 135~145
This paper presents the theory, design, fabrication and characterization of the novel low actuation voltage capacitive shunt RF-MEMS switch using a corrugated membrane with HRS MEMS packaging. Analytical analyses and experimental results have been carried out to derive algebraic expressions for the mechanical actuation mechanics of corrugated membrane for a low residual stress. It is shown that the residual stress of both types of corrugated and flat membranes can be modeled with the help of a mechanics theory. The residual stress in corrugated membranes is calculated using a geometrical model and is confirmed by finite element method(FEM) analysis and experimental results. The corrugated electrostatic actuated bridge is suspended over a concave structure of CPW, with sputtered nickel(Ni) as the structural material for the bridge and gold for CPW line, fabricated on high-resistivity silicon(HRS) substrate. The corrugated switch on concave structure requires lower actuation voltage than the flat switch on planar structure in various thickness bridges. The residual stress is very low by corrugating both ends of the bridge on concave structure. The residual stress of the bridge material and structure is critical to lower the actuation voltage. The Self-alignment HRS MEMS package of the RF-MEMS switch with a
lightly-doped Si chip carrier also shows no parasitic leakage resonances and is verified as an effective packaging solution for the low cost and high performance coplanar MMICs.