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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Effects of Opuntia humifusa Seed Powder on Serum Lipid Profile in Ovariectomized Rats
Hahm, Sahng-Wook ; Park, Ji-Eun ; Son, Yong-Suk ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 195~201
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.195
Opuntia humifusa contains high levels of antioxidants including vitamin C, flavonoids and polyphenols, which may provide beneficial effects such as hypolipidemic activity and the reduction of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. This study was conducted to determine if the intake of O. humifusa seeds powder (OHS) regulates lipid concentrations, glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) in the serum of ovariectomized rats. Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to either a sham-operated group (Sham) or one of the following four ovariectomy (OVX) subgroups: OVX with vehicle (OVX), OVX with 100, 200, and 500 mg/kg/day OHS (OHS100, OHS200, OHS500). Daily oral administration of OHS was initiated one week after ovariectomy and continued for seven weeks. Upon completion of treatments, organs were weighed and GOT, GPT, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were determined enzymatically. No significant differences in feed intake and organ index were observed among the groups. Significant decreases in GPT, TC and LDL-C (p<0.05) were observed in all of the OHS groups (OHS100, 200 and 500), while no significant changes in HDL-C were observed. In addition, the OHS200 and OHS500 treatment groups exhibited a lower level of serum GOT compared to the OVX group. These results indicate that supplementation with O. humifusa seeds could induce favorable changes in serum lipoprotein and lipid profiles, which frequently worsen with inadequate estrogen availability.
Effects of Portulaca oleracea Powder on the Lipid Levels of Rats Fed a Hypercholesterolemia Inducing Diet
Lee, Soo-Jung ; Shin, Jung-Hye ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Kim, Mi-Ju ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Sung, Nak-Ju ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 202~209
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.202
This study was initiated to investigate the effects of lyophilized purslane (Portulaca oleracea) powder (5% and 10%) on lipid levels in rats fed a hypercholesterolemia-inducing diet (1% cholesterol). During the four week study, there were no significant differences in either weight change or the food efficiency ratio between the group fed the hypercholesterol diet alone (HC) and the groups fed the purslane powder (HCPO-I and HCPO-II, 5% and 10% purslane, respectively). In serum, the levels of total lipid, total cholesterol and LDL-C decreased significantly for the group fed the 10% purslane powder (HCPO-II) in comparison with the group fed the 5% purslane powder (HCPO-I). The atherogenic index (AI) was reduced by about 51% for the group fed the 10% purslane powder (1.47) in comparison with the HC group (3.03). The activities of GOT, GPT, ALP and LDH decreased significantly for the groups fed the purslane powder in comparison with the HC group. Regarding liver tissue, the levels of total lipid, total cholesterol and triglyceride decreased significantly for the purslane powder-fed rats compared to the HC group. The fecal lipid profiles increased significantly as the amount of purslane powder was increased. Compared to the HC group, the fecal total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were higher in the group fed the 10% purslane powder by about 2.8 times and 2.3 times, respectively. For the serum and liver tissue, the content of lipid peroxide decreased significantly in the groups fed purslane powder compared to the HC group. The data from this experiment show an increase in the lipid levels discharged in feces, suggesting that the supplementation of purslane powder to a hypercholesterolemia-inducing diet reduces lipid levels.
Reduction of Body Weight by Capsaicin is Associated with Inhibition of Glycerol-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Activity and Stimulation of Uncoupling Protein 2 mRNA Expression in Diet-induced Obese Rats
Ann, Ji-Young ; Lee, Mak-Soon ; Joo, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Chong-Tai ; Kim, Yang-Ha ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 210~216
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.210
Capsaicin is a pungent component of red pepper, which is widely consumed as food adjuncts. The present study was performed to investigate anti-obesity effects of capsaicin in diet-induced obese rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=14) were fed with a high-fat diet (Control) or high-fat diet containing 0.016% capsaicin (w/w) (Capsaicin) for 8 weeks. The final body weight and the mass of white adipose tissue were significantly lower in capsaicin supplemented group compared to control. Dietary capsaicin ameliorated lipid profiles with decrease in the plasma concentrations of triglycerides and total cholesterol, and decrease in the levels of total lipids and triglycerides in the liver. Activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), an indicator of triglyceride biosynthesis in white adipose tissue, decreased by 35% in the group supplemented with capsaicin. However, consumption of capsaicin increased the expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) in white adipose tissue, which is related to energy consumption. Our data suggests that capsaicin may reduce body weight and fat accumulation in high fat diet-induced obese rats. These effects may be mediated, at least partially, by the upregulation of UCP2 gene expression and its ability to inhibit GPDH activity.
Attenuation of Brain Injury by Water Extract of Goat's-beard (Aruncus dioicus) and Its Ethyl Acetate Fraction in a Rat Model of Ischemia-Reperfusion
Han, Hyung-Soo ; Lee, Jong-Won ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 217~223
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.217
Ischemic stroke constitutes about 80% of all stroke incidences. It is characterized by brain cell death in a region where cerebral arteries supplying blood are occluded. Under these ischemic conditions, apoptosis is responsible for the cell death, at least in part. Goat's-beard (Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus) is a perennial plant that grows naturally in the alpine regions of Korea. In the present study, we first determined whether water extract of goat's-beard (HY1646) and some of its fractions prepared by partitioning with organic solvents could improve the viability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) cultured under hypoxic condition by blocking apoptotic pathways. Based on the in vitro findings, we subsequently investigated whether HY1646 and the ethyl acetate fraction (EA) selected from cell culture-based screening could attenuate brain injury in a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of ischemia (2 hr), followed by 22 hours of reperfusion. The cell number was sustained close to that initially plated in the presence of HY1646 even after 24 hr of cell culture under hypoxic condition (3%
), at which time the cell number reached almost zero in the absence of HY1646. This improvement in cell viability was attributed to the delay in apoptosis, identified by the formation of DNA ladder in gel electrophoresis. Of fractions soluble in hexane, ethyl acetate (EA) and butanol, EA was chosen for the animal experiments because EA demonstrated the best cell viability at the lowest concentration (10
/mL). HY1646 (200 mg/kg) and EA (10 and 20 mg/kg) significantly reduced infarct size, an index of brain injury, by 16.6, 40.0 and 61.0%, respectively, as assessed by 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining. The findings suggest that prophylactic intake of goat's beard might be beneficial for preventing ischemic stroke.
Scavenging Effect of Extract from Perilla frutescens and Rosmarinic Acid from Free Radical and Lipid Peroxidation
Wu, Ting Ting ; Hwang, Bo-Ra ; Cho, Eun-Ju ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 224~229
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.224
The radical scavenging activity and inhibition effect from lipid peroxidation induced by peroxyl radical of methanol extract from Perilla frutescens and its active compound, rosmarinic acid (RA), were investigated in vitro. The treatment of extract and RA scavenged 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, hydroxyl radical (
) and nitric oxide in a concentration-dependent manner. In particular, the extract and RA showed strong radical scavenging activity against
, the most toxic and reactive radical. In addition, Perilla frutescens and RA effectively inhibited lipid oxidation induced by sodium nitroprusside and 2,2'-azobis(2-aminopropane) dihydrochloride, determined by the ferric thiocyanate method. The present results suggest that Perilla frutescens and RA play a protective role against oxidative stress induced by free radical and lipid peroxidation.
Analysis of the Cytotoxicity of Green Pigment Produced on the Surface of Roasted and Retorted Chestnuts Using Immune Cells and Gastrointestinal Cancer Cells
Jung, Ha-Na ; Jeong, Ji-Hyun ; Cheon, Hee-Soon ; Choi, Jun-Bong ; Cho, Hyunn-Ho ; Jhin, Chang-Ho ; Hwang, Keum-Taek ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 230~235
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.230
Roasted and retorted (RR) chestnuts develop green pigment spots on their surface during storage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of the green pigment using RAW 264.7, MOLT-4, KATOIII and HT-29 cells. The pigment scraped from RR chestnuts (GP), whole RR chestnuts with green pigment spots (GC), whole RR chestnuts without green pigment (WC) and roasted and frozen stored chestnuts (FC) were extracted in 10% DMSO. MOLT-4 cells were less resistant to the cytotoxicity of the chestnut extracts than the RAW 264.7 cells. The GP extracts did not show different responses against
-induced oxidative stress and LPS-induced NO production compared to the other extracts. The chestnut extracts did not have proliferative activity on either of the KATOIII or HT-29 cells (p>0.05). Our results from the comparison of the green pigment produced on the surface of the RR chestnuts to chestnuts that do not develop the green pigment suggest that the pigment may not be harmful in terms of either cytotoxicity towards immune cells or proliferation of gastrointestinal cancer cells.
Biological Activities of Water and Ethanolic Extracts from Allium victorialis L. Mature Leaves
Li, Chunmei ; Lee, Young-Mee ; Lee, Kyeong-Cheol ; Han, Woong ; Wang, Myeong-Hyeon ; Han, Sang-Sup ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 236~241
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.236
Allium victorialis L. (A. victorialis) is a very popular vegetable in Korea. The most commonly used parts of this vegetable are the bulbs and young leaves. To determine if the mature leaves have any beneficial properties, we investigated antioxidant, anti-
-glucosidase, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities of water and ethanol extracts from A. victorialis. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring total phenolic content, DPPH and superoxide radicals scavenging activities. The water extract from A. victorialis (
. victorialis) exhibited higher antioxidant ability than the ethanol extract (
. victorialis). Moreover, the water extract showed strong inhibitory effect on
-glucosidase. On the other hand, the ethanol extract had greater anti-inflammatory activity on murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) and greater anticancer activities against human colon cancer cells (HT-29). These results suggest that mature leaves from E·A. victorialis may have health-enhancing effects.
Biological Activity and Inhibition of Non-Enzymatic Glycation by Methanolic Extract of Rosa davurica Pall. Roots
Hu, Weicheng ; Han, Woong ; Jiang, Yunyao ; Wang, Myeong-Hyeon ; Lee, Young-Mee ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 242~247
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.242
The methanolic extract of Rosa davurica Pall. roots exhibited strong antioxidant activity in a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay and was found to be a dose-dependent inhibitor of non-enzymatic formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are relevant to diabetes complications. HPLC-diode array detector (DAD) analysis of the R. davurica Pall. root extract led to the identification of four compounds: hydrocaffeic acid, catechin, epicatechin, and ellagic acid. Catechin was present in the largest amount and exhibited high antiglycation activity. A CYP3A4 assay was used to investigate potential interactions between drugs and the extract, and results suggest that the R. davurica Pall. root extract had moderate potential for interfering with drug metabolism. The R. davurica Pall. extract did not display anti-inflammatory activity on the level of that for tumor necrosis factor-
) in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage assay; however, the extract did exhibit low to moderate immunostimulatory activity in a pro-inflammatory macrophage assay. Therefore, we conclude that R. davurica Pall. root is a promising anti-AGE agent with low to moderate risks of associated inflammation or drug interaction.
Efficacy and Safety of Soy Protein Based Formula in Atopic Dermatitis
Yeom, Kkot-Bo-Ra ; Kim, Kyu-Han ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 248~252
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.248
Soy protein based formula (SPF) has been developed for infants who are at a high risk for atopic dermatitis (AD) and cow's milk protein allergy (CMA). We performed this study to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of SPF compared to conventional hydrolyzed cow's milk formula (hCMF) in the feeding of infants with AD and CMA. 38 infants (12 to 24 months of age) diagnosed with CMA and AD were randomized to receive either SPF or hCMF for 12 weeks. Follow-up was conducted at 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Growth parameters of the infants were evaluated during each visit. Clinical evaluations, including AD severity scores, pruritus, specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) (cow's milk protein and soy protein) levels of peripheral blood, were made at enrollment and week 12. Analysis was performed on the 32 infants (SPF: n=16, hCMF: n=16) who completed the 12-week intervention. Eczema area and severity index (EASI) scores, a measure of the severity of AD, and pruritus were significantly reduced after 12 weeks compared to enrollment in the both groups; however, the median changes for EASI scores and pruritus were not statistically different between the two groups. The growth parameters did not differ significantly between both groups at any assessed time point. This study suggests that SPF could be useful in decreasing the severity of AD without affecting infant growth status. Therefore SPF could provide an adequate and safe alternative to hCMF in treating infants with AD and CMA during the first 12 to 24 months of their life.
The Quality Characteristics of Commercial Gwamegi by Product Types
Kang, Hui-Seung ; Jeong, Seung-Weon ; Ko, Jong-Cheul ; Jang, Mi ; Kim, Jong-Chan ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 253~260
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.253
This study was performed to investigate the physical, chemical and microbial characteristics of Gwamegi to provide basic data for the standardization of marine processed foods and for the improvement of the quality of commercial Gwamegi. The acid values of commercial Gwamegi were 5.8, 5.3 and 5.2 mg KOH/g for fillet type (F-type), "two divide" type (T-type) and whole type (W-type), respectively, and the peroxide values were 51.6, 51.5 and 53.2 meq/kg for each. There was a positive correlation between the acid value and the peroxide value (r=0.555) at confidence intervals (CI) of 99%. Trimethylamine (TMA) content of F-type, T-type and W-type products were 2.9, 2.6 and 3.6 mg%, respectively, while volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) contents were 22.4, 21.5 and 21.8 mg%. There was a strong positive correlation between TMA and VBN (r=0.961) at a CI of 99%. The histamine content was detected to be as much as 122 mg/kg, with about 36 % of the samples exceeding the CODEX criteria for histamine of 100 mg/kg. The total microbial count of 4 products exceeded 5 Log CFU/g and coliform group of 11 products exceeded the criteria of less than 1 Log CFU/g. Staphylococcus aureus in 27% of the samples exceeded the criteria of less than 2 Log CFU/g.
Drying Characteristics of Apple Slabs after Pretreatment with Supercritical CO
Lee, Bo-Su ; Choi, Yong-Hee ; Lee, Won-Young ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 261~266
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.261
pretreatment before dehydration leads to a faster dehydration rate. The best supercritical
pretreatment conditions for the most effective dehydration were
, 25 MPa and
, 25 MPa. Increasing pressure of the supercritical
pretreatment system tended to accelerate the dehydration rate more than increasing temperature did. Samples pretreated at higher temperatures and pressures showed greater shrinking and pore distribution on scanning electron microscopy. Control samples maintained their cell walls, whereas samples pretreated at higher temperatures and pressures showed more cell disruption, and more pores were observed. Pore sizes of control and pretreated samples were about 100 and
, respectively. Samples pretreated at higher temperatures and pressures had smaller pores and a denser distribution.
Partitioning Behavior of Selected Printing Ink Solvents between Headspace and Chocolate Cookie Samples
An, Duek-Jun ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 267~271
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.267
Static Headspace Gas Chromatographic analysis was used to study the partitioning behavior of five organic printing ink solvents between chocolate cookie/air systems. Three cookie sample formulations varied with respect to chocolate type and overall percentage of constituents. Major considerations involved differences in fat content and type and resulting variability in chemical and physical structure. Each of the solvents studied (ethyl acetate, hexane, isopropanol, methyl ethyl ketone, toluene) represents a general class of printing ink solvents based on predominate functional group. Values of the partitioning coefficient (Kp) were determined at equilibrium using measured quantities of both solvent and cookie sample in closed systems at temperature of 25, 35, and
. In each of the three cookies at the three test temperatures, toluene always exhibited the greatest value of partitioning to cookie and hexane always exhibited the least. Results also showed that the partitioning behavior of solvents is generally inversely related to temperature and that solvent affinity, though constant for a particular cookie type over all test temperatures, varies significantly among the three cookie types. The preference of each of the five solvents for each cookie sample was also found to vary with temperature. No correlation was found between the extent of partitioning and cookie formulation or physical characteristic of solvent. The Hildebrand parameter, related to
(heat of mixing), may be used to describe differences in partitioning based on the overall potential of a solvent/cookie interaction to occur. The potential for interaction is dependent upon the chemical structure of the cookie sample and thus the availability of 'active-sites' required for a given solvent.
Hypoglycemic Effects of Germinated Rough Rice Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Lee, Youn-Ri ; Hwang, In-Guk ; Woo, Koan-Sik ; Kim, Hyun-Young ; Park, Dong-Sik ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Yun-Bae ; Lee, Jun-Soo ; Jeong, Heon-Sang ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 272~277
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.272
The hypoglycemic effects of germinated rough rice extract in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were investigated. Weight gain was significantly lower in the diabetic groups than in the normal control (NC); however, they were higher in the 1% and 3% diabetic groups given germinated Goami2 rough rice extract (DM-3%GGRRE) than in the diabetic control (DC). While food intake in all diabetic groups was significantly higher than that of the NC, there was no significant difference among all diabetic groups. The weight percentages of liver and kidney in all diabetic groups were significantly higher than that of the NC. In terms of blood glucose, the diabetic group showed about a three times larger value than the normal group. Moreover, in the 3% germinated rough rice extract group, the blood glucose level became lowered. The levels of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine phosphokinsae, and creatinine increased in general with the induction of diabetes using STZ; however, the 3% GGRRE-treated group displayed a significant decrease in these levels compared to the diabetic group. The results show that the 3% GGRRE, rather than the 1% GGRRE, was considerably more effective at reducing blood glucose and improving impaired glucose tolerance, suggesting the germinated rice extracts may play a role in preventing liver and kidney damage.
Effects of Coffee on Physical Performance in Mice
Lee, Yeon-Mi ; Kim, Kyung-Tack ; Bae, Hye-Min ; Choi, Sang-Yoon ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 16, issue 3, 2011, Pages 278~281
DOI : 10.3746/jfn.2011.16.3.278
In this study, coffee was shown to effectively inhibit L6 muscle cell death and ATP reduction induced by hydrogen peroxide damage. Additionally, two weeks of oral administration of 7 mg/kg coffee extracts to mice resulted in a 33% increase in treadmill running time relative to that seen in the distilled water administered group. Blood analysis showed decreased lactate content, which was increased by exercise. Thus, these data suggest that coffee intake may enhance exercise capacity and inhibit damage due to excessive exercise.