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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Effects of Extrusion Variable on Functional and Nutritional Properties of Extruded Oat Products
Gutkoski, Luiz Carlos ; El-Dash, Ahmed Atia ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 159~162
The purpose of this research was to study the effects of initial moisture levels and extrusion temperatures on dietary fiber, nitrogen solubility index, available lysine, and the in vitro protein digestibility of extruded oat productes. The dehulled grains were ground in a Brabender quadrumat Senior mill and the coarse fraction, with higher crude protein, lipids and dietary fiber were conditioned on various mositre levels (15.5~25.5%) and extruded in a Brabender single-screw laboratory extruder. The extrudates showed a higher amount of soluble dietary fiber (8.14%) than in the raw material . However, the extrusion process affected the nutritional value of the protein due to a decrease in available lysine with increased temperature . The in vitro protein digestibility was unaffected by initial moisture levels and the extrusion temperatures examined.
Lipoxygenase Inhibitors from Paeonia lactiflora Seeds
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Chung, Shin-Kyo ; Park, Sang-Won ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 163~166
Previously, the methanolic extract of Paeonia lactiflora seeds was shown to have strong ingibitory activity against soybean liposygenase (SLO). Four phenolic compounds were isolated from the seeds by solvent fractionation Sephadex LJ-20 column chromatography and preparative HPLC, and three of them showed strong SLO inhibitio and were characterized as trans-resveratrol,
-viniferin and luteolin by UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and MS spectrometry. trans-Resveratrol (IC50=1.02
M) and luteolin (IC50=10.01
M), first found in the above seeds, exhibited a potent SLO inhibitory activity although their activity was lower than that of a well-known lipoxygenase inhibitor, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) (IC50=0.57
M). These results suggest that Paenia lactiflora seeds, now an unused plant seed, may be developed into useful sources of anti-inflammatory drugs.
Detectio of Malonaldehyde-thiobarbituric Acid (MA-TBA) Complex by High Performance Liquid Chromatography(HPLC) in a Model System
Whang, Key ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 167~170
Various concentrations of malonaldehyde (MA) produced upon hydrolysis of 1, 1, 3,3-tetraethoxypropane (TEP) were reacted with 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA)and th e contents of MA-TBA complex were measured both with spectrophotometer and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). As the concentrations of MA-TBA increased, their absorbances and the corresponding HPLC peak areas increased. The correlation coefficient between absorbances and HPLC peak areas of MA-TBA peaks from the other compounds and butanol extraction of the complex increased its recovery its recovery by 29.4% . Measurement of the content of MA-TBA complex for monitoring the development of lipid oxidation was proven to be successful with the use of high performance liquid chromatography.
High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Detection of Malonaldehydethiobarbituric Acid (MA-TBA) Complex in Ground Pork
Whang, Key ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 171~174
For monitoring lipid oxidation development in cooked ground pork during refrigerationm, malonaldehydethiobarbituric acid(MA-TBA) contents were measured using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). As the oxidation proceeded during refergeration, TBA-reaction substances(TBARS) absorbances increased and the corresponding HPLC peak areas also increased proportationately. The correlation coefficient between the HPLC peak areas and MA-TBA absorbance were 0.9979. The treatemtn of cetrimide, an ion pairing agent, gave a complete resolution of the MA-TBA complex and the butanol extraction of the complex increased its recovery by 37.8%. Both cetrimide treatment and butanol extraction are essential steps for analyzing MA-TBA complex in ground pork wiht HPLC. A reliable and specific measurement of NA-TBA in ground pork was successfully performed using HPLC.
Effects of pH and Gamma Irradiation on the Physicochemical Properties of Corn Starch
Kang, Il-Jun ; Chung, Cha-Kwon ; Sohn, Jeong-In ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 175~179
To develop a production method for modified starches with less pollution, pH adjustment and gamma irradiation were applied to commerical corn starch. Blue values were significantly decreased , while alkali number, optical transmittance and solubility markedly increased when gamma irradiation was applied to pH 2 adjusted corn starch. Water binding capacity and swelling power at pH 5 were the highest among the samples. Gelatinization viscosity was considerably affected by gamma irradiation and pH of the starch. Gamma irradiation of pH 2 adjusted starch showed the lowest peak viscosity and the best cooling stability among the tested samples . Therefore, the production of modified starch with low viscosity as well as with sufficient viscosity stability seems feasible by controlling the pH of the starch and gamma irrdiation.
Physical Characteristics and Antioxidative Capacity of Major Seaweeds
Han, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Eun-Joo ; Sung, Mi-kyung ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 180~183
Seaweeds is a rich sources of dietary fibers exerting a number of physiological properties. However, the reported dietary fiber contents of seaweeds are not consistent and vary widely. Also. a limited number of studies on the biological effects of specific seaweeds have been reported. In this study, water-holding capacity, viscosity and antixidantive activity of major dietary seaweeds were measured to assess their physiological effects. Results showed that total dietary fiber contents ranged from 28 to 51% of dried weight, and large proportions of dietary fiber were insoluble fibers. Water-holding capacity was highest in sea mustard being 1310% , while laver, sea tangle, and green laver exhibited 943, 854 and 815%, respectively. The viscosity of seaweed samples was 20 to 40 cP in sea mustard and sea tangle, while laver and green laver possessed much lower values. All seaweed samples revealed a weak, albeit significant electron donating ability. Also, lipid peroxidation was reduced by 7 to 18%. However, there was no difference in antioxidative activity among seaweeds and sample concernations used. These results imply that most commonly used seaweeds possibly exert parts of their physiological effects through their water-holding, gel-forming , and/or antioxidative activities.
Capsaicin Increases Swimming Endurance Capapcity in High-Fat-Fed Mice
Kim, Kyung-Mi ; Kang, Duk-Ho ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 184~187
Increase in fat mobilization by capsaicin(CAP) was investigated in high-fat-fed mice using an adjustable current water pool. Male ICR 7-wk-old mice were fed a high fat diet [50% total energy content in the diet(E%) fat, 20 E% protein, 30E% carbohydrate] for 2 wk and one group (HCAP) was orally administered CAP at 2 h before swimming. After being accustomed to swimming , the mice were subjected to forced swimming every 2d in the current water pol and the total swimming period until exhaustion was measured . The total swimming period was used as index of swimming capacity. Swimming time to exhaustion of treated mice was significantly longer than that of the high-fat-fed control group (100.2
10.6 vs. 58.0
8.5min, P<0.01) after 2wk of training. The concentration of serum-free fatty scids gradually increased up to 2 h in CAP -administered mice. The perirenal adipose tissue weight of CAP -administered mice (HCAP) before swimming was lower than that of the high-fat-fed mice adminstered placebo solution (HP) which had not ingested CAP during the 2 wk. These results suggest that the increase of swimming capacity of CAP-administered high-fat-fed mice was due to an increase of fat mobilization that was induced by CAP.
Effects of Methanol Extract of Prosomillet on Cholesterol and Fatty Acid Metabolism in Rat
Cho, Sung-Hee ; Jung, Seung -Eun ; Lee, Hye-Kyung ; Ha, Tae-Youl ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 188~192
To study effects of methanol extract of prosomillet on lopid metabolism , five groups of male Sprang-Dawley rats weighing 116
9 g were fed test diets for four weeks. The five diets consisted of one low fat(5% w/w) diet containing starch as carbohydrate source(normal) and four high fat diets(15% w/w) containing 40.5%(w/w)sucrose(control) and additional 80% nethanol extractof prosomillet at the levels of 0.3% and 1%(w/w) or prosomillet powder at the level of 20%(w/w). Serum level of total cholesterol was a little higher but that of triglyceride was 41% lower in 20% (w/w) prosomillet powder group than in the control group. The cholesterol levels of two Liver cholesterol levels were lower and phospolipid levels higher in all three prosomillet powder group . Fecal excretionof bile acid was most increased in the prosomillet powder group among all five test groups. Acitivity of liver microsomal 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase was significantly lower in 0.3% methanol extract fed group than the control and also appeared to be reduced in 1% extract fed one, wherease those of 20 cholesterol 7
-hydroxylase were not different among the five groups. Activities of liver cytosilic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PDH) and malic enzyme were decreased in 0.3% prosomillet methanol extract and 20% powder groups. The results indicate that in addition to fiber, certain active components in prosomillet have potential to exert hypolipidemic effects via regulating hepatic cholesterogenesis and lipogenesis.
Effect of Chinese Yam on Benzo[a]pyrene Hydroxylase Activities in Rats Fed Dietary Benzo[a]pyrene
Kwon, Chong -Suk ; Chung, Koo -Min ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 193~196
To investigate the effect of yam on the activity of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase(BPH), the key enzyme associated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) metabolism, rats were fed a fiber free diet for 7 days, whereupon they were switched to experimental diets for another 7 days. Diets contained benzo[a] pyrene(BP, 400 mg/kg diet) and 25% or 50% yam powder (freezer dried and hot air dried ). Diets containing pectin and cellulose were compared with diets containing yam. BPH activities were assessed in the liver, lung, kidney, stomach, small intestine and large intestine of rats. BP induced BPH activities in various tissues ; 8 fold in liver, 28 in lung and stomach , and 32 in large intestine. The addition of yam significantly lowered BPH activity in liver, lung and stomach and hot air dried yam was nmor eeffectivie than freeze dried yams. These data suggested that yam containing diet may influence carcinogen metabolism in liver and extrahepatic target tissues by altering activities of BPH and may reduce exposure of these tissues to dietary carcinogens.
Effectsof Garlic Vinegar Supplementation on Changes of Body Weight, Plasma Glucose, and Plasma Lipid Profile in High Cholesterol-fed Rats
Choi, Mi-Ja ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Choi, Myung-Sook ; Choi, Yong-Hee ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 197~199
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of garlic vinegar supplementation on changes in body weight, blood glucose and serum triglyceride and cholesterol. Rats were fed a cholesterol-diet with or without garlic vinegar (20% garlic juice )supplement for 28days. Body weights in rats fed a diet containing garlic vinegar were significantly lower than those of control rats. The concentration of plasma glucose, total cholesterol . LDL-cholesterol , and HDL-cholesterol were not significantly different between the two groups for a period of up to four weeks. However, the concentration of plasma triglyceride was slightly decreased in the garlic vinegar-supplemented group. Results suggest that the supplementation of garlic vinegar is beneficial for weight reduction in high-cholesterol fed rats.
Effectsof Garlic Vinegar Supplementation on Body Weight, Blood glucose, and Serum Lipid Profile in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic Rats-fed High Cholesterol Diet
Park, Mi-Ja ; Cho, Hyun-Ju ; Park, Myung-Sook ; Park, Yong-Hee ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 200~202
The effectsof garlic vinegar supplementation on body weight, blood blucose, and plasma triglyceride and cholesterol were investigated in streptozotocin -induced diabetic rats fed high-cholesterol(1%) diet for 4 wk. The garlic vinegar was made by fermenting 20% frsh garlic juice. There was no effect of garlic vinegar on body weight, plasma glucose or triglyceride concentrations in the diabetic rats. Plasma total -cholesterol concentrations were unaffected by garlic vinegarr supplementation. However, plasma LDL-cholesterol concentrations and atherogenic index were significantly lower in the diabetic rats supplemented with garlic vinegar diet than tin the cotnrol rats. The diabetic-rats supplemented with garlic vinegar not only had increased HDL-cholesterol levels but had decreased LDL-cholesterol. This alteration in the HDL/LDL-cholesterol ratio in the diabetic rats may decrease the risk of atheroscelrosis. Therefore, the over-all effect of garlic vinegar supplement may contribute to the antiatherogenic role in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Effects of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Intestinal Cell Proliferation
Wang, Soo-Gyoung ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 203~208
The effect of the polyunsaterated fatty acids, linoleic acid(LA), arachidonic acid(AA) and conjugated dienoic linoleic acid(CLA) on IEC-6 cells (rat intestinal cell)proliferation and cell transduction have been determined in vitro. IEC-6 cells proliferation was assessed by cell growth and [3H]-thymidine incroporation analysis. At 10 μM concentration , the proliferationof cells supplemented with AA or LA was significantly higher than that of CLA. [3H]-thymidine uptake showed the same results. LA and AA increased [3H]-thymidine uptake more than CLA. The stimulatory effect of LA or AA was even more pronounced in the presence of IGF. Both cell number analysis and [3H]-thymidine incorporation revealed that IEC-6 cell proliferation was influenced differently by exogenous free fatty acids, in which AA or LA stimulated IEC-6 cell proliferation and CLA inhibited it. Tyorosine phosphorylation provides a key switch to regulate celluar acitivity in response to extracellular stimuli. At 20 μM and 10μM, AA with IGF-1 stimulated protein tyrosine phophorylation in IEC-6 cells, but LA's impact was less than that of AA. CLA and CLA with IGF-1 inhibited protein tyrosine phosphorylation in IEC-6 cells. These results suggest there is a possible correlation between cell proliferation and IGF receptor tyrosine knase activity driven by AA.
Ethanol-induced Activiationof Transcription Factor NF-
B and AP-1 in C6 Glial Cells
Park, Jae -Won ; Shim, Young-Sup ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 4, issue 3, 1999, Pages 209~214
In this study, the effectof ethanol and acetaldehyde on DNA binding activities of NF-
B and AP-1 were evaluated in C6 rat glial cells. Both NF-
B and AP-1 are important transcription factors for the expression of various cytokines in glial cells. Our data showed that neither ethanol nor acetaldehyde induced conspicuous cell death of C6 cells at clinically realistic concentrations. When the DNA binding activities of nuclear NF-
B and AP-1 were estimated using electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), ethanol(0.3%) or acetaldehyde(1mM) induced transient activation of these transcription factors, which attained peak levels at 4~8 hours and declined to basal levels at 12 hours after treatement . The supershift analysis showed that the increased activities of NF-
B in ethanol/acetaldehyde-treated C6 cells were due to the preferential induction of p65/p50 heterodimer complex. The DNA binding activities of these transcriptional factors decreased below basal levels when cells were cultured with either ethanol or acetaldehyde for 24 hours, and showed the inhibitory effect of chronic ehtanol /acetaldehyde treatment on the activities of these transsriptional factors. Our data indicate that either ethanol or acetaldehyde can induce functional changes of glial cells throught bi-directional modulation of NF-
B and AP-1 DNA binding activities.