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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Characterization of Anti-complementary Polysaccharide from Teucrium viscidum var. miquelianum
Min, Jin-Gi ; Kim, Tae-Jin ; Lee, Doo-Seog ; Ch, Sang-Won ; Yoon, Ho-Dong ; Park, Jeong-Heum ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 137~141
Water-soluble crude polysaccharide (TM-1) prepared from the leaves of Teucrium viscidum var. miquelianum was fractionated into three polysaccharide fractions, TM-2, TM-3 and TM-4 by the addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The major polysaccharide fraction, TM-2, consisted of glucose, galactose, rhamnose, mannose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid, and all fractions contained galactose and glutose as the major neutral sugars. TM-4 showed the highest anti-complementary activity. When TM-4 was futher fractionated by anion exchange chromatography, TM4- II a and TM4-II b showed the most Potent anti-complementary activity. TM4- II a was composed mainly of galactose, arabinose and glucose in the molar ratios of 2.13 : 0.94 : 1.00 respectively, and contained a small amount of galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid.
Chemical Composition and Electron Donating and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Glechoma hederacea var. longituba
Deokjo Jo ; Lee, Jungeun ; Jungeun Noh ; Kim, Ok-Kyung ; Kwon, Joong-Hoo ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 142~146
This study was performed to investigate chemical and functional properties of Glechoma hederacea leaves in respect to its potential use as food material or as a medicinal herb. The chemical compositions on a dry harris were 20.38% in protein, 3.96% in fat, 59.58% in carbohydrate, 15.78% in ash, 5.36% in reducing sugar, 14.11% in total sugar and 0.26% in polyphenol, respectively. The free sugars were mainly comprised of glucose, fructose and sucrose. In fatty acids compositiosn, linolenic acid showed the highest concentration at 45%, while the ratios of saturated to unsaturated fatty acids were 1 : 1.91. Seventeen kinds of total amino acids were determined, with the highest concentration (2,465.71 mg%) of glutamic acid. Among the free amino acids, praline showed the highest concentration (260.09 mg%), followed by glutamine,
-amino adipic acid, glutamic acid and valine. The contents of major minerals were 647.32 mg% in Na, 597.53 mg% in K and 239.75 mg% in Ca. The antioxidative activity of 10% water extract was similar to that of 50 ppm tocopherol. The nitrite scavenging ability reached the highest bevel at pH 1.2 and the lowest at pH 6.0.
Effect of Irradiation on pH, Color, and Sensory Quality of Cooked Pork Sausage with Added Chitosan Oligomer
Cheorun Jo ; Lee, Ju-Woon ; Lee, Kyong-Haeng ; Lee, Hyung-Ja ; Byun, Myung-Woo ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 147~151
The combined effect of water-soluble chitosan oligomer and irradiation on changes in quality of perk sausage made with (156 ppm) or without NaNO
was determined. The pH of nonirradiated sausage without NaNO
decreased significantly during 3 wks of storage, but the pH of irradiated sausage did not. Irradiation at 4.5 kGy did not increase the Hunter color a-value but 10 and 20 kGy showed significantly higher a-values in the sausage with chitosan oligomer (p < 0.05). The sausage with NaNO
had higher sensory scores than that without NaNO
, and irradiated sausage had lower scores in overall acceptance. Results indicate that further research is needed to achieve consumers sensory standards for irradiating cooked meat products.
Detection of Pulsed Photostimulated Luminescence Signals Emitted by Infrared Stimulation of Irradiated Spices during Storage under Two Conditions
Yi, Sang-Duk ; Woo, Si-Ho ; Yang, Jae-Seung ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 152~157
Accumulated photon counts in immediate measurement after irradiation of marjoram, basil and thyme were shown to be below 625
178 and 1261
640 Pc, respectively. The accumulated photon counts increased linearly with increasing irradiation doses up to 5 kGy and slightly increased from 5 kGy to 10 kGy. This trend was similar after storage periods. According to storage conditions, the difference of the accumulated photon counts was net clearly observed. The accumulated photon counts of irradiated spice samples decreased with increasing storage periods. The rate of decrease was higher in 5 and 10 kGy irradiated samples than that in 1 kGy, and in room conditions than that in darkroom conditions. The photon counts of the irradiated spice samples measured for 120 s were higher than those measured for 60 s. The irradiated spice samples showed higher photon counts than those of unirradiated samples in both room and darkroom conditions during all the storage periods. These results indicate that detection of irradiation was still possible after 24 weeks, although the PPSL signal of all spice samples decreased with increasing storage times.
Chemical, Physical Sensory Properties of Expanded Extrudates from Pork Meat-Defatted by Soy Flour-Corn Starch Blends, With or Without Ingredients Derived from Onion, Carrot and Oat
Jennifer J. Jamora ; Rhee, Ki-Soon ; Rhee, Khee-Choon ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 158~162
Blends of pork meat (20%), defatted soy flour (25%), and corn starch (48.61~53.71%) were prepared with or without additional non-meat ingredients, i.e., onion powder (1%), alone or in combination with carrot powder (1.5%) or extract (1.5%), or defatted oat flour (5%). All blends were formulated for 22.78% moisture, with water added where necessary. They were extruded using a laboratory single-screw extruder at 16
profess temperature and 170 rpm screw speed. The additional ingredients generally decreased product expansion and increased bulk density and shear force. When the product with no additional ingredient and the product with onion powder were evaluated by trained sensory panelists, \"grain complex\" was the most intense flavor note for both. With 1 % onion powder in feed, a distinct \"onion\" flavor note was detectable in extrudates. All the products may be considered \"healthful\" based on nutrient profiles.t; based on nutrient profiles.
Extrusion Puffing of Pork Meat-Defatted Soy Flour-Corn Starch Blends to Produce Snack-like Products
Jennifer J. Jamora ; Rhee, Ki-Soon ; Rhee, Khee-Choon ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 163~169
To produce expanded, minimally hard extrudates from blends of raw pork meat (20%), defatted soy flour (25%), and corn starch using a single-screw extruder, various combinations of feed moisture, process temperature, and screw speed were evaluated. First series of extrusion runs were conducted according to a central composite rotatable design/response surface methodology (RSM). Upon assessing the full model for each response, insignificant terms were eliminated to determine final response surface models. Screw speed within the range evaluated was found to have no significant effect on expansion ratio (ER) or shear force (SF) of extrudates. Since examinations of the response surfaces and their generated grids of predicted values indicated that maximum ER and minimum SF were likely to be attained with a moisture-temperature combination outside the RSM experimental range, the second series of extrusion runs were conducted with several selected combinations of moisture and temperature to determine a practical optimum extrusion condition. The combination of 22.78% feed moisture, 16
process temperature, and 170 rpm screw speed was chosen as such a condition, and used in the final extrusion. The final product required less force to break than did commercial pretzel sticks.
The Plasma Fatty Acid Composition and Cholesterol Levels of Rates Fed Different Sources of
3 Fatty Acid and Excess DHA during Gestation, Lactation, and Growth
Lee, Hongmie ; Lee, Juhee ; Kim, Jiwon ; Park, Haymie ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 170~175
This study was designed to investigate the effect of different sources of
3 fatty acid in the diet with a similar polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) fatty acid ratio and
3 fatty acid ratio as well as excess DHA on the plasma fatty acid composition and cholesterol level of rats. Three experimental diets contained 10% (w/w) dietary lipids. The control diet and one treatment diet were corn oil-based diets with different
-3 fatty acid sources: perilla (CO) or fish oil (CF), respectively. In order to examine the effect of excess DHA, the other treatment diet (FO) was a fish oil-based diet with corn oil to supply essential fatty acids at the level of 1.8% (w/w) of the diet. Female Sprague Dawley rats were fed the experimental diets for 2 weeks prior to mating and throughout gestation and lactation. Pups were weaned to the same diet of dams at 21 days of age. Plasma fatty acid compositions and cholesterol contents were analyzed for pups at 3th, 7th and 10th week after birth. Plasma DHA concentrations increased significantly as the level of fish oil supplementation increased. Three-, seven- and ten-week old rats fed on CO diet which contained only
-lino1enic acid as a
-3 fatty acid Source had Plasma DHA levels of 4.85%, 3.15% ana 2.47%, respectively, suggesting that rats at this period of development can convert
-linolenic acid to DHA. But the ability to form DHA might be limited, since dietary DHA showed to be more effective in raising the plasma level of DHA. There was a significant negative correlation between DHA and cholesterol concentration of the rat plasma at 7th week (r=0.34, p<0.05) and l0th week after birth (r=036, p<0.05), proving the hypocholesterolemic effect of DHA.
Effect of the Ethanol Extract from the Aleurone Layer of Anthocyanin-Pigmented Rice on Blood Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats
Chung, Ha-Sook ; Han, Hye-Kyoung ; Ko, Jin-Hee ; Jin-Chui shin ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 176~179
The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic activity and lipid metabolism of ethanol (EtOH) extract from the aleurone layer of anthocyanin-pigmented (AP) rice in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 210~240 g were divided into 4 groups, normal, diabetic control, and two experimental groups, and diabetes in rats was induced by injection of STZ (45 mg/kg, body weight) into tail vein. The EtOH extract of the powdered aleurone layer of AP rice was administered orally in diabetic rats for 14 days. In order to find the hypoglycemic effects in the animal model, the body weight, plasma glucose levels, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), free fatty acid (FFA), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine amino- transferase activities (ALT) were determined. Oral administration of 1.0 81kg on the EtOH extract for 14 days resulted in a significant reduction in blood glucose, ALT, TG and FFA. However, in the case of 2.0 g/kg, the hypo-glycemic effects were not considerable. This results suggest that the EtOH extract might induce hypoglycemic effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats due to some photochemical components in the aleurone layer of AP rice.
Characterization of Bone Marrow Cell Proliferating Arabinogalactan through Peyer`s Patch Cells from Rhizomes of Atractylodes lancea DC
Yu, Kwang-Won ; Hwang, Jong-Hyun ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 180~186
Bone marrow cell proliferating arabinogalactan-like polysaccharide (ALR-3IIa-1-1) has been purified from rhizomes of Atractylodes lancea DC. In order to characterize the essential structure of ALR-3IIa-1-1 for expression of the activity, sequential enzymatic digestion using ego-
-L-arabinofurasidase (AFase) and ego-
-D-(1longrightarrow3)-galactanase (GNase) was employed. After ALR-3IIa-1-1 was digested with the AFase, the GNase digestion cleaved only 10% and 23% of 3-linked and 3,6-branched galactose, respectively, from arabinose-trimmed ALR-3IIa-1-1 (AT-ALR-3IIa-1-1), and gave small amounts of intermediate size (AT-G-2) and shorter oligosaccharides (AT-G-3) fractions in addition to a large amount of the GNase resistant fraction (AT-G-1). When AT-G-1 was redigested gradually with the AFase and GNase, it released trace amounts of oligosaccharides in addition to a large amount of the resistant fraction. When the final enzyme-resistant fraction from AT-G-1 was digested simultaneously with both AFase and GNase, the resistant fraction was significantly degraded into two long fragments (3AT-3G-1 and 2). The mixture of digestion products from the first GNase digestion of AT-ALR-3IIa-1-1 showed a significantly decreased bone marrow cell proliferation activity to about 30% of the activity of ALR-3IIa-1-1, but the GNase resistant fraction (AT-7-1) still had significant activity. Although the second gradual enzymatic digestion of AT-G-1 showed a marginal decrease in activity, the resulting fragments (3AT-3G-1 and 2) by the final simultaneous enzymatic digestion lost most of the activity. Component sugar, methylation and FAB-MS analyses indicated that the digestion products (AT-G-21 AT-G-31 2AT-2G-2 and 2AT-2G-3) released from AT-ALR-3IIa-1-1 by the sequential enzymatic digestion contained galactose-containing oligosaccharides mainly comprising 6-linked galactose, that some of which were partially arabinosylated, and these oligosaccharides were attached to
-D-(1longrightarrow3)-galactan backbone in its non-reducing terminal side as side chains.
Inhibitory Effects of Kochujang Extracts on the Tumor Formation and Lung Metastasis in Mice
Park, Kun-young ; Kong, Kyu-Ri ; Jung, Keun-Ok ; Rhee, Sook-Hee ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 187~191
Effects of kochujang (Korean red pepper soybean paste) extracts on tumor formation, natural killer (NK) cell activity in spleen and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity in liver were investigated in the sarcoma-180 cell transplanted mice. Inhibitory effects of these samples on lung metastasis of colon 26-M3.1 cells were also evaluated in the Balb/c mice. The injection of methanol extracts from traditional kochujang I (TK I, 0-day fermented), II (TKII, 6-month fermented), commercial kochujang (CK, 1-month fermented) and red pepper powder (RPP) significantly reduced tumor formation in Balb/c mice (p<0.05), TKII decreased tumor growth by 46% compared with control, resulting in the smallest tumor weight. The transplantation of sarcoma-180 cells increased the spleen/body weight ratio of Balb/c mice, while TKI and TKll significantly decreased this index (p<0.05). The effect of TKll and CK, fermented kochujang, on the NK cell activity of splenocytes was higher than that of sarcoma-180 cells transplanted control group. TK II recovered the activity of hepatic GST that was decreased by the transplantation of sarcoma- 180 cells in to the mice. All kochujang-treated mice had significantly fewer lung metastatic colonies than control mice. TKII was the most effective in inhibiting lung metastasis of colon 26-M3.1 cells. These results indicated that optimally ripened (6-month) TK had more suppressive effects on tumor formation and lung metastasis than RPP and kochujang without fermentation and commercially prepared kochujang in mice.
Growth-Promoting Effects of Vegetable Extracts on Selected Human Lactic Acid Bacteria
Kim, Moo-Key ; Kim, Byung-Su ; Baek, Bong-Rea ; Shin, Dong-Hwa ; Lee, Hoi-Seon ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 192~196
Ethanol extracts from 36 vegetable samples were assayed for their growth-promoting effects on Bifidobacterium bifidum, B. longum, and Lactobacillus casei The growth-promoting effects varied according to bacterial strain and vegetable species. In modified Gy rgy broth, extracts of Lactuca sativa, Lycopersicon esculentum and L escutentum var. cerasiforme exhibited strong growth-promoting responses toward B. longum, and significant and strong growth- promoting response toward B. bifidum was observed in extracts of Actinidia arguta, Allium cepa, A. sativum, Brassica campestris subsp. napus vats. pekinensis, Capsicum frutescens, Daucus carota var. sativa, L sativa, 1. esculentum and L. esculentum var. cerasforme, Nelumbo nucifera, Cucurbita moschata, Lackca sativa var. capitata, and Rubus coreanus. For L casei, extracts of A. fshlosum, A. hberosum, Cichorium intbus, Cucurbita moschat\ulcorner Ipomoea batatas, 1. sativa var. capitata, L. esculentum, P. brachycarpa, Raphanus sativus, R. coreanus, and S. melongena strongly enhanced the growth of this bacteria. In modified Gy rgy broth, the promoting effect was most pronounced with B. bifidum and L. casei among lactic acid bacteria used. In MRS broth, A. arguta, A. cepa, A. sativum, B. campestris subsp. napus var. pekinensis, C. frutescens, and D. carota var. sativa L. satiw var. capitata, and R. coreanus strongly enhanced the growth of B. bifidum, Growth of B. longum was strongly affected by the addition of extracts from L. sativa var. capitata. For L casei, moderate growth-promoting responses were observed in 9 vegetable extracts. The promoting effect in MRS broth was most pronounced with B. bifidum among lactic acid bacteria used.
Effects of Cooking on the n-Hexanal Content of Peanut Milk
Lee, Chan ;
Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 197~199
The effects of cooking peanut kernels before grinding on the n-hexanal content of peanut milk was investigated. Analysis of headspace volatiles revealed that n-hexanal was greatly reduced by cooking peanut kernels before grinding. Total solids and protein content tended to decrease as cooking time was increased. The most satisfactory condition of cooking peanut kernels for preparing peanut milk was 10 min.