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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
Editor in Chief :
Samuel Ariaratnam / Hong Tae-hoon
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Influence of Climate Change on the Lifecycle of Construction Projects at Gaza Strip
El-Sawalhi, Nabil ; Mahdi, Mahdi ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.001
There is a high confidence based on scientific evidence that climate is changing over time. Now climate change is considered as one of the challenges facing the construction industry. As no project is risk free and climate change has a strong impact on the different phases of the construction project lifecycle. This research aimed at providing a platform of knowledge for the construction management practitioners about the impacts of climate change on the construction projects lifecycle, identify the most dangerous climate change factors on the construction project lifecycle, and identify the most affected phase by climate change factors through the construction projects lifecycle. The study depended on the opinions of civil engineers who have worked in the construction projects field among the reality of Gaza Strip. Questionnaire tool was adopted as the main research methodology in order to achieve the desired objectives. The questionnaire included 127 factors in order to obtain responses from 88 construction practitioners out of 98 representing 89.79% response rate about the influence of climate change on the generic lifecycle of construction projects. The results deduced that the most significant influence on the construction project lifecycle was related to the extreme weather events, rainfall change, and temperature change respectively. There was a general agreement between the respondents that the most affected phase by temperature, rainfall, and extreme weather events is the execution phase. The results also asserted with a high responses scale on the need to alternative procedures and clear strategies in order to face the climate change within construction industry.
A Systematic Approach Of Construction Management Based On Last Planner System And Its Implementation In The Construction Industry
Hussain, SM Abdul Mannan ; Sekhar, Dr.T.Seshadri ; Fatima, Asra ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 11~15
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.011
The Last PlannerSystem (LPS) has been implemented on construction projects to increase work flow reliability, a precondition for project performance againstproductivity and progress targets. The LPS encompasses four tiers of planning processes:master scheduling, phase scheduling, lookahead planning, and commitment / weeklywork planning. This research highlights deficiencies in the current implementation of LPS including poor lookahead planning which results in poor linkage between weeklywork plans and the master schedule. This poor linkage undetermines the ability of theweekly work planning process to select for execution tasks that are critical to projectsuccess. As a result, percent plan complete (PPC) becomes a weak indicator of project progress. The purpose of this research is to improve lookahead planning (the bridgebetween weekly work planning and master scheduling), improve PPC, and improve theselection of tasks that are critical to project success by increasing the link betweenShould, Can, Will, and Did (components of the LPS), thereby rendering PPC a betterindicator of project progress. The research employs the case study research method to describe deficiencies inthe current implementation of the LPS and suggest guidelines for a better application ofLPS in general and lookahead planning in particular. It then introduces an analyticalsimulation model to analyze the lookahead planning process. This is done by examining the impact on PPC of increasing two lookahead planning performance metrics: tasksanticipated (TA) and tasks made ready (TMR). Finally, the research investigates theimportance of the lookahead planning functions: identification and removal ofconstraints, task breakdown, and operations design.The research findings confirm the positive impact of improving lookaheadplanning (i.e., TA and TMR) on PPC. It also recognizes the need to perform lookaheadplanning differently for three types of work involving different levels of uncertainty:stable work, medium uncertainty work, and highly emergent work.The research confirms the LPS rules for practice and specifically the need to planin greater detail as time gets closer to performing the work. It highlights the role of LPSas a production system that incorporates deliberate planning (predetermined andoptimized) and situated planning (flexible and adaptive). Finally, the research presents recommendations for production planningimprovements in three areas: process related, (suggesting guidelines for practice),technical, (highlighting issues with current software programs and advocating theinclusion of collaborative planning capability), and organizational improvements(suggesting transitional steps when applying the LPS).
Construction Projects Productivity in West African country of Benin: Case of Ground Earthworks
Akogbe, Romuald Kokou ; Feng, Xin ; Zhou, Jing ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 16~23
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.016
In this paper, a survey related to excavation construction activities among national and international construction companies was conducted to evaluate site productivity in construction industry. To analyze the respective productivity levels of each construction company, a benchmarking measures analysis that featured calculations of the performance ratio (PR) and performance management index (PMI) was performed. As a result of these analyses, it has been found that the work performed by local companies was marked by lower productivity and that of international companies was characterized by good productivity. Further analysis of construction workforce resources P% revealed that a construction company`s productivity is largely dependent on production capacity and consumption resources, which means that the retention of skilled workers and utilization of high-quality resources yields the highest level of productivity. These results suggest that for a local construction company to be competitive in the construction work market, it must retrain skilled craftspeople, foremen, engineers, and project managers, and strengthen its building capability by leveraging new equipment and technologies.
Perception Based Definition of Construction Quality in Pakistan
Awan, Muhammad Yousaf Sadiq ; Awan, Dr Muhammad Maqbool Sadiq ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 24~34
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.024
The complexity arises in defining the construction quality due to its perception, based on inherent market conditions and their requirements, the diversified stakeholders itself and their desired output. A quantitative survey based approach was adopted in this constructive study. A questionnaire based survey was conducted, for the assessment of construction quality perception and expectations in the context of quality improvement technique. The survey feedback of professionals, from the leading construction organizations/companies of Pakistan were analyzed. The financial capacity, organizational structure, and construction experience of the construction firms formed basis for their selection. After statistical analysis of survey feedback it was found reliable and valid for the inferential purpose to the target population of construction professionals. The quality perception was found to be project scope oriented, considered as an excess cost for a construction project and keeping the rework minimum by qualifying the required quality tests, keeping the defects minimum by ensuring the specifications of supplied material. Any quality improvement technique was expected to address the financial aspects of the construction project for the employer and contractor, by increasing the profitability through reduction in overall cost, reduction in time, reduction in defects and improving the productivity in a construction project. The study is beneficial for the construction professionals to assess the prevailing construction quality perception and the expectations from implementation of any quality improvement technique in construction projects.
A Fuzzy AHP Model for Selection of Consultant Contractor in Bidding Phase in Vietnam
Ha, Tran Thanh ; Hoai, Long Le ; Lee, Young Dai ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.035
Project Management Consultant (PMC) plays a vital role in the overall performance of any project. Selecting right PMC for right project is the most crucial challenge for any construction owner. Thus, PMC selection is one of the main decisions made by owners at the early phase of construction project. It is not easy for the project owner to select a competent PMC due to the fuzziness, imprecision, vagueness, incomplete and qualitative criteria of the decision. This paper presents a model for selecting PMC contractor using the Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP). And a fuzzy number based framework is proposed to be a viable method for PMC contractor selection. A case study to illustrate the application of the model is also presented in this paper.
Analytic Hierarchical Procedure and Economic Analysis of Pneumatic Pavement Crack Preparation Devices
Park, JeeWoong ; Cho, Yong K. ; Wang, Chao ;
Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 44~52
DOI : 10.6106/JCEPM.2015.5.2.044
Various approaches have been used in crack preparations and each of the approaches has advantages and disadvantages. Although the routing method has been widely used and seems to be the best approach among the approaches, it is not a complete solution for crack preparation. This paper compares and evaluates a pneumatic crack cleaning device (CCD) developed by Robotics and Intelligent Construction Automation group at Georgia Tech, over existing devices. Surveys were conducted to discover factors that affect the performance of crack/joint preparation work. Then, data for such information were collected via field tests for devices such as router, heat lancer, air blower and CCD. Performed field test results and follow-up interviews demonstrated that the utilization of CCD has potential to offer improvements in productivity, safety, and maintenance cost. An analytic hierarchical procedure (AHP) and economic analyses were conducted. The AHP analysis considered three factors including safety, quality and productivity while the economic analyses examined the alternatives in various ways. The results indicated that the CCD was ranked first and second for the AHP analysis and economic analysis, respectively. In conclusion, the field tests and results revealed that the utilization of CCD achieved satisfactorily in performance, quality, safety and control, and showed that it has high potential in crack cleaning practice.