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The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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The International Promotion Agency of Culture Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 2015
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 2015
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Influence of intake runner cross section design on the engine performance parameters of a four stroke, naturally aspirated carbureted SI engine
Singh, Somendra Pratap ; Kumar, Vasu ; Gupta, Dhruv ; Kumar, Naveen ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.1
The current scenario of the transportation sector reflects the urgent need to address issues such as depletion of traditional fuel reserves and ever growing pollution levels. Researchers around the world are focussing on alternatives as well as optimisation of currently employed devices to reduce the pollution levels generated by the commonly used fuels. One such optimisation involves the study of air flow within the intake manifolds of SI engines. It is a well-known fact that alterations in the air manifolds of engines have a significant impact on the engine performance parameters, fuel consumption and emission levels. Previous works have demonstrated the impacts of runner lengths, diameter, plenum volume, taper angle of distribution manifolds and other factors on in-cylinder fluid motion and engine performance. However, a static setup provides an optimal configuration only at a specific engine speed. This paper aims to investigate the variations in the same parameters on a four stroke, naturally aspirated single cylinder SI engine through varying the cross section design over the intake runner with the aid of Computational Fluid Dynamics. The system consists of segments that form the intake runner with projections on the inside that allow various permutations of the intake runner segments. The various configurations provide the optimised fluid flow characteristics within the intake manifold at specific engine speed intervals. The variations such as turbulence, air fuel mixing are analysed using the three dimensional CFD software FLUENT. The results can be used further for developing an automated or manually adjustable intake manifold.
The effect of nano-Zinc oxide on the self-cleaning properties of cotton fabrics for textile application
Panutumrong, Praripatsaya ; Metanawin, Tanapak ; Metanawin, Siripan ; O-Charoen, Narongchai ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.13
The self-cleaning properties of nano-zinc oxide on cotton fabrics have been investigated. The cotton fabric has been prepared by pad-dry method. The nano-zinc oxide was encapsulated in the polystyrene particle by mini-emulsion process prior used. The loading amount of zinc oxide particles into the mini-emulsion were various from 1% wt to 40%wt. The particles sizes of ZnO-encapsulated polystyrene mini-emulsion were determined using dynamic light scattering. It was showed that the particle size of the mini-emulsion was in the range of 124-205 nm. The topography and morphology of ZnO-encapsulated polystyrene which coated on cotton fabrics was observed using scanning electron microscopy. The crystal structure of ZnO-coated on cotton fabrics was explored by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activities of zinc oxide were present through the self-cleaning properties. The presents of the zinc oxide on cotton fabrics significantly showed the improving of the self-cleaning properties under UV radiation.
Polymeric Material Application for The Production of Ceramic Foam Catalyst
Sangsuriyan, Anucha ; Yeetsorn, Rungsima ; Tungkamani, Sabaithip ; Sornchamni, Thana ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.21
Ceramic foams are prepared as positive images corresponding to a plastic foam structure which exhibits high porosities (85-90%). This structure makes the ceramic foams attractive as a catalyst in a dry reforming process, because it could reduce a high pressure drop problem. This problem causes low mass and heat transfers in the process. Furthermore, the reactants would shortly contact to catalyst surface, thus low conversion could occur. Therefore, this research addressed the preparation of dry reforming catalysts using a sol-gel catalyst preparation via a polymeric sponge method. The specific objectives of this work are to investigate the effects of polymer foam structure (such as porosity, pore sizes, and cell characteristics) on a catalyst performance and to observe the influences of catalyst preparation parameters to yield a replica of the original structure of polymeric foam. To accomplish these objectives industrial waste foams, polyurethane (PU) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foams, were used as a polymeric template. Results indicated that the porosity of the polyurethane and polyvinyl alcohol foams were about 99% and 97%. Their average cell sizes were approximate 200 and 50 micrometres, respectively. The cell characteristics of polymer foams exhibited the character of a high permeability material that can be able to dip with ceramic slurry, which was synthesized with various viscosities, during a catalyst preparation step. Next, morphology of ceramic foams was explored using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and catalyst properties, such as; temperature profile of catalyst reduction, metal dispersion, and surface area, were also characterized by
techniques, and BET, respectively. From the results, it was found that metal-particle dispersion was relatively high about 5.89%, whereas the surface area of ceramic foam catalysts was
. Finally, the catalytic behaviour toward hydrogen production through the dry reforming of methane using a fixed-bed reactor was evaluated under certain operating conditions. The approaches from this research provide a direction for further improvement of marketable environmental friendly catalyst production.
Investigation of Coke Formation in Dry Methane Reforming over Nickel-based Monolithic Catalysts
Pornruangsakun, Pongsakorn ; Tungkamani, Sabaithip ; Ratana, Tanakorn ; Phongaksorn, Monrudee ; Sornchamni, Thana ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.31
Coking accumulations via dry methane reforming (DMR) over 10NAM monolithic catalyst and pelletized catalyst was investigated. 10NAM catalyst was synthesized and coated on a wall of monolithic reactor. Pelletized catalyst of 10NAM was also prepared for the comparison. Consequently, catalyst was characterized by BET,
. The catalytic reaction was undergone at
under atmospheric pressure and
reactant ratio of 1:2. The coking formation over spent catalyst was then carried out in the hydrogen flow using temperature programmed technique (TPH). According to the results, DMR over 10NAM monolithic catalyst exhibits a minimized coking formation comparing to the use of pelletized catalyst. This could be attributed to a prominent heat transfer efficiency of the monolithic catalyst.
Effect of Sodium Chloride on Weight Loss of AA1100 Aluminum Alloy and SGACD Zinc coated Steel Lap Joint
Maulidin, Achmad ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.39
This research aims to study an effect of sodium chloride solution concentration on the corrosion rate of AA1100 aluminium alloy and SGACD zinc coated steel lap joint with a test duration of 30 days and a test temperature of
. The summarized results are as follows. Increase of the NaCl solution concentration increased the weight loss of Al, corrosion rate of Al, weight loss of Fe and also decreased the corrosion rate of Fe. Increase of the test duration affected to increase the weight loss and corrosion rate of Al and also decrease the weight loss and corrosion rate of Fe. The corrosion that was formed in a lap joint consisted of the uniform corrosion on the surface of the metals and the galvanic corrosion in the lap area of the joint. The maximum weight loss of AA 1100 aluminium and SGACD zinc coated steel that was occurred in the sodium chloride with 3.25% was 2.203% and 3.208%, respectively.. The maximum corrosion rate of AA 1100 aluminium and SGACD zinc coated steel that was occurred in 4.00% and 3.5% sodium chloride solution was 0.156 mm/year and 0.479 mm/year, respectively.
Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Aluminium Alloy by Cryorolling Process
Wangkasem, P. ; Rojananan, S. ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 46~51
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.46
The mechanical and electrical properties of aluminium alloy 6061 are reported in this present work. Aluminium alloys were homogenized at
, for 5 hours and cooled in the furnace. The different thickness reductions of 60-90% on homogenized aluminium alloy plates were achieved by cryo-rolling. Later, the as rolled samples were aged by solution treatment at the temperatures of
for 1 hour, water quenched; subsequently aged at
for 8-24 hours and partial aged (not solution treatment) at
for 8- 24 hours. Mechanical and electrical properties of samples were investigated. The experimental result showed that the microhardness of cryo-rolled samples were increase with increasing the percentage of the thickness reduction. Moreover, the microhardness of cryo-rolled, aged by solution treatment samples were higher than those of the cryo-rolled and cryo-rolled, partial aged samples. The cryo-rolled alloys subjected to full aged at
for 24 hours exhibited the hardness of 125 HV and electrical conductivity values was 45.76 %IACS and the cryo-rolled alloys subjected to partial aged at
for 20 hours exhibited the hardness of 67 HV and electrical conductivity values was 49.67 %IACS.
The effect of carboxymenthyl cellulose in PP fibers for dye absorption ability
Panutumrong, Praripatsaya ; Metanawin, Tanapak ; Metanawin, Siripan ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 52~60
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.52
The present study aims to the use of carboxymenthyl cellulose (CMC) improving the ability of fiber in the dyeing process. Cellulose was extracted from banana leaves by NaOH and then modified by reacting with chloroacetic acid to obtain the carboxymenthyl cellulose. The effect of carboxymenthyl cellulose contents on the mechanical properties and dye absorption were also investigated. Then, CMC were blend with polypropylene (grade 561R) at 1%, 3% and 5% by weight ratio. The fibers were obtained from single screw extruder. The results show that the mechanical properties of the product decreased when increased the amount of CMC in the fiber product. After dyeing, the dye however were absorbed by the CMC-PP fibers more than the original PP fibers. The absorption of dye on the CMC-PP fibers increased significantly with the CMC ratio.
Microstructure and Tensile Properties of SS400 Carbon Steel and SUS430 Stainless Steel Butt Joint by Gas Metal Arc Welding
Poonnayom, Pramote ; Chantasri, Sakchai ; Kaewwichit, Jesada ; Roybang, Waraporn ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.61
The application of SS400 carbon steel and AISI430 ferritic stainless steel joint has been increased in industries because of the advantage of both metals was able to increase the service lifetime of the important structures. Therefore, a fusion welding process that could produce a sound weld and good joint properties should be optimized. This research is aimed to weld a butt joint of SS400 carbon steel and AISI430 ferritic stainless steel using Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) welding process and to study the effects of welding parameters on joint properties. The experimental results were concluded as follows. The optimized welding parameter that produced the tensile strength of 448 MPa was the welding current of 110A, the welding speed of 400 mm/min and the mixed gas of
. Increase of the welding current affected to increase and decrease the tensile strength of the joint, respectively. Lower welding current produced the incomplete bonding of the metals and indicated the low tensile strength. Microstructure investigation of the welded joint showed a columnar grain in the weld metal and a coarse grain in the heat affected zone (HAZ). The unknown hard precipitated phases were also found at the grain boundaries of the weld metal and HAZ. The hardness profile did not show the difference of the hardness on the joint that was welded by various welding currents but the hardness of the weld metal was higher than that of the other location.
A Study of Ability of a Rectangular Shell Deep Drawing by Finite Element Program
Kumjing, Sanya ; Somphasong, Papon ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 68~77
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.68
This study was the use of the finite element method in the deep drawing process of a rectangular shell cup. The aim was to analyse the equivalent strain in the workpiece and to find out what happened to the disc blank sheet before the forming by stamping. The rectangular shell cup was
mm. and made of 2mm.thick SUS 403 and SUS 304 stainless steel. There were 3 types of blank sheets: 1) square sheet 2) 45 degree angled edge cutting sheet 3) circular sheet. It was found out that the drawing up with the use of 3 types of blank sheet made of SUS 304 stainless steel had no risk in the workpiece. For the stamping of the rectangular shell that used a square sheet made of SUS 403 stainless steel, it was found out that there was no risk in the work piece, but with the use of 45 degree angled edge cutting sheet or round sheet, the work piece had a risk to be damaged.
Development of Soil-cement in Earth-block Materials
Wiwattanachang, N ; Maneein, N ; Parwong, T ; Nummeesri, K ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 78~85
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.78
In Thailand, the electricity consumption is very high with the intention of reduce high temperature in the building. Since 2000, a lot of people paying attention to Green-Building concept. A similar concept is natural building, which is usually on a smaller scale and tends to focus on the use of natural materials that are available locally. Therefore, the Earth-Block (EAB) product is appropriated approach to reduce energy consumption in the buildings. The EAB is produced with environmentally friendly process, which does not release harmful pollution and effective cost. The main significant character is durable materials for building construction. This study aims to develop the new thermal insulation by using soil-cement with vetiver grass fibre. Additionally, it describes the innovative systems used in production of EAB materials by mixing the soil-cement with vetiver grass fibre. This paper reveals lowest costs, space configurations changing and greater design flexibility for constructing the building.
Mechanical and Physical Properties of Roof Tile Prepared from Sugar Cane Fiber
Wong on, Jessada ; Surin, Prayoon ; Apawet, Chaiyaprek ; Eidhed, Krittee ; montra, Sunate ; Aumkongthum, Kaichai ; Thumsorn, Supaphorn ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 86~89
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.86
Sugar cane, renewable fiber resources, were used for roof tile production. Urea formaldehyde, phenol formaldehyde and isocyanate resin were used as binders in this study. Roof tile specimens with 400 mm wide, 400 mm long and 5 mm thick were prepared by compression molding. Physical and mechanical properties of the specimens were analyzed by water absorption, thickness swelling, thermal conductivity, density, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity. From the results, water absorption at 1 and 24 hours was 19-47 % and 38-57 %, respectively. Thickness swell at 24 hours was 15-29%. Thermal conductivity was 0.016, 0.017 and 0.019 W/m.K when using isocyanate, urea formaldehyde and phenol formaldehyde, respectively. Density of the specimens was 770-860 kg/m3. Modulus of rapture was 255-280 MPa. Modulus of elasticity was 5.1-7.6 GPa. Physical and mechanical properties of the specimens indicated that they would be applied for roof tile and construction.
Impacts of green technologies in distribution power network
Suwanapingkarl, Pasist ; Singhasathein, Arnon ; Phanthuna, Nattaphong ; Boonthienthong, Manat ; Srivallop, Kwanchanok ; Ketken, Wannipa ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 90~100
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.90
Green technologies such as renewable energy resources, Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (EVs/PHEVs), electric locomotives, etc. are continually increasing at the existing power network especially distribution levels, which are Medium Voltage (MV) and Low Voltage (LV). It can be noted that the increasing level of green technologies is driven by the reduction emission policies of carbon dioxide (
). The green technologies can affect the quality of power, and hence its impacts of are analysed. In practical, the environment such as wind, solar irradiation, temperature etc. are uncontrollable, and therefore the output power of renewable energy in that area can be varied. Moreover, the technology of the EVs/PHEVs is still developed in order to improve the performance of supply and driving systems. This means that these developed can cause harmonic distortion as the control system is mostly used power electronics. Therefore, this paper aims to analyse the voltage variation and harmonic distortion in distribution power network in urban area in Europe due to the combination between wind turbine, hydro turbine, photovoltaic (PV) system and EVs/PHEVs. More realistic penetration levels of SSDGs and EVs/PHEVs as forecasted for 2020 is used to analyse. The dynamic load demands are also taken into account. In order to ensure the accurate of simulation results, the practical parameters of distribution system are used and the international standards such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standards are also complied. The suggestion solutions are also presented. The MATLAB/Simulink software is chosen as it can support complicate modelling and analysis.
Review of small hydropower system
Jantasuto, Orawan ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.101
Renewable energy resources play an important part in the world`s future. Renewable energy sources have the following components: biomass, geothermal, solar thermal, directs solar, wind, tidal and hydropower. Hydropower is still the most efficient way to generate electricity worldwide. Hydropower projects can contribute as a cheap energy source, as well to encourage the development of small industries across a wide range of new technology; furthermore hydropower systems use the energy in flowing and falling water to produce electricity or mechanical energy. Hydropower systems are classified as large, medium, small, mini and micro according to their installed power generation capacity, as do the following components: water turbines, control mechanisms and electrical transmissions. In this article a review of small hydropower systems has been done on the principles surrounding the fundamentals of hydraulic engineering, the fundamentals of hydrology, identification of sites and economic analysis.
Real Time Electrical Energy Computing Tool
Kumpanya, Danupon ; Thaiparnat, Sattarpoom ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 113~119
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.113
This paper presents a design and implementation of real time electrical energy computing tool to measure and record the electrical energy based on type of detection devices, Hall Effect current sensor and Microcontroller. The tool was installed on the system power supply of the room and compared with kWh meter. Finally, we found that the energy record has error of average power calculating results is 0.077%.
An Economic Evaluation under Thailand Feed in Tariff of Residential Roof Top Photovoltaic Grid Connected System with Energy Storage for Voltage Stability Improving
Treephak, Kasem ; Saelao, Jerawan ; Patcharaprakiti, Nopporn ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 120~128
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.120
In this paper, Residential roof top photovoltaic system with 9.9 kW design is proposed. The system composed of 200 Watts solar array 33 panels connecting in series 10 strings and parallels 3 strings which have maximum voltage and current are 350 V and 23.8 A. The 10 kW sinusoidal grid-connected inverter with window voltage about 270-350 is selected to convert and transfer DC Power to AC Power at PCC (Point of Common Coupling) of power system following to utility standard. However the impact of fluctuation and uncertainty of weather condition of PV may decrease the voltage stability and voltage collapse of power system. In order to solve this problem the energy storage such 120 V 1200 Ah battery bank and 30 kVAR capacitor are designed for voltage stability control. The other expensed for installing the system such battery charger, cable, accessories and maintenance cost are concerned. The economic analysis by using investment from money loan with interest about 7% and use own money which loss income of deposit about 3% are calculated as 671,844 and 547,044 for PV system with energy storage and non energy storage respectively. The solar energy from PV is about 101,616 Bath per year which evaluated by using the value of
from average peak sun hour (PSH) of the Thailand and 6.96 Bath/kWh of Feed in Tariff Incentive. The payback periods of four scenarios are proposed follow as i) PV system with energy storage and use loan money is 15 years ii) PV system with no energy storage and use loan money is 10 years iii) PV system with energy storage and use deposit money is 9 years iv) PV system with energy storage and use deposit money is 7 years. In addition, the other scenarios of economic analysis such no FIT support and other type of economic analysis such NPV and IRR are proposed in this paper.
The photocatalytic activities of nano-titanium dioxide on the cotton fabrics for self-cleaning properties
Metanawin, Siripan ; Metanawin, Tanapak ; Panutumrong, Praripatsaya ; Hathaiwaseewong, Sunee ; Chaichalermvong, Tirapong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.129
The study of photocatalysis of nano titanium dioxideon the cotton fabrics have been investigatedthrough self-cleaning properties. The mini-emulsion technique was employed to prepare the encapsulation of titanium dioxide nano particles in polystyrene beads prior used. The mini-emulsion was coated on the cotton fabrics using Pad-dry method.The loading amount of TiO2particles into the mini-emulsion were various from 1%wt to 40%wt. The particles sizes of the TiO2-encapsulated polystyrene mini-emulsion were investigated by dynamic light scattering. It was noticed that the particle size of the mini-emulsion was in the range of 100- 200 nm. The morphology of treated cotton fabrics were investigated using scanning electron microscopy. The crystal structure of TiO2-encapsulated PS mini emulsion which coated on cotton fabrics were examined by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy. In order to investigate the photocatalytic activities of TiO2 through the selfcleaning characteristics of the cotton fabrics, colorant stains were created on the samples. Coffee stains were used as colorant organic stains. The result shown that the coffee stained on the cotton fabrics significantly showed the improving of the self-cleaning properties under UV radiation.
Influence Study of Aluminum Dross on Polypropylene Matrix-Polymer Composite Material Properties
Kongchatree, Khanob ; Yaemphuan, Paiboon ; Kaewwichit, Jesada ; Roybang, Waraporn ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 138~144
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.138
This paper is aimed to study the influence of aluminium dross from Thai aluminum casting factory on polypropylene matrix-polymer composite material properties. The summarized experimental results are as follows. An increase in the amount of aluminum dross polymer composite material affected to increase hardness, modulus of elasticity and abrasion resistance. However, the increase of the aluminum dross had no effects to change the yield strength and the melting temperature of the polymer composite material. The aluminum dross also affected to form the crystallinity at
and directly increased the rigid property of the composite materials. The microstructure examination revealed that the aluminum dross was located in a polymer matrix and affected to increase the dark colour of the polymer composite material.
Friction Stir Spot Welding of AA5052 Aluminum Alloy and C11000 Copper Lap Joint
Prasomthong, Suriya ; Sangsiri, Pradit ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.145
The article aims to apply a friction stir spot welding for producing the lap joint between AA5052 aluminum alloy and C11000 copper alloy. The dimension of the materials was 100 mm in length, 30 mm in width and 1.0 mm in thickness. The copper plate was set overlap the aluminum plate by 30 mm. The welding parameter was the rotating speed of 2500-4000 rpm, the pin inserting rate of 2-8 mm/min and the holding time of 6 sec. The mechanical properties test and the microstructure investigation were performed to evaluate the lap joint quality. The summarized results are as follows. The friction stir spot welding could produce effectively the lap joint between AA5052 and C11000 copper. Increase of the rotating speed and holding time directly affected to decrease the tensile shear strength of the lap joint. The optimized welding parameters in this study that indicated the tensile shear strength of 864 N was the rotating speed of 3500 rpm, the pin inserting rate of 6 mm/min and the holding time of 4sec. The experimental results also showed that the hardness of the weld metal was lower than that of the base materials.
Effect of Resistance Spot Welding Parameters on AA1100 Aluminum Alloy and SGACD Zinc coated Lap Joint Properties
Chantasri, Sakchai ; Poonnayom, Pramote ; Kaewwichit, Jesada ; Roybang, Waraporn ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 153~160
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.153
This article is aimed to study the effects of resistance spot welding (RSW) on the lap joint properties between AA1100 aluminum alloy and SGACD zinc coated steel and its properties. The summarized experimental results are as follows. The summarized experimental results are as follows. The optimum welding parameters that produced maximum tensile shear strength of 2200 N was a welding current of 95 kA, a holding time of 10 cycles, and a welding pressure of 0.10 MPa. Increasing of welding current, increased the tensile shear strength of the joint and also increased the amount of aluminum dispersion at the joint interface. The lap joint of steel over the aluminum (Type I) showed the higher joint tensile shear strength than a lap joint of aluminum over the steel (Type II). The indentation depth and the ratio of the indentation depth to the plate thickness decreased when the welding current was increased in the type I lap joint and also decreased when the welding current was decreased in the type II lap joint. The interface structure showed the formation of the brittle
intermetallic compound that deteriorated the joint strength.
Optimization of Friction Stir Spot Welding Parameters of Lap Joint between AA1100 Aluminum Alloy and SGACD Zinc-coated Steel
Triwanapong, Surat ; Kaewwichit, Jesada ; Roybang, Waraporn ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.161
This article aims to apply a friction stir spot welding for producing a lap joint of AA1100 aluminum alloy and SGACD zinc coated steel. The experiment was designed by MINITAB and then investigated the relation among the friction spot joint parameters. The experimental results are as follows. The friction spot joining could successively produce the lap joint of AA1100 aluminum alloy and SGACD zinc coated steel. Interaction between the rotate speed, the hold time and the tool insert speed affected to vary the tensile shear strength of the lap joint. The prediction of the optimized welding parameters that indicated the tensile shear strength of 1966 N was the rotated speed of 4000 rpm, the pin hold time of 6 sec, the pin insert rate of 6 mm/min with the S/N ratio of 66.56 that was higher than that of the total mean S/N ratio. The practical experiment of the predicted welding parameters indicated the tensile shear strength of 2165 N and had the S/N ratio of 66.70 that was higher than the predicted tensile shear strength.
The Effects of GMAW Parameters on Penetration, Hardness and Microstructure of AS3678-A350 High Strength Steel
Kaewsakul, Nut ; Putrontaraj, Rungsuk ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 169~178
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.169
This research aims to study the effects of various welding parameters in gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process on welding penetration, microstructure and hardness of AS3578-A350 high strength steel with the thickness of 10 mm. The welding process parameters were a welding current of 100-200A, an arc voltage of 20-30V, a welding speed of 20-60 cm/min and a gas shielding type of Ar and
. The summarized experimental results are as follows. An increase of the welding current and voltage affected to increase the penetration depth of the joint. However, when the welding speed was decreased, it increased the penetration depth of the joint. Using the Ar gas for shielding the weld area, produced the higher penetration depth and the less narrow weld bead than the joint that was shielded by the mix gas of
. The variation of the welding process parameters affected to produce the various microstructures of weld metal and heat affected zone and also showed the various kind of hardness along the weld joint.
Microstructure and Tensile Strength of Butt Joint between AA6063 Aluminum Alloy and AISI304 Stainless Steel by Friction Stir Welding
Sadmai, Karuna ; Kaewwichit, Jesada ; Roybang, Waraporn ; Keawsakul, Nut ; Kimapong, Kittipong ;
The International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, volume 3, issue 1, 2015, Pages 179~187
DOI : 10.17703/IJACT.2015.3.1.179
This study presents the experimental results of the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) of AA6063 aluminum alloy and AISI304 stainless steel butt joint by varying the welding parameters such as the rotating speed and the welding speed. The main results are as follows. The variation of the welding parameters produced various characteristic interfaces and had distinct influences on the joint properties. Increasing the rotating speed and the welding speed decreased the joint tensile strength because it produced the defect on the joint interface. The optimum welding parameter that could produce the sound joint was a rotating speed of 750 rpm and the welding speed of 102 mm/min with the tensile strength of 71 MPa.