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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
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The Influence of Role Strain on Stepfamily Adjustment
Kim, Hyo-Soon ; Kim, Jung-Woo ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to explore the dynamics of stepfamilies and the adjustment difficulties such families may experience. The study describes some sociodemographic characteristics of a sample of 117 stepfamilies. The independent variables were stresses due to adjustment difficulties, which were defined as "role strains". Sociodemographic variables included gender, family income level, length of time since remarriage, type of stepfamily, and the existence of any children born to the new marriage. The dependent variable was the extent of stepfamily adjustment, expressed as a scale. The factors influencing family adjustment included stepparent gender, family income level, type of stepfamily, and various role strain variables (family boundary ambiguity, role conflict, etc.). Practical recommendations for social work are made and possibilities for future research in this area are discussed based on the results of this study.
Effects of Grandparenting and Emotional Attachments on the Emotional and Behavioral Disorder Symptoms of Grandchildren
Sohn, Byoung-Duk ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 13~24
The effects of grandparenting involvement and emotional attachments on emotional and behavioral development among adolescents were explored through the use of a UK cross-sectional national data of 1,566 adolescents aged eleven to sixteen years old receiving some form of grandparenting. A correlation and logistic regression analyses yielded results that supported the positive effects of grandparenting on the emotional and behavioral disorder symptoms of adolescents. The results indicate that most selected socio-demographic, grandparenting involvement, and the emotional attachment variables of grandchildren influenced the likelihood of increasing or decreasing emotional disorder symptoms among adolescents. However, no support was found for perceiving emotional attachments with grandparents as a predictor of behavioral disorder symptoms among youth, whereas socio-demographic and grandparenting involvement variables showed significant impacts on behavioral disorder symptoms. The findings highlight the importance of a systematic approach about the socio-demographic characteristics, levels of grandparenting, and emotional attachment levels with grandparents to understand youth cared for by grandparents that experience emotional and/or behavioral disorder symptoms, when intervention or prevention programs are considered.
The Influence of Successful Ageing Indicators on Life Satisfaction among Elders in Korea
Chang, Jin-Kyung ; Han, Eun-Joo ; Won, So-Yean ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 25~37
This study investigated differences in related factors affecting life satisfaction with the elderly in or above middle class experiencing successful ageing. In the study, the respondents were 206 elderly people whose occupation (professional career) placed them in the middle and upper class range residing in metropolitan Seoul. Major results are summarized as follows: (1) In order to test gender differences, results of t-test show that there are 13 variables with seven of those being statistically significant and the rest being insignificant. (2) Needs fulfillment and physical functioning are significant factors for Korean male elders to be satisfied with their later lives. Needs fulfillment, physical functioning, group activity, and learning activity are significant factors for Korean female elders to be satisfied with their later lives.
The Moderating Effects of Nationality and Lifestyle on the Relationship between Brand Equity and Purchase Intentions
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Zhang, Hao ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 39~54
This research investigates the differences in sportswear purchasing behavior between global consumers in Korea and China. Korean and Chinese consumers showed significant differences in purchasing behavior. Brand personality, perceived price, and brand loyalty showed a significant, positive relationship with purchase intentions across both cultural groups. The results identified two lifestyle categories for Korean and Chinese consumers: Adventurer and Follower. The consumers of each lifestyle group have significantly different views regarding brand equity and purchase intentions. Several marketing implications are discussed in this paper.
The Effect of Shopping Orientation on Cosmetic Attribute Evaluation, Purchase Motivation, and Re-purchase Intention
Park, Hyun-Hee ; Koo, Dong-Mo ; Goldsmith, Elizabeth B. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 55~69
The Purpose of the current study is to investigate the differences in cosmetics attribute evaluation, purchase motivation, and brand re-purchase intention with respect to shopping orientations of Korean female university students. Questionnaires were distributed to 250 female students at Kyungpook National University and 220 completed questionnaires were analyzed. The results were as follows. First, shopping orientations and cosmetics attribute evaluation each generated four factor solutions, whereas cosmetics purchase motivations produced three factors. Second, three consumer groups - Efficiency Shopper Group, Indifference Shopper Group Ambivalence Shopper Group - with different shopping orientations were identified. Third, the study found significant differences in consumers' attribute evaluation such as function and price among the groups. The study also revealed a significant difference in contingent purchase motivations and brand re-purchase intention among the groups. From these results, we could identify that cosmetics re-purchase intention was significantly different among three different groups with different shopping orientations. Furthermore, consumer classification according to shopping orientations in cosmetics product purchase can be used by cosmetics marketers and managers to establish product plan and marketing strategy development. Additionally, the current study has originality and value that the relationship between shopping orientation and re-purchase intention has not been studied very much in the cosmetics product domain.
Assessment of Student Perceptions of a Lecture Club on a Social Networking Website
Cho, Yun-Jin ; Lee, Kyu-Hye ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~78
Efforts were made to improve the efficiency of college education through the use of information technology. This paper investigates student perceptions of a lecture club provided on a social networking website. For the empirical study, the instructor ran a lecture club for two consecutive semesters on Cyworld (www.cyworld.co.kr), a popular website among Korean youth. The research subjects were students enrolled in a Popular Culture & Fashion class. A questionnaire was distributed on the last day of the lectures. After excluding students with perfunctory responses and those who did not sign up for the community website, a total number of 297 questionnaires were used for analysis. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis, one-way ANOVA analysis, Duncan test, and t-test were carried out, with the SPSS for Windows 12.0 being used for statistical analysis. The findings show that most students subscribed to the website and responded with a favorable attitude that the lecture club was helpful.
Sex Role Identity by Gender & Socioeconomic Status and the Association with Academic Performance: A Comparison of American and Korean Student Groups
Yang, Jang-Ae ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 10, issue 2, 2009, Pages 79~85
This survey examined sex role identities (androgyny, masculinity, femininity, and undifferentiated), gender, and academic achievement scores from an international sampling of college students. For a comparison, American students and Korean students responded to survey questions on the Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Korean Sex Role Inventory respectively, reported family socio-economic status and achievement scores on the American College Testing (ACT) or Korean Scholastic Ability Test (KSAT). Results in this study indicate that a higher percentage of American students report an androgynous or undifferentiated gender role identity than do Koreans, while Korean students are more likely to show a feminine gender role identity than Americans. Although American students reported higher levels of androgyny in their gender role identity, those who fit the feminine gender role identity group showed higher ACT scores than other gender role identity types. However, in the Korean sample, the masculine gender role identity produced a higher academic achievement for both males and females.