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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Dec 2011
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 2011
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The Effects of Contextual Variables and Parental Cognition on Maternal Involvement in Korean Children's Early Education
Kim, Jung-Won ; Jung, Adrian W. ; Kim, You-Jung ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.1
This study examined the features of maternal involvement in Korean children's early education and their relation to contextual variables and three forms of parental cognition. For this study 333 Korean mothers with 5 to 7 year-old children completed questionnaires that covered aspects such as demographical characteristics, three forms of involvement in their children's education, and three forms of parental cognition. Descriptive analysis indicated that mothers who were more involved in monitoring homework paid more monthly activity fees for supplementary classes and engaged more in cognitively stimulating activities at home. Financial investment in supplementary classes for children was not associated with engagement in cognitively stimulating activities at home. Stepwise regression analysis found that mothers who were more involved in monitoring their young childrens homework expressed higher aspirations for their childrens future occupation. Korean mothers who paid more for their child's supplementary classes had higher family incomes. Korean mothers who engaged more often in cognitively stimulating activities at home expressed higher parental self-efficacy, had a higher educational level, had a younger child, and had an earlier birth order or only child.
Children's Positive and Negative Emotionality Depending on Their Eating Behaviors
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Hwang, Hae-Shin ; Kim, Sook-Ryong ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.15
This study investigated childhood eating behavior, the influence of eating behavior on the positive and negative emotionality of children, and the pattern or eating behavior influence on emotionality depending on the age and gender of children. A total of 202 children (ages 5 to 7) were selected from 3 nurseries and 1 kindergarten ill Seoul and the survey data responses from teachers were analyzed. The results were as follows. First, children with higher levels of eating behavior showed a higher positive emotionality score compared to those with lower levels of eating behavior. The effect of gender was not significant and positive emotionality tended to increase in the 5 and 6 year old groups as the level of eating behavior increased; in addition, it was generally similar in the 7 year old group. Second, the children with lower level, of eating behavior showed a higher negative emotionality score compared to those with higher levels of eating behavior. The main effects by age and gender were insignificant; however, the interaction of age and eating behavior affected the negative emotionality of children. The eating behavior of children affects emotionality and children with better eating behaviors showed more positive emotional responses and less negative emotional responses in the same circumstances.
Moderating Effects of Coping Strategies on Link between Peer Victimization and Internalizing Problems in Preadolescents
Shin, Yoo-Lin ; Lee, Ye-Jean ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 25~35
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.25
The present research investigated gender-specific response strategies for dealing with peer victimization of preadolescents. Furthermore, coping strategies were explored as moderators of the link between peer victimization and internalizing problems. The participants were 466 preadolescents. Peer victimization, coping strategies, and internalizing problems were assessed through self-report questionnaires. Results showed that girls had significantly higher scores on help seeking, avoidant strategies, and ruminative strategies than boys. In addition, use of avoidant coping and seeking help minimized the effects of peer victimization on internalizing problems in girls. Ruminative coping exacerbated the influence of peer victimization on internalizing problems for both boys and girls.
Barriers to Employment Among Low-Income Mothers in Rural United States Communities
Son, Seo-Hee ; Dyk, Patricia Hyjer ; Bauer, Jean W. ; Katras, Mary Jo ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~49
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.37
This article addresses potential barriers to sustained employment for rural low-income mothers. Drawing from a two panel longitudinal sample of 240 families from the Rural Families Speak project, it examines the extent to which human capital and family factors were related to these mothers' ability to be employed. Comparisons are made between mothers, who over a three-year period, were continuously unemployed, intermittently employed, or stably employed. Many of these rural low-income mothers faced multiple individual and family barriers that impacted their labor force participation. Notably food insecurity, mental health, caring for a young child, housing, and a family history of welfare were associated with less stable employment. The implications for public policy and service delivery are discussed.
The Long-term Effects of Father Role Meanings on Men's Psychological Well-being in the U.S.
Choi, Sae-Eun ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~64
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.51
This study aims to explore the men's perceived meanings attached to the father role and to investigate the relationship between the father role meanings and men's psychological well-being. Using two waves of data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) across 5 years, this study estimated the influences of the father role meanings at T1 on psychological well-being of fathers at T2 with hierarchical Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression models. Findings showed that the majority of fathers felt the father roles interesting, appreciated, sociable, and well-done. However, stepfathers reported significantly more negative meanings of the father role than fathers having biological children. Positive role meanings attached to the father role in terms of interesting and well-done were Significantly associated with men's psychological well-being. Although this study has some limitations by using the secondary survey data (NSFH), this study has an advantage in exploring the association between fatherhood experiences and men's psychological well-being from men's own perspectives. Also, this study has strength in a sense that long-term effects of the father role meanings were investigated and empirically provide findings in consistent with role identity.
Assessing the Differences in Motivation, Opportunity, and Ability between Young and Aging Consumers to use the Internet
Nam, Su-Jung ; Kim, Ju-Ran ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.65
This study examines the motivation, opportunity, and ability in the use of the internet by comparing young and aging consumers in the essential infrastructure of an information oriented society. Previous studies have conducted surveys about using computers and the internet instead of measuring the digital divide by using multilateral approaches; however, this study examines digital divide in terms of motivation, opportunity, and ability. Results suggested age, gender, and education level influenced motivation, opportunity, and ability in the use of the internet by consumers; in addition, the motivation and ability were different depending on occupation. The results show that the digital divide was mainly influenced by motivation and ability in offering a difference between the two groups of young and aging consumers, This study contributes to illuminate the differences between young and aging consumers to use the internet and to suggest implications in the perspectives of motivation, opportunity, and ability.
Experiences as Consumers: In-Depth Interview of Thai Students Studying in Korea
Cheon, Hye-Jung ; Poraksa, Sirin ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 75~85
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.75
This study aims to understand the experiences as consumers of Thai students studying in Korea. "Study Korea Project" which is a drive to globalize local universities by attracting more oversea students as a pull factor, and economic growth, values on education and Hallyu as push factors contribute to the increase the number of Thai students in Korea. In order to understand the experiences of Thai students as consumers studying in Korea, individual interviews were conducted. A total of 5 participants were asked about meaning of consumption in everyday life in Korea or any changes in consumption behavior compared to living in Thai. Three themes were identified through wholistic and selective approaches. First, all participants in the study said that they were surprised because of high living expense in Korea. Consequently, survival itself is too much for them and they have become more conscious of prices of goods. Secondly, since most participants in this study can control their own budget, they feel some degree of freedom and power of control of their own lives. This experience may help them to accomplish their developmental tasks during the transition to adulthood. Thirdly, they are easily imbued with Korean consumer culture. It causes various conflicts between buying and not-buying or friends gathering and saving money. Sometimes it makes them in stuck excessive consumption and financial problems. For a deeper understanding of oversea students' lives in Korea as consumers, further studies should take into consideration of not only their culture of origins, but also misconceptions that have accumulated around these students.
Analysis of Cross Sectional Ease Values for Fit Analysis from 3D Body Scan Data Taken in Working Positions
Nam, Jin-Hee ; Branson, Donna H. ; Ashdown, Susan P. ; Cao, Huantian ; Carnrite, Erica ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 87~99
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.87
Purpose- The purpose of this study was to compare the fit of two prototype liquid cooled vests using a 3D body scanner and accompanying software. The objectives of this study were to obtain quantitative measurements of ease values, and to use these data to evaluate the fit of two cooling vests in active positions and to develop methodological protocol to resolve alignment issues between the scans using software designed for the alignment of 3D objects. Design/methodology/approach- Garment treatments and body positions were two independent variables with three levels each. Quantitative dataset were dependent variables, and were manipulated in 3x3 factorial designs with repeated measures. Scan images from eight subjects were used and ease values were obtained to compare the fit. Two different types of analyses were conducted in order to compare the fit using t-test; those were radial mean distance value analysis and radial distance distribution rate analysis. Findings- Overall prototype II achieved a closer fit than prototype I with both analyses. These were consistent results with findings from a previous study that used a different approach for evaluation. Research limitations/implications- The main findings can be used as practical feedback for prototype modification/selection in the design process, making use of 3D body scanner as an evaluation tool. Originality/value- Methodological protocols that were devised to eliminate potential sources of errors can contribute to application of data from 3D body scanners.
The Creativity in Decoration Designs with Coptic symbols
Michael, Vivian Shaker ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 101~113
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.101
This research aims to enrich the field of decorative designs for the T-shirts of youth clothes. Youth T-shirts have been chosen because they are essential apparel and one of the most important casualwear. T-shirts are probably the number one item sold across the world. Every tourist shop has many of them, worldwide. The decorative ideas have been inspired from some symbols of Coptic arts. This incorporates the cultural power of Coptic art as a vital starting point for new design ideas and development of products. However, the purpose of this research is to make our youth know something about the Coptic arts of Egypt, as a part of their history, and on the other hand for tourists as well. Youth are very suitable tools for spreading our new ideas where they are energetic and full of life. In this work, twenty-one designs are presented inspired from ten Coptic symbols. Five designs have been implemented in three different ways of printing and embroidery, i.e. there are fifteen models have been formed. An opinion poll has been occurred for two groups of youth, one is younger and the other is older, hence T-test has been applied. It is clarified that our designs are approved by the younger group than the older one. The results of this work can offer some good reasons for further investigations on the fashionable decorated designs for youth and tourists as well; in addition to the decoration education development.
A Study on Efficacy and Coping Strategies for Home Economics Teachers
Yu, Nan-Sook ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2011, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.6115/ljhe.2011.12.1.115
This study investigates the efficacy and coping strategies of Home Economics teachers in secondary schools. Data were collected from 75 Home Economics teachers via a mailed survey and from 282 Home Economics teachers via an online survey. Descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation; in addition, the ANOVA, t-test, multiple linear regression, and correlation results were reported using SPSS statistics 17.0. The results were as follows: First, the average Home Economics teachers efficacy level was 3.82 out of 5-point Likert scale. The efficacy level of learning assistance was the highest. The composite efficacy of Home Economics teachers showed a significant difference depending on the major. Second, the averages of the positive and negative coping strategy level of Home Economics teachers were 3.54 and 2.03, respectively. Third, the efficacy of instructional strategy out of the five components of efficacy was the most influential to the positive coping strategy. There was no significant relationship between teacher efficacy and the negative strategy.