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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 2014
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 2014
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Paradigm Change in the Asian Fashion Industry: In terms of Production, Consumption and Trade
Son, Mi Young ; Yoon, Namhee ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.1
This study focuses on apparel production and consumption trends in major Asian economies in order to understand a paradigm change in the Asian fashion industry. A comparison of trade among ASEAN, NICs, and developed countries shows the changes that have occurred in terms of production and consumption of fashion products before and after 2000 in Korea, Hong Kong, and China. The flow of imports and exports in the apparel industry was analyzed using UN trade statistics data. The results found a change of industry structures in Asian NICs and ASEAN countries. Garment production bases have moved to lower cost regions like China and ASEAN; in addition, NICs sent a part of their export business in the fashion industry to ASEAN countries. The Asian fashion industry has transformed from a production base for developed countries into a consumption market with the emergence of newly industrializing economies.
Analysis of Body Characteristics of the US Women Aged from 26 to 45 Using 3D Body Scan Data
Kim, Dong-Eun ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 13~21
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.13
This study investigated the anthropometric characteristics of US women 26 to 45 years of age to classify their body shapes into different categories. Research data was obtained from 2950 women 26 to 45 years of age who participated in the SizeUSA study. A 26 to 35 years of age group and a 36 to 45 years of age group were selected from the data pool. A total of 26 measurements important for body shape classification and for apparel product development was used for the data analysis. Five factors accounted for the US women's body measurements. The body shapes of women were categorized into 4 types: Obese A-Shape, Overweight Y-Shape, Obese H-Shape, and Normal S-Shape. Normal S-Shape was the most common body shape type. More women in the 26 to 35 years of age group had Normal S-Shape type than women in the 36 to 45 years of age group. More women in the 36 to 45 years of age group had Obese A-Shape, Overweight Y-Shape, and Obese H-Shape than women in the 26 to 35 years of age group. Younger US women, 26 to 35 years of age had slimmer body sizes with more balanced body shapes; however, older US women, 36 to 45 years of age had larger body sizes with more various body shapes.
Androgyny of Sword Dance Costumes in the Joseon Dynasty
Park, Ga Young ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.23
Neo-Confucianism was the dominant ideology of the Joseon Dynasty Korea. Male and female costumes reflected a clear distinction in male and female sex roles. This study analyzes cross-dressing in sword dance performances. The research method examines relics, paintings, pictures, and documents relevant to sword dance costumes as well as for the military. The results are: First, the composition of sword dance costume was jeogori (upper garment), skirt, and shoes with military costume of jeollip (hat), jeonbok (long vest), and jeondae (belt). Second, the sword dance costume and military costume are very similar except for the basic inner wear, shoes, some details and methods of wearing. Third, the sword dance costume gradually adopted military items and features. The sword dance costume was basically female, with overall additions of a male costume, to express an androgynous image; however, the cross-dressing phenomena in the sword dance were not intended for the pursuit of sexual pleasure.
A Comparison Study of Brassiere Preferences and Breast Perceptions among the Middle-aged and Older US Women
Kim, Hyo Sook ; Kim, Ji Min ; Ashdown, Susan P. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.33
The bra is one of the most essential pieces of women's underwear which gives support for the breasts and holds them in position to make better outer appearance of upper body. Despite being worn by most women of all ages, brassiere manufacturers often use brassiere sizes and shapes that are close to the body measurements of women in their 20s, which raises questions whether the bras are suitable for older women's physique. Also, many lingerie markets tend to center on designs and tastes of younger women, leaving those of older women are largely ignored in the manufacturing process despite the fact that their purchasing power and market shares are expected to grow in conjunction with the aging of the global population. Against this backdrop, this study attempts to provide information about bra preferences and breast perceptions of the middle-aged and older US women over the age of 40 years to help manufacturers better understand the bra purchasing priorities and bra elements of older women and prompt them to design bras with a high level of fit and comfort that are appreciated by the population groups as a means to ultimately acquire competitive edge in the fast growing aging market. An email survey and interviews were conducted with 301 US women who live in New York City. The findings of this study suggest that there are internal and external factors such as changes in body and breast shapes with age influence the level of fitness and effectiveness of bra components, and thus the responses to the questions on bra preferences and breast perceptions varied between the researched age groups.
How Consumers Differently Perceive about Green Market Environments: Across Different Consumer Groups in Green Attitude-behaviour Dimension
Kim, So-Yun ; Rha, Jong-Youn ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 43~57
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.43
Consumers differ with respect to the level of green attitudes and green purchase behavious and different consumer would have different perceptions on green market environment. This study attempted to explain how consumers perceive green market environment differently across different consumer groups in attitude-behaviour dimension in green consumption. After identifying the four consumer groups based on their attitude toward green purchase and green purchase behaviours, a multinomial logistic analysis and a stepwise discriminant analysis were conducted. This study found that reliability in green market was the most critical factor that contributes to enlarge positive green consumers. Also, the role of reference persons and adequate price of green products were also found to be important to stimulate green buying. By understanding the different role of those factors in each group of consumers, this study provided group-specific implications to expand green consumers.
Gain From Consumer's Information Searching and Price Dispersion
Lee, Jonghee ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.59
Consumer information influences purchasing behavior; however, less is known about the relationship in the credit market. Credit markets offer consumers a complex array of different products when choosing mortgages. The current study examines whether borrowers search for the very best terms when making major decisions about borrowing money or obtaining credit as well as explores the relation between consumer information seeking and the cost of credit. This study demonstrates the existence of price dispersion between those who made an extensive information seeking and those who did not. When controlling for the proxies of creditworthiness and demographics of the respondents, it is found that those who made a great deal of information seeking tend to have lower mortgage rates than those who made almost no information seeking. This study offers financial educators and policy makers suggestions on how to help consumers make better financial decisions.
Intergenerational Transfers Between Parents and Their Multiple Adult Children in South Korea
Choi, Saeeun ; Kim, Jinhee ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 69~80
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.69
Guided by the exchange model, altruistic model, intergenerational solidarity theory, and cultural contexts, this study explored the determinants of financial intergenerational transfers between older parents and adult children in South Korea. We examined 18,820 parent-child dyads by using random-effects models on the first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) data. Findings showed that downward financial intergenerational transfers were consistent with the self-interest exchange model but upward transfers did not support microeconomic theories. Family solidarity theory was generally supported by downward transfers but geographical proximity was not positively associated with upward transfers. Lastly, cultural contextual variables such as marital status, birth order, and sex of a child were found to be significant. Parents tended to both provide and receive more financial support from unmarried children than from married children. Within the same marital status, the hierarchy existed in order of the first-born son, the second or later sons, and daughters when it came to downward financial transfers. Regarding upward financial transfers, the preference in order was more complicated. The findings of this study help in understanding the intergenerational financial transfers in the Korean context.
Factors Associated with Use and Types of Multiple Concurrent Care and Education Arrangements in Early Childhood in South Korea
An, Miyoung ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.81
This paper explores factors associated with multiple concurrent care and education arrangements in early childhood in South Korea. It draws on a subsample from the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families. Results show that about one-fifth of the families utilized multiple arrangements for their first preschool child. The primary non-parental option in multiplicity was nurseries or kindergartens. Home care and education options such as home study materials were found to be most prevalent secondary non-parental option, followed by services at private institution as well as relative care. Children's age, care cost, non-parental care time and time constraints were found to be positively related to the incidence of multiplicity for the first preschool child while family income and cost constraints were negatively associated. As a secondary option in the multiplicity, services at private institutions increased with children's age, care cost and when the grandparents live far from the parents' house. Home care and education utilization was found more among mothers with low degree of time constraints. Utilization of relative support decreased with the children's age and meant lower care cost and increased with mother's employment, fathers' education, family income, cost constraints and when grandparents live nearby. This paper, based on the associated factors, suggests how issues of children enrichment and constraints might be related to the multiplicity.
Housing Costs of Young College Graduate Renters in Capital Region Reflected in the 2012 Korea Housing Survey
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2014, Pages 93~104
DOI : 10.6115/ijhe.2014.15.2.93
This study examined housing costs and housing affordability of young college graduate renters in the Capital Region of Korea using microdata of the 2012 Korea Housing Survey (KHS). A licensed microdata set of 2012 KHS was obtained on September 29, 2012 from the official KHS Website and analyzed statistically. I selected 93,795 young college graduate renters between 20 and 29 years of age in the Capital Region and compared their housing costs across income levels and tenure type. Major findings were as follows: (1) Jeon-se deposit was on average 3.1 times the annual household income and monthly renters' deposit was 7.1 times the monthly household income; (2) households in higher income groups tended to pay a larger deposit and/or monthly rent; however, households with a lower income were found to pay a greater proportion of income to housing costs than households with a relatively higher income; (3) a total of 64% of all young college graduate renters had housing cost burdens to pay 30% or more of their income for housing, and more than 78% of the low-income households were found burdened; and (4) after housing cost payments, low-income households had less than one million KRW left to spend on other needs and savings; in addition, some low-to mid-income households had zero or even minus income left after housing cost payments.