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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Dec 2002
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A Study of Internet Addiction: Status, Causes, and Remedies - Focusing on the alienation factor -
Kim Sun-Woo ; Kim Ran-Do ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~19
This paper examines internet addiction from the perspective of consumer studies. Internet addiction could be an interesting issue for consumer studies because it is a sort of consumer behavior that has drawn a lot of social concerns in rapidly informatized era. First, the paper explores the status quo of internet addiction in Korea through the analysis of a questionnaire survey. Secondly, it explains causes of internet addiction focusing on alienation in addition to personality and demographic factors. Thirdly, it describes the characteristics of the behavior of internet-addictive users clustered by internet addiction degree. Based on these descriptions and analyses, the study provides suggestions for establishing more effective consumer policies and educational programs to help limit the growth of internet addiction.
The New Labour Government Policy and Preschool Education in England
Kwon Young-Ihm ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 21~36
Recently, early childhood education in England has experienced a significant level of government intervention including reforms for improving it. This study examines to what extent new Labour government initiatives impact preschool education in England and how effectively the English government implements its preschool education policies. This empirical study uses a combination of methods, including documentary analysis, questionnaire, and observation. Findings show that recent English government policy, especially the introduction of a national preschool curriculum framework combined with an inspection process and funding mechanism, appears to have had a strong influence on preschool practices.
Longitudinal Patterns of Financial Kin Support and Welfare to Single Mother Families
Chin Mee-Jung ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~54
This study examines longitudinal patterns of financial kin support and welfare given to single mother families using life table techniques. Drawing on the 1985-1993 Panel Study of Income Dynamics(PSID), I followed 560 single mothers from the time they began a single motherhood spell. About 30 percent of these single mothers received financial support from relatives, and 40 to 50 percent received AFDC and Food Stamps, respectively. Results indicate that kin support is more likely to be given in a transitional period and tends to decrease over time. In comparison, receiving welfare appears positively time-dependent.
Thermal Comfort Aspects of Pesticide-protective Clothing Made with Nonwoven Fabrics
Choi Jong-Myoung ; Tanabe Shin-Ichi ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 55~72
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thermal resistance of pesticideprotective clothing and to investigate its subjective wear performance. Three different nonwoven fabrics, which provide barrier properties against water and pesticide, were used to manufacture the experimental clothing: spunbonded nonwoven (SB), spunbonded/meltblown/spunbonded nonwoven (SM), and spunlaced nonwoven (SL). The thermal insulation values of the experimental clothing were measured with a thermal manikin, and other wear trials were performed on human subjects in a climate chamber at
, with 70% R.H. and air movement at less than 0.15m/s. Our results found that the thermal resistance was lower in the SB experimental clothing than in the others; that the mean skin temperature of subjects who wore the experimental clothing made with SL was significantly lower than that of subjects who wore the SB and SM clothing; and that the microclimate temperature and humidity with SB were significantly higher than that of the others. Overall, the experimental clothing made with SL was more comfortable than the others in terms of subjective wear sensations.
Gender and the Welfare State: The British Feminist Critiques
Park Mee-Sok ; Han Jeong-Won ; Song In-Ja ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 73~94
The important argument explored in this article is women's position in welfare regimes. By examining feminist critiques on the welfare state, we intend to look into whether the welfare state is designed to promote the equal status of both men and women. In the post-war period, it was believed that social provision, together with full employment and rising real wages, would improve the welfare of all citizens. However, women were inevitably treated as second class citizens by the new welfare legislation and were assumed to be economically dependent on their husbands. As a result, though welfare provision plays a significant and liberating role in women's lives in some ways, it may also serve to restrict women by defining them in certain ways. This contradictory situations is especially true in successfully developing third world countries such as Korea. This is because the western welfare state can be misconceived as an idealistic model in which men and women obtain equality in terms of social context.
The Influences of Work-family Conflict and Sex-role Identity on Married Female Teacher's Job Involvement
Chang Kyung-Moon ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~109
This study investigated if and how work-family conflict and sex-role identity influence married female teachers' job involvement. The results of this study follow. First, married female teachers in the high work-family conflict group showed lower job involvement than that of those in the low work-family conflict group. The mean difference of job involvement between the high and low work-family conflict groups was not statistically significant. Second, the married female teachers with an Androgynous sex-role identity showed higher job involvement than those with a Feminine sex-role identity. Finally, the job involvement of Androgynous married female teachers was damaged less under high work-family conflict situations than that of Feminine married female teachers. These results imply that to increase married female teachers' job involvement, the improvement of physical/environmental conditions and psychological changes for women are necessary.
Family of Origin Influences on Anxiety, Open Communication, and Relationship Satisfaction -A Test of Bowenian theory of Anxiety as a Mediator in the Intergenerational Transmission
Lee Hae-Seung ; Ok Sun-Wha ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 111~126
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of anxiety in mediating the influence of family of origin characteristics on subsequent relationship processes. Using Bowenian theory as a foundation, this study examined the causal relationships among gender, religion, family of origin-fusion, intimacy, intimidation, personal-trait-anxiety, couple open communication and relationship satisfaction. Results of the path analysis indicated that: (a) gender, religion, family of origin-fusion, and family of origin-intimidation were directly related to personal-trait-anxiety, (b) personal-trait-anxiety was directly related to couple open communication and not related to relationship satisfaction, (c) couple open communication was directly related to relationship satisfaction, and (d) family of origin factors were not directly related to couple open communication and relationship satisfaction; rather, as it was expected, indirect associations, through the mediation of anxiety, were found. The results generally support Bowen's intergenerational process theory, which asserts that anxiety is the mediator of the process. Limitations of the current study and suggestions for further research were discussed.
The Five Day Work Week System and Changes in Living Culture
Two Day-Off School System and Its Affects on Parents in Japan
Seiko SaWai ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 127~136
According to the Labor Standard Law in Japan which was enacted after World War II in 1947, all work hours for adult men, women, and youth were set at a maximum of eight hours per day and forty-eight hours per week. In other words, a six-day work week, with only one-day off, was set. Now we are in the full five-day and two-day off school system. The five-day school week influences on our home life. Students are highly enthused by the new system, in looking forward to their personal time they now have to play with friends, to relax, or just watch TV. To implement this new five-day school system positively and effectively, we should see the point at issue related to the two-day off system from a different angle, which suggests that we should see far ahead into the future.
The Impacts of Two-day Weekend System on Living Culture Along with Efficient Countermeasures - Taiwan Experience
Hsu Meei-Ruey ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 3, issue 1, 2002, Pages 137~150
The purpose of this study was to explore the amis of two-day weekend system, the attitudes of people towards the system, and people's actions taken under the system implementation in Taiwan. Several other factors together with the implementation of Two-day Weekend System and at least three interrelated factors are the spurs for families to adjust their family life styles. the interrelated factors are changing economy, changing demography, and changing technology. The strategies available for families are as follows: 1. Keeping simple family life 2. Looking for flexible jobs other than a fixed daytime schedule. 3. Taking the advantages of information technology. 4. Working and getting together with family members at home and outside of the home.