Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
Selecting the target year
The Modernization of the Korean Housing Under the Japanese Colonial Rule
Sohn, Sei-Kwan ; Jun, Nam-Il ; Hong, Hyung-Ock ; Yang, Se-Hwa ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~12
The numerous changes made during the Japanese colonial rule became the basis of the current housing in Korea. Therefore, in order to understand the modern Korean housing, it is essential to understand what the Korean traditional life styles admitted or changed, and how the foreign culture of that time influenced the Korean housing under the Japanese colonial rule. Content analysis through literature review was utilized for the study, and specific sources were research papers, books, magazines, newspapers, and novels. The period during the Japanese invasion was the most active era of modernization in the Korean history. For the housing culture, especially, it can be considered as the most significant period that accepted new housing cultures that replaced the old traditional housing. The Japanese and the Western styles of housing were introduced, new materials and collective production methods were used, and the symbol of the current urban housing in Korea, multi-family dwelling, was constructed. In conclusion, the Koreans did not directly use the Japanese and western housing culture, which were constructed during the Japanese colonial period. They were adapted and altered into Korean style, and eventually, produced various eclectic housing styles.
Residents' Occupancy of Lounges and Hallways in Korean Skilled Nursing Facilities for the Elderly
Lee, Min-Ah ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~23
The purpose of this study was to provide basic information regarding the planning of lounge and hallway areas for skilled nursing facilities for the elderly, given that residents spend much of their time in these areas. This study examined Korean elderly residents' occupancy and behavior in lounges and hallways in order to analyze how plan type, spatial composition, and equipment affect residents. To do this, observations were conducted in five facilities that were provided to the elderly at no charge. Results indicate that a central garden offers a wide hallway area that can be used not only for strolling but also for list of activities; at the same time, it can reduce the overall rate of inactivity. A shorter distance between the lounge and hallway on the opposite side is likely to help better disperse residents' throughout the facility. Hallway corners have potential for activities that may require sofas, tables, or equipment for individual activities; they could also be used for planned interaction programs or unplanned collaboration on the part of small groups of residents.
The Perception and Visiting Intention on Word-of-Mouth Information of Beauty Shop - Comparisons of Female College Students and Adult Women -
Hwang, Yeon-Soon ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 25~36
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare visiting intentions by positive and negative Word-of-Mouth (WOM) and/or information of beauty shop between female college students and adult women. Data were collected from 500 consumers (250 from female students and 250 adult women) and was analyzed by using frequencies, factor analysis, t-tests and multiple regression utilizing SPSS/PC+. The findings revealed positive experience factors to prudent service, time saving/consideration for customer's position, kindness/operating system in waiting time, added services, employees' attitudes, excellent beauty and response skill, rational price and recall system/remind for customer. The negative experiences were inconsistent service, operators' convenient service, irrational price/poor skill/non-recall, non-customer central service, inappropriate face-to-face management to customer. Also, the results showed that the positive WOM information such as prudent service, time saving/consideration for customer's position, excellent beauty and response skill and rational price had influence on the visiting intention in case of female college students. The negative WOM information like non-customer central service, had influence on the visiting intention in cases of adult women.
Investigations into the Influencing Fabric Properties Factors of the 3D Shape Evaluation of Korean Hanbok Chima
Park, Soon-Jee ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 37~52
This study was designed to analyze the three-dimensional shapes of Hanbok Chima made with various fabrics and to clarify the relationship between fabric properties as well as the objective and subjective evaluations of the 3D shape. For 3D shape data, a dress form (9A2 (N; nude)) was scanned with eight Chima garments made with the same number of fabrics. The scanner used was a non-contact three-dimensional human body measuring system belonging to Bunka Women's University in Japan. Data concerning the objective evaluation of the 3D shape was obtained from the measurements of the vertical and horizontal sections: those for subjective evaluation were through the sensory test after exposure to photographs from a front and side view. Four fabric factors were extracted from fabric physical properties: softness, extension, thickness of threads, and weight of fabric. Such factors as expansion (volume), sag of rear train, shape of nodes were influential in explaining the 3D shape of Hanbok Chima. From the analysis of the 3D shape, it can be deduced that with the constituent fabric stiffer, lighter, and less stretchable, the more expanded the 3D shape appeared to be. Multiple regression results showed that vertical shape factors have a greater effect on the evaluation of the 3D shape. It also implies that dependent variables of this study such as the subjective evaluation and 3D shape can be derived from regression equations on independent variables as fabric property factors or 3D shape factors. These results can enable the manufacturers to predict the 3D shape of the garment as well as the human subjective assessment to improve the efficacy of production. The investigation method proposed in this study can also be applicable to other garment items.
A Qualitative Assessment of Korean and American Consumers Decision Making Styles
Jackson, Vanessa Prier ; Kwon, Hyun-Ju ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 53~65
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in the decision making styles of Korean and American consumers. Focus group interviews were used as the median to collect information related to their methods of approach to a market to buy a universal need such as clothing for personal use. Findings suggest that within each construct, there may be different factors that should be used to measure the decision making styles of Korean and American consumers. It also implies that the previously established Consumer Decision making styles instrument may not be a reliable measure cross-culturally. Recommendations for future research are suggested.
Changes of Gagye Hair Style Reflected on Gache Prohibition Order in Chosun Dynasty
Yim, Lynn ; Kim, Eun-Jung ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 67~76
This study delves into the Gache Prohibition Order during the Chosun Dynasty and researches the changes of the Gagye style caused by Gache Prohibition Order comparing both the pre-prohibition order and post-prohibition order and analyzing its related remains, old documents, and other researches about the Gache Prohibition order. The Gache Prohibition order during the Chosun Dynasty had contributed to the changes of the Gagye styles such as Sseu-gye, Hwan-gye, and Eoneun hair styles. Dae-su and Eo-yu-mi Gache in Sseu-gye style had been rarely used while Hwa-gwan and Jok-du-ri were often used in the Sseu-gye style. In the Hwan-gye style, Hwan-gye of Geo-du-mi was replaced with wood. Form and bulk in Eoneun hair had been minimized and changed into new types of The Gache Prohibition order of the Chosun Dynasty had affected the Gagye style in the following ways: First, in the aspect of style, the Gagye style was used to decrease volume. Second, the Practical science of the Chosun Dynasty had affected clothing in terms of actuality, convenience, simplicity, and openness. Third, the Gache Prohibition Order affected the Gagye style as well as the re-understanding of the beauty of clothing.
Analysis of Human Head Shapes in the United States
Lee, Jin-Hee ; Hwang Shin, Su-Jeong ; Istook, Cynthia L. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 77~83
The ability to customize garments for fit in the apparel industry is directly tied to the availability of comprehensive and accurate sets of anthropometrical data for each consumer. The data for apparel sizing systems is available from three major standard/ research organizations: ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), ISO (International Standard Organization), and NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics). However, these standards ignore various head shapes and are outdated for the development future head products. This creates a data gap an ever changing multi-cultural society such as the United Sates. Although major government and industry safety organizations recognize the importance of safety for head products, few studies were found to support their reasoning. The purpose of this study is to provide accurate head dimension data for developing safety head products by analyzing various head shapes in the United Sates which includes various ethnic backgrounds. This study was carried out on 105 males in the United States. Factor analysis, cluster analysis, Moreover, Duncan analysis were all used for analyzing various head shapes.
Exploring Differences in Clothing Shopping Orientation by the Level of Self-Esteem and Body Cathexis
Shin, Soo-Ray ; Ryoo, Sook-Hee ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in clothing shopping orientation among female adults according to their level of self-esteem and body cathexis. The subjects included 460 women ranging in age from 20 to 69, living in the Daegu area. The data was analyzed by frequency, factor-analysis, mean calculation, ANOVA and the Duncan-test using the SPSS-package. The overall results are as follows: First, clothing shopping orientation fell into five categories: 'hedonic', 'trend conscious', 'store-patronizing', 'economic', and 'independent' shopping orientation. Second, there were measurable differences in clothing shopping orientation related to one's level of self-esteem. Third, there was a significant difference in clothing shopping orientation according to the one's level of body cathexis. It appears that high levels of body cathexis do predict a tendency towards a more 'independent' clothing shopping orientation.
Effective Smoking Prevention and Cessation Programs for Adolescent Girls: A Proposed Human Ecological Framework for International Program Design
Meszaros, Peggy S. ; Matheson, Jennifer ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 97~110
This paper focuses on the current internationally published literature on adolescent girls smoking prevention and cessation programs. Published literature on prevention and cessation programs that have been developed for and used with girls, especially those with published effectiveness data are reviewed separately. Using relevant literature and the results of a recent Delphi Study identifying program components experts cited as most effective for female smoking prevention, a human ecological framework for designing programs for female adolescents will be proposed. Areas for further research will also be identified.
The Role of Parent-Child Relationships in Developing Self-Authorship Among Korean College Females
Lee, So-Young ; Meszaros, Peggy S. ; Creamer, Elizabeth G. ; Laughlin, Anne ; Burger, Carol J. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 111~119
The purpose of our study is to explore dynamic mechanisms within families and self-authored decisions among Korean female college students. In particular, we investigated how parent-child interactions influence the development of self-authorship and self-authored decisions within Korean culture through interviews with 14 female college students. Results showed unique cultural influences on how female college students interacted with parents and interpreted and reflected parents' opinions in their self-authored decisions. These results suggest further research on gender differences and complex family influences on self-authored decisions within cultural contexts.
The Effects of Parenting Environment During Pregnancy in Relation to the Child's Later Behavioral, and Emotional Characteristics
Sohn, Byoung-Duk ; Hwang, Hye-Won ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 121~129
This study investigates the impact of the shared environment of pregnant women and their unborn child on the later emotional and behavioral characteristics of a child, extending into his or her adulthood. Using a sample of some 16,000 children from the National Child Development Study, the study demonstrated a positive relationship between the quality of the maternal environment and later emotional and behavioral performances during childhood and adulthood. These findings support the study hypothesis, suggesting that parenting environment such as mother‘s employment, husband’s social class and the mother‘s smoking habits during pregnancy has an affection on the later emotional and behavioral development of the child. The dimensions of the child’s emotional and behavioral well-being may be enhanced by therapeutic interventions and/or by helping pregnant women to develop a positive social network.
The Self-concept of Korean-American University Student Victims of Childhood Physical Abuse
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Shin, Kui-Soon ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 131~144
This study examined the impact of childhood physical abuse on the self-concept of older adolescents and assessed perceptions of parental relationships as a mediator for consequences of abuse. Sixty-college undergraduates (aged 18-23 yrs.) completed this study. (1) The Self-Description Questionnaires, a multidimensional measure of self-concept, (2) the parent scales of the inventory parent and Peer Attachment, a measure of perceived parental support, and (3) the Assessing Environments, a retrospective report of family environment and parenting practices. Analyses, controlling for SES and education, showed that a history of physical abuse was a strong predictive of adolescence current self-concept. Further analyses would lend support to a mediation model, suggesting that physical abuse had a negative impact on self-concept through its negative effect on parent-child relationships.
Composition of Methanol Extract from Hwangryeon (Coptidis rhizoma) and Antimicrobial Activity against Food Spoilage and Foodborne Disease Microorganisms
Lim, Mee-Kyoung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 1, 2006, Pages 145~153
Hwangryeon (Coptidis rhizoma) was extracted by methanol and its antimicrobial activities against food spoilage and foodborne disease microorganisms were investigated by the paper-disc method. The microorganisms used in this experiment included 5 species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus) and 3 species of fungi (Fusarium solani, Aspergillus flavus, and Penicillium citreonigrum). The Hwangryeon extract showed antimicrobial effect against P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, and K. pneumonia. The minimum inhibitory concentration on S. aureus, S. typhimurium, and K. pneumoniae was 300 mg/mL, but on P. aeruginosa it was 200 mg/mL. In the methanol extracts from Hwangryeon, 190 compounds were separated by GC/MS. The extraction yields of phenols, furans, alcohols, acids and esters, ketones, and miscellaneous compounds were 28.10%, 2.67%, 1.79%, 12.89%, and 2.35%, respectively. The phenolic compounds, generally understood to be an antimicrobial active substance, was measured at 28.10%, a relatively remarkable amount.