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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
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The Beginning and Settlement of the Apartment Housing in Korea During the Postwar and Economic Development Era
Jun, Nam-Il ; Yang, Se-Hwa ; Sohn, Sei-Kwan ; Hong, Hyung-Ock ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 1~15
The purpose of the study is to examine how the apartment housing became common and how it became the main structure type of housing in Korea, as well as the social backgrounds. The study also focuses on how such phenomenon caused the housing problems which become social problems, and how new trials in terms of housing supply were performed to provide solutions to meet various housing needs of households. The purpose was accomplished by the examination of related literature since the liberation from Japan in 1945 to the early 1990s. In fact, it was uncommon to have apartment housing as the main figure of housing style. However, it became the major housing culture in Korea. Even if there have been lots of blames for apartment housing for last forty years, they were able to settle in Korea. Major reasons for such phenomenon include desperate needs for a larger quantity of housing due to industrialization, urbanization, etc.
Preferences for High-rise Mixed Use Buildings (HMUBs) for Living Space in Later Life Among Urban Residents
Hong, Hyung-Ock ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 17~27
The purpose of this research was to find out the preferences in HMUBs for living space in respondents' later life. For this purpose, this research was conducted by social survey research using a questionnaire for those who lived in an urban area around Seoul. The data was collected from November to December, 2005. The results of this research were as follows. Firstly, respondents agreed with living in high rise mixed use buildings in their later life because of convenience. Willingness to move into HMUBs was positive. Concerning preferred physical features, residents preferred living in either lower floors or higher floors because of safety or fine views. Regarding the usage of common space and facilities, they wanted to use them with other generations and preferred 2 bedroom type unit located in a suburban area. Secondly, the preference for living in a HMUB in later life was higher in women respondents than in men. Thirdly, the preference for living in a HMUB in later life was higher in upper floors than lower floors according to property and asset value. As a conclusion, the development of HMUB housing for older people has a bright prospect for urban residents in Korea.
The Symbolic Meaning and Values Portrayed In Models' Characteristics in Fashion Advertisements
Kwon, Gi-Young ; Helvenston, Sally I. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 29~41
Various current events provide evidence that society is undergoing changes in perceptions of social relationships. Specifically, visual media in the form of advertisements can convey images which reflect society's values and concepts about role relationships. The purpose of this research was to examine ads in fashion magazines to determine what types of model roles and role relationships typically appear in fashion advertising which can mirror society's values. A content analysis was conducted of ads obtained from US Vogue and US GQ for the year 2002. Six kinds of roles/relationships were found: (1) Narcissism (representing self absorption), (2) sexually enticing opposite-sex relationships, (3) close/romantic same-sex relationships, (4) friend relationships, (5) family relationships, and (6) independent relationships. Of these, narcissism predominated, however, a small number of sexually provocative ads appeared as well as same-sex romantic relationships. Because sole (single) models were more typical, they also were examined to determine ways in which they relate to the audience. Characteristics examined included body presentation & pose, eye gaze, and facial expression. Direct eye gaze was the typical way to engage the audience. Gender differences were apparent: smiling was more typical of women, indifference for men. The symbolic meaning and values investigated from this research are the blurring of gender identity portrayed in homosexual imagery, family values, and the value of youth. The consistency of models' race in ads does not portray the diversity reflected in the demographic census.
A Study on the Color Characteristics of Preferred Clothing Textiles of Female College Students - A Comparison of Blouses and Shirts -
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Na, Mi-Hee ; Cho, Shin-Hyun ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 43~52
This study analyzed and compared the color characteristics of preferred textiles for blouses and shirts of college students. After the survey of preference in fabrics for blouses and shirts of college students according to season, colors of preferred fabrics were analyzed. Spectral data were measured and a chromaticity diagram was drawn. The color of shirt fabric that college students preferred in the spring/fall was PB (Purple-Blue) and light shades, and in summer, PB color and pale shades. Generally achromatic black or a simple color that is close to an achromatic color, light and soft shades were preferred. For blouse fabric, PB, d (dull) and g (grayish) tones were preferred in spring/fall, G (Green) and It., d. were preferred in summer. Achromatic white and medium, soft shaded chromatic especially greenish colors were preferred. In spring fall, regardless of the clothing item, PB was the most preferred color. Y (Yellow) was the most preferred color for shirts, and for blouses, R (Red) was the most preferred. For achromatic color, black is preferred for shirts, white is preferred for blouses. In summer, the color of preferred shirt fabric was PB, and blouse fabric had a lot of G color. College students prefer simple colors which are close to achromatic colors, and light and soft color were preferred for shirt fabric and they preferred various, medium shaded and closer to pure colors for blouses because college students tend to consider the aesthetic side as important and usually wear blouses less often than shirts.
Analysis of Financial Status for the Self-Employed - Effect of Economy Change and Comparison of the Self-employed and Earners -
Bae, Mi-Kyeong ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 53~62
The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in financial structure of the self-employed brought on the economic crisis in Korea.. We use financial ratio analysis, such as income to expenditure ratio, liquidity ratio, debt ratio, and capital accumulation ratio to analyze financial well-being of self-employed households. This study used a 1997 and 1998 Korean Household Panel Study collected by Daewoo Economic Research Institute. The average amount of holding of each type of asset showed that the investment of self-employed households decreased in the banking industry and the stock market in 1998 compared to 1997. On the other hand, asset allocation in bond and real estate increased, which implied preference for a stable type of asset with the increase in uncertainty of the future and economic instability. Devaluation of real estate allowed households to easily obtain real estate and increase preference for asset allocation in real estate after the crisis. The changes in financial ratio for the year 1998 shows that such ratios as income to expenditure, liquidity, and capital accumulation, decreased compared to the year 1997. Among those ratios, the income to expenditure ratio showed the biggest decline because of reduced income of self employed households. The results implied that the income structure of the self-employed is unstable, thus the self-employed were likely to be greatly affected during the economic downturn. Earners have more average income and net assets than the self-employed. However, using financial ratios, it was found that self-employed households were more stable than employees. The results shows that the financial ratio analysis is better tool to estimate households financial status. Implications for financial educators, counselors, and planners are offered. The results will provide implications for policy makers to establish appropriate policies for the self-employed and help them financially survive.
The Effects of Mothers' Market Work Participation and Away-from-Home Food Consumption on Children's Selected Nutrient Intakes
Kim, So-Ra ; Douthitt, Robin A. ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 63~74
This study examines the effect of mother's market work participation and presumably in the home, on the production of child quality, where child quality is measured by nutritional status. In general, our analysis answers how does mothers' employment affect away-home food consumption and their children's diet quality. The data come from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) in 1998 and the sample used in this study is 1774 children that provided information on their food intake for two days from 1065 households. The direct effects and indirect effects through foods-away-from home consumption were obtained. The results suggested that although mothers' employment showed small direct effects on their children's nutrient intakes, it can have a larger effect through foods-away-from home consumption.
Socio-Economic, Parental-Health, and Family Functioning Differentials in Children's Emotional and Behavioral Characteristics: Comparison between Children with Disability Families and Children with Non-Disability Families
Sohn, Byoung-Duk ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 75~84
Internalizing and externalizing behavior problems may be more common in children with disability families but rarely known is the magnitude of the problem and the risk factors compared to those in children with non-disability families. This study was undertaken to examine if socio-economic factors, parental health, and family functioning affect children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors differently between two comparison groups. The research literature on childhood behaviors was briefly reviewed. The data was derived from the Mental Health of Children and Young People in Great Britain, 2004. Regression analyses provide evidence that the family type, economic status, and income level are uniquely associated with an increased risks of internalizing or externalizing behavior problems in children with disability families, whereas sex, age, family size, parental health, and family functioning factors have similar impacts on the child's internalizing or externalizing variances between two groups. Intervention is desirable to address the concerns influencing internalizing and externalizing performances among children with disability or non-disability families.
Korean Mothers' Ideal and Actual Parenting Behaviors Toward their Young Children as a Function of Child Gender, Age, and Birth Order
Park, Sung-Yun ; Kim, Min-Jung ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to examine mothers' ideal and actual parenting behaviors toward their infants in three parenting domains; social, didactic, and limit setting. A total of 264 mothers of young children under age three from Seoul, Korea completed Parental Style Questionnaires (PSQ). Mothers' self report on their ideal and actual parenting were explored as a function of child sex, age, and birth order. As expected, there were significant differences between mothers' ideal and actual behaviors in all three parenting domains: Mothers' ideal behaviors such as social interaction, didactic interaction and limit setting were higher than those of their actual behaviors. For mothers' ideal parenting, results revealed neither significant main effects nor interaction effects. However, the Parenting Domain x Birth-Order 2-way interaction and the Parenting Domain x Child Age 2-way interaction were significant for mothers' actual behaviors. Specifically, mothers reported more social and didactic behaviors with their first-born than later born children, but not for limit setting behavior. It was also found that higher limit setting behaviors were apparent for their 2- and 3-year-old than 1-year old children whereas lower social interactions were found for 3-year-old than for 1-year-old. In light of universality and uniqueness, mothers' parenting behavior toward young children has been discussed.
Research on Family Life Education Programs in Korea: A Content Analysis of Themes and Theories
Lee, So-Young ; Mancini, Jay A. ; Ok, Sun-Wha ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 97~110
A conceptual framework, based on a curriculum model of family life education content, and on a schema for analyzing explicit use of theory, was developed to discern the substantive themes of programs and the role of theories in publications on programs for families in the Korean family studies literature. Seventy two journal articles published between 1990 and 2002 were analyzed. The results revealed that the Korean family life education programs dealt with the breadth of topics, but most particularly internal family dynamics and interpersonal relationships, and utilized theoretical concepts as input and output in a different level: explicit, implicit, or no use of theories. Implications for future research and practice in Korean family life education are discussed, including gaps in the substantive foci of programs, and aligning programs more closely with theory.
Physical and Mental Health Differential by Income Level Amongst the Divorced: A Focus on Midlife Divorce
Cha, Seung-Eun ; Han, Gyoung-Hae ;
International Journal of Human Ecology, volume 7, issue 2, 2006, Pages 111~124
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the health status of the divorced population according to their income status and to explain the social mechanisms. By analyzing 287 midlife men and women divorced within the last 5 years, we found a strong inverse relationship between their health and income status: the low-income divorced group was more liable to depression and poor physical health. Lack of social connections and having less hope for remarriage after getting a divorce were main factors explaining health vulnerability of the low income group among divorced. Further details have been discussed.