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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Environmental Engineering Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
VOC Emissions from Automotive Painting and Their Control: A Review
Kim, Byung-R. ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.001
During automotive painting, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associated with the paint solvents are emitted to the atmosphere. Most VOC emissions come from spraying operations via the use of solvent-based paints, as the spraybooth air picks up gaseous solvent compounds and overspray paint materials. The VOCs consist of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons, ketones, esters, alcohols, and glycolethers. Most VOCs (some hydrophilic VOCs are captured and retained in the water.) are captured by an adsorption system and thermally oxidized. In this paper, the processes involved in automotive painting and in VOC control are reviewed. The topics include: painting operations (briefly), the nature of VOCs, VOC-control processes (adsorption, absorption, biological removal, and thermal oxidation) and energy recovery from VOCs using a fuel reformer and a fuel cell, and the beneficial use of paint sludge.
Introduction of the Rapid Analysis Method for PCBs in Insulating Oils and Its Comparison Study to the Analysis Method in Korea
Hong, Jang-Ho ; Takahashi, Tomohumi ; Ishizaka, Takahiro ; Toita, Hideki ; Min, Byung-Yoon ; Honda, Katsuhisa ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.011
The aim of this research was to introduce a new rapid analysis method (heating of the multi-layer silica gel column/alumina column) for polychlorinated biphenyls in insulating oils, and to compare our new method with the analytical method currently used in Korea. The entire pretreatment procedure was completed within 2 hr, using about only 20 mL of solvents via our rapid analytical method. Furthermore, the pretreatment procedure can always be uniformly performed, regardless of oil type (JIS 1~JIS 7 and KS 1~KS 7). The recovery rates were more than 89%, with relative standard deviations below 6.0%. In conclusion, this rapid analytical method could reduce the pretreatment time and solvent usage by 1/10 and between 1/25 and 1/50, respectively, compared to analytical method currently used in Korea.
Development and Application of an Energy Input-Output Table for an Energy Demand and Supply Activities Analysis
Pruitichaiwiboon, Phirada ; Lee, Cheul-Kyu ; Baek, Chun-Youl ; Lee, Kun-Mo ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 19~27
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.019
This paper introduces an approach to identify the total energy consumption with subsequent
emissions, for both industrial and non-industrial sectors. Statistical data for 2005 were compiled in a national account system to construct an energy input-output table for investigating the influence between energy demand and supply activities. The methodological approach was applied to South Korea. Twelve types of energy and fifteen industrial and non-industrial sectors are formed as the compartments of the input-output table. The results provided quantitative details of the energy consumption and identified the significant contributions from each sector. An impact analysis on the
emissions for the demand side was also conducted for comparison with the supply side.
Evaluation of the Effective Charge Density on Low Pressure Nanofiltration with the Separation Characteristics of Monovalent and Divalent Solutes in the Production of Drinking Water
Oh, Jeong-Ik ; Taro, Urase ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.029
The electric charge on a membrane was investigated by analyzing the experimental rejection of various monovalent and divalent ionic solutes. The characteristics of the separation of ionic solutes using various nanofiltration membranes were obtained from an experimental nanofiltration set-up, with a surface area of
under the operational pressures between 0.25-0.3 MPa. The state of the membrane electric charge was observed using separation coefficients, i.e., the permeation ratio of monovalent to divalent ions. To confirm the state of the membrane charge observed via the separation coefficient, a calculation using the extended Nernst-Planck equation, coupled with the Donnan equilibrium, assuming different electric charge states of the membrane, was compared with the experimental rejection of ionic solutes. The examination of the characteristics of separation using three types of nanofiltration membranes showed that one of the membranes carried a negative/positive double charge density inside, while other two membranes carried either a positive or negative charge density.
Theoretical Study for Hydrogen Production from an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle System
Lee, Sang-Sup ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 35~39
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.035
An integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) system has been attracting attention due to its increased energy conversion efficiency and ability to treat various carbonaceous materials. IGCC is also expected to play an important role in the future supply of hydrogen energy. The use of a palladium-based membrane to separate the hydrogen from the synthesis gas stream has been intensively studied due to its exceptional hydrogen-separating capability. However, theoretical research on hydrogen separation is still an unfamiliar area in Korea. First-principle density functional theory was applied in this study to investigate the dissociative adsorption of hydrogen onto a palladium surface. The stability of hydrogen on the surface was theoretically evaluated with various adsorption configurations, partial pressures and temperatures. Further theoretical and experimental studies were also suggested to find a more hydrogen-selective material.
Comparative Studies on the Acute Toxicities of Whole Solids and Solids Aqueous Extracts Based on the Inhibition of Bacterial Bioluminescence Production
Kong, In-Chul ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 41~45
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.041
The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate a rapid bioluminescence bioassay for comparison of the toxicity of whole solids and the aqueous extracts of various environmental solid samples. With regard to the toxicities, those for the soil extracts were mostly found to be lower than those of whole soils, which may have been caused by un-extracted pollutants or dilution during the extraction process. Solid samples from dam-reservoir sediments and municipal refuses were also tested. The toxicities of the solid extracts (0-34%; refuses and sediments) were much lower than those of the whole solids (13-91%). The bioluminescence inhibition test indicated that the harmful effects of the contaminated solids samples were greater than those of the solid extracts.
Investigations of Mixing Time Scales in a Baffled Circular Tank with a Surface Aerator
Kumar, Bimlesh ; Patel, Ajey ; Rao, Achanta ;
Environmental Engineering Research, volume 16, issue 1, 2011, Pages 47~51
DOI : 10.4491/eer.2011.16.1.047
The oxygen transfer rate is a parameter that characterizes the gas-liquid mass transfer in surface aerators. Gas-liquid transfer mechanisms in surface aeration tanks depend on two different extreme lengths of time; namely, macromixing and micromixing. Small scale mixing close to the molecular level is referred to as micromixing; whereas, macromixing refers to mixing on a large scale. Using experimental data and numerical simulations, macro- and micro-scale parameters describing the two extreme time scales were investigated. A scale up equation to simulate the oxygen transfer rate with micromixing times was developed in geometrically similar baffled surface aerators.