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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Antenna Radiation Efficiency of the Korean NDGPS Based on Radiation Power Measurements
Kim, Young-Wan ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.097
The differential global positioning system (DGPS) transmits a GPS enhancement signal using a top-loaded monopole antenna in the medium frequency range. The top-loaded antenna in the medium frequency band can attain a radiation efficiency on the order of 10%. The antenna ground plane characteristics affect the antenna radiation efficiency. To improve the radiation efficiency, it is necessary to install the antenna on a ground plane with large enough physical dimensions and good conductivity. The antenna radiation efficiency is a primary factor in determining the DGPS service area. The service area of the DGPS using a medium frequency band is dominantly affected by the antenna radiation efficiency. To determine antenna radiation efficiencies accurately, the antenna radiation efficiencies of DGPS are deduced from the propagation power in this paper. Based on the deduced antenna radiation efficiencies, the service area for the Korean nationwide-DGPS is analyzed and evaluated.
Design and Fabrication of an End-Launched Rectangular Waveguide Adapter Fed by a Coaxial Loop
Yang, Doo-Yeong ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 103~107
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.103
An end-launched adapter combining a coaxial loop within a rectangular waveguide has been analyzed and designed. The accurate electromagnetic modeling of input impedance for the adapter design has been developed using a modal analysis method. Also, design parameters to improve the end-launched adapter have been investigated. Numerical and experimental results of the proposed model have been compared with the results of previous works, and verified by an electromagnetic simulator of High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS). The input voltage standing wave ratios (VSWRs) are smaller than 2 over the wide frequency band from 7.5 GHz to 10.5 GHz.
A Novel Approach to General Linearly Constrained Adaptive Arrays
Chang, Byong-Kun ; Kim, Tae-Yeon ; Lee, Yong-Kwon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 108~116
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.108
A novel approach to general linearly constrained adaptive arrays is presented to improve the nulling performance in coherent and noncoherent environments. The narrowband and broadband linearly constrained adaptive arrays are implemented to examine the array performance. It is shown that the proposed approach performs better than the conventional adaptive arrays and the nulling performance depends on the gain factor for the desired response.
Hybrid Multiple Access for Uplink OFDMA System
Jung, Bang-Chul ; Kang, Min-Suk ; Ban, Tae-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 117~122
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.117
We propose a hybrid multiple access (HMA) for uplink orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) systems, which combines two resource sharing schemes: a scheduling-based resource allocation (SBRA) scheme and a contentionbased resource allocation (CBRA) scheme. The SBRA scheme is appropriate for non-real time high data rate traffic, and, CBRA is appropriate for near-real time low/medium data rate traffic. Thus, the proposed HMA scheme supports various types of traffic. As a CBRA scheme, our proposed random frequency hopping (RFH)-OFDMA scheme was presented. Simulation results show that the proposed HMA yields the best performance among various resource allocation schemes for uplink OFDMA systems.
Design of Inset Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wireless Power Transmission at 2.45 GHz
Pradhan, Sajina ; Noh, Sun-Kuk ; Choi, Dong-You ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 123~128
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.112
In communication systems, there are various types of microstrip antenna that can be used for many applications. This paper mainly focuses on the simple design of an inset rectangular microstrip patch antenna to operate at a frequency of 2.45 GHz for rectenna design. The study involves using an high frequency structure simulator to design the antenna dimensions and to determine its performance. This antenna is based on a thickness of 1.6 mm flame retardant 4 (FR-4) substrate having a dielectric constant of approximately 4.7, an inset feed, and a ground plane. After simulation, the antenna performance characteristics such as its return loss, voltage standing wave ratio, gain, and radiation pattern were obtained and compared with the fabricated measured antenna.
Evaluating an (m, k)-firm Deadline Real-time Stream Based on a Reliable Transport Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks
Kim, Ki-Il ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 129~134
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.129
As application-specific requirements for wireless sensor networks emerge, both real-time and reliable communications become major research challenges in wireless sensor networks due to the many constraints on nodes and wireless links. To support these services, several protocols have been proposed. However, since most of them were designed as well as developed for general purpose applications, it is not recommended that they be directly adapted to applications with special requirements. In this paper, we propose a way to extend the current reliable transport protocol to cover a special real-time service, the (m,k)-firm deadline stream, in wireless sensor networks. While the proposed scheme is basically built on the PSFQ protocol for reliability, some features have been newly developed to support the (m,k)-firm stream efficiently. Finally, simulation results are given to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme in high traffic and with failed links.
Quantifying Influence in Social Networks and News Media
Yun, Hong-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 135~140
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.135
Massive numbers of users of social networks share various types of information such as opinions, news, and ideas in real time. As a new form of social network, Twitter is a particularly useful information source. Studying influence can help us better understand the role of social networks. The popularity of social networks like Twitter is primarily measured by the number of followers. The number of followers in Twitter and the number of users exposed to news media are important factors in measuring influence. We chose Twitter and the New York Times as representative media to analyze the influence and present an empirical analysis of these datasets. When the correlation between the number of followers in Twitter and the number of users exposed to the New York Times is computed, the result is moderately high. The correlation between the number of users exposed to the New York Times and the number of sections including the users on it, was found to be very high. We measure the normalized influence score using our proposed expression based on the two correlation coefficients.
A Simple but Efficient Scheme for Reliable Connectivity and High Performance in Ad-hoc Wireless Networks
Tak, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 141~148
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.141
This paper presents a simple but efficient scheme incorporating a reputation-based approach and a cross-layer approach, called the SIM scheme, for maintaining reliable connectivity and high performance in ad-hoc wireless networks. The SIM scheme incorporates the following two things: an ad-hoc routing scheme with a reputation-based approach exploiting the game theory concept based on an evolutionarily stable strategy, and a cross-layer approach between the network layer and the transport layer employing a reputation-based approach.
Fusion of Hierarchical Behavior-based Actions in Mobile Robot Using Fuzzy Logic
Ye, Gan Zhen ; Kang, Dae-Ki ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 149~155
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.149
This paper presents mobile robot control architecture of hierarchical behaviors, inspired by biological life. The system is reactive, highly parallel, and does not rely on representation of the environment. The behaviors of the system are designed hierarchically from the bottom-up with priority given to primitive behaviors to ensure the survivability of the robot and provide robustness to failures in higher-level behaviors. Fuzzy logic is used to perform command fusion on each behavior's output. Simulations of the proposed methodology are shown and discussed. The simulation results indicate that complex tasks can be performed by a combination of a few simple behaviors and a set of fuzzy inference rules.
Hacking and Security of Encrypted Access Points in Wireless Network
Kwon, Se-Hwan ; Park, Dea-Woo ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 156~161
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.156
An increasing number of people who use a smart phone or tablet PC are accessing wireless networks in public facilities including cafes and shopping centers. For example, iPhones and Android Phones have been available since 2010. However, security incidents may occur through all sorts of malicious code infection of users' personal information during the use of an insecure wireless network. In this paper, we will describe the Wi-Fi protected access (WPA) and WPA2 encryption systems used to access a wireless network from a smart phone and tablet PC, and demonstrate the access point (AP) hacking process in a wireless network to which a password is applied on the basis of the analyzed WPA and WPA2 passwords. We will analyze the method of successful AP hacking and propose an approach to enhancing wireless LAN security. This study will contribute to enhancing the security and stability of wireless networks.
Speech Processing System Using a Noise Reduction Neural Network Based on FFT Spectrums
Choi, Jae-Seung ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 162~167
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.162
This paper proposes a speech processing system based on a model of the human auditory system and a noise reduction neural network with fast Fourier transform (FFT) amplitude and phase spectrums for noise reduction under background noise environments. The proposed system reduces noise signals by using the proposed neural network based on FFT amplitude spectrums and phase spectrums, then implements auditory processing frame by frame after detecting voiced and transitional sections for each frame. The results of the proposed system are compared with the results of a conventional spectral subtraction method and minimum mean-square error log-spectral amplitude estimator at different noise levels. The effectiveness of the proposed system is experimentally confirmed based on measuring the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this experiment, the maximal improvement in the output SNR values with the proposed method is approximately 11.5 dB better for car noise, and 11.0 dB better for street noise, when compared with a conventional spectral subtraction method.
Design of an Alpine Skiing Game Using ActionScript 3.0
Bai-Tiantain, Bai-Tiantain ; Park, Jong-Hoon ; Kim, Chul-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 168~174
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.168
Flash is the most popular 2D animation and game development software, supporting vector and media technology at the core, which enables the development of small and pithy games. It is widely used in Web animation, courseware, TV commercials, game development, and other works of design. In this paper, we propose a control movement function and auxiliary functions for an alpine skiing game based on ActionScript 3.0. The control movement function is designed with moving phases (i.e., free fall, sliding, projectile, and landing). The auxiliary functions include drawing path, start/restart movement, and saving the highest score. In addition, for the visual design of our game, we designed animations in connection with a character and background. In order to facilitate testing the friction, users can input a chosen friction value. Without user input, the friction default is set at 0.97.
Audio Watermarking Using Independent Component Analysis
Seok, Jong-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 175~180
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.175
This paper presents a blind watermark detection scheme for an additive watermark embedding model. The proposed estimation-correlation-based watermark detector first estimates the embedded watermark by exploiting non-Gaussian of the real-world audio signal and the mutual independence between the host-signal and the embedded watermark and then a correlation-based detector is used to determine the presence or the absence of the watermark. For watermark estimation, blind source separation (BSS) based on independent component analysis (ICA) is used. Low watermark-to-signal ratio (WSR) is one of the limitations of blind detection with the additive embedding model. The proposed detector uses two-stage processing to improve the WSR at the blind detector; the first stage removes the audio spectrum from the watermarked audio signal using linear predictive (LP) filtering and the second stage uses the resulting residue from the LP filtering stage to estimate the embedded watermark using BSS based on ICA. Simulation results show that the proposed detector performs significantly better than existing estimation-correlationbased detection schemes.
Telematics Specific Horizontal Distance Traveled by a Falling Car
Shin, Seong-Yoon ; Jang, Dai-Hyun ; Lee, Hyun-Chang ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 181~186
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.181
Telematics services include automatic location tracking for emergency rescue, which is available for use in case of a car accident due to falling off roadways. This paper presents a simulation study on how far a car will fall before it hits the ground if it drops off of a roadway due to an accident or a natural disaster. The greatest horizontal distance the falling car can travel is presented in this paper, based on the assumption that air resistance as well as the direction and degree of acceleration due to gravity is negligible. This paper also presents the depth of the dent caused by the car sinking into the ground, the time it took for the car to fall free, and the velocity at which it travelled and horizontal distance it traveled. In this paper, the damage done to cars that crash into the ground and the dangers thereof are graphically represented.
A 1.8 V 0.18-μm 1 GHz CMOS Fast-Lock Phase-Locked Loop using a Frequency-to-Digital Converter
Lee, Kwang-Hun ; Jang, Young-Chan ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.187
A 1 GHz CMOS fast-lock phase-locked loop (PLL) is proposed to support the quick wake-up time of mobile consumer electronic devices. The proposed fast-lock PLL consists of a conventional charge-pump PLL, a frequency-to-digital converter (FDC) to measure the frequency of the input reference clock, and a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) to generate the initial control voltage of a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The initial control voltage of the VCO is driven toward a reference voltage that is determined by the frequency of the input reference clock in the initial mode. For the speedy measurement of the frequency of the reference clock, an FDC with a parallel architecture is proposed, and its architecture is similar to that of a flash analog-to-digital converter. In addition, the frequency-to-voltage converter used in the FDC is designed simply by utilizing current integrators. The circuits for the proposed fast-lock scheme are disabled in the normal operation mode except in the initial mode to reduce the power consumption. The proposed PLL was fabricated by using a 0.18-
1-poly 6-metal complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process with a 1.8 V supply. This PLL multiplies the frequency of the reference clock by 10 and generates the four-phase clock. The simulation results show a reduction of up to 40% in the worstcase PLL lock time over the device operating conditions. The root-mean-square (rms) jitter of the proposed PLL was measured as 2.94 ps at 1 GHz. The area and power consumption of the implemented PLL are
and 6 mW, respectively.
A Study of a High Performance Capacitive Sensing Scheme Using a Floating-Gate MOS Transistor
Jung, Seung-Min ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 194~199
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.194
This paper proposes a novel scheme of a gray scale fingerprint image for a high-accuracy capacitive sensor chip. The conventional grayscale image scheme uses a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) of a large-scale layout or charge-pump circuit with high power consumption and complexity by a global clock signal. A modified capacitive detection circuit for the charge sharing scheme is proposed, which uses a down literal circuit (DLC) with a floating-gate metal-oxide semiconductor transistor (FGMOS) based on a neuron model. The detection circuit is designed and simulated in a 3.3 V, 0.35
standard CMOS process. Because the proposed circuit does not need a comparator and peripheral circuits, the pixel layout size can be reduced and the image resolution can be improved.
The Analysis of Breakdown Voltage for the Double-gate MOSFET Using the Gaussian Doping Distribution
Jung, Hak-Kee ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 200~204
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.200
This study has presented the analysis of breakdown voltage for a double-gate metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) based on the doping distribution of the Gaussian function. The double-gate MOSFET is a next generation transistor that shrinks the short channel effects of the nano-scaled CMOSFET. The degradation of breakdown voltage is a highly important short channel effect with threshold voltage roll-off and an increase in subthreshold swings. The analytical potential distribution derived from Poisson's equation and the Fulop's avalanche breakdown condition have been used to calculate the breakdown voltage of a double-gate MOSFET for the shape of the Gaussian doping distribution. This analytical potential model is in good agreement with the numerical model. Using this model, the breakdown voltage has been analyzed for channel length and doping concentration with parameters such as projected range and standard projected deviation of Gaussian function. As a result, since the breakdown voltage is greatly changed for the shape of the Gaussian function, the channel doping distribution of a double-gate MOSFET has to be carefully designed.
Analysis of Digital Hologram Rendering Using a Computational Method
Choi, Hyun-Jun ; Seo, Young-Ho ; Jang, Seok-Woo ; Kim, Dong-Wook ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 205~209
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.205
To manufacture a real time digital holographic display system capable of being applied to next-generation television, it is important to rapidly generate a digital hologram. In this paper, we analyze digital hologram rendering based on a computer computation scheme. We analyze previous recursive methods to identify regularity between the depth-map image and the digital hologram.
Detection of Mycobacterium kansasii Using DNA-DNA Hybridization with rpoB Probe
Kweon, Tae-Dong ; Bai, Sun-Joon ; Choi, Chang-Shik ; Hong, Seong-Karp ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 210~214
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2012.10.2.210
A microtiter well plate DNA hybridization method using Mycobacterium kansasii-specific rpoB DNA probe (kanp) were evaluated for the detection of M. kansasii from culture isolates. Among the 201 isolates tested by this method, 27 strains show positive results for M. kansasii, but the other 174 isolates were negative results for M. kansasii. This result was consistent with partial rpoB sequence analysis of M. kansasii and the result of biochemical tests. The negative strains by this DNA-DNA hybridization method were identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (159 strains), Mycobacterium avim (5 strains), Mycobacterium intracellulare (8 strains), and Mycobacterium flavescens (2 strain) by rpoB DNA sequence analysis. Due to high sensitivity and specificity of this test result, we suggest that DNA-DNA hybridization method using rpoB DNA probes of M. kansasii could be used for the rapid and convenient detection of M. kansasii.