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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
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Localized Algorithm to Improve Connectivity and Topological Resilience of Multi-hop Wireless Networks
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Tipper, David ; Krishnamurthy, Prashant ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 69~81
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.069
Maintaining connectivity is essential in multi-hop wireless networks since the network topology cannot be pre-determined due to mobility and environmental effects. To maintain the connectivity, a critical point in the network topology should be identified where the critical point is the link or node that partitions the network when it fails. In this paper, we propose a new critical point identification algorithm and also present numerical results that compare the critical points of the network and H-hop sub-network illustrating how effectively sub-network information can detect the network-wide critical points. Then, we propose two localized topological control resilient schemes that can be applied to both global and local H-hop sub-network critical points to improve the network connectivity and the network resilience. Numerical studies to evaluate the proposed schemes under node and link failure network conditions show that our proposed resilient schemes increase the probability of the network being connected in variety of link and node failure conditions.
Tunnel-Free Scheme Using a Routing Table in a PMIPv6-Based Nested NEMO Environment
Wie, Sunghong ; Jang, Jaeshin ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 82~94
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.082
In this paper, we propose a novel tunnel-free scheme in a proxy mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6)-based nested network mobility environment; several mobile nodes (MNs) and mobile routers (MRs) compose a hierarchical wireless network topology. Because tunnels created by several MRs overlap and data packets travel along several local mobility anchors (LMAs), the utilization of the wireless section is reduced and the packet forwarding path of the wire-line section is not optimal. In our tunnel-free scheme, the mobile access gateway (MAG) plays an important role in both the wireless and wire-line sections. Using a local binding update, this tunnel-free scheme forwards data packets with a host-based routing table without any tunnel. Establishing a direct tunnel between the MAG and the last LMA, this scheme removes nested tunnels between intermediate LMAs and MRs, and optimizes the forwarding path to the MN in the wire-line section.
Stochastic Mixture Modeling of Driving Behavior During Car Following
Angkititrakul, Pongtep ; Miyajima, Chiyomi ; Takeda, Kazuya ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.095
This paper presents a stochastic driver behavior modeling framework which takes into account both individual and general driving characteristics as one aggregate model. Patterns of individual driving styles are modeled using a Dirichlet process mixture model, as a non-parametric Bayesian approach which automatically selects the optimal number of model components to fit sparse observations of each particular driver's behavior. In addition, general or background driving patterns are also captured with a Gaussian mixture model using a reasonably large amount of development data from several drivers. By combining both probability distributions, the aggregate driver-dependent model can better emphasize driving characteristics of each particular driver, while also backing off to exploit general driving behavior in cases of unseen/unmatched parameter spaces from individual training observations. The proposed driver behavior model was employed to anticipate pedal operation behavior during car-following maneuvers involving several drivers on the road. The experimental results showed advantages of the combined model over the model adaptation approach.
Development of a Quality Evaluation Standard for Educational Serious Games
Yoon, Seon-Jeong ; Park, Hee-Sook ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.103
Given the lack of suitable quality evaluation standards for educational serious games (designed for both entertainment and instruction), we designed a development framework for evaluation standards of educational serious games and proceeded to develop standards in accordance with our proposed procedure. Our standards were designed to evaluate the quality of both technical and non-technical elements of educational serious game software products. We conducted a survey on the need for individual elements of the standard. Participants rated the need for each element on a five-point Likert scale. We then performed a reliability analysis of the survey results. Based on the survey results, we established a final standard for quality evaluation composed of 9 main elements and 31 sub-elements. The results of our research will contribute useful information to users as well as to the developers of educational serious games.
Design Approach with Higher Levels of Abstraction: Implementing Heterogeneous Multiplication Server Farms
Moon, Sangook ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 112~117
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.112
In order to reuse a register transfer level (RTL)-based IP block, it takes another architectural exploration in which the RTL will be put, and it also takes virtual platforms to develop the driver and applications software. Due to the increasing demands of new technology, the hardware and software complexity of organizing embedded systems is growing rapidly. Accordingly, the traditional design methodology cannot stand up forever to designing complex devices. In this paper, I introduce an electronic system level (ESL)-based approach to designing complex hardware with a derivative of SystemVerilog. I adopted the concept of reuse with higher levels of abstraction of the ESL language than traditional HDLs to design multiplication server farms. Using the concept of ESL, I successfully implemented server farms as well as a test bench in one simulation environment. It would have cost a number of Verilog/C simulations if I had followed the traditional way, which would have required much more time and effort.
An Efficient Interpolation Hardware Architecture for HEVC Inter-Prediction Decoding
Jin, Xianzhe ; Ryoo, Kwangki ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 118~123
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.118
This paper proposes an efficient hardware architecture for high efficiency video coding (HEVC), which is the next generation video compression standard. It adopts several new coding techniques to reduce the bit rate by about 50% compared with the previous one. Unlike the previous H.264/AVC 6-tap interpolation filter, in HEVC, a one-dimensional seven-tap and eight-tap filter is adopted for luma interpolation, but it also increases the complexity and gate area in hardware implementation. In this paper, we propose a parallel architecture to boost the interpolation performance, achieving a luma
block interpolation in 2-4 cycles. The proposed architecture contains shared operations reducing the gate count increased due to the parallel architecture. This makes the area efficiency better than the previous design, in the best case, with the performance improved by about 75.15%. It is synthesized with the MagnaChip
library and can reach the maximum frequency of 200 MHz.
Silhouette-Edge-Based Descriptor for Human Action Representation and Recognition
Odoyo, Wilfred O. ; Choi, Jae-Ho ; Moon, In-Kyu ; Cho, Beom-Joon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.124
Extraction and representation of postures and/or gestures from human activities in videos have been a focus of research in this area of action recognition. With various applications cropping up from different fields, this paper seeks to improve the performance of these action recognition machines by proposing a shape-based silhouette-edge descriptor for the human body. Information entropy, a method to measure the randomness of a sequence of symbols, is used to aid the selection of vital key postures from video frames. Morphological operations are applied to extract and stack edges to uniquely represent different actions shape-wise. To classify an action from a new input video, a Hausdorff distance measure is applied between the gallery representations and the query images formed from the proposed procedure. The method is tested on known public databases for its validation. An effective method of human action annotation and description has been effectively achieved.
Accelerated Generation Algorithm for an Elemental Image Array Using Depth Information in Computational Integral Imaging
Piao, Yongri ; Kwon, Young-Man ; Zhang, Miao ; Lee, Joon-Jae ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 132~138
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.132
In this paper, an accelerated generation algorithm to effectively generate an elemental image array in computational integral imaging system is proposed. In the proposed method, the depth information of 3D object is extracted from the images picked up by a stereo camera or depth camera. Then, the elemental image array can be generated by using the proposed accelerated generation algorithm with the depth information of 3D object. The resultant 3D image generated by the proposed accelerated generation algorithm was compared with that the conventional direct algorithm for verifying the efficiency of the proposed method. From the experimental results, the accuracy of elemental image generated by the proposed method could be confirmed.
Shaded-Mask Filtering for Extended Depth-of-Field Microscopy
Escobar, Isabel ; Saavedra, Genaro ; Martinez-Corral, Manuel ; Calatayud, Arnau ; Doblas, Ana ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2013, Pages 139~146
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2013.11.2.139
This paper proposes a new spatial filtering approach for increasing the depth-of-field (DOF) of imaging systems, which is very useful for obtaining sharp images for a wide range of axial positions of the object. Many different techniques have been reported to increase the depth of field. However the main advantage in our method is its simplicity, since we propose the use of purely absorbing beam-shaping elements, which allows a high focal depth with a minimum modification of the optical architecture. In the filter design, we have used the analogy between the axial behavior of a system with spherical aberration and the transverse impulse response of a 1D defocused system. This allowed us the design of a ring-shaded filter. Finally, experimental verification of the theoretical statements is also provided.