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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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A Design for a Modified Circular Slot Antenna with a Fork-like Tuning Stub for UWB Operations
Yoon, Joong-Han ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 65~70
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.065
This paper proposes and experimentally tests a modified circular slot antenna fed by a fork-like tuning stub for ultra-wideband (UWB) operation. The proposed antenna consists of a modified circular slot model and fork-like tuning stub. The proposed antenna is printed on a 34.0 mm × 30.0 mm FR4 substrate with thickness of 1.0 mm and relative permittivity of 4.4. The effect of various parameters of the circular slot and fork-like tuning stub is investigated for UWB operation. The modified circular slot and fork-like tuning stub are fabricated on the substrate to achieve wideband operation and good impedance matching. Experimental results demonstrated that the measured return loss exhibits an acceptable agreement with the simulated return loss and satisfies the -10 dB impedance bandwidth requirement while simultaneously covering the UWB bands. In addition, the proposed antenna shows good radiation characteristics and gains in the UWB bands.
Dispersion-Managed Optical Links Combined with Asymmetrical Optical Phase Conjugation for Compensating for Distorted WDM Signals
Lee, Seong-Real ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 71~77
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.071
The combination of dispersion management (DM) and midway optical phase conjugation (OPC) is one of the promising techniques for compensating for optical signal distortion due to group velocity dispersion and nonlinear fiber effects. However, in this combination technique, midway OPC restricts the flexible optical link configuration. Therefore, the possibility of implementing the flexible optical link configuration with non-midway OPC applied to complete inline DM links is investigated in this study. It is confirmed that although the compensation using non-midway OPC for the distorted WDM channels is less effective than that using midway OPC, when non-midway OPC is placed at positions closer to the transmitters, the deployment of precompensation (i.e., the sequence of DCF + SMF)-OPC-postcompensation (i.e., the sequence of SMF + DCF) is more advantageous for the compensation. On the other hand, inverse deployment with respect to OPC (i.e., postcompensation-OPC-precompensation) is more advantageous when non-midway OPC is placed at positions closer to the receivers.
Performance Evaluation of the Complex-Coefficient Adaptive Equalizer Using the Hilbert Transform
Park, Kyu-Chil ; Yoon, Jong Rak ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 78~83
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.078
In underwater acoustic communication, the transmitted signals are severely influenced by the reflections from both the sea surface and the sea bottom. As very large reflection signals from these boundaries cause an inter-symbol interference (ISI) effect, the communication quality worsens. A channel estimation-based equalizer is usually adopted to compensate for the reflected signals under the acoustic communication channel. In this study, a feed-forward equalizer (FFE) with the least mean squares (LMS) algorithm was applied to a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) transmission system. Two different types of equalizers were adopted in the QPSK system, namely a real-coefficient equalizer and a complex-coefficient equalizer. The performance of the complex-coefficient equalizer was better than that of two real-coefficient equalizers. Therefore, a Hilbert transform was applied to the real-coefficient binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) system to obtain a complex-coefficient BPSK system. Consequently, we obtained better results than those of a real-coefficient equalizer.
Clustering Scheme for (m,k)-Firm Streams in Wireless Sensor Networks
Kim, Ki-Il ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 84~88
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.084
As good example of potential application-specific requirement, (m,k)-firm real-time streams have been recently introduced to deliver multimedia data efficiently in wireless sensor networks. In addition to stream model, communication protocols to meet specific (m,k)-firm real-time streams have been newly developed or extended from existing protocols. However, since the existing schemes for an (m,k)-firm stream have been proposed under typical flat architecture, the scalability problem remains unsolved when the number of real-time flows increases in the networks. To solve this problem, in this paper, we propose a new clustering scheme for an (m,k)-firm stream. The two different clustering algorithms are performed according to either the (m,k)-firm requirement or the deadline. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed scheme under hierarchical architecture by showing that its performance is acceptable irrespective of the increase in the number of flows.
Secure Pre-authentication Schemes for Fast Handoff in Proxy Mobile IPv6
Baek, Jaejong ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.089
In mobile communication, there are various types of handoff for the support of all forms of mobility. Proxy mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) enables local network-based mobility management of a mobile node without any effect of mobility-related signaling. Recently, PMIPv6 has been considered for supporting mobility management in LTE/SAE-based mobile networks. To support seamless mobility in heterogeneous mobile networks, the overall cost of handoffs needs to be minimized and the procedure should be guaranteed to be secure. However, the reduction of the authentication cost has not been fully investigated to provide seamless connectivity when mobile users perform a handoff between the PMIPv6 domains. This paper proposes secure pre-authentication schemes, completing an authentication procedure before performing a handoff, for a fast handoff in PMIPv6. Analytic models have been used for measuring the authentication latency and for the overhead cost analysis. In addition to providing fast authentication, the proposed pre-authentication schemes can prevent threats such as replay attacks and key exposure.
Ontology Mapping and Rule-Based Inference for Learning Resource Integration
Jetinai, Kotchakorn ; Arch-int, Ngamnij ; Arch-int, Somjit ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 97~105
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.097
With the increasing demand for interoperability among existing learning resource systems in order to enable the sharing of learning resources, such resources need to be annotated with ontologies that use different metadata standards. These different ontologies must be reconciled through ontology mediation, so as to cope with information heterogeneity problems, such as semantic and structural conflicts. In this paper, we propose an ontology-mapping technique using Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) to generate semantic mapping rules that integrate learning resources from different systems and that cope with semantic and structural conflicts. Reasoning rules are defined to support a semantic search for heterogeneous learning resources, which are deduced by rule-based inference. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach enables the integration of learning resources originating from multiple sources and helps users to search across heterogeneous learning resource systems.
Touch Position Recovery Algorithm for Differential Sensing Touch Screen
Kim, Ji-Ho ; Won, Dong-Min ; Kim, HyungWon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 106~114
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.106
Differential sensing methods are more effective in alleviating panel noise than single-line sensing, and thus have been increasingly used in the touch screen industry. However, they have a drawback: they tend to cancel out multiple touches and need touch position recovery algorithms. This paper introduces a novel algorithm of touch position recovery for differential sensing, which is a low-complexity but high-accuracy approach for determining multiple touch positions. We have implemented the proposed method in a touch screen controller system on a chip. In the simulation experiments using realistic touch screen models and a differential sensing circuit, the algorithm exhibited a high detection performance of a signal-to-noise ratio gain of up to 52.21 dB. Therefore, we can conclude that the proposed method is substantially more accurate than the previous method. Further, the proposed method incurs little or no overhead in terms of the detection speed and the chip size.
General SPICE Modeling Procedure for Double-Gate Tunnel Field-Effect Transistors
Najam, Syed Faraz ; Tan, Michael Loong Peng ; Yu, Yun Seop ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 115~121
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.115
Currently there is a lack of literature on SPICE-level models of double-gate (DG) tunnel field-effect transistors (TFETs). A DG TFET compact model is presented in this work that is used to develop a SPICE model for DG TFETs implemented with Verilog-A language. The compact modeling approach presented in this work integrates several issues in previously published compact models including ambiguity about the use of tunneling parameters A
, and the use of a universal equation for calculating the surface potential of DG TFETs in all regimes of operation to deliver a general SPICE modeling procedure for DG TFETs. The SPICE model of DG TFET captures the drain current-gate voltage (I
) characteristics of DG TFET reasonably well and offers a definite computational advantage over TCAD. The general SPICE modeling procedure presented here could be used to develop SPICE models for any combination of structural parameters of DG TFETs.
Hybrid Power Management System Using Fuel Cells and Batteries
Kim, Jae Min ; Oh, Jin Seok ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 122~128
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.122
In the future, hybrid power management systems using fuel cells (FCs) and batteries will be used as the driving power systems of ships. These systems consist of an FC, a converter, an inverter, and a battery. In general, an FC provides steady-state energy; a battery provides the dynamic energy in the start state of a ship for enabling a smooth operation, and provides or absorbs the peak or dynamic power when the load varies and the FC cannot respond immediately. The FC voltage range is very wide and depends on the load; Therefore, the FC cannot directly connect to the inverter. In this paper, we propose a power management strategy and design process involving a unidirectional converter, a bidirectional converter, and an inverter, considering the ship's operating conditions and the power conditions of the FC and the battery. The presented experimental results were verified through a simulation.
Image-Based Maritime Obstacle Detection Using Global Sparsity Potentials
Mou, Xiaozheng ; Wang, Han ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 14, issue 2, 2016, Pages 129~135
DOI : 10.6109/jicce.2016.14.2.129
In this paper, we present a novel algorithm for image-based maritime obstacle detection using global sparsity potentials (GSPs), in which "global" refers to the entire sea area. The horizon line is detected first to segment the sea area as the region of interest (ROI). Considering the geometric relationship between the camera and the sea surface, variable-size image windows are adopted to sample patches in the ROI. Then, each patch is represented by its texture feature, and its average distance to all the other patches is taken as the value of its GSP. Thereafter, patches with a smaller GSP are clustered as the sea surface, and patches with a higher GSP are taken as the obstacle candidates. Finally, the candidates far from the mean feature of the sea surface are selected and aggregated as the obstacles. Experimental results verify that the proposed approach is highly accurate as compared to other methods, such as the traditional feature space reclustering method and a state-of-the-art saliency detection method.