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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Propagation Delay Modeling and Implementation of DGPS beacon signal over the Spherical Earth
Yu, Dong-Hui ; Weon, Sung-Hyun ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 295~299
This paper presents the ASF(Additional Secondary Factor) modeling of DGPS beacon signal. In addition to DGPS's original purpose, the feasibility to utilize DGPS system for timing and navigation has been studied. For timing and navigation, the positioning system must know the accurate time delay of signal traveling from the transmitter to receiver. Then the delay can be used to compute the user position. The DGPS beacon signal transmits the data using medium frequency, which travels through the surface and cause the additional delay rather than the speed of light according to conductivities and elevations of the irregular terrain. We introduce the modeling of additional delay(ASF) and present the results of implementation. The similar approach is Locan-C. Loran-C has been widely used as the maritime location system and was enhanced to E-Loran(Enhanced Loran). E-Loran system uses the ASF estimation method and is able to provide the more precise location service. However there was rarely research on this area in Korea. Hence, we introduce the ASF and its estimation model. With the comparison of the same condition and data from the original Monteath model and ASF estimation data of Loran system respectively, we guarantee that the implementation is absolutely perfect. For further works, we're going to apply the ASF estimation model to Korean DGPS beacon system with the Korean terrain data.
Effects of Impulsive Noise on the Performance of Uniform Distributed Multi-hop Wireless Sensor Networks
Rob, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 300~304
Wireless sensor networks represent a new and exciting communication paradigm which could have multiple applications in future wireless communication. Therefore, performance analysis of such a wireless sensor network paradigm is needed in complex wireless channel. Wireless networks could be an important means of providing ubiquitous communication in the future. In this paper, the BER performance of uniform distributed wireless sensor networks is evaluated in non-Gaussian noise channel. Using an analytical approach, the impact of Av. BER performance relating the coherent BPSK system at the end of a multi-hop route versus the spatial density of sensor nodes and impulsive noise parameters A and
SCTP Performance Analysis based on ROHC
Shinn, Byung-Cheol ; Feng, Bai ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 305~310
In this paper, an analysis has been done on the performance of SCTP header compression by using Robust Reader Compression (ROHC) method. And it is assumed that the operating mode for ROHC is unidirectional mode (U-Mode) and the possible states are IR and SO states. The throughput of SCTP packets in wireless link and the impact of size of W-LSB encoding window on throughput are discussed.
Query Tree Algorithm for Energy Conserving and Fast Identification in RFID Systems
Lim, In-Taek ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 311~315
This paper proposes a revised query tree algorithm in RFID systems. The proposed QT_ecfi algorithm revises the QT algorithm, which has a memory-less property. In the QT_ecfi algorithm, the tag will send the remaining bits of their identification codes when the query string matches the first bits of their identification codes. When the reader receives all the responses of the tags, it knows which bit is collided. If the collision occurs in the last bit, the reader can identify two tags simultaneously without further query. While the tags are sending their identification codes, if the reader detects a collision bit, it will send a signal to the tags to stop sending. According to the simulation results, the QT_ecfi algorithm outperforms the QT algorithm in terms of the number of queries and the number of response bits.
A Method to Improve Bragg Reflectors Quality in FBAR Devices
Mai, Linh ; Lee, Jae-Young ; Pham, Van Su ; Yoon, Gi-Wan ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 316~319
This paper presents some methods to improve the resonance characteristics of film bulk acoustic-wave resonator (FBAR) devices. The FBAR devices were fabricated on multilayer Bragg reflectors (BR) into which very thin chromium (Cr) adhesion layers were inserted, followed by several kinds of thermal annealing processes. These methods resulted in an excellent device improvement in terms of return loss and Q-factors.
Improvement of Resonance Characteristics by Post-Annealing in FBAR Devices
Lee, Jae-Young ; Mai, Linh ; Yoon, Gi-Wan ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 320~323
This paper presents the resonance characteristics of the ZnO-based FBAR devices with multilayered Bragg reflectors with Cr adhesion layer inserted between
and W layers. Due to the post- annealing, the return loss (
) and series/parallel quality factor are significantly improved when compared with the non-post annealing. This post-annealing method seems to be a very efficient way to improve the resonance characteristics of FBAR devices.
The measurement of p-n junction depth by SEM
Hur, Chang-Wu ; Lee, Kyu-Chung ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 324~327
In this paper, the p-n junction depth with nondestructive method by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is determined and conformed. By measuring the critical short circuit current on the p-n junction which induced by electron beam and calculating generation range, the diffusion depth can be obtained. It can be seen that values destructively measured by constant angle lapping and nondestructively by this study almost concur. As this result, it is purposed that diffusion depth of p-n junction can be easily measured by nondestruction. This nondestructive method can be recommended highly to the industrial analysis.
Performance of the MMSE Receiver Front-ended by CMA Array in the Mult-path Faded CDMA Forward Link.
Lee, Yun-Soo ; Chinn, Yong-Oak ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 328~332
The structure of MMSE receiver frontended by CMA array working in CDMA forward link is proposed. By using the despreaded pilot signal of forward link as a reference signal, CMA array can capture multi-path signals securely even in severely faded mobile channel. The remaining MAl (Multiple Access Interference) is cancelled by the cascaded MMSE receiver. Through computer simulation, it is proved that the proposed system shows much better BER performance than any other systems. As a mobile based spatio-temporal receiver, the proposed system also reduces implemental cost and complexity by adopting the simplest algorithm for its spatial and temporal domain processing.
Performance of the Long Code MMSE Detector With Pilot Channel in the Presence of Rayleigh Fading
Lee, Yun-Soo ; Chinn, Yong-Oak ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 333~338
In this paper we propose a new structure of the long code MMSE receiver with pilot channel, which maintians excellent symbol detection capability even in the presence of Rayleigh fading. We explain analytically how the stability of the receiver weight vector, which is critical to the system performance, can be achieved by compensating the error signal as well as received signal vector distorted by fading channel. Computer simulation shows while maintaining better performance than the conventional matched filter receiver, the proposed long code MMSE receiver can extend its period up to
in a fading environment.
The Study of Video Transcoding and Streaming System Based on Prediction Period
Park, Seong-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Min ; Lee, Hwa-Sei ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 339~345
Video transcoding is a technique used to convert a compressed input video stream with an arbitrary format, size, and bitrate into a different attribute video stream different attributes to provide a efficient video streaming service for the customers is dispersed in the heterogeneous networks. Specifically, frames deletion occur in a transcoding scheme that exploits the adjustment of frame rate, and at this time, the loss in temporal relation among frames due to frame deletion is compensated for the prediction of motion estimation by reusing motion vectors in the would-be deleted frames. But the processing time for transcoding don't have an improvement as much as our expectation because transcoding is done only within the transcoder. So in this paper, we propose a new transcoding algorithm based on prediction period to improve transcoding-related processing time. For this, we also modify the existing encoder so as to adjust dynamically frame rate based on the prediction period and deletion period of frames. To check how the proposed algorithm works nicely, we implement a video streaming system with the new transcoder and encoder to which it is applied. The result of the performance test shows that the streaming system with proposed algorithm improve 60% above in processing time and also PSNR have a good performance while the quality of pictures is preserved.
Security in the Password-based Identification
Park, Byung-Jun ; Park, Jong-Min ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 346~350
Almost all network systems provide an authentication mechanism based on user ID and password. In such system, it is easy to obtain the user password using a sniffer program with illegal eavesdropping. The one-time password and challenge-response method are useful authentication schemes that protect the user passwords against eavesdropping. In client/server environments, the one-time password scheme using time is especially useful because it solves the synchronization problem. It is the stability that is based on Square Root Problem, and we would like to suggest PBSI(Password Based Secure Identification), enhancing the stability, for all of the well-known attacks by now including Off-line dictionary attack, password file compromise, Server and so on. The PBSI is also excellent in the aspect of the performance.
A Controller Design for SRM using VHDL
Park, Joon-Hoon ; Park, Boo-Chong ; Kim, Jin-Min ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 351~357
SRM (Switched Reluctance Motor) has not been put into practical use since it has been developed in mid 19th centuries, but the switching element using semi-conductor was developed in 1950's which made possible to produce small size staffing motors. The research activities have been lively conducted regarding SRM since 1960's, nowadays, more research activities are being carried out focusing on developing small home appliances such as vacuum cleaners and washing machines. This thesis explains the study of controller design applied to SRM concept. This controller executes controller algorithms via
- processor to increase stability and precise measurement, and VHDL (Very high speed integrated circuit Hardware Description Language) is designed to generate SRM driving signal.
A new proposal of three-step dc-dc converter scheme for solar power system
Lee, Hee-Chang ; Park, Sung-Joon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 358~361
We report on a new type dc-dc converter design that combines the advantage of dc ripple noise elimination and high efficiency. As potential low cost solar cells, DSC module and the panel's system efficiency and stability are still critical problems to the way of marketing. In this study, a new three-step dc-dc converter scheme with the phase-shift-carrier technology is proposed to apply for solar power system. We have achieved power conversion efficiency around 94.88%.
Single-phase Uninterruptible Power Supply employing Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage Unit
Kang, Feel-Soon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 362~368
A single-phase uninterruptible power supply system equipped with a superconducting magnet energy storage unit is proposed to achieve a simple circuit configuration and higher system reliability. It reduces a number of switching devices by applying a common-arm scheme. Removing some switches or substituting passive elements for active switches can increase the sophistication and reduces degree of freedom in control strategy. However, high-performance DSP controller can execute the complicated control task with no additional cost. Operational principles to normal, stored-energy, and bypass mode are discussed in detail. The validity of the proposed system is verified by experimental results.
Adaptive Partitioning for Efficient Query Support
Yun, Hong-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 369~373
RFID systems large volume of data, it can lead to slower queries. To achieve better query performance, we can partition into active and some nonactive data. In this paper, we propose two approaches of partitioning for efficient query support. The one is average period plus delta partition and the other is adaptive average period partition. We also present the system architecture to manage active data and non-active data and logical database schema. The data manager check the active partition and move all objects from the active store to an archive store associated with an average period plus data and an adaptive average period. Our experiments show the performance of our partitioning methods.
Theoretical comparison of electron beam initiated HF/DF laser output characteristics
Lee, Young-Woo ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 374~376
The output characteristics of HF and DF lasers were compared theoretically. The simulation code shows the good agreement with the experimental results well. As results, the effect of chain termination reaction in
rich mixture is larger than that of
rich mixture in HF and DF lasers.
Effective Compensation of the Distorted 1.12 Tbps WDM Signals Using Optimization of Total Dispersion
Lee, Seong-Real ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 377~381
Nonlinear effects and chromatic dispersion are the main causes of pulse degradation in high bit-rate WDM transmission systems and several architectures have been proposed to compensate them by means of optical phase conjugation. In this paper, a new method to exploit an optical phase conjugator (OPC) for nonlinearity and dispersion cancellation is disclosed. The proposed method is using optimal total dispersion of each fiber sections and it is simpler than those previously described in literature. Power penalty between WDM channels and the maximum launch power in
Gbps WDM transmission system designed by optimal total dispersion are more decreased and more increased than those in the conventional WDM transmission system with OPC, respectively. Furthermore, optimal total dispersion proposed in this research should provide the flexible design of WDM system, which less depends on OPC position.
Indoor Passive Location Tracking and Activity Monitoring using WSN for Ubiquitous Healthcare
Singh, Vinay Kumar ; Lee, Seung-Chul ; Lim, Hyo-Taek ; Myllyla, Risto ; Chung, Wan-Young ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 382~388
Indoor location system using wireless sensor network technology was applied for the status evaluation and activity monitoring of elderly person or chronic invalid at home. Location awareness application is transparent to the daily activities, while providing the embedded computing infrastructure with an awareness of what is happening in this space. To locate an object, the active ceiling-mounted reference beacons were placed throughout the building. Reference beacons periodically publish location information on RF and ultrasonic signals to allow application running on mobile or static nodes to study and determine their physical location. Once object-carried passive listener receives the information, it subsequently determines it's location from reference beacons. By using only the sensor nodes without any external network infrastructure the cost of the system was reduced while the accuracy in our experiments. was fairly good and fine grained between 7 and 15 cm for location awareness in indoor environments. Passive architecture used here provides the security of the user privacy while at the server the privacy was secured by providing the authentication using Geopriv approach. This information from sensor nodes is further forwarded to base station where further computation is performed to determine the current position of object and several applications are enabled for context awareness.
Automatic Identification and Tracking in Blood Supply Distribution Using RFID System
Kang, Jin-Suk ; Jeon, Young-Jun ; Sung, Mee-Young ; Shin, Seung-Ho ; Jeong, Tai-Keong T. ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 5, issue 4, 2007, Pages 389~393
The distribution of donated blood for medical purpose is an area that presents many challenges. In order to establish a comprehensive solution, the current patterns of distribution must be reviewed and problems related to it need to be clearly understood. This paper introduces 'Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) System', as a potential solution to some of the problems which arise in the process of blood supply distribution, and a way to systematically manage the blood supply. For the various possible RFID systems, the reader and tag must be suitable for the purpose of blood distribution. A database has been designed that can recognize tags and objects in a ubiquitous RFID blood distribution system. In this paper, we design the real-time software to control the RFID reader system and transponder, using the EEPROM memory by RFID. The experimental results confirm that the transmission rate of 3.9kbps for RF is 125 KHz. The electric power usage of transponder chip is
, with the recognition distance is about 7cm range.