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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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An Energy Effective Protocol for Clustering Ad Hoc Network
Lee, Kang-Whan ; Chen, Yun ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 117~121
In ad hoc network, the scarce energy management of the mobile devices has become a critical issue in order to extend the network lifetime. Therefore, the energy consumption is important in the routing design, otherwise cluster schemes are efficient in energy conserving. For the above reasons, an Energy conserving Context aware Clustering algorithm (ECC) is proposed to establish the network clustering structure, and a routing algorithm is introduced to choose the Optimal Energy Routing Protocol (OERP) path in this paper. Because in ad hoc network, the topology, nodes residual energy and energy consuming rate are dynamic changing. The network system should react continuously and rapidly to the changing conditions, and make corresponding action according different conditions. So we use the context aware computing to actualize the cluster head node, the routing path choosing. In this paper, we consider a novel routing protocol using the cluster schemes to find the optimal energy routing path based on a special topology structure of Resilient Ontology Multicasting Routing Protocol (RODMRP). The RODMRP is one of the hierarchical ad hoc network structure which combines the advantage of the tree based and the mesh based network. This scheme divides the nodes in different level found on the node energy condition, and the clustering is established based on the levels. This protocol considered the residual energy of the nodes and the total consuming energy ratio on the routing path to get the energy efficiently routing. The proposed networks scheme could get better improve the awareness for data to achieve and performance on their clustering establishment and messages transmission. Also, by using the context aware computing, according to the condition and the rules defined, the sensor nodes could adjust their behaviors correspondingly to improve the network routing.
A System Level Network-on-chip Model with MLDesigner
Agarwal, Ankur ; Shankar, Rabi ; Pandya, A.S. ; Lho, Young-Uhg ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 122~128
Multiprocessor architectures and platforms, such as, a multiprocessor system on chip (MPSoC) recently introduced to extend the applicability of the Moore's law, depend upon concurrency and synchronization in both software and hardware to enhance design productivity and system performance. With the rapidly approaching billion transistors era, some of the main problem in deep sub-micron technologies characterized by gate lengths in the range of 60-90 nm will arise from non scalable wire delays, errors in signal integrity and non-synchronized communication. These problems may be addressed by the use of Network on Chip (NOC) architecture for future System-on-Chip (SoC). We have modeled a concurrent architecture for a customizable and scalable NOC in a system level modeling environment using MLDesigner (from MLD Inc.). Varying network loads under various traffic scenarios were applied to obtain realistic performance metrics. We provide the simulation results for latency as a function of the buffer size. We have abstracted the area results for NOC components from its FPGA implementation. Modeled NOC architecture supports three different levels of quality-of-service (QoS).
An Efficient Power Control Algorithm for Satellite Communications Systems with ATC
Kim, Byung-Gi ; Ryoo, Sang-Jin ; Hwang, In-Tae ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 129~133
In this paper, modified power control algorithms are proposed for a satellite mobile communications system with ATC (ancillary terrestrial component). In order to increase system capacity and reduce the transmitting power of the user's equipment, we propose the modified power control scheme consisting of the modified closed-loop and open-loop power control. The modified CLPC (closed-loop power control) algorithm, combining the delay compensation algorithms and pilot diversity, is mainly applied to the ATC link in urban areas because it is more suitable to the short RTD (round-trip delay). In the case of rural areas where ATCs are not deployed or a signal is not received from ATCs, combining monitoring transmitting power equipment and OLPC (open-loop power control) algorithms using an efficient pilot diversity is mainly applied to the link between the user's equipment and the satellite. Two power control algorithms are applied equally to the boundary areas where two kinds of signals are received in order to ensure coverage continuity. The simulation results show that the modified power control scheme has good performance compared to conventional power control schemes in a GEO (geostationary earth orbit) satellite system with ATC.
Performance Analysis of Channel Error Probability using Markov Model for SCTP Protocol
Shinn, Byung-Cheol ; Feng, Bai ; Khongorzul, Dashdondov ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 134~139
In this paper, we propose an analysis model for the performance of channel error probability in Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) using Markov model. In this model it is assumed that the compressor and decompressor work in Unidirectional Mode. And the average throughput of SCTP protocol is obtained by finding the throughputs of when the initial channel state is good or bad.
Deploying a Wireless Sensor Network for Oceanography using ZigBee
Park, Soo-Hong ; Keat, Kok-Choon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 140~145
We recently developed new offshore observation system using USN buoy, widely used to measure the directional properties of ocean wave, seawater temperature, UV light, longitude and latitude of the buoy using GPS module. This paper also documents the development and implementation of a buoy network for acquisition of data of base station with buoys. The major phases of the project include specification of the network, physical construction of network nodes, software development for control of nodes, and testing of network performance. We described some of the practical issues involved in designing, building and deploying a buoy network for oceanographic monitoring. The paper explains some of the design decisions and their consequences, and some of the lessons learned from a first lesson network trial at sea.
Simulation of a Non-Directional Wave Spectrum Analysis with Welch's Method
Park, Soo-Hong ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 146~149
Simulation and signal conditioning on the time domain surface elevation records are conducted to verify the proposed Welch's method in non-directional ocean wave spectrum analysis. These spectrum data are further conditioned to provide wave characteristic that better describe the sea states. Comparison of significant wave height and zero crossing period between the proposed method and a reference toolkit are presented.
Novel Approach for Eliminating BER Irreducible Floor in the Enhanced Blind Cyclic Detection for Space-Time Coding
Pham, Van-Su ; Le, Minh-Tuan ; Mai, Linh ; Kabir, S.M.Humayun ; Yoon, Gi-Wan ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 150~153
In the blind Maximum-likelihood (ML) detection for Orthogonal Space-Time Block Codes (OSTBC), the problem of ambiguity in determining the symbols has been a great concern. A possible solution to this problem is to apply semi-blind ML detection, i.e. the blind ML decoding with pilot symbols or training sequence. In order to increase the performance, the number of pilot symbols or length of training sequence should be increased. Unfortunately, this leads to a significantly decrease in system spectral efficiency. This work presents an approach to resolve the aforementioned issue by introducing a new method for constructing transmitted information symbols, in which transmitting information symbols drawn form different modulation constellations. Therefore, the ambiguity can be easily eliminated. In addition, computer simulation is implemented to verify the performance of the proposed approach.
Reliability Evaluation of RF Power Amplifier for Wireless Transmitter
Choi, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 154~157
A class-E RF(Radio Frequency) power amplifier for wireless application is designed using standard CMOS technology. To drive the class-E power amplifier, a class-F RF power amplifier is used and the reliability characteristics are studied with a class-E load network. The reliability characteristic is improved when a finite-DC feed inductor is used instead of an RF choke with the load. After one year of operating, when the load is an RF choke the output current and voltage of the power amplifier decrease about 17% compared to initial values. But when the load is a finite DC-feed inductor the output current and voltage decrease 9.7%. The S-parameter such as input reflection coefficient(S11) and the forward transmission scattering parameter(S21) is simulated with the stress time. In a finite DC-feed inductor the characteristics of S-parameter are changed slightly compared to an RF-choke inductor. From the simulation results, the class-E power amplifier with a finite DC-feed inductor shows superior reliability characteristics compared to power amplifier using an RF choke.
Throughput Based Study of UWB Receiver Modem Parameters
Choi, Byoung-Jo ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 158~163
The MB-OFDM based UWB communication system is a personal area network specification aiming to provide 480Mbps peak data rate over 528 MHz spectrum. As the corresponding baseband modem operates at high clock rate, its complexity should be optimized for low power consumption. A set of modem design parameters is suggested including the AD bit width, the clipping level and the quantization level at the Viterbi decoder input as well as the trace-back depth of the Viterbi decoder. The data throughput is used to evaluate the performance of the receiver and a recommended set of design parameter values is presented to aid efficient modem implementation.
Single Feed Compact Wideband Antenna for Wireless Communication Applications
Park, Noh-Joon ; Kang, Young-Jin ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 164~168
Wideband terminal and base station is required to serve not only existing 1st and 2nd generation mobile communication systems but also 3rd generation systems. In this paper, we presents a feasibility study on single feed compact wideband antenna for wireless communication applications including GSM (890-960 MHz), GPS (1575 MHz), DCS (1710-1880 MHz), PCS (1880-1990 MHz), UMTS (1900-2200 MHz), ISM (2400-2480 MHz), IMT2000 and satellite DMB bands. The original antenna was designed for partial discharge detection sensor in high voltage diagnostic system. However, we modified the original prototype to achieve shifted down resonant frequency for wideband wireless communication applications. The experimental result shows good return loss characteristics and radiation patterns except for the total gain at each resonant frequency. The maximum measured gain was 2.45 dBi
3.18 dBi at 1710 MHz
DVB-H/GSM/DCS/PCS band internal antenna for mobile handheld communication systems
Jung, Byung-Woon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 169~171
An internal antenna for small mobile systems is proposed to support the DVB-H system. It consists of two antenna elements, which are a folded planar monopole for DVB-H and PIFA for GSM/DCS/PCS, and a meander line and RF cable are used to increase the ground plane. Experimental results of the antenna are presented.
CELLULAR/DCS/US-PCS Triple-Band Internal Antenna with a Novel Feeding Structure
Jung, Byung-Woon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 172~176
This paper presents a novel feeding structure of the triple-band internal antenna which covers CELLVLAR/DCS/US-PCS bands. The proposed antenna consists of a U-slot patch radiator with a shorting post connected with ground plane and symmetric feeding lines with respective a feeding and shorting posts on both faces of the fixed FR-4 substrate. Through the simulation and experimental results, the proposed antenna is confirmed to have the features of less interference with a human head/body, broad bandwidth, desirable radiation patterns and efficiency for triple-band applications.
Design of Fast Elliptic Curve Crypto module for Mobile Hand Communication
Kim, Jung-Tae ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 177~181
The more improved the Internet and the information technology, the stronger cryptographic system is required which can satisfy the information security on the platform of personal hand-held devices or smart card system. This paper introduces a case study of designing an elliptic curve cryptographic processor of a high performance that can be suitably used in a wireless communicating device or in an embedded system. To design an efficient cryptographic system, we first analyzed the operation hierarchy of the elliptic curve cryptographic system and then implemented the system by adopting a serial cell multiplier and modified Euclid divider. Simulation result shows that the system was correctly designed and it can compute thousands of operations per a second. The operating frequency used in simulation is about 66MHz and gate counts are approximately 229,284.
Clustering based on Dependence Tree in Massive Data Streams
Yun, Hong-Won ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 182~186
RFID systems generate huge amount of data quickly. The data are associated with the locations and the timestamps and the containment relationships. It is requires to assure efficient queries and updates for product tracking and monitoring. We propose a clustering technique for fast query processing. Our study presents the state charts of temporal event flow and proposes the dependence trees with data association and uses them to cluster the linked events. Our experimental evaluation show the power of proposing clustering technique based on dependence tree.
Mobile Vector Map Generalization Methods for Location Information Search
Choi, Jin-Oh ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 187~191
In the mobile environments for the vector map services, a map simplification work through the map generalization steps helps improve the readability of the map on a large scale. The generalization operations are various such as selection, aggregation, simplification, displacement, and so on, the formal operation algorithms have not been built yet. Because the algorithms require deep special knowledge and heuristic, which make it hard to automate the processes. This thesis proposes some map generalization algorithms specialized in mobile vector map services, based on previous works. This thesis will show the detail to adapt the approaches on the mobile environment, to display complex spatial objects efficiently on the mobile devices which have restriction on the resources.
Optical Harmonic Modulation-Demodulation Techniques for High-Speed Light wave Transmission
Choi, Young-Kyu ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 192~197
High-speed harmonic optical modulation-demodulation schemes are presented and a possibility of the schemes for applying to high-speed light wave transmission system is tested at microwave frequency range. An example of this concept is as follows : Light wave is modulated succeedingly through cascaded optical modulators by a sub-carrier to produce a modulated light wave at harmonic frequency which is higher than the feasible frequency of the individual modulators. For demodulation of the base-band signal, the high frequency optical sub-carrier is down-converted by the same kind of optical modulator with the same concept of harmonic modulation.
A Study on Intelligent Decentralized Active Suspension Control System with Descriptor LMI Design Method
Park, Jung-Hyen ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 198~203
An Intelligent optimal control system design algorithm in active suspension equipment adopting linear matrix inequalities control system design theory with representing by descriptor system form is presented. The validity of the linear matrix inequalities intelligent decentralized control system design with representing by descriptor system form in active suspension system through the numerical examples is also investigated.
A Study on the Recognition of Concrete Cracks using Fuzzy Single Layer Perceptron
Park, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 204~206
In this paper, we proposed the recognition method that automatically extracts cracks from a surface image acquired by a digital camera and recognizes the directions (horizontal, vertical, -45 degree, and 45 degree) of cracks using the fuzzy single layer perceptron. We compensate an effect of light on a concrete surface image by applying the closing operation, which is one of the morphological techniques, extract the edges of cracks by Sobel masking, and binarize the image by applying the iterated binarization technique. Two times of noise reduction are applied to the binary image for effective noise elimination. After the specific regions of cracks are automatically extracted from the preprocessed image by applying Glassfire labeling algorithm to the extracted crack image, the cracks of the specific region are enlarged or reduced to
pixels and then used as input patterns to the fuzzy single layer perceptron. The experiments using concrete crack images showed that the cracks in the concrete crack images were effectively extracted and the fuzzy single layer perceptron was effective in the recognition of the extracted cracks directions.
Sensor Fault Detection and Analysis of Fault Status using Smart Sensor Modeling
Kim, Sung-Shin ; Baek, Gyeong-Dong ; Lee, Soo-Jin ; Jeon, Tae-Ryong ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 207~212
There are several sensors in the liquid cargo ship. In the liquid cargo ship, we can get values from various sensors that are level sensor, temperature sensor, pressure sensor, oxygen sensor, VOCs sensor, high overfill sensor, etc. It is important to guarantee the reliability of sensors. In order to guarantee the reliability of sensors, we have to study the diagnosis of sensor fault. The technology of smart sensor is widely used. In this paper, the technology of smart sensor is applied to diagnosis of level sensor fault for liquid cargo ship. In order to diagnose sensor fault and find the sensor position, in this paper, we proposed algorithms of diagnosis of sensor fault using independent sensor diagnosis unit and self fault diagnosis using sensor modeling. Proposed methods are demonstrated by experiment and simulation. The results show that the proposed approach is useful. Proposed methods are useful to develop smart level sensor.
Recognition of Passports using CDM Masking and ART2-based Hybrid Network
Kim, Kwang-Baek ; Cho, Jae-Hyun ; Woo, Young-Woon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 213~217
This paper proposes a novel method for the recognition of passports based on the CDM(Conditional Dilation Morphology) masking and the ART2-based RBF neural networks. For the extraction of individual codes for recognizing, this paper targets code sequence blocks including individual codes by applying Sobel masking, horizontal smearing and a contour tracking algorithm on the passport image. Individual codes are recovered and extracted from the binarized areas by applying CDM masking and vertical smearing. This paper also proposes an ART2-based hybrid network that adapts the ART2 network for the middle layer. This network is applied to the recognition of individual codes. The experiment results showed that the proposed method has superior in performance in the recognition of passport.
Optimization of Fuzzy Car Controller Using Genetic Algorithm
Kim, Bong-Gi ; Song, Jin-Kook ; Shin, Chang-Doon ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 222~227
The important problem in designing a Fuzzy Logic Controller(FLC) is generation of fuzzy control rules and it is usually the case that they are given by human experts of the problem domain. However, it is difficult to find an well-trained expert to any given problem. In this paper, I describes an application of genetic algorithm, a well-known global search algorithm to automatic generation of fuzzy control rules for FLC design. Fuzzy rules are automatically generated by evolving initially given fuzzy rules and membership functions associated fuzzy linguistic terms. Using genetic algorithm efficient fuzzy rules can be generated without any prior knowledge about the domain problem. In addition expert knowledge can be easily incorporated into rule generation for performance enhancement. We experimented genetic algorithm with a non-trivial vehicle controling problem. Our experimental results showed that genetic algorithm is efficient for designing any complex control system and the resulting system is robust.
The Modified Backoff Algorithm to reduce the number of collisions in the IEEE 802.11 Networks
Nam, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 228~232
In recent years, wireless ad hoc networks have become increasingly popular in both military and civilian applications due to their capability of building networks without the need for a pre-existing infrastructure. Recently, IEEE 802.11 Task Group e has been working on a new mechanism, the Enhanced Distributed Coordination Function (EDCF), to enhance the performance of 802.11 DCF. However, EDCF only reduces the internal collisions within a station, and external collisions between stations remain high in ad-hoc networks. In this paper, we propose to adopt an adaptive backoff window control technique, based on a dynamic value of the initial value of the range in which the backoff is chosen, so the backoff timer is randomly chosen in the range (InitRng, CW-1). We use ns-2 simulation to evaluate the throughput of our scheme. Results show that the throughput is improved for our scheme compared to the original DCF due to the reduced the number of collisions.
Designing ActiveSync for Pocket PC using Wireless Technology
Bhaskar, Shalini ; Saxena, S.K. ;
Journal of information and communication convergence engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2008, Pages 233~237
This paper presents proposal for an application (only for Windows-based Mobile) that can synchronize the Third Generation Windows-based mobile with the prescribed server. This application can be used by mobile users to send information directly to the WAS server wirelessly. In this paper a comparison between Third Generation technology and WLAN ( both are parallel technologies first one embodied by IMT-2000 standards and the second one by ITU Standards) has been made and also a comparison between Wi-Fi and Bluetooth has been made.