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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Sep 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Certain Plant Extracts and Antagonists Against Fusarium solani and Alternaria tenuissima, the Incitants of Root Rot and Die-Back Diseases of Mulberry
Seetha, Ramulu J. ; Raja, Gopal Reddy C. ; Ramanjaneyulu, R. ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~5
The studies have been conducted to control the soil borne fungal pathogens viz, Fusarium solani (Mart) Sacc. and Alternaria tenuissima the incitants of root rot and die-back diseases on mulberry stem cuttings planted in the mulberry nurseries and also in established mulberry gardens ten plant extracts with 10% concentration except Lantana camara (undiluted) were tested through poisoned food technique and four biofungicides were also screened by dual culture method under in vitro conditions. Plant extract of Prosopis juliflora showed the maximum inhibition on the mycelial growth (81.2% over A. tenuissima and 80.0% over F. solani) and followed by L. camara (66.7% over A. tenuissima and 68.9% over F. solani). Among the antagonists Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma viride showed maximum inhibition on the mycelial growth of both pathogenic fungi. The promising plant extracts (P. juliflora and L. camara) and antagonists (P. fluorescens and T. viride) were tested against both the pathogenic fungi under in vivo conditions along with the existing popular chemical Mancozeb. All the tested plant products and bio-fungicides showed inhibitory effect on both fungi. But the maximum survival percentage of mulberry cuttings was recorded in the treatment with T. viride (95% against F. solani and 90% against A. tenuisssima) followed by P. fluorescens (90% against both fungi) and T. harzianum (80% against F. solani and 85% against A. tenuisssima). Incase of the treatments with plant extracts and chemical fungicide the P. juliflora (60% against F. solani and 55% against A. tenuisssima) showed higher survival percentage and followed by L. camara (55% against F. solani and 50% against A. tenuisssima) and Mancozeb (55% against both fungi). In case of control only 10% of survival was recorded in F. solani inoculated cuttings and 15% survival in A. tenuissima inoculated cuttings.
Study on Selective Media for Isolation of Entomopathogenic Fungi
Shin, Tae-Young ; Choi, Jae-Bang ; Bae, Sung-Min ; Koo, Hyun-Na ; Woo, Soo-Dong ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 7~12
To determine the optimal isolation conditions of the entomopathogenic fungi from soil, we compared their growth characteristics with non-entomopathogenic fungi on agar media containing various concentrations of cooper (II) chloride (
) or dodine. The result showed that dodine medium is more selective, and the optimal concentration of dodine is determined with
/ml. We could isolate several putative entomopathogenic fungi from soil using this, and identify them using ITS analysis. As a result, 64% fungi were identified as typical entomopathogenic fungi. This selective medium may be useful to the rapid and simple isolation of entomopathogenic fungi from soil.
Screening of Medicinal Plants Against the Infection of Antheraea mylitta Cytoplasdmic Polyhedrosis Virus (AmCPV) in Tropical Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury
Singh, Gajendra Pal ; Sahay, Alok ; Kulshresth, Varun ; Kumar, Phani Kiran ; Pallavi, Saumya ; Ojha, Nand Gopal ; Prasad, Bhagwan Chandra ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~17
Ten numbers of plants, based on their medicinal value, were used to test their efficacy against virosis (caused by cytoplassmic polyhedrosis virus) in tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury. in indoor rearing conditions. The aqueous extracts of leaf of Azadirichita indica (neem), Acharanthus aspera, Psoralea corylifolia, Asparagus racemosus, Adhatoda zelanica (Basak), Andrographis paniculata (Kalmegh), Moringa oilephera (sahjan), whole plant of Phyllanthus urinaria (Bhuiamla), Centella asiatica (Veng sag) and Curcuma longa (Haldi powder) in different concentrations were used for containment of virosis in silkworm larvae. The tasar silkworm larvae were orally inoculated with PIBs (
) of AmCPV in
instar and treated with plant extracts in each instar (
instar onwards). The mortality due to virosis was recorded during larval period. The plant extracts, irrespective of their concentrations, were found effective in suppressing the virosis where P. urinaria reduced the virosis to 56.90% followed by A. paniculata (53.82%) and least in C. asiatica (5.15%). The lowest pooled larva mortality 36.99% was recorded in the treatment of P. urinaria. Comparatively higher larva mortality 39.91% was observed with the treatment of A. paniculata. The highest larva mortality in treatment was with C. asiatica (81.99%). In treated control larva mortality was 86.50%.
Wake-up Treatments for Improving Oviposition and Colony Development of the Bumblebees Bombus ignitus and B. terrestris
Yoon, Hyung-Joo ; Lee, Kyeong-Yong ; Lee, Samg-Beom ; Park, In-Gyun ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~24
Bumblebees are widely used to pollinate crops in greenhouses and fields. Here, we investigated whether different wake-up treatments during a short period of 1~3 days just before indoor rearing has any effects on oviposition and colony development of
-treated Bombus ignitus queens and artificially hibernated B. terrestris queens The wake-up regimes were defined as 16L for 1 day (16L-1), 16 L per day for 3 days (16L-3), 24L for 1 day (24L-1), or 24D for 1 day (24D-1). Among these wake-up treatments, the oviposition rate and preoviposition period of B. ignitus queens reared at 24L-1 were 16.7~25.1% higher and 1.0~3.5 days shorter than other wake-up treatments. B. terrestris queens reared at 24L-1 also showed the best results for egg-laying characteristics, which were 8.9~18.8% higher for oviposition and 0.6~3.5 days shorter for preovipostion period than other wake-up treatments. Furthermore, B. terrestris queens reared at 24L-1 were 17.5% and 13.8% higher in rate of colony foundation and queen production, respectively, than other wake-up treatments. These results show that the most favorable wake-up treatment just before rearing for egg-laying and colony developmental characteristics of B. ignitus and B. terrestris queens was 24L-1. Overall, our findings indicate that a wake-up treatment just before rearing was effective for colony initiation and colony development of bumblebee queens.
Preparation and Characterization of Silk Fibroin Nanoparticles
Kweon, Hae-Yong ; Yeo, Joo-Hong ; Woo, Soon-Ok ; Han, Sang-Mi ; Jo, You-Young ; Lee, Kwang-Gill ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~28
Silk fibroin was conjugated with methoxypoly(ethylene glycol) derivatives to prepare silk nanoparicles. Conjugation of SF with PEG was examined with various instrumental analyses. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry and amino acid analysis showed that serine and tyrosine residues in SF were reacted with PEG and resulted in increasing molecular weight. The sizes and shapes of SF nanoparticles observed by transmission electronmicroscope were ranged about 150-400 nm in diameter and spherical morphology. UV/VIS spectrometry showed SF nanoparticles might be outer PEG and inner SF structure.
Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and Analysis of sEquence Structure Relationships of Commercial Dongchongxiacao of Three Species in Korean Market
Nam, Sung-Hee ; Yeo, Joo-Hong ; Hwang, Jae-Sam ; Hong, In-Pyo ; Han, Sang-Mi ; Cho, Yu-Young ; Choi, Ji-Young ; Lee, Kwang-Gill ; Yoon, Cheol-Sik ; Lee, Sang-Han ;
International Journal of Industrial Entomology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 29~35
To compare the quality of manufactured goods distributed in the domestic markets, 6 isolates of Dongchongxiacao products, namely, 4 Paecilomyces tenuipes specimens (J2P, 901A, 901B, and 901C), 1 Cordyceps militaris specimen (901D), and 1 Cordyceps sinensis specimen (CI-1), were analyzed for their physicochemical properties and sequence-structure relationships. P. tenuipes (J2P), a kind of Dongchongxiacao, was successfully inoculated on silkworms by percutaneous infection of Rural Development AdminstraionNam et al., 1999); fruiting bodies were then formed on the complete surface of the pupa. Since P. tenuipes (J2P) from silkworm larva was also proved to have remarkable pharmacological activities, it has been produced in bulk and has been successfully sold to buyers in the Korean market. Additionally, imitation products such as 901A, 901B, 901C, 901D, and CI-1 were sold simultaneously, resulting in deterioration of product quality. This research focuses on establishing quality standards to discriminate between the original and imitation products circulating in the market. The products obtained for the experiments included J2P, 901A, 901B, 901C, 901D, and CI-1; proximate analysis was performed for these products. The hosts and methods of conidia inoculation for proliferation of mycelia differed among the products. P. tenuipes (J2P) was proliferated in live silkworm larvae, and dead silkworm pupae were used to produce 901A, 901B, and 901C. On the other hand, 901D was produced on hulled rice medium. Quality analysis of C. sinensis revealed that CI-1, which was imported from China, smelled bad and proved to be a counterfeit with the fruiting body glued to the insect by twigs. The results of the proximate analysis of 901A, 901B, 901C, and 901D were similar to those of J2P with respect to the moisture content. Otherwise, J2P contained higher crude protein than 901A, 901B, 901C, and 901D, but contained very low fat. C. militaris (901D) and C. sinensis (CI-1) had low crude protein content-12.79% and 9.78% respectively-as compared to that of J2P, which was 62.38%. In contrast to the crude ash content of 6.4% in J2P, the crude ash content of CI-1 was 18.51% and this specimen was found to contain many impurities. phylogenetic analysis of P. tenuipes revealed that the sequence similarity of J2P, 901B, and 901C was in the range of 92.3~92.7%. Additionally, differences in the sequences were found at the positions 65 bp, 436 bp, 441 bp, 463 bp, etc.