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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 2011
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 2011
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Hydraulic and Structural Analysis for APR1400 Reactor Vessel Internals against Hydraulic Load Induced by Turbulence
Kim, Kyu Hyung ; Ko, Do Young ; Kim, Tae Soon ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 1~5
The structural integrity assessment of APR1400 (Advanced Power Reactor 1400) reactor vessel internals has been being performed referring the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulatory guide 1.20 comprehensive vibration assessment program prior to commercial operation. The program is composed of a hydraulic and structural analysis, a vibration measurement, and an inspection. This paper describes the hydraulic and structural analysis on the reactor vessel internals due to hydraulic loads caused by the turbulence of reactor coolant. Three-dimensional models were built for the hydraulic and structural analysis and then hydraulic loads and structural responses were predicted for five analysis cases with CFX and ANSYS respectively. The structural responses show that the APR1400 reactor vessel internals have sufficient structural integrity in comparison with the acceptance criteria.
Risk Management on Radiation under Prolonged Exposure Situation - Focusing on the Tokyo Metropolitan Area in Japan Under the TEPCO Fukushima Dai-ich NPP Accident -
Iimoto, Takeshi ; Hayashi, Rumiko ; Kuroda, Reiko ; Furusawa, Mami ; Umekage, Tadashi ; Ohkubo, Yasushi ; Takahashi, Hiroyuki ; Nakamura, Takashi ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 6~9
Examples and experiences of risk management on radiation under prolonged exposure situation are shown. The accident of the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear power plant after the great east Japan earthquake (11 March, 2011) elevates background level of environmental radiation around the east Japan. For example, ambient dose equivalent rate around Tohkatsu area next to Tokyo located about 200 km-south from the plant, is about 0.1-0.6 micro-Sv
mainly due to
falling on the ground soil. This level is about double or up to ten times higher than the genuine natural level around the area. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommends how to face the existing exposure situation; that is the prolonged exposure situation. Referring to ICRP's reports and/or related international/domestic documents, we have been discussing how to manage this situation and acting to gain safety and relief of public, who have a possibility to be exposed to prolonged lower-dose radiation. Here, we introduce our several experiences on risk management, especially focusing on risk communication, radiation education to public, and stakeholder involvements into decision making in local governments on radiation protection, relating to the accident.
Reliability Analysis of Interconnected Dynamical Systems with Reconfigurable Control
Matsumoto, Satoshi ; Kohda, Takehisa ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 10~15
The reconfigurable control systems based on feedback controls are utilized to compensate for damages of actuators in control systems. Such systems have multiple feedback controls and switch them in accordance with the degrees of the failures of the actuators. In order to be able to assess those systems, this paper develops a method to obtain reliabilities of reconfigurable dynamical systems which are interconnected in parallel / series configuration. By calculating reliabilities of interconnected dynamical systems, it is possible to assess many dynamical systems by comparing their reliabilities. Firstly, reliabilities of subsystems are obtained according to the definitions of the failures in terms of robust reliability for each subsystem. Then, the reliability of overall system is calculated from reliabilities of subsystems, using the methodology employed for probabilistic safety assessment. Failure rates of subsystems with feedbacks for reconfiguration change in certain time periods because of the switching of feedback controls. In order to deal with this, combinations of subsystems which compose overall system for each time period are derived by the methodology mentioned above and then integrated to calculate the reliability of overall system for a specific time. An illustrative example shows the validity and details of the proposed method.
Development of Performance Testing Tool for Railway Signaling System Software
Hwang, Jong-Gyu ; Jo, Hyun-Jeong ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 16~20
The computer application on embedded system is recently more increased in accordance of the development of computer technology. In this trend, the depending of SW in embedded system, especially railway signaling system, is being increased further. So the testing for the safety of railway signaling system software became more important. Hence, the safety assurance of the vital software on the railway signaling system is very important but yet, not many works have been done. In this paper, we represented the implementation results of development of performance testing tool in railway signaling system. The implemented testing item had referred to the international standards in relation to the software for railway system, such as IEC 61508 and IEC 62279.
Danger Estimation with HIC and Risk Curve in Passengers Falls from Running Rail Cars
Nakagawa, Toshiko ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 21~26
In 2001, an independent official board was constituted in Japan to investigate aircraft and railway accidents. In the past 10 years, many accidents and serious incidents have been investigated and these official reports were published by the board, on which the author had sat for 9 years as boarding member. In the interim, there were several train disasters which mocked our trust in railways and also many apparent trivial incidents. In recent years, serious incidents, which a door of running rail cars opens suddenly with some trouble, happen 2 or 3 times in a year. For the past 10 years, such incidents have happened 14 times and 13 cases of them were closed by the board mentioned above. In these 13 cases, no one fell off the rail car, so that the death toll was none luckily. In this paper, these 13 serious incidents are picked up among all the reports published by the board and outlined using some tables. Especially, fall accidents of passengers are discussed mainly from the view point of impact force and duration time. Then, the equation of HIC (Head Injury Criteria) and the risk curves in terms of the HIC are dealt with properly.
Review of Safety Activity Process for Safety Enhancement of Railway Signaling System
Hwang, Jong-Gyu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 27~31
As safety-related regulations for signaling systems are standardized to IEC 61508 and 62425, and others at the international level, safety activities and its verification are required. And also there is need to develop technologies for safety improvement to secure safety signaling systems in terms of technologies for safety activities on each life-cycle. In this paper it is reviewed the safety activity processes and technologies each steps of proposed processes respectively for railway signaling systems.