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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2012
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2012
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Fluid-elastic Instability Evaluation of Steam Generator Tubes
Cho, Young Ki ; Park, Jai Hak ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~5
It has been reported that the plugged steam generator tube of Three Mile Island Unit 1 in America was damaged by growing flaw and then this steam generator tube destroyed the nearby steam generator tubes of normal state. On this account, stabilizer installation is necessary to prevent secondary damage of the steam generator tubes. The flow-induced vibration is one of the major causes of the fluid-elastic instability. To guarantee the structural integrity of steam generator tubes, the flow-induced vibration caused by the fluid-elastic instability is necessary to be suppressed. In this paper, the effective velocity and the critical velocity are calculated to evaluate the fluid-elastic instability. In addition, stability ratio value of the steam generator tubes is evaluated in order to propose one criterion when to determine stabilizer installation.
An Intelligent Fire Detection Algorithm for Fire Detector
Hong, Sung-Ho ; Choi, Moon-Su ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 6~10
This paper presents a study on the analysis for reducing the number of false alarms in fire detection system. In order to intelligent algorithm fuzzy logic is adopted in developing fire detection system to reduce false alarm. The intelligent fire detection algorithm compared and analyzed the fire and non-fire signatures measured in circuits simulating flame fire and smoldering fire. The algorithm has input variables obtained by fire experiment with K-type thermocouple and optical smoke sensor. Also triangular membership function is used for inference rules. And the antecedent part of inference rules consists of temperature and smoke density, and the consequent part consists of fire probability. A fire-experiment is conducted with paper, plastic, and n-heptane to simulate actual fire situation. The results show that the intelligent fire detection algorithm suggested in this study can more effectively discriminate signatures between fire and similar fire.
Study on Hazard of Biodiesel
Koseki, Hiroshi ; Lim, Woo-Sub ; Iwata, Yusaku ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 11~14
Hazard of Biodiesel (BDF) was studied. Biodiesel is a name for a variety of ester-based fuel made from vegetable oils. Recently importance of biodiesel is increasing, and its fires were sometimes reported. Therefore we studied on hazard of biodiesel comparing (petroleum) diesel oil and vegetable oil, raw materials of biodiesel. We found that biodiesel is auto-oxidized easily and ignites, and its flash point decreases when even small amount of methanol exists. And there are various raw materials to manufacture biodiesel, so we studied the difference of these materials, and their aging on safety.
Study on Hazard of Toner Cartridge at Recycle Facilities
Koseki, Hiroshi ; Iwata, Yusaku ; Lim, Woo-Sub ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~18
Because of development of printing technology, toner cartridge particle becomes smaller and more dangerous. And sometimes we had incidents with dust explosion of toner cartridge particle at recycling facilities in Japan. Therefore we studied on hazard of toner particle relating with dust explosion. We found that toner particle is so dangerous compared with most organic solids, even though it does not belong to hazardous materials in the UN regulation and the Japanese Fire Service Law.
An Experimental Study on the Fracture Strength of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete
Chai, Won-Kyu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 19~21
In this thesis, fracture test was performed in order to investigate the fracture strength of SFRC(steel fiber reinforced concrete) structures. The relationship between the compressive force and strain value of SFRC specimens were observed under the compressive strength test. From the fracture test results, the relationship between percentage of fiber by volume, compressive strength, elastic modulus, and tensile strength of SFRC beams were studied, and the measured elastic modulus of SFRC were compared with the calculated elastic modulus by ACI committee 544.
A Study on Asymmetric Lifting Capacity Due to Spine Deformity
Oh, Hyunsoo ; Chang, Seong Rok ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 22~25
Scoliosis can be biomechanically described as a three dimensional deformity of the spine, with deviations from the physiologic curves in the sagittal and frontal planes, usually combined with intervertebral rotation. Various factors are suspected such as genetic defects, uneven growth of the vertebrae, hormonal effects, abnormal muscular activity, postural problems, or a mix of some of these elements, but its initial cause is known in only 15-20% cases. The screening test for diagnosing scoliosis is called the Adams Forward Bend Test. During the experiment, the subjects were asked to bend over, with arms dangling, until a curve could be observed. The Scoliometer was placed on the back of the subjects and used to measure the difference between the left and right apex of the curve in the thoracic, thoracolumbar and lumbar area. Then, the subjects were asked to perform Maximum Voluntary Contractions (MVCs) using the digital back muscle dynamometer in three different postures: (1) 0o (sagittally symmetric); (2) 30o from the mid-sagittal plane (clockwise); and (3) 30o from the mid-sagittal plane (counterclockwise). In addition to the experimental data, subject-dependent variables including Body Mass Index (BMI), percentage of body fat and muscle mass of left/right arms and legs were employed to reveal the cause of difference among three MVC conditions. All those variables were tested using statistical methods.
A Study on Feasibility Evaluation for Prognosis Systems based on an Empirical Model in Nuclear Power Plants
Lee, Soo Ill ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 26~32
This paper introduces a feasibility evaluation method for prognosis systems based on an empirical model in nuclear power plants. By exploiting the dynamical signature characterized by abnormal phenomena, the prognosis technique can be applied to detect the plant abnormal states prior to an unexpected plant trip. Early
awareness can extend available time for operation action; therefore, unexpected plant trip and time-consuming maintenance can be reduced. For the practical application in nuclear power plant, it is important not only to enhance the advantages of prognosis systems, but also to quantify the negative impact in prognosis, e.g., uncertainty. In order to apply these prognosis systems to real nuclear power plants, it is necessary to conduct a feasibility evaluation; the evaluation consists of 4 steps (: the development of an evaluation method, the development of selection criteria for the abnormal state, acquisition and signal processing, and an evaluation experiment). In this paper, we introduce the feasibility evaluation method and propose further study points for applying prognosis systems from KHNP's experiences in testing some prognosis technologies available in the market.
Risk Management on Radiation Under Prolonged Exposure Situation - Focusing on the Tokyo Metropolitan Area in Japan Under the TEPCO Fukushima dai-ich NPP Accident -
Iimoto, Takeshi ; Hayashi, Rumiko ; Kuroda, Reiko ; Furusawa, Mami ; Umekage, Tadashi ; Ohkubo, Yasushi ; Takahashi, Hiroyuki ; Nakamura, Takashi ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 11, issue 1, 2012, Pages 33~36
Examples and experiences of risk management on radiation under prolonged exposure situation are shown. The accident of the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear power plant after the great east Japan earthquake (11 March, 2011) elevates background level of environmental radiation around the east Japan. For example, ambient dose equivalent rate around Tohkatsu area next to Tokyo located about 200 km-south from the plant, is about 0.1-0.6 micro-Sv
mainly due to
falling on the ground soil. This level is about double or up to ten times higher than the genuine natural level around the area. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommends how to face the existing exposure situation; that is the prolonged exposure situation. Referring to ICRP's reports and/or related international/domestic documents, we have been discussing and acting to gain public's safety and relief, who have a possibility to be exposed to prolonged lower-dose radiation. Here, we introduce our several experiences on risk management, especially focusing on risk communication, radiation education to public, and stakeholder involvements into making decision in local governments on radiation protection, relating to the accident.