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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
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The Influence of Impact Angle on Hip Fracture in Fallings
Choi, Jae-Bong ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~7
The direction of the applied load and displacement rate on the femur during falls may be an important factors in the etiology of hip fractures. Nonetheless, previous studies did not consider these two factors simultaneously for falling condition. Therefore, in the present study, an impact test system is developed to simulate the falling condition and the influence of impact angle on the deformation pattern changes of proximal femur is investigated. The results showed that a slight variation in impact angle quite affects deformation pattern of the proximal femur. Along with bone mineral density and trabaecular morphology, the impact angle can be another important factor affecting the structural capacity of the proximal femur.
Application of Information-theoretic Measure (Entropy) to Safety Assessment in Manufacturing Processes
Choi, Gi-Heung ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 8~13
Design of manufacturing process, in general, facilitates the creation of new process that may potentially harm the workers. Design of safety-guaranteed manufacturing process is, therefore, very important since it determines the ultimate outcomes of manufacturing activities involving safety of workers. This study discusses application of information-theoretic measure (entropy) to safety assessment of manufacturing processes. The idea is based on the general principles of design and their applications. Some examples are given.
Deamination of MDA in the Recycled Polyol Obtained from the Glycolysis of Waste MDI Based Polyurethane Foam
Kim, Min-Gyu ; Kim, Sang-Hern ; Chun, Jong-Han ; Soon, Lee-Young ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 14~17
Recycled polyol was obtained by glycolysis of MDI-based Polyurethane(PU) rigid foam. The chemical structure of the recycled pclyol was confirmed by GC(gas chromatography) and 1H-NMR. The recycled polyol throughout the glycolysis contained liquid polyol and methylenedianiline(MDA). MDA which could cause liver cancer is carcinogenic material. TWA(Time Weighted Average.) amount for MDA in MSDS(Material Safety Data Sheets) was confined less than 0.1 ppm. The melting temperature of MDA is
, and boiling temperature is
. During the gylcolysis most of MDA was dissolved in liquid polyol. The probability that MDA diffuses into the atmosphere is low but there could be an absorption of MDA into skin. Furthermore because MDA is amine compound, recycled polyol which contained MDA had a difficulty in reaction control of polyurethane. Therefore reduction of MDA amount was needed strongly. In this study the elimination of MDA were performed through deamination of the recycled polyol by glycidyl ether compounds. As glycolysis was proceeded, the amount of MDA was 9.8 wt % at early stage and increased up to 14.0 wt % after 8 hours reaction. It was found that 2-Ethylhexyl glycidyl ether which contains aliphatic moiety was very effective compound for eliminating the primary aromatic amine compound :md the optimal mole ratio of 2-ethylhexyl glycidyl ether to MAD was 3. The final polyol after deamination by 2-ethylhexyl glycidyl ether has an appropriate viscosity(less than 500 centi poise) for polyurethane reaction.
Study on the Simulation for the Removal of Different Sized Particles in Suspension by Deep-Bed Filtration
Choo, Chang-Upp ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 18~22
A model was proposed for investigating the particle removal from suspension with particles of different sizes by deep-bed filtration, and the collection efficiency was predicted by computer simulation. Deposited particles on the pore surface may act as additional collector and reduce the pore size, which contribute to the improved collection efficiency with increase of deposition. Computer experiments for suspension of particles of three sizes and its equivalent size of mono particles were carried out and compared. The collection efficiency of suspension with poly-dispersed particles shows higher efficiency than that of suspension with mono-dispersed particles. Also the collection efficiency of smell particle of mixture is higher that that of same uniform size particles.
Fatal accident in Korean Construction Industry in Comparisons with the UK Figures
Yi, Kyoo-Jin ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 23~26
In spite of the rapid economic growth in Korea, safety cultures in construction industry have not much improved during last ten years. When it is compared to other developed countries of safety, accident rate of Korean construction sites shows bleak figures. This study compares the safety figures of Korea with the UK figures in order to find out what is needed for the safety of the construction sites in Korea. By comparing occupations, age groups, kind of accident, and agent, this study found several differences and similarities, and derived the directions for better safety management.
Biomechanical Analysis with the Force of Deltoid Muscle for Pianist
Shin, Dong-Ok ; La, Seung-Houn ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 27~31
This study presents the relationship between the height of the chair and the force of deltoid muscle for pianist. The subject simulated playing the piano on the three different heights of the chairs. Digital camera was used to determine the angle of the joint of shoulder and elbow for 2-dimensional static link segment modeling in the sagittal plane. The deltoid, biceps and triceps muscles were considered to determine the muscle load. The results, compared to the force of deltoid muscle, are that the downward position of the higher chair produces significantly large force than the other two lower chairs. It can be caused by hunched shoulder with decreasing deltoid angle. In case of the upward position caused by the lower chair, even though the smallest force of deltoid presented, it was increased the force of elbow.
A Study on the Better Operation of Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems
Choi, Jae-Wook ; Yoon, Seok-J. ; Lee, Gwan-Hyung ; Yang, H.S. ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 4, issue 1, 2005, Pages 32~37
This study was conducted to identity the characteristics of occupational health and safety management systems around the world, to survey the implementation of OHSMS in Korean companies, to find problems and corrective measures, and to understand the opinions of top management about OHSMS. Questionnaires on the operation of occupational health and safety management systems in Korean manufacturing companies were carried out. Occupational health and safety management systems around the world, including OHSAS 18001, BS8800, KOSHA 18001, VPP, J-OHSMS, were reviewed. In order to implement an occupational health and safety management system successfully, it was found that the management should consider occupational health and safety as important, provide employees with necessary training, and have a strong commitment to occupational health and safety.