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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Dec 2008
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Jun 2008
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Effects of Position of Auxiliary Probe on Ground Resistance Measurement Using Fall-of-Potential Method
Gil, Hyoung-Jun ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Dong-Ook ; Lee, Ki-Yeon ; Kim, Hyang-Kon ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~6
In this paper, the effects of the position and the angle of the potential probes on the measurements of the ground resistance using the fall-of-potential method are described and the testing techniques for minimizing the measuring errors are proposed. The fall-of-potential method is theoretically based on the potential and current measuring principle and the measuring error is primarily caused by the position and angle of auxiliary probes. In order to analyze the relative error in the measured value of the ground resistance due to the position of the potential probe, the ground resistance was measured for the case in which the distance of the current probe was fixed at 50[m] and the distance of the potential probe was located from 10[m] to 50[m]. Also, the potential probe was located in turn at
. As a consequence, relative error decreased with increasing distance of the potential probe and decreasing angle between the current probe and potential probe. The results could help to determine the position of the potential probe during the ground resistance measurement.
Magnetic Core Reactor for DC Reactor type Three-Phase Fault Current Limiter
Kim, Jin-Sa ; Bae, Duck-Kweon ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 7~11
In this paper, a Magnetic Core Reactor (MCR) which forms a part of the DC reactor type three-phase high-Tc superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) has been developed. This SFCL is more economical than other types with three coils since it uses only one high-Tc superconducting (HTS) coil. When DC reactor type three-phase high-Tc SFCL is developed using just one coil, fewer power electronic devices and shorter HTS wire are needed. The SFCL proposed in this paper needs a power-linking device to connect the SFCL to the power system. The design concept for this device was sprang from the fact that the magnetic energy could be changed into the electrical energy and vice versa. Ferromagnetic material is used as a path of magnetic flux. When high-Tc superconducting DC reactor is separated from the power system by using SCRs, this device also limits fault current until the circuit breaker is opened. The device mentioned above was named Magnetic Core Reactor (MCR). MCR was designed to minimize the voltage drop and total losses. Majority of the design parameters was tuned through experiments with the design prototype. In the experiment, the current density of winding conductor was found to be
, voltage drop across MCR was 20 V and total losses on normal state was 1.3 kW.
Measurement and Prediction of the Flash Points for Flammable Liquid Mixtures with Non-flammable Component
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Yu, Hyun-Sik ; Kang, Gyeun-Hee ; Ann, Jeong-Jin ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 12~16
Lower flash points for the binary systems, carbon tetrachloride+o-xylene and water+n-butanol were measured by Pensky-Martens closed cup tester. The Raoult's law and optimization method using van Laar equation were used to predict the lower flash points and were compared with experimental data. The calculated values based on the optimization method were found to be better than those based on the Raoult's law.
Nondestructive Contactless Sensing of Concrete Structures using Air-coupled Sensors
Shin, Sung-Woo ; Hall, Kerry S. ; Popovics, John S. ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 17~22
Recent developments in contactless, air-coupled sensing of seismic and ultrasonic waves in concrete structures are presented. Contactless sensing allows for rapid, efficient and consistent data collection over a large volume of material. Two inspection applications are discussed: air-coupled impact-echo scanning of concrete structures using seismically generated waves, and air-coupled imaging of internal damages in concrete using ultrasonic tomography. The first application aims to locate and characterize shallow delamination defects within concrete bridge decks. Impact-echo method is applied to scan defected concrete slabs using air coupled sensors. Next, efforts to apply air-coupled ultrasonic tomography to concrete damage imaging are discussed. Preliminary results are presented for air-coupled ultrasonic tomography applied to solid elements to locate internal defects. The results demonstrate that, with continued development, air-coupled ultrasonic tomography may provide improved evaluation of unseen material defects within structures.
A Framework for Control of Safety Budget-Industrial Accidents Relationship
Choi, Gi-Heung ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 23~26
This study focuses on the issue of control performance of safety budget for preventing and reducing industrial accidents in Korea. The effect of safety budget such as industrial accident prevention fund on the safety performance is statistically examined first. The role and control performance of industrial accident prevention fund is particularly addressed to reduce the related accidents. The effectiveness of the industrial accident prevention fund-industrial accident relationship is then explained with a simple PI control mechanism.
Dislocation Injections by a Localized Stress Field in a Strained Silicon
Yoon, Ju-Il ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 7, issue 2, 2008, Pages 27~30
In the 21st century, safety issues in the strained silicon industry, such as dislocation injection, should be carefully considered. This is because a microelectronic device usually contains sharp features (e.g., edges and corners) that may intensify stresses, inject dislocations into silicon, and ultimately cause the failure of the device. In this paper, critical residual stresses in various strained structures are calculated. It is confirmed that this model correctly predicts trends and the order of magnitude of critical residual stresses.