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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Safety
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The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 2009
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 2009
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The Strength Evaluation on Repaired Plain Woven CFRP Composite with a Circular Hole
Kwon, Oh-Heon ; Park, Jun-Ho ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~5
The CFRP composite has unique properties that offer high strength and stiffness, even though it has light weight. Therefore it can be used in many industrial applications. When mechanical fasteners are used for joining composites, high stress concentrations appear near the edge of holes prepared for accommodating structural bolts and rivets. This presence of high stress concentrations can be a source of damage. The aim of this work is to evaluate fracture behavior and patterns of plain woven CFRP with circular hole and repairing patch element. The maximum strength and pattern for the plain woven carbon composite specimen with the repaired circular hole were examined. From the results, we show that repairing of the CFRP composite specimen with (
) 3~5 mm of circular hole diameter results in load rising effect and the repairing is more effective as bigger hole specimen.
A Study on Analysis of J85 Engine V.G. Actuator Arm Shaft Crack
Hwang, Young-Ha ; Son, Kyung-Sug ; Kim, Tae-Gu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 6~9
The crack in a J85 engine V.G. actuator arm shaft for a bell crank on the engine compressor was investigated. The crack was observed in twenty two shafts during the inspection of 238 shafts. The failure analysis of shaft cracks was performed by chemical composition analysis using ICP(Inductively Coupled Plasma) and by fracture surface and microstructure analysis using FE-SEM and optical microscope. The crack initiated from the top and bottom and propagated to the center along the grain boundaries. From the chemical composition analysis, the fractography of the fracture surface and the microstructure, it was found that the failure mechanism of the shafts is the inclusion-related intergranular decohesion crack. The inclusion was found out from MnS particle by EDS(Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy). The crack initiated MnS inclusion in the grain boundary and propagated with the increase of applied shear stress during long operation. In order to prevent the fracture, NDI(Nondestructive inspection) is needed periodically as recommended.
Web Information Systems for Safety and Health Monitoring in Subway Stations
Choi, Gi-Heung ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 10~13
In this study, a framework for web-based information system in VDN environment for safety and health monitoring in subway stations is suggested. Since physical variables that describing safety and health need to be closely monitored in multiple locations in subway stations, concept of distributed monitoring network using wireless media needs to be implemented. Connecting remote wireless sensor network and device (LonWorks) networks to the IP network based on the concept of VDN can provide a powerful, integrated and distributed monitoring performance, making a web-based information system possible.
Variations of the Electrical Treeing and Breakdown Characteristics on LDPE Due to Gamma-ray Irradiation
Lee, Chung ; Ryu, Boo-Hyung ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 14~17
-ray irradiation effects on the electrical and thermal characteristics of low density polyethylene crosslinked by Dicumyl peroxide (DCP) were investigated. We experimented on electrical properties as following; electrical tree inception and growing type for applying AC step voltage, AC breakdown strength, volume resistivity with increasing dosage. Also, chemical analyses were performed TGA, gel fraction. These electrical properties changed depending upon its crosslinking degree and byproducts from crosslinking reactions. Crosslinking reactions were considered causing by
-ray irradiation and DCP had contained in low density polyethylene.
A Study on Monitoring Techniques for Dermal Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals
Lee, Su-Gil ; Lee, Nae-Woo ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 18~23
Due to dermal exposure to hazardous chemicals causing potential adverse health symptoms through skin absorption, dermal monitoring has had an important role in assessing such exposure. This paper overviews comparatively a number of studies of dermal monitoring with different methodologies such as surface monitoring, skin wiping, skin washing, adhesive methods and tape stripping, fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy, skin patches, pads and clothing, video exposure monitoring and dermal exposure assessment toolkits and models. However, there is a lack of information on the relationship between exposure levels and adverse health symptoms. Therefore, more specific strategies for dermal exposure monitoring should be developed and standardized with further development of biological and ocular monitoring.
An Approach to Framework of Dealing with Improving the Complexity and Uncertainty for Decommissioning Safety Assessment of a Nuclear Facility
Jeong, Kwan-Seong ; Lee, Kune-Woo ; Lim, Hyeon-Kyo ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 8, issue 1, 2009, Pages 24~31
An effective assessment for decommissioning safety of nuclear facilities requires basic knowledge about possible risks, characteristics of potential hazards, and comprehensive understanding of the associated cause-effect relationships within a decommissioning for nuclear facility. This paper proposes an approach to develop the hierarchical structure and hazards of dealing with improving the complexity and uncertainty for decommissioning safety assessment of nuclear facilities and the resolutions are proposed to improve the complexity and uncertainty for decommissioning safety assessment of nuclear facilities. These resolutions can provide a comprehensive view of the risks in the decommissioning activities of a nuclear facility.