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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
Selecting the target year
Causes of the Fire at an Indoor Shooting Range in Busan
Park, Woe-Chul ; Lee, Nae-Woo ; Jeong, Lee-Gyu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~5
On-site examinations and fire simulation were carried out to speculate on causes of the fire at an indoor shooting range in Busan. An experiment on the ignitability of unburned gunpowder was also conducted. Cigarette was the most likely source of ignition for the fire, while impact of a stray bullet failed to ignite the unburned gunpowder. The explosion in the shooting area was presumed to be caused by violent combustion of the polyurethane foam and unburned gunpowder accumulated on it. Fire safety measures include prohibit of use of profile polyurethane foam, complete clean-up of unburned gunpowder, and removal of steel components from the bullet trap.
Thermal Hazard Evaluation on Self-polymerization of MDI
Sato, Yoshihiko ; Okada, Ken ; Akiyoshi, Miyako ; Murayama, Satoshi ; Matsunaga, Takehiro ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 6~11
Thermal analysis, heating test on gram scale and simulation of exothermic behavior based on kinetic analysis has been conducted in order to evaluate thermal hazards of self-polymerization of MDI. The exothermic reactions of MDI are expected to be the polymerization which forms carbodiimide and carbon dioxide, dimerization and trimerization. When MDI is kept in adiabatic condition during 1 week (10080 hours), the simulated result shows runaway reaction can occur in the case that initial temperature was more than
. The relationship between the initial temperature (T,
) and TMR is given in a following equation. TMR=
/(T+273.15)) We propose that the relationship gives important criteria of handling temperature of MDl to prevent a runaway reaction.
Fatigue Assessment of Steel Railway Bridge by Service Loading about 65 Years
Hong, Sung-Wook ; Chai, Won-Kyu ; Lee, Myeong-Gu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 12~20
In this study, a series of random field test and dynamic analysis in the time domain were carried out in order to find in the reason of fatigue damage of the main and the secondary members in the 3-span continuous steel plate girder railway bridge being under in service over 60 years. From the measured and the analyzed results, the stress distribution patterns were investigated for the members with fatigue damage. In addition, global and local numerical stress analysis was performed for the members damaged severely by corrosion, to estimate variation of the distribution by corrosion. Finally, a reasonable cut-off ratio in the steel plate railway bridge will be proposed by analyzing the equivalent stress ranges according the ratio.
Fundamental Study on a New Evaluation Method of The Safety Prefabricated Scaffolds
Takahashi, Hiroki ; Ohdo, Katsutoshi ; Takanashi, Seiji ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~29
When a new member of a scaffold is developed, it is necessary to follow the standard. Therefore, all scaffolds will assume the same structure. The aim of this study was to establish a new method for evaluating scaffold performance. In the present study, a buckling analysis of prefabricated scaffolds was executed, using the shear rigidity of the vertical and the horizontal frames as parameters. From the results, an equation is proposed for evaluating the strength of prefabricated scaffolds.
Difference of Human Error between Japanese and Indonesian Workers at Pipeline Construction
Yamada, Takahisa ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 30~34
A big difference is seen in the perception of self-responsibility concerning safety, as a result of my survey on the safety measures taken in the pipeline construction at workers level between Japan and Indonesia. Specifically, when an accident occurs, a worker in Indonesia will think that the responsibility depends on the person who causes it. However a worker in Japan will think that safety is can only be protected by law and regulations. There is also another difference in the understanding of construction period. It is alright in Indonesia to take 5 times longer period than it takes in Japan if the cost is less. The idea of punctual delivery is very strong in Japan. Through this survey, points which construction industry in Japan could learn from Indonesia came to surface. In addition, over the recent years, several nasty accidents at Japanese sites were caused due to human error to disregard the law. Japanese should arouse the awareness of self-responsibility in this regard. Risk management should be upon self-recognition of each individual worker in both countries. What is important is the "work attitude education", "to grow sense of self-responsibility by thinking on one's own for one's self" in the education curriculum of man to man learning as in technical educational program.
Environmental Distribution of Air Pollutants and Environmental Risk Assessment in Regional Scale
Matsumoto, Fumio ; Saito, Mitsugu ; Otsuka, Naohiro ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~42
We measured the concentrations of air pollutants at several residential sites, roadside sites and industrial sites in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. And the concentration distributions of air pollutants were estimated by atmospheric dispersion model using air emissions data. Based on those results, we calculated environmental risk of air pollutants emitted in Iwate Prefecture. As a result, it was found that the surround of factories with high emissions and highly toxic chemicals and the roadsides were high risk area, benzo(a)pyrene, formaldehyde and ozone exceeded the
risk level. Moreover, we tried to use "Loss of life expectancy: LLE" for an index to explain those risk to general public intelligibly. The total LLE of the carcinogenic chemicals was about 8.6 hours. Moreover, LLE of ozone was about 9.2 hours. Ozone has a big influence compared with the carcinogenic chemicals.
Assessment of Autoxidative Resistance for Organic Solvent by Pressure Monitoring Test
Kito, Hayato ; Fujiwara, Shintaro ; Kumasaki, Mieko ; Miyake, Atsumi ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~46
In the recycle process of organic solvent, the atmospheric oxygen can cause autoxidation and product peroxide. The time-saving method to evaluate the hazards has been required. In this study, oxygen pressure monitoring experiment was proposed as a new method to evaluate autoxidative resistances of solvents. Some of organic solvents were pressurized by oxygen and kept under isothermal condition. At the same time, the pressure in the vessel tracked. Iodometrical titration, thermal analysis and spectroscopic analysis were performed to measure peroxide concentration, the heat of reaction and chemical bonding change. From the results that THF has larger oxygen consumption rate than CPME, it is considered that autoxidative resistance of THF is lower than that of CPME. This method enables to obtain results in shorter time than other methods. These experimental results were consistent with the previous research with longer test durations [1-2].
Risk Assessment by Vehicle Speed Difference in Climbing Lanes
Oh, Heung-Un ; Kang, Jin-Gu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~53
The speed difference in mountainous area is known causing traffic conflicts and accidents. Thus, climbing lanes have popularly been installed in mountainous roads around the world. In the present paper, vehicle speeds within and around climbing lanes of Ho-nam and Jung-ang expressway were collected and evaluated. The evaluation was performed in terms of coefficient of variations which represent dispersion of vehicle speed in climbing lanes. Results show that speed dispersion is more significant at segments before and after climbing lanes than those within climbing lanes. The estimated accident risk was evaluated using The Solomon's u-shaped curve. It was identified that the accident risk is also a lot significant at the same segments as much as 2.2 times greater than those of climbing lanes.
Safety Design of the Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) by the Hazard Analysis
Tanaka, Kiyoshi ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2010, Pages 54~57
The LHP uses the capillary head instead of the mechanical pump to transfer the fluid. It does not have any moving parts and transfer the fluid by the capillary head between the vapor and liquid interface of the wick like a heat pipe (HP). Moreover, vapor and liquid flows in the same direction. It can reduce the loss of the pressure in the wick (very short wick in the evaporator) and can transfer large heat over long distance compared with HP. It is necessary that we do the hazard analysis that is a part of the safety design, for the benefit of eliminating and inhibit the hazard. In this paper, we describe the hazard analysis of LHP.