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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2010
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2010
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Study of Touch and Step Voltages with Grounding Grid Using Electrolytic Tank and Analysis Program
Gil, Hyoung-Jun ; Kim, Hyang-Kon ; Kill, Gyung-Suk ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~5
In order to analyze the potential rise of ground surface of grounding grid installed in buildings, the grounding simulator has been designed and fabricated as substantial and economical measures. This paper describes the study of touch and step voltages with grounding grid where earth leakage current is injected. To assess risk voltage of grounding grid, the grounding simulator and CDEGS program were used to obtain measured data and theoretical results of this study. The grounding simulator was composed of an electrolytic tank, AC power supply, a movable potentiometer, and test grounding electrodes. The potential rise was measured by grounding simulator, and the touch and step voltages were computed by CDEGS program. As a consequence, the touch voltage and step voltage above the grounding grid were very low, but were significantly increased near the edge of grounding grid.
The Measurement and Prediction of Minimum Flash Point Behaviour for Flammable Binarry Solution Using Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Choi, Yong-Chan ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 6~10
The flash point of liquid solution is one of the most important flammability properties that used in hazard and risk assessments. Minimum flash point behaviour (MFPB) is showed when the flash point of a liquid mixture is below the flash points of the individual components. In this paper, the lower flash points for the flammable binary system, n-decane+n-octanol, were measured by Pensky-Martens closed cup tester. This binary mixture exhibited MFPB. The measured flash points were compared with the values calculated by the Raoult's law and the optimization method using van Laar and UNIQUAC equations. The optimization method were found to be better than those based on the Raoult's law, and successfully estimated MFPB. The opimization method based on the van Laar equation described the experimentally-derived data more effectively than was the case when the prediction model was based upon the UNIQUAC.
Development of Advanced Management System for Social Infrastructures - Advanced Management System of Waste Disposal Facilities as an Example -
Muraoka, Motoshi ; Kirikawa, Takuya ; Nagata, Katsuya ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 11~15
Infrastructures in Japan constructed mostly in high economic growth period become elder & elder, and the troubles & accidents caused by the aging increase. Though investment for the renewal is necessary, the shortage of public fund delays the action. Besides, we expect the decrease of the population that means the decrease of the engineers who take care of social infrastructures. Thus, it is necessary for us to develop Advanced Management system of social Infrastructures (AMI) to realize the efficient and economical operation. Our concept of AMI consists of using ICT, PI (Public Involvement) and establishment of O&M diagnosis system. We expect AMI will support to realize the appropriate repairing, preventive maintenance based on the actual performance, accidents & dangerous experience and education & training of the workers. In this paper, development of AMI for the waste disposal facility as a first example of infrastructures will be shown.
A Case Study on the Effect of Damaged Expansion Joint for Safety Assessment of Highway Bridges
Kim, Kwang-Il ; Chai, Won-Kyu ; Lee, Myeong-Gu ; Son, Young-Hyun ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 16~21
In this study, the variations of transformed impact factors and load carrying capacity of highway bridges measured from the state of expansion joint are evaluated. the field loading tests were performed on the highway bridge with damaged expansion joint to investigate the variation of the load carrying capacity. From the field loading tests in case that damaged expansion joint exist or do not exist, the static displacements and dynamic displacements were measured, and TIF were calculated, respectively. dynamic test is performed in order to estimate dynamic displacement and TIF according to the level of damage of expansion joint. From the results of TIF, the load carrying capacity of highway bridges with damaged expansion joint were estimated.
Development of Web-based Design Review System for Reliability and Safety Knowledge Management
Otsuka, Yuichi ; Yukawa, Takashi ; Mutoh, Yoshiharu ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 22~28
This paper describes a web-based design review system as a knowledge management system relating reliability and safety system design. Since people's consciousness for safety and security become sensitive and increases the need of establishing a proactive prevention method for internal failures and relating risks in products. It also means that prevailing tacit knowledge in retired workers, in order to transform them to be easily used to support new system development, become more important. When considering safety and reliability design, at least two data sheet are necessary; Failure Modes and Effects Analyses (FMEA) and Risk Assessment (RA). These two data are practically made separately. However, it includes the concerns that a risk by failures during long-term use may not be noticed. To overcome this insufficiency, a support tool for integrating reliability evaluation and risk assessment data simultaneously is expected to be revealed. The authors have then developed a web-based design review system for reliability and safety system design. The system include various profitable functions; making FMEA and RA sheet, retrieving past data sheet for engineering change management and new product development and web-based discussion to increase the efficiency of discussion. The system is applied to one practical development works in order to demonstrate its effectiveness that is to be made clear by interviewing user's qualitative comment.
Analysis of Safety Alarm Mechanism for RF -based Equipment for Casualty Protection by Railway Maintenance Vehicle
Jo, Hyun-Jeong ; Hwang, Jong-Gyu ; Yoon, Yong-Ki ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 29~34
When doing maintenance works at the trackside of railway, the method which delivers information on approaching of train to maintenance workers through alarm devices such as the flag or indication light, etc., is being used by locating persons in charge of safety alarm in addition to the maintenance workers at fixed distances in the front and rear of the workplace. Workers maintaining at the trackside may collide with the train since they cannot recognize the approach of train although it approaches to the vicinity of maintenance workplace because of the sensory block phenomenon occurred due to their long hours of continued monotonous maintenance work. The clash or rear-end collision accidents between many maintenance trains called motor-cars can be occurred since there are cases where the signal systems for safe operation of motor-car such as track circuit etc. are blocked or not operated normally. We developed the new safety equipment for protection of trackside maintenance workers using radio frequency signals and bidirectional detection mechanism. The developed safety equipment must analyze the several operational mechanism for each different operation situations. In this paper the analysis results are represented.
Development of Safety Equipment using Laser Radar Sensor for Railway Platform
Hwang, Jong-Gyu ; Kim, You-Ho ; Jo, Hyun-Jeong ; Choi, Kwon-Hee ; Ko, Tae-Kuk ;
International Journal of Safety, volume 9, issue 2, 2010, Pages 35~40
Many casualties are being occurred due to many misses the railway platform, and the accident occurrence is being increased. Recently in Korea, efforts to prevent casualties fundamentally are being made by installing and operating the PSD(Passenger Screen Door) as to prevent these casualties of passengers. However, in case of the PSD system, although it can solve the problem of public casualties at platform fundamentally, it is impossible to install it at whole railway platforms. This paper proposes the safety equipment using LaserRadar sensor for the prevention against casualties of passengers at platform. The safety equipment using novel sensor is the safety equipment making an approaching train stopped if the falling object is a person by detecting the obstacle at platform, and it has the merit possible to apply it to platform since it may detect accurately under ambient environmental elements such as the snow, rain and yellow dust, etc. also. We manufactured a prototype of the safety equipment to reduce public casualties at platform by using LaserRadar sensor and carried out its performance test, and the result is presented in this paper.