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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of sloshing resistance performance for LNG carrier insulation system based on fluid-structure interaction analysis
Lee, Chi-Seung ; Cho, Jin-Rae ; Kim, Wha-Soo ; Noh, Byeong-Jae ; Kim, Myung-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Myung ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~20
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.001
In the present paper, the sloshing resistance performance of a huge-size LNG carrier's insulation system is evaluated by the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) analysis. To do this, the global-local analysis which is based on the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method is adopted to accurately calculate the structural behavior induced by internal LNG sloshing of a KC-1 type LNG carrier insulation system. During the global analysis, the sloshing flow and hydrodynamic pressure of internal LNG are analyzed by postulating the flexible insulation system as a rigid body. In addition, during the local analysis, the local hydroelastic response of the LNG carrier insulation system is computed by solving the local hydroelastic model where the entire and flexible insulation system is adopted and the numerical analysis results of the global analysis such as initial and boundary conditions are implemented into the local finite element model. The proposed novel analysis techniques can potentially be used to evaluate the structural integrity of LNG carrier insulation systems.
Utilization of alternative marine fuels for gas turbine power plant onboard ships
El Gohary, M. Morsy ; Seddiek, Ibrahim Sadek ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 21~32
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.021
Marine transportation industry is undergoing a number of problems. Some of these problems are associated with conventional marine fuel-oils. Many researchers have showed that fuel-oil is considered as the main component that causes both environmental and economic problems, especially with the continuous rising of fuel cost. This paper investigates the capability of using natural gas and hydrogen as alternative fuel instead of diesel oil for marine gas turbine, the effect of the alternative fuel on gas turbine thermodynamic performance and the employed mathematical model. The results showed that since the natural gas is categorized as hydrocarbon fuel, the thermodynamic performance of the gas turbine cycle using the natural gas was found to be close to the diesel case performance. The gas turbine thermal efficiency was found to be 1% less in the case of hydrogen compared to the original case of diesel.
Investigation on the wall function implementation for the prediction of ship resistance
Park, Sunho ; Park, Se Wan ; Rhee, Shin Hyung ; Lee, Sang Bong ; Choi, Jung-Eun ; Kang, Seon Hyung ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 33~46
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.033
A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, dubbed SNUFOAM, was developed to predict the performance of ship resistance using a CFD tool kit with open source libraries. SNUFOAM is based on a pressure-based cell-centered finite volume method and includes a turbulence model with wall functions. The mesh sensitivity, such as the skewness and aspect ratio, was evaluated for the convergence. Two wall functions were tested to solve the turbulent flow around a ship, and the one without the assumption of the equilibrium state between turbulent production and dissipation in the log law layer was selected. The turbulent flow around a ship simulated using SNUFOAM was compared to that by a commercial CFD code, FLUENT. SNUFOAM showed the nearly same results as FLUENT and proved to be an alternative to commercial CFD codes for the prediction of ship resistance performance.
Comparison of residual strength-grounding damage index diagrams for tankers produced by the ALPS/HULL ISFEM and design formula method
Kim, Do Kyun ; Kim, Han Byul ; Mohd, Mohd Hairil ; Paik, Jeom Kee ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~61
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.047
This study compares the Residual ultimate longitudinal strength - grounding Damage index (R-D) diagrams produced by two analysis methods: the ALPS/HULL Intelligent Supersize Finite Element Method (ISFEM) and the design formula (modified Paik and Mansour) method - used to assess the safety of damaged ships. The comparison includes four types of double-hull oil tankers: Panamax, Aframax, Suezmax and VLCC. The R-D diagrams were calculated for a series of 50 grounding scenarios. The diagrams were efficiently sampled using the Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) technique and comprehensively analysed based on ship size. Finally, the two methods were compared by statistically analysing the differences between their grounding damage indices and ultimate longitudinal strength predictions. The findings provide a useful example of how to apply the ultimate longitudinal strength analysis method to grounded ships.
An inertia-type hybrid mount combining a rubber mount and a piezostack actuator for naval shipboard equipment
Moon, Seok-Jun ; Choi, Sang-Min ; Nguyen, Vien-Quoc ; Oh, Jong-Seok ; Choi, Seung-Bok ; Chung, Jung-Hoon ; Kwon, Jung-Il ; Jung, Woo-Jin ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 62~80
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.062
This paper has been focused on developing a new hybrid mount for shipboard equipment used in naval surface ships and submarines. While the hybrid mount studied in our previous research was 100 kg-class series-type mount, the new hybrid mount has been designed as an inertia-type mount capable of supporting a static of 500 kg. The proposed mount consists of a commercial rubber resilient mount, a piezostack actuator and an inertial mass. The piezostack actuator connected with the inertial mass generates actively the control force. The performances of the proposed mount with a newly designed specific controller have been evaluated in accordance with US military specifications and compared with the passive mount. An isolation system consisting of four proposed mounts and auxiliary devices has been also tested. Through a series of experimental tests, it has been confirmed that the proposed mount provides better performance than the US Navy's standard passive mounts.
An experimental investigation into cavitation behaviour and pressure characteristics of alternative blade sections for propellers
Korkut, Emin ; Atlar, Mehmet ; Wang, Dazheng ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 81~100
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.081
During the final quarter of the last century considerable efforts have been spent to reduce the hull pressure fluctuations caused by unsteady propeller cavitation. This has resulted in further changes in propeller design characteristics including increased skew, tip unloading and introduction of "New Blade Sections" (NBS) designed on the basis of the so-called Eppler code. An experimental study was carried out to investigate flow characteristics of alternative two-dimensional (2-D) blade sections of rectangular planform, one of which was the New Blade Section (NBS) developed in Newcastle University and other was based on the well-known National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) section. The experiments comprised the cavitation observations and the measurements of the local velocity distribution around the blade sections by using a 2-D Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) system. Analysis of the cavitation tests demonstrated that the two blade sections presented very similar bucket shapes with virtually no width at the bottom but relatively favourable buckets arms at the suction and pressure sides for the NACA section. Similarly, pressure analysis of the sections displayed a slightly larger value for the NBS pressure peak. The comparative overall pressure distributions around the sections suggested that the NBS might be more susceptible to cavitation than the NACA section. This can be closely related to the fundamental shape of the NBS with very fine leading edge. Therefore a further investigation into the modification of the leading edge should be considered to improve the cavitation behaviour of the NBS.
Probabilistic ultimate strength analysis of submarine pressure hulls
Cerik, Burak Can ; Shin, Hyun-Kyoung ; Cho, Sang-Rai ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 101~115
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.101
This paper examines the application of structural reliability analysis to submarine pressure hulls to clarify the merits of probabilistic approach in respect thereof. Ultimate strength prediction methods which take the inelastic behavior of ring-stiffened cylindrical shells and hemi-spherical shells into account are reviewed. The modeling uncertainties in terms of bias and coefficient of variation for failure prediction methods in current design guidelines are defined by evaluating the compiled experimental data. A simple ultimate strength formulation for ring-stiffened cylinders taking into account the interaction between local and global failure modes and an ultimate strength formula for hemispherical shells which have better accuracy and reliability than current design codes are taken as basis for reliability analysis. The effects of randomness of geometrical and material properties on failure are assessed by a prelimnary study on reference models. By evaluation of sensitivity factors important variables are determined and comparesons are made with conclusions of previous reliability studies.
Numerical and experimental investigation of the resistance performance of an icebreaking cargo vessel in pack ice conditions
Kim, Moon-Chan ; Lee, Seung-Ki ; Lee, Won-Joon ; Wang, Jung-Yong ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 116~131
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.116
The resistance performance of an icebreaking cargo vessel in pack ice conditions was investigated numerically and experimentally using a recently developed finite element (FE) model and model tests. A comparison between numerical analysis and experimental results with synthetic ice in a standard towing tank was carried out. The comparison extended to results with refrigerated ice to examine the feasibility of using synthetic ice. Two experiments using two different ice materials gave a reasonable agreement. Ship-ice interaction loads are numerically calculated based on the fluid structure interaction (FSI) method using the commercial FE package LS-DYNA. Test results from model testing with synthetic ice at the Pusan National University towing tank, and with refrigerated ice at the National Research Council's (NRC) ice tank, are used to validate and benchmark the numerical simulations. The designed ice-going cargo vessel is used as a target ship for three concentrations (90%, 80%, and 60%) of pack ice conditions. Ice was modeled as a rigid body but the ice density was the same as that in the experiments. The numerical challenge is to evaluate hydrodynamic loads on the ship's hull; this is difficult because LS-DYNA is an explicit FE solver and the FSI value is calculated using a penalty method. Comparisons between numerical and experimental results are shown, and our main conclusions are given.
New shipyard layout design for the preliminary phase & case study for the green field project
Song, Young Joo ; Woo, Jong Hun ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 132~146
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.132
For several decades, Asian nations such as Korea, Japan and China have been leading the shipbuilding industry since the decline in Europe and America. However, several developing countries such as India, Brazil, etc. are going to make an entrance into the shipbuilding industry. These developing countries are finding technical partners or information providers because they are in situation of little experiences and technologies. Now, the shipbuilding engineering companies of shipbuilding advanced countries are getting a chance of engineering business against those developing countries. The starting point of this business model is green field project for the construction of new shipyard. This business model is started with a design of the shipyard layout. For the conducting of the shipyard layout design, four kinds of engineering parts are required. Those are civil engineering, building engineering, utility engineering and production layout engineering. Among these parts, production layout engineering is most important because its result is the foundation of the other engineering parts and it determines the shipyard capacity during the shipyard operation lifecycle. Previous researches about the shipyard layout design are out of the range from the business requirements because most research cases are in the tower of ivory, which means that there are little consideration of real ship and shipbuilding operation. In this paper, a shipyard layout design for preliminary phase is conducted for the target of newly planned shipyard at Venezuela of South America with an integrated method that is capable of dealing with actual master data from the shipyard. The layout design method of this paper is differentiated from the previous researches in that the actual product data from the target ship and the actual shipbuilding operation data are used for the required area estimation.
Development of data analysis tool for combat system integration
Shin, Seung-Chun ; Shin, Jong-Gye ; Oh, Dae-Kyun ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 147~160
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.147
System integration is an important element for the construction of naval combat ships. In particular, because impeccable combat system integration together with the sensors and weapons can ensure the combat capability and survivability of the ship, the integrated performance of the combat system should be verified and validated whether or not it fulfills the requirements of the end user. In order to conduct systematic verification and validation, a data analysis tool is requisite. This paper suggests the Data Extraction, Recording and Analysis Tool (DERAT) for the data analysis of the integrated performance of the combat system, including the functional definition, architecture and effectiveness of the DERAT by presenting the test results.
Design of high-speed planing hulls for the improvement of resistance and seakeeping performance
Kim, Dong Jin ; Kim, Sun Young ; You, Young Jun ; Rhee, Key Pyo ; Kim, Seong Hwan ; Kim, Yeon Gyu ;
International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 2013, Pages 161~177
DOI : 10.3744/JNAOE.2013.5.1.161
High-speed vessels require good resistance and seakeeping performance for safe operations in rough seas. The resistance and seakeeping performance of high-speed vessels varies significantly depending on their hull forms. In this study, three planing hulls that have almost the same displacement and principal dimension are designed and the hydrodynamic characteristics of those hulls are estimated by high-speed model tests. All model ships are deep-V type planing hulls. The bows of no.2 and no.3 model ships are designed to be advantageous for wave-piercing in rough water. No.2 and no.3 model ships have concave and straight forebody cross-sections, respectively. And length-to-beam ratios of no.2 and no.3 models are larger than that of no.1 model. In calm water tests, running attitude and resistance of model ships are measured at various speeds. And motion tests in regular waves are performed to measure the heave and pitch motion responses of the model ships. The required power of no.1 (VPS) model is smallest, but its vertical motion amplitudes in waves are the largest. No.2 (VWC) model shows the smallest motion amplitudes in waves, but needs the greatest power at high speed. The resistance and seakeeping performance of no.3 (VWS) model ship are the middle of three model ships, respectively. And in regular waves, no.1 model ship experiences 'fly over' phenomena around its resonant frequency. Vertical accelerations at specific locations such as F.P., center of gravity of model ships are measured at their resonant frequency. It is necessary to measure accelerations by accelerometers or other devices in model tests for the accurate prediction of vertical accelerations in real ships.