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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Nov 2003
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Sep 2003
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 36, Issue 3 - May 2003
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Mar 2003
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
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Ethanol-eluted Extract of Rhus verniciflua Stokes Inhibits Cell Growth and Induces Apoptosis in Human Lymphoma Cells
Lee, Jeong-Chae ; Kim, Ju ; Jang, Yong-Suk ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 337~343
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.337
Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) has been used as a traditional herbal medicine. Several earlier studies indicated that an ethanol extract of RVS has both anti-oxidant and anti-tumor properties, although the mechanism for the activity remains to be elucidated. In this report, we prepared a highly purified ethanol extract from RVS, named REEE-1 (
xtract-1), and investigated the mechanism involved in its growth-inhibitory effect on the human B and T lymphoma cell lines, BJAB and Jurkat, respectively. Results from tritium uptake proliferation assays showed that the proliferative capacities of both BJAB and Jurkat cells were strongly suppressed in the presence of REEE-1. This was further confirmed through trypan blue exclusion experiments that revealed a dose-dependent decrease in viable cell numbers after REEE-1 treatment. REEE-1-mediated suppression of cell growth was verified to be apoptotic, based on the increase in DNA fragmentation, low fluorescence intensity in nuclei after propidium iodide staining, and the appearance of DNA laddering. In particular, REEE-1 exerted its anti-oxidant activity through the inhibition of hydroxyl radical-mediated degradation by iron ion chelation rather than direct scavenging of hydroxyl radicals. Furthermore, REEE-1 was revealed to be a potential scavenger of superoxide anions. Collectively, our findings suggest that REEE-1 is a natural anti-oxidant that could be used as a cancer chemo-preventive and therapeutic agent.
Identification of Mutations in Protein Kinase CKIIβ Subunit That Affect Its Binding to Ribosomal Protein L41 and Homodimerization
Ahn, Bong-Hyun ; Lee, Ji-Hoon ; Bae, Young-Seuk ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 344~348
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.344
Protein kinase CKII is composed of two catalytic (
`) subunits and two regulatory (
) subunits. The
subunit is thought to mediate the tetramer formation and interact with other target proteins. However, its physiological function remains obscure. In this study, point mutants of
that are defective for the L41 binding were isolated by using the reverse two-hybrid system. A sequence analysis of the point mutants revealed that Asp-26, Met-52, and Met-78 of
are critical for L41 binding; Asn-67 (and/or Lys-139) and Met-52 are important for
homodimerization. Two point mutants, R75 and R83, of
interacted with L5, topoisomerase
, and CKBBP1/SAG, but not with the wild-type
. This indicates that
homodimerization is not a prerequisite for its binding to target proteins. These
point mutants may be useful in exploring the biochemical physiological functions of
Possibility of Using DNA Chip Technology for Diagnosis of Human Papillomavirus
Liu, Cui-Hua ; Ma, Wen-Li ; Shi, Rong ; Ou, Yang-Qian ; Zhang, Bao ; Zheng, Wen-Ling ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 349~353
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.349
To explore the application of DNA chip technology for the detection and typing of Human Papillomavirus (HPV), the HPV6, 11, 16 and 18 gene fragments were isolated and printed onto aminosilane-coated glass slides by a PixSys 5500 microarrayer as probes to prepare the HPV gene chips. HPV samples, after being labeled with fluorescent dye by restriction display PCR (RD-PCR) technology, were hybridized with the microarray, which was followed by scanning and analysis. The experimental condition for preparing the HPV gene chips was investigated, and the possibility of HPV genotyping using gene chips was discussed. The technique that was established in this study for preparing HPV gene chips is practical. The results of the present study demonstrated the versatility and inspiring prospect of using this technology to detect and genotype HPV.
Translocation and Phosphorylation of Calcyclin Binding Protein during Retinoic Acid-induced Neuronal Differentiation of Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells
Wu, Jing ; Tan, Xinyu ; Peng, Xiaozhong ; Yuan, Jiangang ; Qiang, Boqin ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 354~358
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.354
For better understanding of functions of the Calcyclin Binding Protein (CacyBP) and exploring its possible roles in neuronal differentiation, the subcellular localization of human CacyBP was examined in retinoic acid(RA)-induced and uninduced neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Immunostaining indicated that CacyBP was present in the cytoplasm of uninduced SH-SY5Y cells, in which the resting
concentration was relatively lower than that of RA-induced cells. After the RA induction, immunostaining was seen in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. In the RA-induced differentiated SH-SY5Y cells, CacyBP was phosphorylated on serine residue(s), while it existed in a dephosphorylated form in normal (uninduced) cells. Thus, the phosphorylation of CacyBP occurs when it is translocated to the nuclear region. The translocation of CacyBP during the RA-induced differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells suggested that this protein might play a role in neuronal differentiation.
Effects of Zinc on the Activity and Conformational Changes of Arginine Kinase and Its Intermediate
Du, Zhaodong ; Wang, Xicheng ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 359~366
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.359
The effects of zinc on arginine kinase and its collapsed-state intermediate were studied. Both arginine kinase and the collapsed-state intermediate were inactivated in the presence of zinc, following a biphasic kinetic course. The corresponding apparent rate constants of inactivation at different zinc concentrations and conformational changes in the presence of 0.5 mM zinc were obtained. The conformational changes of arginine kinase and the collapsed-state intermediate were followed by fluorescence spectra and circular dichroism spectra. Comparison of the results for arginine kinase and the collapsed-state intermediate showed that the collapsed-state intermediate was more susceptible to zinc, which indicated that the collapsed-state intermediate was more flexible and unstable than arginine kinase. The special structure of arginine kinase might explain these diverse phenomena.
Kinetics of Denaturation of Human and Chicken Hemoglobins in the Presence of Co-solvents
Ajloo, Davood ; Moosavi-Movahedi, Ali A. ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 367~372
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.367
The stability of four hemoglobins (Hb) in dimer forms (low concentration) were investigated by the kinetics of denaturation. The rate constants of denaturation were obtained by variation of 280 nm absorption versus time in 10 mM Tris-HCl, 10 mM EDTA, pH 8.0 at
in the absence and presence of 0.5 M ethanol, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), formamide, and glycerol. The results show the trend of rate constants in different co-solvents in the following order: chicken hemolysate < human hemolysate and chicken Hb D < chicken Hb A. The buried surface area was calculated for Hb samples in the absence of cosolvents. Accordingly, the trend points out that: chicken Hb D > chicken Hb A > human Hb A. These results suggest that both chicken hemolysate and chicken Hb D are relatively more stable than human and chicken Hb A, respectively. However, the denaturation rate constants of Hb in different co-solvents have designated the following order: ethanol > DMSO > formamide > glycerol. As a matter of fact, this phenomenon is an indication of an increase in the denaturation capacity (DC) and hydrophobicity, and a decrease in the surface tension of the solution in the preceding co-solvents.
L-Arginine Ameliorates Kidney Function and Urinary Bladder Sensitivity in Experimentally-induced Renal Dysfunction in Rats
Mansour, Mahmoud A. ; Al-Shabanah, Othman A. ; El-Khashef, Hassan A. ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 373~378
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.373
Effects of L-arginine and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) on the renal dysfunction that is induced by cisplatin (CDDP) were investigated. A single dose of CDDP (7.5 mg/kg i.p.) induced renotoxicity, which was manifested by increasing the sensitivity of isolated urinary bladder rings to acetylcholine (ACh), together with a significant elevation of serum urea and creatinine, and a severe decrease in serum albumin. Moreover, renal dysfunction was further confirmed by a significant decrease of enzyme activities, such as glutathione peroxidase, GSH-Px (E.C 220.127.116.11), catalase (E.C 18.104.22.168), as well as a significant increase in lipid peroxides that were measured as malondialdhyde (MDA) in kidney tissue homogenates. The administration of L-arginine (70 mg/kg/d p.o in drinking water 5 d before and 5 d after the CDDP injection) significantly ameliorated the renotoxic effects of CDDP, as judged by restoring the normal responses of isolated bladder rings to Ach, and also by an improvement in a range of renal function indices, which included serum urea and creatinine concentrations and kidney weight. In addition, L-arginine prevents the rise of MDA, as well as a reduction of GSH-Px and catalase activities in kidney tissues homogenates. On the other hand, the administration of L-NAME (4 mg/kg/d p.o) resulted in no protection against renal dysfunction that was induced by CDDP treatment. The findings of this study suggest that L-arginine can attenuate kidney injury that is produced by CDDP treatment. In addition, L-arginine may be a beneficial remedy for CDDP-induced renal toxicity, and could be used to improve the therapeutic index of CDDP.
Gene Therapy for Mice Sarcoma with Oncolytic Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Lacking the Apoptosis-inhibiting Gene, icp34.5
Lan, Ping ; Dong, Changyuan ; Qi, Yipeng ; Xiao, Gengfu ; Xue, Feng ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 379~386
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.379
A mutant herpes simplex virus 1, mtHSV, was constructed by inserting the E. coli beta-galactosidase gene into the loci of icp34.5, the apoptosis-inhibiting gene of HSV. The mtHSV replicated in and lysed U251 (human glioma cells), EJ (human bladder cells), and S-180 (mice sarcoma cells), but not Wish (human amnion cells) cells. With its intact tk (thymidine kinase) gene, mtHSV exhibited susceptibility to acyclovir (ACV), which provided an approach to control viral replication. An in vivo test with mtHSV was conducted in immune-competent mice bearing sarcoma S-180 tumors, which were treated with a single intratumoral injection of mtHSV or PBS. Tumor dimensions then were measured at serial time points, and the tumor volumes were calculated. Sarcoma growth was significantly inhibited with prolonged time and reduced tumor volume. There was microscopic evidence of necrosis of tumors in treated mice, whereas no damage was found in other organs. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that virus replication was exclusively confined to the treated tumor cells. HSV-1 DNA was detected in tumors, but not in the other organs by a polymerase chain reaction analysis. From these experiments, we concluded that mtHSV should be a safe and promising oncolytic agent for cancer treatment.
The Effect of Willow Leaf Extracts on Human Leukemic Cells in Vitro
El-Shemy, Hany A. ; Aboul-Enein, Ahmed M. ; Aboul-Enein, Mostafa I. ; Issa, Sohair I. ; Fujita, Kounosuke ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 387~389
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.387
The young developing leaves of willow (Salix safsaf, Salicaceae) trees have antileukemic activity. After a 24-h incubation in vitro, the crude water extracts of the leaves killed a majority of the blasts of acute myeloid leukemia (AML, 73.8%).
Development of an in Vitro Assay for the Proteolytic Processing of the CDP/Cux Transcription Factor
Hebert, Sherry ; Berube, Ginette ; Nepveu, Alain ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 390~398
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.390
The CDP/Cux transcription factor was previously shown to be proteolytically processed at the G1/S transition. In view of characterizing and eventually identifying the protease responsible for CDP/Cux processing, we have established an in vitro proteolytic processing assay. CDP/Cux recombinant proteins expressed in mammalian or bacterial cells were efficiently processed in vitro using as a source of protease either whole cell extracts, the nuclear or the cytoplasmic fraction. Processing was found to take place optimally at a lower pH, to be insensitive to variations in salt concentration, and to be inhibited by the protease inhibitors MG132 and E64D. Interestingly, the bacterially-produced substrate was more efficiently processed than the substrate purified from mammalian cells. Moreover, processing in vitro was more efficient when CDP/Cux substrates were purified from populations of cells enriched in the S phase than in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Altogether, these results suggest that post-translational modifications of CDP/Cux in mammalian cells inhibits processing and contributes to the cell cycle-dependent regulation of processing. The in vitro processing assay described in this study will provide a useful tool for the purification and identification of the protease responsible for the processing of CDP/Cux.
Ras Oncogene Mutations in Urine Sediments of Patients with Bladder Cancer
Buyru, Nur ; Tigli, Hatice ; Ozcan, Faruk ; Dalay, Nejat ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 399~402
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.399
Early detection of bladder cancer is particularly important since it dramatically affects the survival rates. However, neither urinary cytology nor tumor markers that are currently used are sensitive enough for the early detection of bladder cancer or recurrent disease. The ras genes are frequently mutated in cancer. In this study, we investigated the diagnostic potential of ras mutation analysis in urinary sediments of patients with bladder cancer using a single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and polymerase chain reaction. Mutation in codon 12 of the H-ras gene was observed in 39% of the patients. Our results indicate that this approach may significantly improve diagnostic sensitivity in detecting bladder tumors.
Effects of Neutral, Cationic, and Anionic Chromium Ascorbate Complexes on Isolated Human Mitochondrial and Genomic DNA
Ay, Ahmet Nedim ; Zumreoglu-Karan, Birgul ; Oner, Reyhan ; Unaleroglu, Canan ; Oner, Cihan ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 403~408
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.403
The relative activities of neutral, cationic, and anionic chromium ascorbate complexes toward isolated human mitochondrial and genomic DNA were investigated at physiologically relevant conditions by agarose gel electrophoresis. A direct relationship between the charge of the Cr(III) species and their DNA-damaging properties was found. The cationic species were found to be fully capable of DNA-cleavage, even in short incubation periods. Incubations were also performed in the presence of amino acids. No apparent effect was observed under the applied experimental conditions to facilitate or prevent damage through the ternary amino acid-Cr-DNA adduct formation or binary chromium-amino acid complex formation.
Identification of Essential Histidines in Cyclodextrin Glycosyltransferase Isoform 1 from Paenibacillus sp. A11
Kaulpiboon, Jarunee ; Pongsawasdi, Piamsook ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 409~416
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.409
The isoform 1 of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase, EC 22.214.171.124) from Paenibacillus sp. A11 was purified by a preparative gel electrophoresis. The importance of histidine, tryptophan, tyrosine, and carboxylic amino acids for isoform 1 activity is suggested by the modification of the isoform 1 with various group-specific reagents. Activity loss, when incubated with diethylpyrocarbonate (DEP), a histidine modifying reagent, could be protected by adding 25 mM methyl-
-cyclodextrin substrate prior to the modification. Inactivation kinetics of isoform 1 with DEP resulted in second-order rate constants (
. The specificity of the DEP-modified reaction for the histidine residue was shown by the correlation between the loss of isoform activity and the increase in the absorbance at 246 nm of N-carbethoxyhistidine. The number of histidines that were modified by DEP in the absence and presence of a protective substrate was estimated from the increase in the absorbance using a specific extinction coefficient of N-carbethoxyhistidine of
. It was discovered that methyl-
-CD protected per mole of isoform 1, two histidine residues from the modification by DEP. To localize essential histidines, the native, the DEP-modified, and the protected forms of isoform 1 were digested by trypsin. The resulting peptides were separated by HPLC. The peptides of interest were those with
11.34 and 40.93 min. The molecular masses of the two peptides were 5,732 and 2,540 daltons, respectively. When the data from the peptide analysis were checked with the sequence of CGTase, then His-140 and His-327 were identified as essential histidines in the active site of isoform 1.
A Colorimetric Microplate Assay Method for High Throughput Analysis of Lipase Activity
Choi, Suk-Jung ; Hwang, Jung-Min ; Kim, Sung-Il ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 417~420
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.417
The present work describes a colorimetric microplate assay for lipase activity based on the reaction between 5,5`-dithiobis(2-nitro benzoic acid) (DTNB) and the hydrolysis product of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol tributyrate (DMPTB). Reaction mixtures containing DTNB, DMPTB, and lipase were prepared in microplate wells, and the absorbance at 405nm was recorded after incubation at
for 30 min. A linear relationship was obtained in the range of 0.1-1 U of lipase activity by this method. The reaction conditions were also optimized for the range of 0.01-0.1 U or 1-10 U. When assaying crude tissue extracts, the reaction of DTNB with non-specific reducing agents created a major source of error. However, this error was corrected by the use of blank samples that did not contain DMPTB.
A Generic Time-resolved Fluorescence Assay for Serine/threonine Kinase Activity: Application to Cdc7/Dbf4
Xu, Kui ; Stern, Alvin S. ; Levin, Wayne ; Chua, Anne ; Vassilev, Lyubomir T. ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 4, 2003, Pages 421~425
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.4.421
The serine/threonine protein kinase family is a large and diverse group of enzymes that are involved in the regulation of multiple cellular pathways. Elevated kinase activity has been implicated in many diseases and frequently targeted for the development of pharmacological inhibitors. Therefore, non-radioactive antibody-based kinase assays that allow high throughput screening of compound libraries have been developed. However, they require a generation of antibodies against the phosphorylated form of a specific substrate. We report here a time-resolved fluorescence assay platform that utilizes a commercially-available generic anti-phosphothreonine antibody and permits assaying kinases that are able to phosporylate threonin residues on protein substrates. Using this approach, we developed an assay for Cdc7/Dbf4 kinase activity, determined the
for ATP, and identified rottlerin as a non-ATP competitive inhibitor of this enzyme.