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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Nov 2003
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Sep 2003
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 36, Issue 3 - May 2003
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Mar 2003
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
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Distinction between Cold-sensitive and -tolerant Jute by DNA Polymorphisms
Hossain, Mohammad Belayat ; Awal, Aleya ; Rahman, Mohammad Aminur ; Haque, Samiul ; Khan, Haseena ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 427~432
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.427
Jute is the principal coarse fiber for commercial production and use in Bangladesh. Therefore, the development of a high-yielding and environmental-stress tolerant jute variety would be beneficial for the agro economy of Bangladesh. Two molecular fingerprinting techniques, random-amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and amplified-fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) were applied on six jute samples. Two of them were cold-sensitive varieties and the remaining four were cold-tolerant accessions. RAPD and AFLP fingerprints were employed to generate polymorphism between the cold-sensitive varieties and cold-tolerant accessions because of their simplicity, and also because there is no available sequence information on jute. RAPD data were obtained by using 30 arbitrary oligonucleotide primers. Five primers were found to give polymorphism between the varieties that were tested. AFLP fingerprints were generated using 25 combinations of selective-amplification primers. Eight primer combinations gave the best results with 93 polymorphic fragments, and they were able to discriminate the two cold-sensitive and four cold-tolerant jute populations. A cluster analysis, based on the RAPD and AFLP fingerprint data, showed the population-specific grouping of individuals. This information could be useful later in marker-aided selection between the cold-sensitive varieties and cold-tolerant jute accessions.
Characterization of a Salicylic Acid- and Pathogen-induced Lipase-like Gene in Chinese Cabbage
Lee, Kyung-Ah ; Cho, Tae-Ju ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 433~441
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.433
A cDNA clone for a salicylic acid-induced gene in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) was isolated and characterized. The cabbage gene, designated Br-sil1 (for
lipase-like 1 gene), encodes a putative lipase that has the family II lipase motif GDSxxDxG around the active site serine. A database search showed that plant genomes have a large number of genes that contain the family II lipase motif. The lipase-like proteins include a myrosinase-associated protein, an anther-specific proline-rich protein APG, a pollen coat protein EXL, and an early nodule-specific protein. The Br-sil1 gene is strongly induced by salicylic acid and a non-host pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, that elicits a hypersensitive response in Chinese cabbage. Treatment of the cabbage leaves with BTH, methyl jasmonate, or ethephon showed that the Br-sil1 gene expression is induced by BTH, but not by methyl jasmonate or ethylene. This indicates that the cabbage gene is activated via a salicylic acid-dependent signaling pathway. An examination of the tissue-specific expression revealed that the induction of the Br-sil1 gene expression by BTH occurs in leaves and stems, but not in roots and flowers. Without the BTH treatment, however, the Br-sil1 gene is not expressed in any of the tissues that were examined.
Molecular Cloning and Characterization of an NADPH Quinone Oxidoreductase from Kluyveromyces marxianus
Kim, Wook-Hyun ; Chung, Ji-Hyung ; Back, Jung-Ho ; Choi, Ju-Hyun ; Cha, Joo-Hwan ; Koh, Hun-Yeoung ; Han, Ye-Sun ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 442~449
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.442
NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase is a ubiquitous enzyme that is known to directly reduce quinone substrates to hydroquinones by a two-electron reaction. We report the identification of NADPH quinone oxidoreductase from Kluyveromyces marxianus (KmQOR), which reduces quinone substrates directly to hydroquinones. The KmQOR gene was sequenced, expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized. The open-reading frame of the KmQOR gene consists of 1143 nucleotides, encoding a 380 amino acid polypeptide. The nucleotide sequence of the KmQOR gene was assigned to EMBL under accession number AY040868. The
that was determined by SDS-PAGE for the protein subunit was about 42 kDa, and the molecular mass of the native KmQOR was 84 kDa, as determined by column calibration, indicating that the native protein is a homodimer. The KmQOR protein efficiently reduced 1,4-benzoquinone, whereas no activities were found for menadiones and methoxyquinones. These observations, and the result of an extended sequence analysis of known NADPH quinone oxidoreductase, suggest that KmQOR possesses a different action mechanism.
Isolation and Identification of an Antioxidant Enzyme Catalase Stimulatory Compound from Garnoderma lucidum
Lee, Hyeon-Yong ; Eum, Won-Sik ; Kim, Dae-Won ; Lee, Byung-Ryong ; Yoon, Chang-Sik ; Jang, Sang-Ho ; Choi, Hee-Soon ; Choi, Soo-Hyun ; Baek, Nam-In ; Kang, Jung-Hoon ; Kang, Tae-Cheon ; Won, Moo-Ho ; Cho, Sung-Woo ; Lee, Kil-Soo ; Park, Jin-Seu ; Choi, Soo-Young ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 450~455
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.450
Antioxidant enzymes are scavenger reactive-oxygen intermediates and are involved in many cellular defense systems. We previously reported that a crude extract of Garnoderma lucidum, a medicinally potent mushroom, profoundly increased the catalase gene expression and enzyme activities in mouse livers (Park et al., J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 34. 144-149, 2001). In this study, we elucidated the detailed mechanism whereby G. lucidum stimulates the catalase activity and expression. The major active fraction was isolated from G. lucidum and methyl linoleate was considered the most major component of the fraction. In order to determine whether methyl linoleate increases mRNA and protein synthesis of catalase, Northern and Western blot analyses were performed in vivo with methyl linoleate-treated mouse liver homogenate after feeding methyl linoleate to the mice. Northern and Western blot analyses of the crude liver homogenates in the mice that were administered methyl linoleate revealed that the expression catalase was significantly increased when compared to the untreated controls. In addition, the catalase protein levels and enzymatic activities increased in the mouse liver homogenates. These results suggest that methyl linoleate that is produced by G. lucidum stimulates the catalase expression at the transcription level.
Characterization of Two Forms of Acetolactate Synthase from Barley
Yoon, Jong-Mo ; Yoon, Moon-Young ; Kim, Young-Tae ; Choi, Jung-Do ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 456~461
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.456
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. ALS is the target site for several classes of herbicides, including sulfonylureas, imidazolinones, and triazolopyrimidines. Two forms of ALS (designated ALS I and ALS II) were separated from barley shoots by heparin affinity column chromatography. The molecular masses of native ALS I and ALS II were determined to be 248 kDa and 238 kDa by nondenaturing gel electrophoresis and activity staining. Similar molecular masses of two forms of ALS were confirmed by a Western blot analysis. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis showed that the molecular masses of the ALS I and ALS II subunits were identical - 65 kDa. The two ALS forms exhibited different properties with respect to the values of
, pI and optimum pH, and sensitivity to inhibition by herbicides sulfonylurea and imidazolinone as well as to the feedback regulation by the end-product amino acids Val, Leu, and Ile. These results, therefore, suggest that the two ALS forms are not different polymeric forms of the same enzyme, but isozymes.
Use of RAPD Fingerprinting for Discriminating Two Populations of Hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha Ham.) from Inland Rivers of Bangladesh
Shifat, Rehnuma ; Begum, Anwara ; Khan, Haseena ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 462~467
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.462
The Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RAPD-PCR) was applied to analyze the genetic variation of the Hilsa shad, Tenualosa ilisha Ham., from the two major inland rivers (Padma and Meghna) in Bangladesh. Twenty-eight random 10-mer primers were primarily scored in 8 individuals from each of the two locations. Fifteen primers, which gave polymorphism, were selected and used in the final analysis of 34 individuals from the two sites. Using these primers, 480 scorable DNA fragments were found, of which 98 (20.41%) were polymorphic. By comparing the RAPD banding patterns, variations were found between and within the populations. A dendrogram was constructed with the polymorphic fragments to analyze the genetic distances between the Hilsa shad populations. The results show two major clusters of Padma and Meghna, assuming different spawning populations with different stocks or races of Hilsa shad in the major Bangladesh rivers.
Cobalt Chloride-induced Apoptosis and Extracellular Signal-regulated Protein Kinase Activation in Human Cervical Cancer HeLa Cells
Kim, Hyun-Jeong ; Yang, Seung-Ju ; Kim, Yoon-Suk ; Kim, Tae-Ue ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 468~474
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.468
The molecular mechanism of hypoxia-induced apoptosis has not been clearly elucidated. In this study, we investigated the involvement of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK 1/2) in hypoxia-induced apoptosis using cobalt chloride in HeLa human cervical cancer cells. The cobalt chloride was used for the induction of hypoxia, and its
. We demonstrated the DNA fragmentation after incubation with concentrations more than
cobalt chloride for 24 h, and also evidenced the morphological changes of the cells undergoing apoptosis with electron microscopy. Next, we examined the signaling pathway of cobalt chloride-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells. ERK1/2 activation occurred 6 and 9 h after treatment with
cobalt chloride. Meanwhile, the pretreatment of the MEK 1 inhibitor (PD98059) completely blocked the cobalt chloride-induced ERK 1/2 activation. At the same time, the activated ERK 1/2 translocated into the nucleus and phosphorylated its transcriptional factor, c-Jun. In addition, the pretreatment of PD98059 inhibited the cobalt chloride-induced DNA fragmentation and apoptotic cell death. These results suggest that cobalt chloride is able to induce apoptotic activity in HeLa cells, and its apoptotic mechanism may be associated with signal transduction via ERK 1/2.
Choristoneura fumiferana Granulovirus p74 Protein, a Highly Conserved Baculoviral Envelope Protein
Rashidan, Kianoush Khajeh ; Nassoury, Nasha ; Tazi, Samia ; Giannopoulos, Paresa N. ; Guertin, Claude ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 475~487
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.475
A gene that encodes a homologue to baculoviral p74, an envelope-associated viral structural protein, has been identified and sequenced on the genome of Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV). A part of the ChfuGV p74 gene was located on an 8.9 kb BamHI subgenomic fragment using different sets of degenerated primers. These were designed using the results of the protein sequencing of a major 74 kDa structural protein that is associated with the occlusion-derived virus (ODV). The gene has a 1992 nucleotide (nt) open-reading frame (ORF) that encodes a protein with 663 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 74,812 Da. Comparative studies revealed the presence of two major conserved regions in the ChfuGV p74 protein. This study also shows that all of the p74 proteins contain two putative transmembrane domains at their C-terminal segments. At the nucleotide sequence level, two late promoter motifs (TAAG and GTAAG) were located upstream of the first ATG of the p74 gene. The gene contained a canonical poly(A) signal, AATAAA, at its 3` non-translated region. A phylogenetic tree for baculoviral p74 was constructed using a maximum parsimony analysis. The phylogenetic estimation demonstrated that ChfuGV p74 is related the closest to those of Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) and Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus (PhopGV).
Oxidative Modification of Neurofilament-L by Copper-catalyzed Reaction
Kim, Nam-Hoon ; Kang, Jung-Hoon ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 488~492
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.488
Neurofilament-L (NF-L) is a major element of neuronal cytoskeletons and known to be important for neuronal survival in vivo. Since oxidative stress might play a critical role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, we investigated the role of copper and peroxide in the modification of NF-L. When disassembled NF-L was incubated with copper ion and hydrogen peroxide, then the aggregation of protein was proportional to copper and hydrogen peroxide concentrations. Dityrosine crosslink formation was obtained in copper-mediated NF-L aggregates. The copper-mediated modification of NF-L was significantly inhibited by thiol antioxidants, N-acetylcysteine, glutathione, and thiourea. A thioflavin-T binding assay was performed to determine whether the copper/
system-induced in vitro aggregation of NF-L displays amyloid-like characteristics. The aggregate of NF-L displayed thioflavin T reactivity, which was reminiscent of amyloid. This study suggests that copper-mediated NF-L modification might be closely related to oxidative reactions which may play a critical role in neurodegenerative diseases.
Bacterial Expression of the scFv Fragment of a Recombinant Antibody Specific for Burkholderia pseudomallei Exotoxin
Su, Yu-Ching ; Lim, Kue-Peng ; Nathan, Sheila ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 493~498
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.493
The scFv antibody towards the Burkholderia pseudomallei exotoxin was previously constructed by phage display and exhibited good specificity towards the exotoxin. We report here the optimization of the scFv expression in an E. coli expression system. Four different E. coli strains (ER2537, TG1, HB2151, and XL1-Blue) were examined for optimal expression of the scFv protein. Two types of carbon source (i.e. 0.2% glucose and 0.2% glycerol) were also tested for their ability to induce the scFv expression. Cells that carried the scFv construct were grown at
and induced with 0.05 mM IPTG. The expression was then monitored by SDS-PAGE, Western blotting, and indirect ELISA. The Western blot profile showed different levels of the scFv expression among the host strains; XL1-Blue exhibited the highest level of the scFv protein expression. Glycerol at a concentration of 0.2% (v/v) significantly increased the scFv protein expression level when compared to 0.2% (w/v) glucose. Further optimization demonstrated that the scFv protein expression in XL1-Blue was the most optimal with a glycerol concentration as low as 0.05%. However, by indirect ELISA, only the scFv protein that was expressed in 0.2% (v/v) glycerol exhibited high specificity towards the Burkholderia pseudomallei exotoxin.
Effect of Diazinon, an Organophosphate Insecticide, on Plasma Lipid Constituents in Experimental Animals
Ibrahim, Nagi A. ; El-Gamal, Basiouny A. ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 499~504
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.499
There has been increasing interest in studying the various effects of organophosphate insecticides in humans and experimental animals. Only a few data are available on the effect of the organophosphate insecticide, diazinon, on lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of diazinon on plasma lipid constituents in mammalian animals. The plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), and phospholipids (PL) were measured in albino rats that were orally treated with a single dose of diazinon at a level of
or with repeated daily doses at the levels of
for 2, 8, and 32 days, respectively. After a 24 h post-treatment with a single
dose of diazinon, TC was not significantly changed, the HDL-C and PL levels were significantly decreased, but the LDL-C and TG levels were significantly increased. Separate daily oral administrations of diazinon at
doses resulted in a significant decrease in HDL-C and PL, with no significant change in TG. The LDL-C levels were significantly increased and TC showed no significant change with
doses of diazinon, whereas a significant decrease in the levels of TC, HDL-C, as well as LDL-C, was observed with the
dose. These data suggest that diazinon may interfere with lipid metabolism in mammals.
C Resonance Assignments of the Helicobacter pylori Acyl Carrier Protein
Park, Sung-Jean ; Kim, Ji-Sun ; Son, Woo-Sung ; Ahn, Hee-Chul ; Lee, Bong-Jin ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 505~507
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.505
One of the small proteins from Helicobacter pylori, acyl carrier protein (ACP), was investigated by NMR. ACP is related to various cellular processes, especially with the biosynthesis of fatty acid. The basic NMR resonance assignment is a prerequisite for the validation of a heterologuous protein interaction with ACP in H.pylori. Here, the results of the backbone
resonance assignments of the H. pylori ACP are reported using double- and triple-resonance techniques. About 97% of all of the
resonances that cover 76 of the 78 non-proline residues are clarified through sequential- and specific-assignments. In addition, four helical regions were clearly identified on the basis of the resonance assignments.
Identification of Two Isoforms of Aminopeptidase N in Aedes aegypti Larval Midgut
Pootanakit, Kusol ; Angsuthanasombat, Chanan ; Panyim, Sakol ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 508~513
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.508
The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis produces toxin inclusions that are deleterious to target insect larvae. These toxins are believed to interact with a specific receptor protein(s) that is present on the gut epithelial cells of the larvae. In various insect species (in particular those belonging to the lepidopteran class), aminopeptidase N (APN) is one of the two receptor proteins that are considered to be involved in toxin-receptor interactions. However, in mosquitoes, the nature and identity of the receptor protein is unknown. Here, using RT-PCR, we identified two isoforms of the APN transcripts in the Aedes aegypti mosquito larval midgut. These results are congruent with a previous report of multiple isoforms of the APN gene expression in lepidopteran larvae. Which of the two isoforms (or other yet unidentified receptor proteins) is involved in the killing of mosquito larvae remains to be elucidated.
Cloning of a Ribonucleotide Reductase Gene of the Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Strain G
Kim, Hee-Jin ; Lee, Si-Kyung ; Byun, Si-Myung ; Lee, Hyung-Hoan ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 514~519
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.514
The ribonucleotide reductase (RR) 2 gene of the HSV-2 strain G was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in an E. coli cell. The RR2 gene was located on the PstI 2.4 kb fragment, which was cloned and sequenced. The ORF of the gene was 1,011 bp and its termination codon was TAG; also, the CATATAA sequence was present in the promoter of the RR2 gene. A Poly A signal sequence (AATAAA) was found in the 3`-noncoding region. The RR2 proteins that were produced in the E. coli and Vero cells were confirmed using a Western blot analysis. SDS-PAGE revealed that the molecular weights of the fusion-RR2 that was produced in the E. coli cells were approximately 24 kDa and 38 kDa in the Vero cells. The RR2 proteins were soluble. The differences in the molecular weights might be due to modifications in the Vero cells.
Production of Nuclease Activity in U937 Cells by Phorbol 12-Myristate 13-Acetate and Lipopolysaccharide
Kwon, Hyung-Joo ; Kim, Doo-Sik ;
BMB Reports , volume 36, issue 5, 2003, Pages 520~523
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2003.36.5.520
The proliferation and differentiation signals of myelogeneous U937 cells are provided by extracellular stimuli, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). In a DNA-native-polyacrylamide gel assay system, we demonstrated that a particular nuclease activity is expressed in PMA-stimulated U937 cells and secreted into the culture medium. The nuclease activity was induced in U937 cells by LPS treatment, while the secretion of the enzyme was undetected in the culture medium. Therefore, it is likely that the expression and secretion of the particular nuclease in U937 cells are controlled by extracellular stimulations, such as PMA and LPS treatment.