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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Nov 2004
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Sep 2004
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 37, Issue 3 - May 2004
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
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New Performance from an Old Member: SNP Assay and de Novo Sequencing Mediated by Exo
Zhang, Jia ; Li, Kai ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 269~274
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.269
DNA polymerases without the 3' exonuclease function (
pol) have been widely used in sequencing and SNP genotyping. As a major player that expedited the coming of the postgenomic era,
polymerases worked remarkably well in the Human Genome Sequencing Project. However, it has become a challenge for this class of polymerases to efficiently screen the large number of SNPs that are found in the human genome. For more than three decades it has been recognized that polymerase fidelity varied according to the presence of proofreading activity that is mediated by its internal 3' exonuclease. Polymerases with proofreading function are famous for their high fidelity in DNA replication both in vivo and in vitro, but this well-known class of polymerases has been almost completely neglected in genetic analysis in the postgenomic era. We speculate that
polymerases may exhibit higher nucleotide identification ability when compared to
polymerases for an in vitro genetic analysis. With the application of
polymerases in SNP assays, a novel mechanism for the maintenance of DNA replication, the on/off switch, was discovered. Two new SNP assays have been developed to carry out genome-wide genotyping, taking advantage of the enzymatic properties of
polymerases. Furthermore, the on/off switch mechanism embodies a powerful nucleotide identification ability, which can be used to discriminate the bases that are upstream of the 3' terminus, and thus defines a new concept in de novo sequencing technology. Application of
polymerases to genetic analysis, and especially SNP assays, will greatly accelerate the pace to personalized medicine.
Presence of Rhodanese in the Cytosolic Fraction of the Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum) Liver
Agboola, Femi Kayode ; Okonji, Raphael Emuebie ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 275~281
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.275
Rhodanese was isolated and purified from the cytosolic fraction of liver tissue homogenate of the fruit bat, Eidolon helvum, by using ammonium sulphate precipitation and CM-Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatography. The specific activity was increased 130-fold with a 53% recovery. The
values for KCN and
as substrates were
, respectively. The apparent molecular weight was estimated by gel filtration on a Sephadex G-100 column to be 36,000 Da. The optimal activity was found at a high pH (pH 9.0) and the temperature optimum was
. An Arrhenius plot of the heat stability data consisted of two linear segments with a break occurring at
. The apparent activation energy values from these slopes were 11.5 kcal/mol and 76.6 kcal/mol. Inhibition studies on the enzyme with a number of cations showed that
did not affect the activity of the enzyme, but
inhibited the enzyme.
Isolation, Characterization, and Molecular Cloning of the cDNA Encoding a Novel Phytase from Aspergillus niger 113 and High Expression in Pichia pastoris
Xiong, Ai Sheng ; Yao, Quan-Hong ; Peng, Ri-He ; Li, Xian ; Fan, Hui-Qin ; Guo, Mei-Jin ; Zhang, Si-Liang ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 282~291
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.282
Phytases catalyze the release of phosphate from phytic acid. Phytase-producing microorganisms were selected by culturing the soil extracts on agar plates containing phytic acid. Two hundred colonies that exhibited potential phytase activity were selected for further study. The colony showing the highest phytase activity was identified as Aspergillus niger and designated strain 113. The phytase gene from A. niger 113 (phyI1) was isolated, cloned, and characterized. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence identity between phyI1 and phyA from NRRL3135 were 90% and 98%, respectively. The identity between phyI1 and phyA from SK-57 was 89% and 96%. A synthetic phytase gene, phyI1s, was synthesized by successive PCR and transformed into the yeast expression vector carrying a signal peptide that was designed and synthesized using P. pastoris biased codon. For the phytase expression and secretion, the construct was integrated into the genome of P. pastoris by homologous recombination. Over-expressing strains were selected and fermented. It was discovered that ~4.2 g phytase could be purified from one liter of culture fluid. The activity of the resulting phytase was 9.5 U/mg. Due to the heavy glycosylation, the expressed phytase varied in size (120, 95, 85, and 64 kDa), but could be deglycosylated to a homogeneous 64 kDa species. An enzymatic kinetics analysis showed that the phytase had two pH optima (pH 2.0 and pH 5.0) and an optimum temperature of
Aromaticity of Tyr-202 in the α4-α5 Loop Is Essential for Toxicity of the Bacillus thuringiensis Cry4A Toxin
Pornwiroon, Walairat ; Katzenmeier, Gerd ; Panyim, Sakol ; Angsuthanasombat, Chanan ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 292~297
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.292
The current model for the mechanism of action of the Bacillus thuringiensis Cry
-endotoxins involves the penetration of the
hairpin into the target midgut epithelial cell membranes, followed by pore formation. In this study, PCR-based mutagenesis was employed to identify a critical residue within the
loop of the 130-kDa Cry4A mosquito-larvicidal protein. Alanine-substitutions of two charged (Asp-198 and Asp-200) and four polar (Asn-190, Asn-195, Tyr-201 and Tyr-202) residues in the
loop were performed. Like the wild-type, all of the mutant toxins were over-expressed as inclusion bodies in Escherichia coli. When E. coli cells expressing each mutant toxin were bioassayed against Aedes aegypti larvae, larvicidal activity was completely abolished for the substitution of only Tyr-202, while replacements at the other positions still retained a high level of toxicity. Further replacement of Tyr-202 with an aromatic side chain, phenylalanine, did not affect the toxicity. These results revealed a crucial role in toxin activity for the conserved aromatic residue at the 202 position within the
loop of the Cry4A toxin.
Nano-scale Proteomics Approach Using Two-dimensional Fibrin Zymography Combined with Fluorescent SYPRO Ruby Dye
Choi, Nack-Shick ; Yoo, Ki-Hyun ; Yoon, Kab-Seog ; Maeng, Pil-Jae ; Kim, Seung-Ho ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 298~303
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.298
In general, a SYPRO Ruby dye is well known as a sensitive fluorescence-based method for detecting proteins by one-or two-dimensional SDS-PAGE (1-DE or 2-DE). Based on the SYPRO Ruby dye system, the combined two-dimensional fibrin zymography (2-D FZ) with SYPRO Ruby staining was newly developed to identify the Bacillus sp. proteases. Namely, complex protein mixtures from Bacillus sp. DJ-4, which were screened from Doen-Jang (Korean traditional fermented food), showed activity on the zymogram gel. The gel spots on the SYPRO Ruby gel, which corresponded to the active spots showing on the 2-D FZ gel, were analyzed by a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometric analysis. Five intracellular fibrinolytic enzymes of Bacillus sp. DJ-4 were detected through 2-D FZ. The gel spots on the SYPRO Ruby dye stained 2-D gel corresponding to 2-D FZ were then analyzed by MALID TOF MS. Three of the five gel spots proved to be quite similar to the ATP-dependent protease, extracellular neutral metalloprotease, and protease of Bacillus subtilis. Also, the extracellular proteases of Bacillus sp. DJ-4 employing this combined system were identified on three gels (e.g., casein, fibrin, and gelatin) and the proteolytic maps were established. This combined system of 2-D zymography and SYPRO Ruby dye should be useful for searching the specific protease from complex protein mixtures of many other sources (e.g., yeast and cancer cell lines).
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry4A and Cry4B Mosquito-larvicidal Proteins: Homology-based 3D Model and Implications for Toxin Activity
Angsuthanasombat, Chanan ; Uawithya, Panapat ; Leetachewa, Somphob ; Pornwiroon, Walairat ; Ounjai, Puey ; Kerdcharoen, Teerakiat ; Katzenmeier, Gerd ; Panyim, Sakol ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 304~313
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.304
Three-dimensional (3D) models for the 65-kDa activated Cry4A and Cry4B
-endotoxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis that are specifically toxic to mosquito-larvae were constructed by homology modeling, based on atomic coordinates of the Cry1Aa and Cry3Aa crystal structures. They were structurally similar to the known structures, both derived 3D models displayed a three-domain organization: the N-terminal domain (I) is a seven-helix bundle, while the middle and C-terminal domains are primarily comprise of anti-parallel
-sheets. Circular dichroism spectroscopy confirmed the secondary structural contents of the two homology-based Cry4 structures. A structural analysis of both Cry4 models revealed the following: (a) Residues Arg-235 and Arg-203 are located in the interhelical 5/6 loop within the domain I of Cry4A and Cry4B, respectively. Both are solvent exposed. This suggests that they are susceptible to tryptic cleavage. (b) The unique disulphide bond, together with a proline-rich region within the long loop connecting
of Cry4A, were identified. This implies their functional significance for membrane insertion. (c) Significant structural differences between both models were found within domain II that may reflect their different activity spectra. Structural insights from this molecular modeling study would therefore increase our understanding of the mechanic aspects of these two closely related mosquito-larvicidal proteins.
Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies against Heavy and Light Chains of Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Immunoglobulin
Jang, Han-Na ; Woo, Jong-Kyu ; Cho, Young-Hye ; Kyong, Seo-Bong ; Choi, Sang-Hoon ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 314~319
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.314
Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Immunoglobulins (Igs) were purified from the serum of mouse IgG-immunized flounder by using affinity chromatography. Under denaturing conditions in SDS-PAGE, the flounder Igs appeared to be composed of 2 heavy (H) chains (72 and 77 kDa) and two light (L) chains (26 and 28 kDa). Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced by the fusion of myeloma cells (SP2/0) with Balb/c mouse spleen cells that were previously sensitized against affinity-purified flounder Igs. In a Western blot analysis, the produced MAbs, FIM511, FIM519, and FIM562 recognized both the 72 and 77 kDa H chains, 26 kDa, and 28 kDa L chain, respectively. Mouse antiserum against flounder Igs reacted more strongly with the L chain of 28 kDa than with 26 kDa, suggesting that the 28 kDa molecule is more immunogenic than the 26 kDa L chain molecule. In a FACS analysis, the ratios of the Ig+ cell population in the flounder head kidney and spleen cells were 49% and 24%, respectively. Unexpectedly, however, the ratios of the Ig+ B-like cell population in the flounder were not significantly augmented, even after the immunization of an immunogenic antigen. This suggests that the humoral immune response in fish could be considerably different from that in mammals. The produced MAbs in this study would be useful in characterizing flounder Ig+ B-like cells and in developing flounder Ig detecting an immunoassay system.
Homeodomain-leucine Zipper Proteins Interact with a Plant Homologue of the Transcriptional Co-activator Multiprotein Bridging Factor 1
Zanetti, Maria Eugenia ; Chan, Raquel L. ; Godoy, Andrea V. ; Gonzalez, Daniel H. ; Casalongue, Claudia A. ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 320~334
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.320
StMBF1 (Solanum tuberosum multiprotein bridging factor 1) is a plant member of the MBF1 family of transcriptional co-activators. In an attempt to understand the role of StMBF1, we analyzed its interaction with plant transcription factors of the homeodomain-leucine zipper (Hd-Zip) family, a group of proteins with a typical leucine zipper motif adjacent to a homeodomain. StMBF1 is able to interact in vitro with the Hd-Zip protein Hahb-4 both in the presence and absence of DNA. Upon binding, StMBF1 increases the DNA binding affinity of Hahb-4, and of another plant homeodomain containing protein from the GL2/Hd-Zip IV family, HAHR-1. The biological role of interactions is discussed in this paper.
Modification of Cu,Zn-Superoxide Dismutase by Oxidized Catecholamines
Kang, Jung-Hoon ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 325~329
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.325
Oxidation of catecholamines may contribute to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). The effect of the oxidized products of catecholamines on the modification of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) was investigated. When Cu,Zn-SOD was incubated with the oxidized 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) or dopamine, the protein was induced to be aggregated. The deoxyribose assay showed that hydroxyl radicals were generated during the oxidation of catecholamines in the presence of copper ion. Radical scavengers, azide, N-acetylcysteine, and catalase inhibited the oxidized catecholamine-mediated Cu,Zn-SOD aggregation. Therefore, the results indicate that free radicals may play a role in the aggregation of Cu,Zn-SOD. When Cu,Zn-SOD that had been exposed to catecholamines was subsequently analyzed by an amino acid analysis, the glycine and histidine residues were particularly sensitive. These results suggest that the modification of Cu,Zn-SOD by oxidized catecholamines might induce the perturbation of cellular antioxidant systems and led to a deleterious cell condition.
Modification of Substrate Inhibition of Synaptosomal Acetylcholinesterase by Cardiotoxins
Ranaei-Siadat, Seyed-Omid ; Riazi, Gholam-Hosein ; Sadeghi, Mehdi ; Chang, Long-Sen ; Lin, Shinne-Ren ; Eghtesadi-Araghi, Peyman ; Hakimelahi, Gholam Hossein ; Moosavi-Movahedi, Ali Akbar ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 330~338
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.330
Different types of cardiotoxin (I-V and n) were isolated and purified from the venom of the Taiwan cobra (Naja naja atra). The effects of these cardiotoxins were studied on membrane-bound acetylcholinesterase, which was isolated from a sheep's brain cortex. The results showed that cardiotoxins I-III, V, and n activated the enzyme by modification of substrate inhibition, but cardiotoxin IV's reaction was different. The inhibition and activation of acetylcholinesterase were linked to the functions of the hydrophobicity index, presence of a cationic cluster, and the accessible arginine residue. Our results indicate that Cardiotoxins have neither a cationic cluster nor an arginine residue in their surface area of loop I; therefore, in contrast to fasciculin, cardiotoxins are attached by loop II to the peripheral site of the enzyme. As a result, fasciculin seems to stabilize nonfunctional conformation, but cardiotoxins seem to stabilize the functional conformation of the enzyme. Based on our experimental and theoretical findings, similar secondary and tertiary structures of cardiotoxins and fasciculin seem to have an opposite function once they interact with acetylcholinesterase.
Localization of Germin Genes and Their Products in Developing Wheat Coleoptiles
Caliskan, Mahmut ; Ozcan, Birgul ; Turan, Cemal ; Cuming, Andrew C. ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 339~342
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.339
Germination is a process which characterized with nescient synthesis of genes. Among the genes synthesized during the germination of wheat embryos, germin genes, proteins and their enzymatic activity were defined. Germin is a water soluble homopentameric glycoprotein which is remarkable resistant to degradation by a broad range of proteases including pepsin. Germin proteins found to have strong oxalate oxidase activity which produces hydrogen peroxide by degrading oxalic acid. The current study, aimed to localize the germin genes, proteins and enzymatic activities in developing coleoptiles which is a rapidly growing protective tissue of leaf primordium and shoot apex. Non-radioactively abeled germin riboprobes were employed to localize germin mRNAs in situ. FITC (Fluorescein isothiocyanate) and alkaline phosphatase linked anti-germin antibodies were used to localize germin proteins under the fluorescence and light microscopy and finally germin enzymatic activity was localized by using appropriate enzyme assay. The results revealed that in coleoptiles germin genes, proteins and their enzymatic activity were predominantly associated with the cells of epidermis and vascular bundle sheath cells.
Molecular Characterization of a thiJ-like Gene in Chinese Cabbage
Oh, Kyung-Jin ; Park, Yong-Soon ; Lee, Kyung-Ah ; Chung, Yong-Je ; Cho, Tae-Ju ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 343~350
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.343
A cDNA clone for a salicylic acid-induced gene in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) was isolated and characterized. The cabbage gene encoding a protein of 392 amino acids contained a tandem array of two thiJ-like sequences. ThiJ is a thiamin biosynthesis enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of hydroxymethylpyrimidine (HMP) to HMP monophosphate. Although the cabbage gene shows a similarity to bacterial thiJ genes, it also shares a similarity with the human DJ-1, a multifunctional protein that is involved in transcription regulation, male fertility, and parkinsonism. The cabbage thiJ-like gene is strongly induced by salicylic acid and a nonhost pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, which elicits a hypersensitive response in Chinese cabbage. Treatment of the cabbage leaves with BTH, methyl jasmonate, or ethephon showed that the cabbage thiJ-like gene expression is also strongly induced by BTH, but not by methyl jasmonate or ethylene. This indicates that the cabbage gene is activated via a salicylic acid-dependent signaling pathway. Examination of the tissue-specific expression revealed that the induction of the cabbage gene expression by BTH occurs in the leaf, stem, and floral tissues but not in the root.
Rapid Preparation of Total Nucleic Acids from E. coli for Multi-purpose Applications
Cheng, Lin ; Li, Tai-Yuan ; Zhang, Yi ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 351~355
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.351
Separate protocols are commonly used to prepare plasmid DNA, chromosomal DNA, or total RNA from E. coli cells. Various methods for the rapid preparation of plasmid DNA have been developed previously, but the preparation of the chromosomal DNA and total RNA are usually laborious. We report here a simple, fast, reliable, and cost-effective method to extract total nucleic acids from E. coli by direct lysis of the cells with phenol. Five distinct and sharp bands, which correspond to chromosomal DNA, plasmid DNA, 23S rRNA, 16S rRNA, and a mixture of small RNA, were observed when analyzing the prepared total nucleic acids on a regular 1-2% agarose gel. The simple and high-quality preparation of the total nucleic acids in a singe tube allowed us to rapidly screen the recombinant plasmid, as well as to simultaneously monitor the change of the plasmid copy number and rRNA levels during the growth of E. coli in the liquid medium.
DNA Microarray Probe Preparation by Gel Isolation Nested PCR
Wang, Hong-Min ; Ma, Wen-li ; Huang, Hai ; Xiao, Wei-Wei ; Wang, Yan ; Zheng, Wen-Ling ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 356~361
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.356
To develop a simplified method that can rapidly prepare DNA microarray probes in a massive scale, a lambda phage genomic DNA-fragments library was constructed for the microarray-probes collection. Four methods of DNA band recovery from the first PCR products were tested and compared. The DNA microarray probes were collected by a novel method of nested PCR that was mediated by gel isolation of the first PCR products. This method was named GIN-PCR. The probes that were prepared by this GIN-PCR technique were used as subjects to fabricate a DNA microarray. The results showed that a wooden toothpick was superior to the other 3 methods, since this technique can steadily transfer the DNA bands as the template of the second PCR after the first PCR. A group of probes were successfully collected and DNA microarrays were constructed using these probes. Hybridization results demonstrated that this technique of DNA recovery and probe preparation was rapid, efficient, and effective. We developed a cost-effective and less labor-intensive method for DNA microarray probe preparation by nested PCR that is mediated by wooden toothpick transfer of the DNA bands in the gel after electrophoresis.
Sorting of the Human Folate Receptor in MDCK Cells
Kim, Chong-Ho ; Park, Young-Soon ; Chung, Koong-Nah ; Elwood, P.C. ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 362~369
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.362
The human folate receptor (hFR) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) linked plasma membrane protein that mediates delivery of folates into cells. We studied the sorting of the hFR using transfection of the hFR cDNA into MDCK cells. MDCK cells are polarized epithelial cells that preferentially sort GPI-linked proteins to their apical membrane. Unlike other GPI-tailed proteins, we found that in MDCK cells, hFR is functional on both the apical and basolateral surfaces. We verified that the same hFR cDNA that transfected into CHO cells produces the hFR protein that is GPI-linked. We also measured the hFR expression on the plasma membrane of type III paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) human erythrocytes. PNH is a disease that is characterized by the inability of cells to express membrane proteins requiring a GPI anchor. Despite this defect, and different from other GPI-tailed proteins, we found similar levels of hFR in normal and type III PNH human erythrocytes. The results suggest the hypothesis that there may be multiple mechanisms for targeting hFR to the plasma membrane.
Protective Effect of Soybean against Hepatocarcinogenesis Induced by DL-Ethionine
Aiad, Fatma ; El-Gamal, Basiouny ; Al-Meer, Jehan ; El-Kerdasy, Zinab ; Zakhary, Nadia ; El-Aaser, Abdelbaset ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 370~375
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.370
There has been increasing interest in the value of using soybean to delay or reduce the tumor incidence. This study was undertaken to investigate the possible protective effects of soybean against hepatocarcinogenesis induced by DL-ethionine. Accordingly, we measured biochemical changes occurring in serum and liver of rats treated with DL-ethionine in the presence or absence of soybean. Male albino rats were fed a control diet containing the hepatocarcinogen, DL-ethionine, or the control diet plus soybean 30%, or the control diet plus soybean plus DL-ethionine 0.25% for three months and then returned to a control diet for up to nine months. Rats fed a control diet plus DL-ethionine showed a gradual decrease in liver DNA, RNA, total protein, and liver weight and enzyme activites of liver transaminases (GOT and GPT) and alkaline phosphatase over the 7-month study period. This was followed by a large increase in the liver parameters at the end of the
month, except for 5'-nucleotidase and glucose-6-phosphatase that showed a large decrease. On the other hand, a gradual increase in the serum enzyme activities of GOT, GPT, 5-nucleotidase, alkaline phosphatase, and in the albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio is observed in the group of rats fed a control diet plus DL-ethionine compared to the control group over 8 months, and this was followed by a large increase in all serum parameters studied at nine-months. The administration of 30% soybean to the rat diet in addition to DL-ethionine maintained all parameters studied at near control values until the end of the
month. This study suggests that soybean has a protective effect against the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by DL-ethionine.
Efficient Transduction with Recombinant Adenovirus in EBV-transformed B Lymphoblastoid Cell Lines
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Cho, Hyun-Il ; Han, Yoon-Hee ; Park, Soo-Young ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Lee, Dong-Gun ; Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Shin, Wan-Shik ; Paik, Soon-Young ; Kim, Chun-Choo ; Hong, Young-Seon ; Kim, Tai-Gyu ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 376~382
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.376
The Epstein-Barr-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell lines, LCL, which express antigens, are potential antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for the induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vitro. However, transfecting LCL with subsequent selection by antibiotics is notoriously difficult because the plating efficiencies of LCL are reported to be 1% or less. Therefore, this study investigated the optimal conditions for increasing the transduction efficiency of a recombinant adenovirus to LCL for use as a source of APCs. The transduction efficiencies were < 13% (SD
2.13) at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 100, while it was increased to 28% (SD
9.43) at an MOI of 1000. Moreover, its efficiencies to LCL that expressed the coxsackie adenovirus receptor were increased to 60% (SD
6.35) at an MOI of 1000, and were further increased to 70% (SD
4.56) when combined with the centrifugal method. The cationic liposome or anionic polymer had no effect on the transduction efficiency when compared to that of the centrifugal method. These results may be used as a convenient source of target cells for a CTL assay and/or autologous APCs for the induction of the in vitro CTL responses that are specific to viral and tumor antigens.
Inhibition of Herpesvirus-6B RNA Replication by Short Interference RNAs
Yoon, Jong-Sub ; Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Shin, Min-Chul ; Lee, Dong-Gun ; Hong, Seong-Karp ; Jung, Yong-Tae ; Khang, In-Gu ; Shin, Wan-Shik ; Kim, Chun-Choo ; Paik, Soon-Young ;
BMB Reports , volume 37, issue 3, 2004, Pages 383~385
DOI : 10.5483/BMBRep.2004.37.3.383
RNA interference (RNAi) is a process of sequence-specific gene silencing, which is initiated by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). RNAi may also serve as an antiviral system in vertebrates. This study describes the inhibition of herpesvirus-6B (HHV-6B) replication by short interference RNAs (siRNAs) that are targeted to the U38 sequence that encodes DNA polymerase. When virus-infected SupT1 cells were treated by siRNA, these cells blocked the cytopathic effect (CPE) and detected the HHV-6B antibody-negative in indirect immunofluorescence assays (IFA). Our result suggests that RNAi can efficiently block Herpesvirus-6B replication.