- AN IMAGE THRESHOLDING METHOD BASED ON THE TARGET EXTRACTION
- Zhang, Yunjie ; Li, Yi ; Gao, Zhijun ; Wang, Weina ;
- Journal of applied mathematics & informatics, volume 26, issue 3_4, 2008, Pages 661~672
Abstract
In this paper an algorithm, based on extracting a certain target of an image, is proposed that is capable of performing bilevel thresholding of image with multimodal distribution. Each pixel in the image has a membership value which is used to denote the characteristic relationship between the pixel and its belonging region (i.e. the object or background). Using the membership values of image set, a new measurement, which simultaneously measures the measure of fuzziness and the conditional entropy of the image, is calculated. Then, thresholds are found by optimally minimizing calculated measurement. In addition, a fuzzy range is defined to improve the threshold values. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach can select the thresholds automatically and effectively extract the meaningful target from the input image. The resulting image can preserve the object region we target very well.