- ILL-VERSUS WELL-POSED SINGULAR LINEAR SYSTEMS: SCOPE OF RANDOMIZED ALGORITHMS
- Sen, S.K. ; Agarwal, Ravi P. ; Shaykhian, Gholam Ali ;
- Journal of applied mathematics & informatics, volume 27, issue 3_4, 2009, Pages 621~638
Abstract
The linear system Ax = b will have (i) no solution, (ii) only one non-trivial (trivial) solution, or (iii) infinity of solutions. Our focus will be on cases (ii) and (iii). The mathematical models of many real-world problems give rise to (a) ill-conditioned linear systems, (b) singular linear systems (A is singular with all its linearly independent rows are sufficiently linearly independent), or (c) ill-conditioned singular linear systems (A is singular with some or all of its strictly linearly independent rows are near-linearly dependent). This article highlights the scope and need of a randomized algorithm for ill-conditioned/singular systems when a reasonably narrow domain of a solution vector is specified. Further, it stresses that with the increasing computing power, the importance of randomized algorithms is also increasing. It also points out that, for many optimization linear/nonlinear problems, randomized algorithms are increasingly dominating the deterministic approaches and, for some problems such as the traveling salesman problem, randomized algorithms are the only alternatives.